Business Perspectives

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Unit Four – Case Analysis

1) Describe the primary system described in the story including the parts of the system, the system’s purpose, and the larger system in which it is embedded. The primary system described in The Tip of the Iceberg involved an iceberg, penguins, walruses, and clams. The penguins were living on an iceberg which had a clam bed beneath it. The penguins did not have the tools (sufficient lung capacity or tusks) to crack open the clams, but the walruses did. The walruses were respectful of the penguins’ territory and were not going to access the penguins’ clams without their permission. The penguins had an idea to ask the walruses to harvest the clams for them and in return the walruses could eat clams alongside them as long as they don’t eat the penguins. As more penguins heard of this treaty and made their way to the iceberg more walruses were needed to meet the demand. The system was looped; as more penguins arrived, more clams were needed, and thusly more walruses were also needed. Due to the increase weight of the penguins and walruses, the iceberg began to sink causing the capacity of the iceberg to decrease. The decrease in area resulted in penguins being sat on which lead to fighting amongst the groups. Such fighting makes the appeal of the iceberg decrease which brings the loop back to the number of penguins and walruses wanting clams and iceberg access. Ultimately, the entire penguin, walrus, clam, and iceberg system is part of a larger system which is nature. Nature and what lives within it are all systems. The penguins are living systems along with the walruses and clams. They are all interdependent of nature and one another. The iceberg is also a system as many species depend on it and the iceberg itself is dependent on ecosystem and oceans (which penguins, clams, and walruses are dependent on).

2) In what way did the…...

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