Actium Rome

In: Historical Events

Submitted By vinnyj
Words 1679
Pages 7
Battle Analysis

1. Overview: a. Actium-Rome b. 31 BC c. The battle took place off the coast of Actium in the Ionian Sea
2. Historical Context
a. This battle was a part of Roman Civil War between Octavian and Mark Antony. This battle would establish a Roman Emperor and one single ruler of Rome after Julius Caesar’s death.
There were a lot of key events that led up to this particular battle being fought. Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC. This led to the Second Triumvirate being formed between Octavian, Mark Antony, and Marcus Aerulius Lepidus to rule Rome. They crushed the conspirators Brutus and Cassius at Philippi in 42 BC. After this happened Octavian would rule the western provinces, Antony would oversee the east, and Lepidus was given North Africa. Tensions between Octavian and Anthony became greater over the next few years. In 40 BC Octavia, Octavian’s sister, married Antony. In 37 BC, Antony married Caesar's former lover, Cleopatra VII of Egypt, without divorcing Octavia. After this, Antony worked to expand his power in the east. In 32 BC Antony divorced Octavia, making Octavian even angrier. In response Octavian announced that Antony’s will affirmed Cleopatra's eldest son as Caesar’s true heir. The will turned Roman opinion against Antony because they believed he was trying to make Cleopatra’s son the ruler of Rome. Using this reason for war, Octavian assembled forces to attack Antony and this is how the battle began.
c. Octavian wanted to become the sole ruler of Rome and defeat Antony. He was angry that he went out with his sister and then divorced her. He was also angry that Antony will said that Cleopatra’s son would be Caesar’s true heir. He wanted to also get revenge for all this. Octavian wanted to capture the Greek City and Naval Port of Methone because it was loyal to Antony. Antony wanted to defeat Octavian’s…...

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