Ancient Chinese Contributions

In: Historical Events

Submitted By KenSmith
Words 1144
Pages 5
Ancient Chinese Contributions
Kenneth Smith
Professor Maxine Brown
HUM 111-World Cultures I
November 29, 2012

The Ancient Chinese culture has contributed in many ways to the way of life today as we know it. Upon completion of this paper, I will have identified eight to ten useful inventions or contributions that are used in the world today. Some of these inventions include the compass, gunpowder, row planting, deep drilling, and toilet paper and so on. Within those eight to ten inventions, I will choose four that I believe are the most innovative.
Row Planting (Feudal period – 6th Cent BC)
The Chinese started planting crops in rows sometime in the 6th century BC. This allows the crops to grow stronger and faster. It facilitates more planting, weeding, harvesting and watering. There is also documentation that they realize that as wind travels over the rows of plants there is less damage. This obvious development was not instituted in the western world for another 2200 years. (Steven H 2009)
Compass (Feudal period – 4th Cent BC) The Chinese developed a lodestone compass to indicate direction sometime in the 4th century BC. These compasses were south pointing and primarily used on land as divination tools and direct finders. Written in the 4th century BC, in the Book of the Devil Valley Master it is written: “lodestone makes iron come or attracts it”. The spoons were made of lodestone, while the plates were of bronze. Thermo-remanence needles were being produced for mariners by the year 1040, with common use recorded by 1119. Thermo-remanence technology, still used today was discovered by William Gilbert in about 1600. (Steven H 2009)
The Seed Drill (Han Dynasty: circa 220 BC – 220 AD) The seed drill is used to plant seeds in the soil at a uniform depth and covers it. Without this tool seeds are tossed by hand over the ground resulting in waste,…...

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