In: Novels

Submitted By Shubhangini
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Electronegativity: the ability or tendency of an atom to attract electrons in the formation of an ionic bond.
An atoms's electronegativity is affected by both its atomic number and the distance that its valence electrons reside from the charged nucleus. The higher the associated electronegativity number, the more an element or compound attracts electrons towards it.

Trend--As one moves from left to right across a period in the periodic table, the electronegativity increases due to the stronger attraction that the atoms obtain as the nuclear charge increases.
Moving down a group, the electronegativity decreases due to the longer distance between the nucleus and the valence electron shell, thereby decreasing the attraction, making the atom have less of an attraction for electrons or protons.
Thus the electronegativity increases as we go from left to right () and from bottom to top in a period. Example :Fluorine has the highest electronegativity- 4
Oxygen has the 2nd most highest electronegativity- 3.5

Importance: More is the electronegativity, more will be the attraction b/w the atoms and so more will be chances of bond formation .
Electronegativity differences in a compound determine whether the bond is covalent, polar, or ionic.
An atom with high electronegetivity acts as a oxidising agent while with less works as a reducing agent ..

Ioniszation: Ionization energy is the energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom or ion.
The first or initial ionization energy or Ei of an atom or molecule is the energy required to remove one mole of electrons from one mole of isolated gaseous atoms or ions.
The higher the ionization energy, the more difficult it is to remove an electron. Therefore, ionization energy is in indicator of reactivity.
Trend: ionization energy tend to increase while one progresses across a period because the…...

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