Book Review on the Autobiography Malcolm X

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nanakay
Words 4137
Pages 17


LEADERSHIP 3 SEMINAR: The Political Economy of Leadership and National Transformation



DUE: 27TH APRIL 2011

. "By any means necessary. I'm for freedom. I 'm for a society in which our people are recognized and respected as human beings, and I believe that we have the right to resort to any means necessary to bring that about." -Malcolm X.

As part of the leadership seminar requirements, I was supposed to choose a book from the assigned books to review. This paper seeks to successfully review the leadership approach of Malcolm X. It highlights the main themes of the book and states the arguments of agreement and disagreement with the author. It also seeks to construct the portrait of leadership style of Malcolm X, discusses his strengths and weaknesses. In addition, lessons and personal insights I discovered during my course of reading are included in the review. I chose to review the autobiography of Malcolm X because he was unique revolutionary. He was not afraid to say things that needed to be heard. Also through him, many African Americans were able to stand together and fight for their rights. Another inspiring reason is the fact he continued his struggle for equality despite the numerous death threats on his life and his family. This quality of selflessness, the concern for the welfare of others I believe is essential for leaders to have. People were empowered by his speeches and honesty.
The autobiography of Malcolm X is a compilation of a series of interviews between Malcolm X and Alex Haley. The autobiography of Malcolm X as told to Alex Haley was published in 1965 after the death of Malcolm X.
Malcolm Little was born on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. He was the seventh child of Reverend Earl Little,…...

Similar Documents

Malcolm X

...John Lazard 4th hour English III Research Report January 20,2012 Malcolm X During the twentieth century Black people faced a huge amount of discrimination from the whites. They found it very difficult to achieve civil rights, to help end this problem came a man by the name of Malcolm X. He was a Black nationalist and Muslim leader whose militant advocacy of Black pride, separatism, and armed self-defense foreshadowed the Black Power movement of the late 1960's. Malcolm X was also an excellent student and had a dream of becoming a lawyer, but his dream was shattered when his teacher told him that being a lawyer was not realistic for a nigger. Discrimination cannot be removed by argument, but by action. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, and was assassinated on February 21, 1965 in New York City. His mother was Louis Little and had a father named Earl Little. Earl Little was a Baptist minister and a bad childhood. He was an outspoken supporter of a Black nationalist named Marcus Garvey, and ......

Words: 522 - Pages: 3

Malcolm X Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family's eight children. Louise father was Scottish which made Louise have a very light complexion, so light she could even pass for white. His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Earl's civil rights activism constantly received death threats from the white supremacist organization Black Legion, which forced the family to relocate twice before Malcolm's fourth birthday. Regardless of the Little's efforts to elude the Legion, in 1929 their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground. Two years later, Earl's body was found lying across the town's trolley tracks. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Little's were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to a mental institution. At the young age of 13 him and his brothers and sisters split up amongst various foster homes and orphanages. For someone at a young age that has already gone through so much, you can imagine how difficult it could be growing up. Malcolm was a smart, focused student. He graduated from junior high at the top of his class. However, when a favorite teacher told Malcolm his dream of becoming a lawyer was "no realistic goal for a nigger," Malcolm lost......

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5

Malcolm X

...Nicholas K. Marich 2B Malcolm little also known as Malcolm X, was born on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. Earl and Louis little, his parents, worked hard to support their children of eight. Malcolm’s mother was a homemaker and his father was a Baptist minister and a supporter of the Black National leader. As a result Malcolm’s father received many death threats from white supremacist. They were forced to move to many different places. In 1929 the Littles’ house was burned to the ground due to their strong support of African American advancement. Two years later the body of Earl little was found mutilated lying across the towns railroad track. The police ruled it an accident but the Littles were certain that it was a member of the Black Legion. After Earl’s death Malcolm’s mother had an emotional breakdown and was sent to a mental institution. Her children were separated and sent to different foster homes. Malcolm was smart and had a dream of becoming a lawyer, but he lost his interest in school when his favorite teacher told him, “A lawyer is no realistic goal for a nigger.” Malcolm dropped out of school and spent time in Boston finding different jobs to earn money. By 1942 Malcolm was affiliated with narcotics, prostitution and gambling. Malcolm and his best friend Malcolm Jarvis, also known as Shorty, were arrested and convicted on burglary charges in 1946 and having affairs with white women. He was sentenced to seven years in prison. Malcolm’s whole life changed. His...

Words: 682 - Pages: 3

Malcolm X

...2013 Hunter Dixon Mrs. Richardson Term Paper Final Draft 08 December 2013 The Angriest Man In America Without a doubt, Malcolm X is one of the most iconic figures in the history of our country. He is best remembered for the passion and power he displayed during all of his speeches, but his legacy has roots so much deeper than just that. He was the self-proclaimed “angriest man in America,” and he even openly called white people devils. Malcolm spent his whole life preparing himself for an inevitable death (Malcolm X, A Leader of Black Pride). He wanted to get his message out to the world before his time came, and it came much too early for a man like him. Malcolm X will live on throughout history because he was so passionate in his beliefs; though they changed often, he always stood up for what he believed was right, and there is nothing more respectable than that. Even if the man’s beliefs were radical at times. Malcolm’s birth name was Malcolm Little. He was born in Omaha, Nebraska on May 19, 1925 to parents Rev. Earl and Louise Little, the fourth of eight children (The Autobiography of Malcolm X). When he was about a year and a half old, his parents decided it was best to move out of Omaha after a Klu Klux Klan band warned them to leave, or else face consequences (Malcolm X). After passing through Milwaukee for a short time (Malcolm X, A Leader of Black Pride), they eventually found a place to stay, in Lansing, Michigan. Even though they had a new home,......

Words: 2792 - Pages: 12

Malcolm X

...Malcolm X , I read the book The Autobiography of Malcolm X as told by Alo simply take my old paper, which was research based, and fashion it into an argumentative thesis. I am now more mature as a student and my perspectives and ideas regarding both the man Malcolm X, and his autobiography, have changed. Where I once thought he was a radical, and sought to prove why his earlier ideas were dangerous and violent, I have come to grow from emotionally reacting to his ideas with volatility to accepting them with a more open mind; I now want to examine the philosophical roots and the more psychologically significant events that he underwent during his life that justify his ideas. As one set of events happened, he’d be polarized in the direction of success in c of ma, but Malcolm X underwent sets of events in his life that caused him to bounce back and forth, radically so, between two juxtaposing constants—conformity and non-conformity. Though with most of his later life and political-religious endeavors he is largely rebelliouat I will pay close attention to. I will discuss these instances and how his personality served as proverbial gunpowder to the flames that were the rauses, I will argue that, throughout his life, he has steadily been climbing toward a psychological equilibrium. As each set of events shiftedemonstrated having multiple times throughout the book with every endeavor he sought was conducive to this process of polarization. The first instance of......

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Malcolm X

...The book that I read was The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Alex Haley. The book was published in 1965. The genre of the book is autobiography and biography. In this report I will be mentioning what the book is about and my opinion on the book itself. I will also be show the impact it left on me. The book is about the life of an African-American named El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz who later becomes Malcolm X. The book begins with his childhood and how his father was killed, his mother was thought to be crazy. Malcolm had to move with different residents due to the fact that the state took him and his siblings away. As Malcolm grew older he began to see how blacks were treated. In the 8th grade Malcolm was told by his teacher that it was foolish of him to want to be a lawyer. He said he should be a carpenter. Since then on Malcolm was never the same he decided to go live with his sister in Boston. There Malcolm become a hustler only being 16 he was already known in the streets. He began to sell dope, he became an addict & he committed armed robberies. Malcolm got arrested and was sent to prison. This is where his life changed. His brother sent him a letter telling him to become a Muslim and follow Elijah Muhammad. This opened Malcolm's eyes, this is where he began to see the real problem within blacks. He began to feel disgust towards the whites. In prison Malcolm read books after books on Muslim and any history that said the truth of how the whites treated the whites.......

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Malcolm X

...The Importance of Attending College In the article "Learning Behind Bars" by Malcolm X, he says that it was because of his letters that he happened to stumble upon starting to gain some kind of homemade education. He became frustrated for not being able to express his feelings, especially to Mr. Elija Muhammad. Malcolm X says that nowadays when people hear or read something that he had said; people think that his education is far beyond the eight grade. He began his education in the Charlestown Prison. In his slow, painstaking ragged handwriting; he copied the dictionary's page as much as he can and then he start reading what he wrote over and over to himself. According to him "dictionary is like a miniature encyclopedia". His word-base had broadened, for the first time he could read and understand what the book was saying. Reading had changed his life. He says that prison enabled him to study far more intensively that he would have if his life had gone dirrerently and he had attended some college. Malcolm X says that one of the biggest troubles with colleges is there are too many distractions and that reading is the road to education. Malcolm X is incorrect in his assertion because the total college experience is the best way to gain an education. College is an environment filled with various types of people from an array of different cultural, economic, political, and religious backgrounds. One of the biggest benefits of being immersed within such a community is......

Words: 811 - Pages: 4

Malcolm X

...The Autobiography of Malcolm X Three-hundred and sixty degrees is said to represent the sum total of knowledge in which God has. Consequently, if there was a man that made a 360 degree turn of his life, that man would be: El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, better known as Malcolm X. He was a man who learned early the true meaning of survival of the fittest, actually going from street menace to Minister. The Autobiography of Malcolm X, as told to Alex Haley, reveals the factual story of Malcolm Little and several uneasy transitions through his life that seemed to only make him stronger, emerging as an unlikely leader in America at a time when black leaders of his fiery style and impeccable speaking ability were uncommon. Unfortunately, like other leaders throughout history, Malcolm X was eventually assassinated, but his story lives on. A closer look provides the insight that in a desperate time of need, the trained mind of a street hustler envisioned the advantage of taking on and implementing the right opportunity to make a significant difference in society. While Malcolm X loved the religion of Islam, he still used it, maybe without even knowing it, as a scapegoat to start a movement towards a response to racism and Christianity with the ultimate goal of establishing a new identity for African Americans. Malcolm’s early childhood included constant attacks on his family from the white supremacy group, the KKK. Eventually Malcolm was plucked from his family, sent into foster......

Words: 1656 - Pages: 7

Malcolm X

...Malcolm X (/ˈmælkəm ˈɛks/; May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), born Malcolm Little and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz[A] (Arabic: الحاجّ مالك الشباز‎), was an American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. Malcolm X was effectively orphaned early in life. His father was killed when he was six and his mother was placed in a mental hospital when he was thirteen, after which he lived in a series of foster homes. In 1946, at age 20, he went to prison for larceny and breaking and entering. While in prison, Malcolm X became a member of the Nation of Islam, and after his parole in 1952, quickly rose to become one of the organization's most influential leaders. He served as the public face of the controversial group for a dozen years. In his autobiography, Malcolm X wrote proudly of some of the Nation's social achievements made while he was a member, particularly its free drug rehabilitation program. In keeping with the Nation's teachings, he promoted black supremacy, advocated the separation of black and white Americans, and rejected the civil rights movement for their emphasis on integration. By March 1964, Malcolm X had grown disillusioned with the......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Malcolm X Essay

...profoundly discouraging. Although, the student triumphs over their peers academically, for some reason this student does not suit my standards. These are words of advice Mr. Ostrowski had given to a young Malcolm X. Malcolm had the highest grades in his class, But Mr. Ostrowski belittled him but not his peers. Malcolm stated that the students, “All reported that Mr. Ostrowski had encouraged what they had wanted, yet nearly none of them had earned marks equal” (Mascot, pg. 34) to his own. Even though he was the smartest in the class, he still wasn’t intelligent enough, like his fellow classmates to be what he wanted to be (Mascot, pg. 34). What I find to be interesting is that Malcolm was never capable of reading or writing during his younger years at school and it would be in prison that he learned to read and write. Malcolm said, “I could for the first time pick up a book and read now begin to understand what the book was saying.”(Learning to read, pg. 1.) How could his teachers consider him as an academic star with no actual content to grade? Or was it only based off behavior? Malcolm X received good grades because as long as he was following the rules and wasn’t acting up he would then be categorized as a good student in Mr. Ostrowski eyes. Now I ask you, what happened if Malcolm did step out of line and did act up, what happens then? People of the jury, what if you had walked into a classroom one day with a hat on and your teacher ordered you to keep the hat on, and......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3

Malcolm X

...Wesley Maschke D. Allen University Writing 28 January 2016 Malcolm X Reading the essay as a whole, I found it very interesting and enlightening to a side of thinking that I have never done before. It's astounding how a man can go from being an almost illiterate convict to a very knowledgeable reader, while in prison. One thing that bothered me about the content was the story about Nat Turner. It seems as if all of the African community applauds Nat for his actions. I believe that Nat’s actions and the commandment of those actions negate any sort of pity that should be felt for the African community. Even if the white people were being outlandishly evil to the blacks, it does not give the blacks any sort of right to retaliate and kill white people out of anger. I believe the ways of Martin Luther King Jr. were the most ethical and respectable ways to go about the civil rights movement. Peace and patience are a lot more respectable than violence when it comes to achieving a goal. On the other hand, I agree with Malcolm X in the fact that what white people have done is completely inexcusable. The writing of this piece is also very interesting. The chronological arrangement of Malcolm’s life adds to the effect of how much being in prison actually changed him. The addition of other outside sources that drove Malcolm for change makes his new lifestyle appear to be very noble. A quote that describes the differences in jail and outside of jail is, “Some were said by many to be...

Words: 364 - Pages: 2

Malcolm X

...Malcolm X Malcolm X in my eyes can be one of the most inspiring human in anyone’s life. When he was young he was adventurous and did not stay tied down to one city or town. He was born in May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. The family had soon moved to Lansing, Michigan where Malcolm spent most of his childhood. Soon after Malcolm dropped out of junior high, his sister Ella opened an opportunity for him to leave Lansing and go to Roxbury, Boston. Ella was a strong independent black woman, who supported Malcolm in any time of need. In Roxbury he meets Shorty, who becomes Malcolm’s best friend; also the man who got him his first job as a shoe shiner. This is when he first gets his experience in dealing with white customers. Slowly but steadily learning street knowledge from Shorty. Later he would move again to Harlem. There he met Sammy, who was a pimp. Sammy was able to read women like a book. Malcolm would learn how and use it to read people later on. He was fast on his feet and adapting and taking in anything he can benefit from to survive in Harlem. Soon after West Indian Archie ran him out of Harlem because of a bet that neither was sure of who lost or won. He was well known gangster who ran the numbers racket. This is the beginning as to where Malcolm’s life would change. He ran away to back to Boston and starting burglarizing the neighborhood. February 1946 Malcolm was sentenced to jail and sent to Charlestown state prison along with shorty. They had an eight to ten...

Words: 1675 - Pages: 7

Malcolm X

...Kenya Davis Ms. Howard Sociology 02 March 2016 MLK Jr vs Malcolm X Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X had many similarities and differences when it came to their roles in the civil rights movement. A huge similarity of the two is they fought hard for their people with getting treated bad. They both wanted to see black people in the best position possible. Risking their lives everyday for the rights they felt they deserve. They were both assassinated because of their leadership role positions they played during this time. Even though they had different beliefs/religions, both their religions played a significant role in their approaches. They both had the greatest impact on the civil rights movement during the 1960s. One of the main reasons why Malcolm X and MLK Jr is different is their approach to the civil rights movement. While MLK Jr wanted to keep the peace and have a non-violent protest, Malcolm X was very opposite. Malcolm X felt that if they wanted to be violent then so should his people. Also, MLK Jr thought more of people being equal and Malcolm X was more for his people being in high power and being controlled by themselves. Also, their religion was a extremely huge difference and had an impact on the way they went about things. MLK Jr grew up in a Christian home where his parents stressed necessary things such as education and religion. Malcolm X converted to Islam after being arrested for drugs and burglary. His outlook on things were far more violent...

Words: 599 - Pages: 3

Malcolm X

... Malcolm X A Controversial Leader Iris Robinson Central Michigan University PSC 785 Dr. Robert Boggs Abstract This paper is going analyze the leadership traits, behavior and power that made Malcolm X the type of leader that he was. Malcolm X was considered a great leader to some people because of what he believed in. Malcolm X was a very controversial leader because of his views on different subject. This paper will show how Malcolm X went from follower to a leader. Malcolm X possess a lot of good trait that people look for in good leader such as motivator, responsible, assertive, self-confidence, firm and task orientate and most of all honesty. Leadership can be defined as a process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task. Leadership is also a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. There are certain trait that a good leader must possessed such as excellent communication skills, be direct, be fair, capable and kind yet firm. Good leader also possess certain personal qualities. A good leader needs to have an exemplary character. A good leader should be enthusiastic about their work or cause and also about their role as leader. A good leader should be confident. A leader also needs to function in an orderly and purposeful manner in situations of uncertainty. Good......

Words: 4864 - Pages: 20

Malcolm X

...especially in support of or opposition to one side of a controversial issue. Malcolm X as a civil rights activist is a man to be thanked by many, because of his courageous actions. By standing up to an issue with such force as a black man in such a color driven society, he shall be among the greats in history. In The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1964), Malcolm X was able to be such an influential man and leader because he learned much from his father’s death, his experiences and time in prison, and also becoming a leader of Islam. Malcolm X’s father’s death had a great significance on his adult life and the way he interacted within societies norms. His father, Earl Little was a man that had strong feelings for black pride among African Americans in his day, and this probably rubbed off onto Malcolm X, also known then as Malcolm Little. One day his father came home and was already irritated with the threats of Black Legion, dinner had to be cooked so Earl grabbed a rabbit out of the pen of which they raised rabbits to be sold, and began to twist the neck off of this rabbit. Malcolm’s mother, Louise Little started to cry and made Earl so upset and angry that he stormed out of the house and marched off up the road. Supposively Louise had a vision of something horrible happening to her husband. So she tried to run after him but Earl just waved her off and kept marching down the road. He was gone all day and Malcolm went to sleep, and then all of a sudden he woke up later that......

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5