Civil War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By andersonc10
Words 553
Pages 3
Colleen Anderson
The Civil War
HIST 415
Essay One

Why did the South Secede?

At the beginning of the American Revolution in 1775 all of the colonies allowed slavery. Between Independence and 1820, all states in the North had either banned slavery and were choosing to base their economies on free labor instead. The Free states remained agricultural, but went through a process of industrialization, creating a diversified economy as they invested in cities, factories, and new forms of transportation. The South invested more in agriculture and was extremely reliant on slave labor for its cotton production. The economic, political and cultural life was shaped by a need to maintain slavery. The South was wealthy and its wealth was invested in land and slaves. (McPherson 77) They were worth a lot more than the land which they worked. The South had a society and an economy that revolved around the institution of slavery, and it was being threatened. Abolition was causing the South to bleed money by slaves escaping and the slaves were not being returned to their owners. In my opinion the John Brown raid was a strong factor that pushed the south to secede.
Around the time of the Mexican War, both the Northerners and Southerners were concerned over whether or not the new territories should be free of slavery or not. This promoted the development of free soil, in which people mostly Northerners opposed the expansion of slavery into Western territories. The southerners opposed this new group, it was a major threat to them. The more free states that were admitted into the Union, the more unequal slave states in Congress would become. Southerners believed that if they were outnumbered in Congress, laws could be passed to abolish slavery in the South. The south was not in favor of popular sovereignty. Congress attempted to establish popular sovereignty in the Compromise of 1850.…...

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