Active Malware Threats

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By rlynn007
Words 795
Pages 4
Active Malware Threats
Malware is the abbreviation for malicious software. This term covers a wide array of software that aims to disrupt, gather information, or control the contents of computer systems. Malware comes in many forms and includes ransom ware, spyware, virus, Trojan horses, adware, scare ware, and embeds within non-malicious files. The form of malware exists as executable files, scripts, active content, and other software. Below we cover three active types of malware. Specifically, how it is used, how it hides, and what organizations can do to protect against it.
Number 1
Ransom ware is a particularly prevalent form of ransom ware active today. As of the first half of 2015, Microsoft (via their security website “over half a million PCs running Microsoft security software have detected a form of ransom ware.” The month of May saw an increase in Tescrypt (a form of ransom ware) by
Ransom ware works by running scripts located in pop up ads and links inside of emails. Once the user receives the malware, the code either locks the computer down or encrypts predetermined files. In both cases, the user receives instructions on how to make a payment to get access back to their machine and files. I f the ransom is not paid the attacker usually destroys the data or refuses to unlock the computer.
Ransom ware is reliant on user carelessness to spread. The most common form of initiation is through clicking from untrusted sources. The actual code is detectable by up to date anti-virus programs. However, the main vector of attack is through social engineering, or by preying on user’s inability to navigate the internet and their email.
Organizations can protect by first adopting the layer technique to their security environment. The user is the best defense against ransom ware. Educating users on threats and actions related to the environment are essential.…...

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