Effects of Music Therapy

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Running head: EFFECTS OF MUSIC THERAPY

Effects of Music Therapy in Preoperative, Intraoperative and Postoperative Care Virginia A. Ostrowsky
Nova Southeastern University

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EFFECTS OF MUSIC THERAPY

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Effects of Music Therapy in Preoperative, Intraoperative and Postoperative Care
Music Therapy has been used as a way of healing without medication for centuries. In the 1800’s traveling music groups played for injured veterans returning from war. Doctors and nurses noticed the positive effect music had on their healing process. In the 1900’s music was used along with anesthesia to calm patients during surgery (Nilsson, 2008). Today, music therapy is used in the clinical setting in many areas, especially in hospitals “to reduce patient pain, anxiety and stress”, in preoperative, perioperative and postoperative settings (Nilsson,
2008, p. 780). Furthermore, it can create a positive mental attitude and a sense of well being to promote emotional as well as physical healing (Economidou, Klimi, Vivilaki & Lykeridou,
2012).
Music Therapy
Music therapy is an area of health care that uses music as a therapeutic way to encourage healing of the mind and body. Listening to music stimulates all areas of the brain (Nilsson,
2008). It affects our emotions and can arouse feelings immediately. Thaut (1990) notes the body has a neurophysiological response by encouraging relaxation through the autonomic and central nervous system. Stimulating the brain’s limbic system with music causes the release of endorphins; neurotransmitters that play a big part in creating a sense of wellbeing (as cited in
Nilsson, 2008). Emotions influence how are body reacts to certain stimulus. A slow musical beat or rhythm can slow down the body’s heart and respiratory rate encouraging a calm and relaxed state of mind, or can speed up the…...

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