Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mkamille
Words 1054
Pages 5
Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards

Name
CJA 224
Date
Professor

When entering a courtroom the main common goal is to have a guilty or not guilty verdict. While being in the courtroom you can come across some participant that are in misconduct, which can have a serious consequence. Courtroom misconduct can go any where from making improper remarks or improperly introducing evidence designed to prejudice the jury. Prosecutorial misconduct violates court rules or ethical standards of law practice. Hiding, destroying or tampering with evidence, can also have serious consequence, which is taken very seriously in the courtrooms. If the prosecutorial fails to disclose evidence that might tend to exonerate the defendant, threatening, badgering or tampering with witness can also, lead to jail time. Acting in these action can lead to them being disbarred and fined. The due process control model and the crime control model in evaluating the judicial process. Prosecutors have a big responsibility within the criminal justice system. They act as the legal representatives of the government when cases are filed against people who violated the law. It is essential for prosecutors to ensure that the evidence is sufficient before they bring the case to the court. The standards set by Strickland v. Washington will also be clarified by describing it and its effect on courtroom cases. These guidelines and procedures cover rules in handling evidence, code of ethics, and the rules of the local court. They should also guarantee an impartial hearing for the suspect or the person charged with a crime. Standard guidelines and procedures determine the demeanor of a prosecutor during the case. Prosecutorial misconduct will be committed if the prosecutor does not follow these guidelines and procedures. When prosecutors may not be able to show evidence that may…...

Similar Documents

Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards

...Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards In order for the legal system of the United States to work as intended by the constitution, it is vital for all participants of the legal system to their jobs in accordance with the law. From the bottom up, the police officers making arrests should not violate the rights of an individual or take law into their own hands. Any misconduct by the police will cause the public to loose trust in them. Then the prosecutors and defense attorneys must work in accordance with the law and make sure a defendant is given all the rights under the law and should not do anything to violate the rights of the individual. At the judicial level, the judges must keep personal feeling out of the courts and avoid any misconduct that might cause a reversal of the charges in appeal or cause the public to question and doubt the justice system. * * A man named Michael Wayne Hash was the victim of a prosecutorial misconduct case back in 2001. Michael was convicted of murdering a 74 year old grandmother. Michael was convicted of capital murder after prosecutors made deals with three other men that were tried and convicted of the same case. In this case, the prosecutors withheld or concealed evidence that could have freed Michael * of the charges against him. Prosecutors did not disclose to the defense council that the accusers against him failed polygraph exams and had made deals to testify against him. There was no DNA match to Michael......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Professional Nursing in Tennessee: Maintaining the Standard

...Professional Nursing in Tennessee: Maintaining the Standards Johnny Wright Walden University Issues and Trends in Nursing (NURS - 3001 - 7) February 17, 2013 Professional Nursing in Tennessee: Maintaining the Standards The scope of practice describes the actions, procedures, and rules permitted by Tennessee law for the nursing profession. Professional standards are codes and rules that influence the nursing profession. The purpose of this paper is to examine in detail Tennessee’s professional nursing standards of practice, licensure requirements and the American Nurses Association code of conducts and nursing standards. Scope of Practice The Tennessee registered nurses scope of practice is a detailed process which comprised of patient assessment, identify issues and trends, outcomes identification, learning and practice environment, consultation and evaluation. The standard of practice of the professional nurse means the performance for compensation of any requiring extensive specialized judgment and skills based on knowledge of multiple groups of sciences, and the humanities, as the basis for application of the nursing process in wellness, prevention and illness care. The professional nurse is must exhibit responsible supervision of patients requiring skill and surveillance of symptoms, reactions and expected outcomes. The registered nurse must advocate health promotion, restoration and maintenance of health, administer medication...

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Courtroom Players

...Courtroom Players Response There are several components or key players that work together to make a courtroom function; each role is needed to successfully complete a trial. There are two categories of participants in a trial: professionals and outsiders or nonprofessional courtroom participants. The group of professionals is what is known as a courtroom work group. A courtroom workgroup includes judges, prosecuting and defense attorneys, and many others who earn their living by serving the court (Schmalleger 2012, p.312). A courtroom work group must interact with each other on a daily basis in order to keep the courtroom functioning properly. The group must work together in order to form stable working relationships and work toward the common goal of effectively delivering justice. “Stable and familiar relationships among the group members are more likely to lead to close working relationships. This often leads to better negotiations, less reliance on formalities, more utilization of informal arrangements, and the creation of cooperative relationships. Group interactions play a significant role in the way that one group member responds to another” (Mays, Chapter 3, 2011). One of the major key players in the work group is the prosecutor. Schmalleger (2011) stated, the prosecutor is “an attorney whose official duty is to conduct criminal proceedings on behalf of the state or the people against those accused of having committed criminal offenses” (p. 315). The......

Words: 828 - Pages: 4

Professional Standards

...CheckPoint: Professional Standards This report will explain what Meta tags are used for and what search engines have to do with them. It will also explain the importance of professional standards in Web development. By following these suggestions it can be the difference between a successful website and one that is not. Meta tags are hidden codes that search engines use to index a website. There are about 80% of people on the Internet that uses search engines to find information. According to “” (2013), “SEO (Search Engine Optimization) meta tags still play an important role.” Meta description is very important to if you want users to find and come to your website. The Meta tags should be unique for each and every page. By using an interesting title tag and description tag it will persuade users to click on your link in a search. Search engines like Google, Bing, and Yahoo show Meta tags in their search results. After you have completed building your website, and your website is about selling goods, the question you should ask yourself is how am I going to get customers to come to my site? How are they going to find me? The answer is that you need to submit to more than one search engine. When adding Meta tags and keywords to your site you may encounter errors. Here are some of the reasons because of the errors why the website won’t get listed in the index of a search engine: • Forgot to add the important Meta tags. • Spamming the search engine with individual......

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

Professional Standards

...Professional Standards Darrell Ramsey Professional Standards Week 8 Marcus Allen The questions asks what are Meta tags and how are they used to promote accessibility and search engine optimization? Meta tags are HTML source codes that are used in headers on web pages. They are mostly used to provide search engines with keyword tags to describe a website’s description and keywords. The most important aspect of Meta tags that allow a search engine to determine what the website should be searched and crawled for would be the description and also the keywords. The other Meta tags give the web browsers and the search engines what is called spider instructions or data on various information. Meta tags are a great way for webmasters to let search engines know about their websites and this is what it would look like. <meta name=”description” content=”A description of the page”/> The other question we are asked would be what is the professional standards in web development and what are some examples? The importance of professional web standards in web development allow not only users but also designers to interact easier and not have different rendering issues with non-compliant browsers. with all the different browsers and each having incompatibility all designers struggle to ensure web browsers look the same in various web browsers. With professional standards in web development the HTML code......

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

Professional Standards

...Professional Standards IT/237 May 23, 2014 Professional Standards How Tags are Used to Promote Accessibility and SEO The tags that are used to promote accessibility and search engine optimization are called tags. These tags are not displayed on what the browser renders for the web page, however, they do provide valuable information for the browser and search engines. Over time search engine optimization, or SEO, techniques have changed. In the early days of the Internet keyword meta tags were extremely important for search engines to find a site of a specific topic for the end user. However the keyword meta tags were soon exploited by developers and designers by doing something called “keyword stuffing.” Keyword stuffing is when keywords are inserted to the meta tag that are not relevant to the site. For example a search conducted for the keyword ‘bakery’ may turn up results for bakeries, butchers, and other sites that are not related to bakeries. Another form of keyword stuffing is repeating keywords to artificially inflate the page ranking. As search engines have developed the keyword tag is less critical for producing high search result rankings; in fact Google completely disregards the contents of the keyword tag when performing its indexing. The title and description tags also play a role in SEO however not all search engines support the description tag. Robot meta tags tell search engines while crawling and indexing. The......

Words: 448 - Pages: 2

Courtroom Workgroup

...Courtroom Workgroup Rick Jordan Courtroom Workgroup According to research outside the chapters in our textbook Criminal Justice Today, what I have found surprised me. The majority of my research suggests that the courtroom workgroup is comprised of an informal arrangement between the prosecutor, defense attorney, and the judicial officer. The basis for this is to keep the judicial funnel flowing and to avoid a backlog of cases. Their goal it seems is to keep the cases from going to trial and reach a guilty plea. By means of a plea bargain, convincing the defendant that he would face a greater sentence if convicted, or by reducing the charges in hopes that the accused will plea out. Because the prosecutor may not be able to convict beyond a reasonable doubt. The courtroom workgroup according to our textbook has two separate entities. The professional courtroom participants and the nonprofessional participants. The professional courtroom participants consist of the Judge, prosecuting attorney, defense attorney, bailiff, clerk of the court, court reporter, and the expert witness. The judge holds the ultimate authority and is responsible for maintaining discipline in the courtroom. Also, hands down the punishment once a guilty verdict is rendered. The prosecuting attorney is the state’s attorney and is responsible for presenting the case for the state. The defense attorney is responsible for defending the accused, and to make sure his civil rights are not violated. The......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

Professional Ethical Standards

...Professional Ethical Standards Social Worker 8/15/2010 University of Phoenix Gail Zettel “Social work is a profession for those with a strong desire to help improve people's lives.” Social Caseworker- The minimum requirement for entry into a social work career is a bachelor’s in social work (BSW), although some positions may require an advanced degree. Master’s programs prepare the graduate for work in their chosen field and help develop the skills required to perform clinical assessments, manage large caseloads, and explore new ways of drawing upon social services to meet the needs of clients. A master’s degree program takes two years (full time), four years part-time, and requires a minimum of 900 hours of field instruction or internship. To have a professional title you must have two years or 3,000 hours of clinical experience and obtain a license, certification, or registration dependent on the State you live in. To be a social worker you must be emotionally mature, objective, and sensitive to people and the problems that surround them. You must be responsible, be able to work independently, and be able to maintain working relationships with your clients and co-workers. Volunteering as a social work aide will help you access whether or not you have an interest in this field. In 2008 social workers held around 642,000 jobs, and employment for social workers is expected to grow for all social occupations through 2018. These proposed outlooks on growth...

Words: 1859 - Pages: 8

Courtroom Participants

...Courtroom Participants Team B: Sheena McCall, Idalia Gill, Neil Gabe, Billie Adams, and Dannielle Rea CJA/224 October 31, 2011 Austin Dunham Weidner Courtroom Participants In a United States courtroom, there are many participants who contribute to the goal of justice for all. The judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, defendant, victims, witnesses, jurors, bailiff, and court reporter are each participants in the courtroom workgroup. Although every participant plays a different role in the process, they each contribute to the courts general objective of ensuring that the legal system remains fair, efficient, and effective to those individuals accused of committing a crime. A judge’s role is essential to court proceedings. He or she is responsible for ensuring the court proceedings are legal, and that the defendant receives his or her rights of due process. The judge does this by setting the rules of the courtroom and acting as a referee between opposing council. Although a judges’ most visible role is during a criminal or civil trial, he or she has many responsibilities outside of this setting. Prior to any court hearing, the judge is responsible for signing search and arrest warrants. Judges also deal with the issue of bail once established that there is enough evidence to hold a criminal trial against the defendant during the preliminary hearing. Judges decide on whether to grant bail, and if so at what amount and on what conditions. If any of the conditions are......

Words: 3832 - Pages: 16

Roles of the Courtroom Professionals and Victimization

...Roles of the Courtroom Professionals and Victimization Every day a choreographed dance plays out in the courtrooms across the United States. The dancers consist of trained professionals dedicated to the criminal justice system. Each person has a unique responsibility in regards to the role they play in how cases are processed through the court system. The roles are divided into categories of professionals and non–professionals. The judge, prosecuting attorney, defense attorney, bailiff, court reporter, and court administrator are among the professionals. Non-professional participants are those who attend court proceedings and may include the defendant, victims, witnesses, jurors, spectators and media personnel. There are specific guidelines the individual participants must follow for communicating and processing cases through the court system regardless if the case originates in criminal or civil court. The professional members in the courtroom are responsible for moving cases through the courts and ensuring all Constitutional Rights are protected in the best interest of society. Public outcry and advocacy have led to the emergence of victims’ rights in recent decades. Prosecuting Attorney The prosecuting attorney’s role is to present evidence against the defendant on behalf of society. When a case is presented to them, they must review the evidence and the charges against an individual to warrant moving forward with the case. The prosecutor attends every court proceeding...

Words: 1896 - Pages: 8

It/237 Professional Standards

...Professional Standards Avery Magee IT/237 09/16/2011 Vickie Bailey tags tags, are the information inserted into the “head” part of the web page right after the “title” tag is inserted giving the page a title. The meta description tag allows you to influence the description of your page in the crawlers that support the tag. In the beginning I was under the impression that when I typed in a description for the meta tag that was what would be displayed on a search engine to summarize my site. After a little research it turns out that searches like Google will actually ignore the tag altogether (in some cases) and generate their own description for the site. Other search engines that are configured to use meta tags will pull the full or part description from the tag to display for users. Searchenginewatch.com said,” In review, it is worthwhile to use the meta description tag for your pages, because it gives you some degree of control with various crawlers. An easy way to do this often is to take the first sentence or two of body copy from your web page and use that for the meta description content.” The meta keywords tag is also addressed in the information I found as a rarely used thing of the past. The article on meta tags at Http://searchenginewatch.com considers these tags useful for the few crawlers out there that may actually still use the meta tag but very few do anymore. This particular tag is good for adding keywords to a search or......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Professional Standards

...Professional Standards <meta> tags are used to optimize web sites by using snippets of informational code positioned between the <head> tags that make your web site more visible to search engines. Through the years <meta> tags have been widely misunderstood and either used incorrectly or abused. <meta> tags were developed in the 90s to help with the rapid growth of the internet and web pages. Unfortunately <meta> tags were misused by webmaster buy doing what is called tag stuffing. This is a process where a web designer places content inside their <meta> tags that does not pertain to their site to attract attention. For example say you searched for an electric company and your results also included plumbers. This is because they stuffed their tags with keys words that pertain to electric companies. This is genuinely harmless with the exception of clogging up search results but when adult web sites tag stuff not only do you get results you do not need or want it can expose children to adult content. As a result of this search engines no long pay any attention to the keywords tag (Web Marketing Now, 2011). While there are many different <meta tags that can be used the most commonly used ones are Title tag, Description tag, and the previously mentioned Keywords tag, even though this tag is more and more being overlooked (Site Pro News, n.d.). Professional Standards in web design are important for developing standardized web designs and......

Words: 370 - Pages: 2

Professional Ethical Standards

...Professional Ethical Standards Bonita A. Pyshny ADJ 235 February 27, 2011 Steven Gray "Justin was a juvenile probation officer for a number of years. He has seen the inside of kids who have gotten in trouble. How he spends his time speaking at school assemblies. He also works a lot with MADD and DARE. I have read that he has talked to 400,000 students in the last year." Steve Howe You will observe a typical day in the life of a juvenile probation office. Her/his task and other duties she/he performs on a daily basis. What code of ethics they stand by and any potential ethical dilemmas the can arise. Her/his day starts off the moment a juvenile is arrested and incarcerated. The probation officer's first job is to interview the juvenile and her/his parent(s), and receive the facts of the incident from the juvenile's point of view along with the official version of the incident. The probation officer would request some background information from the juvenile and her/his parent(s) to be included in the report. Once this report is complete, the probation officer would let the prosecution know what she/he recommends on how to precede with the incident. Whether the juvenile should stand trial in a court of law, place the juvenile on probation, the family get referred to child services or dismiss the case entirely. When......

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Individual Courtroom Participants

...Individual Courtroom Participation Individual Courtroom Participation The courts are filled with cases that depend on courtroom participation from key players to assure these cases will be prepared, presented, argued, ruled on and closed in the most effectively efficient way possible. The key players include the prosecutor who considers the charges, the defense lawyer who is selected to defend against these charges, a judge and jurors who are assigned to hear the case, victims and defendants who are having their sides of their story told for vindication or punishment. (Meyer, Grant 2003). A prosecuting attorney has the trusting responsibility of preparing and presenting cases on behalf of societies on federal and state levels. In these cases, society is the victim of the wrongdoing and the accusers are confronted by the governments ‘ministers of justice’ whose purpose is to ensure the guilty are punished for their crimes and the innocent are protected from unjustified prosecution. There are different types of prosecuting attorneys that are selected in a variety of ways. The U.S. Attorney General holds the highest ranking position of law enforcement in the country. Selected by the president of the United States, this position is confirmed by the senate. The Attorney General has no set term to serve and does so at the pleasure of the sitting president currently holding that office. Of the 94 federal judicial districts, an attorney general is appointed to each to...

Words: 1035 - Pages: 5

Professional Standard

...testifying in court. The last step the Computer Forensics Investigator must do is catalog and preserve all data for storage. The code of ethics for the Computer Forensics Investigator would be close to the same as a Law Enforcement officer. According to the International Society of Forensics Computer Examiners the Computer Forensics Investigator must always keep their work standards high, Integrity in their work, must always keep an open opinion and correctly present the evidence, use correct processes when collecting evidence, avoid conflicts of interest, obey all court orders, and keep to the highest standards of ethical and moral conduct. The Computer Forensics Investigator must never not preset any evidence, must never take sides in an investigation, show favor in findings of evidence, must never share finding form an investigation, and an Computer Forensics Investigator must never do a task that they or not trained for they must also never give improper training or education background. The ethical standards for the Computer Forensics Investigator are the same as any other Investigators. The only standard that might be unique to the Computer Forensics Investigator is that the Computer Forensics Investigator must never manipulate the data collected. The biggest ethical dilemma that could occur in this profession is that computer data can be easily corrupted and the Computer Forensics Investigator can easily change the data so the code of ethics is meant to discourage......

Words: 570 - Pages: 3