Article Review of Anxiety and Depression

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bmotzkus
Words 1185
Pages 5
In the article “A longitudinal, Genetically Informative, Study of Associations Between Anxiety Sensitivity, Anxiety and Depression”, the authors Zavos, Rijsdijk and Eley examine the direction of effects between anxiety sensitivity and anxiety, anxiety sensitivity and depression and anxiety and depression as well as the influences of heredity and environment through the development of adolescents. Based on previous theories, the authors expected to find a bidirectional relationship between anxiety sensitivity and anxiety and a predictive factor of anxiety sensitivity in regards to depression. Also, they expected to find that environmental influences are time sensitive whereas genetic factors are more stable through time. In preparation and guidance for this study, the authors reviewed several other studies focusing on the direction on influence and correlative representativeness of anxiety sensitivity, anxiety and depression. It was previously found in a majority of studies, that anxiety preceeds depression but it was very unclear of whether or not depression predicts anxiety sensitivity. Several studies also showed that anxiety sensitivity explains variance in anxiety as unrelated to trait anxiety. In regards to heredity and environmental factors, genetic factors were shown to contribute more towards the stability of symptoms over time and environmental factors were shown to be responsible for change. For this study, data from the G1219 study, which is a longitudinal study of 3640 adolescent twins and siblings from the ages of 12-29 years, was used. The sample consisted of 168 monozygotic male, 199 monozygotic female, 138 dizygotic male and 190 dizygotic female candidates. Zygosity was established through a questionnaire answered by the mothers of the candidates. The authors compared the education levels and housing tenure of the parents with a large nationally…...

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