Biconians Idols

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By alisaif
Words 485
Pages 2
Wholesome, effective and productive thought is blocked by biased obstacles which are manifest in a worship of four idols.
Sir Frances Bacon argued that human folly arose from a virtual enslavement of the mind to intellectual idolatry. The four idols are:
1• class: "Idols of the Tribe" --“have their foundation in human nature itself”
2• “ Idols of the Cave" -- “common errors” of the individual’s nature
3• “ Idols of the Marketplace" -- “arise from consort, intercourse, commerce”
4• “ Idols of the Theater" -- “dogmatic belief” in sensory illusions
________________________________________
discussion | Bacon's words | return to Bacon | restatement | conclusion
________________________________________
metaphorically speaking these preconceived attitudes are engendered from experiences of the:

Tribe --– ethnicity
“a false assertion that the sense of man is the measure of all things.”
“measure of the individual” takes mistaken priority over “the measure of the universe.” familial values, sanguinary obligations, common character flaws: “shared …human nature.”

Cave ––– egocentricity
“everyone has a cave or den of his own, which refracts and discolors the light of nature.” character education
“authority of whom he esteems and admires.”
“the spirit of a man” … “full of perturbations, and governed as it were by chance” personal perspective narrows and ignores the wider “common world” ; troglodyte (cave dweller) individual hubris, specific character flaws, lack of experience, breadth and exposure.

Marketplace –– social activity
“formed by the intercourse and association of men with each other… for it is by discourse that men associate, and words are imposed.” (false certainty) too great a dependence on language creating shared illusions, ideas with a currency all their own.

Theater –– dogmatism
“All the received systems [of thought --…...

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