Apa Reference

In: Business and Management

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APA Style: How to handle common online references
Created Feb 2011. Adapted from the sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual, © 2010 and the APA Style blog.

How do I create Reference Entries for Online journals, newspapers, and books?
Online book:
Dewey, J. (1922). Human nature and conduct: An introduction to social psychology. Retrieved from http://books.google.com
Online article—newspaper, journal, newsletter—with a DOI:
Clay, R. (2008). Science and ideology. Monitor on Psychology, 39(6), 38-42.doi:10.1037/0735-7036.122.2.186
Online newspaper article with no DOI:
Brody, J.E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Online magazine article with no DOI:
Clay, R. (2008, June). Science and ideology. Monitor on Psychology, 39(6), 38-42. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/

How do I create In-text citations for online articles or books with an author?
The in-text citation for all of the references above follow standard format: (Author, date). • (Clay, 2008) for a paraphrase • (Clay, 2008, p. 42) or (Clay, 2008, para. 8) for a direct quotation
When do I italicize titles of online sources?
The rule of thumb for both print and online sources is the same: italicize titles of large works not smaller ones. In practical terms, that means….
Titles of articles found on the web, like the example of Science and ideology above, are not italicized in the reference entry. This rule applies to the title of a newspaper or magazine article as well as an article on a website.
Titles of reports, books (but not chapters), TV shows (but not individual episodes), CDs (but not individual songs) and larger works found on the web would be italicized in the reference list. If they are used in the in-text citation, they would be italicized there as well.
What about online sources that are…...

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