Border Citizens

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Tigermely123
Words 1109
Pages 5
Border Citizens It is easy to characterize the history of the American West from 1865 to 1912 after reading Eric Meek’s “Border Citizens: The Making of Indians, Mexicans, and Anglos in Arizona.” In the first chapter, Meek mentions how ‘hundreds of Americans moved into the territory to improve their fortunes” (15). The United States changed dramatically from 1865 to 1912. The Southwest went through many changes as well during these times. Many changes occurred in industrialization, foreign affairs, government, as well as in society and culture. The events that took place within this time period helped shape this country into what it is today. It affected Native Americans in many ways; some beneficial, some not so much. In the first half of Eric Meek’s Border Citizens, he writes about the ethnic heterogeneity in Arizona between 1850 and 1920. He discusses agriculture, its mechanization, and the growth of several industries in the state, including mining. During the 1830s and 1840s about 100,000 Natives were moved west. The tragic “Trail of Tears” was part of this era, and so were the first western Native American reservations. The continued westward movement frustrated the attempts of U.S. policy makers to achieve a peaceful solution to the Native American problem. When many of these removed tribes signed military pledges of support for the Confederacy during the Civil War, further excuses for taking their land were now available for the many voices of Manifest Destiny. Industrial development began with the railroad, with the help of Republican governments, who provided subsidies, loans and tax exemptions to railroad corporations. Over 52,000 miles of railroad were laid all over the nation between 1854 and 1879. Railroads stimulated growth. They required many resources to build, such as coal, wood, glass, rubber, and brass. Most importantly, the…...

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