Elements of Greek and Roman Cultures

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Elements of Greek and Roman Cultures
By
Agnes Lind The following chart compares and contrast distinguishing elements of early Greek and Roman cultures. The chart will also provide a couple examples of various features.

Elements Greek Culture Roman Culture
Government

Each little city-state had its own polis. They called this citadel an acropolis. It served many purposes. They debated issues of the laws and settle disputes.

Rome had Kings and was known as Roman Republic. They had soldiers and if you were high up in the military you could afford to be one of the horsemen.
Geographical Area

The main land is rugged mountains of country land that separates the small areas of farming land. Rome was actually built on seven hilly sites. The lower areas were swampy and could flood easily, while the higher areas were a little difficult for building.
Economy

Seeing how Greece was surrounded by mountains and sea, their economy was mainly into fishing, agriculture. They gathered their cash crops for exports.

Agriculture and trade was the main economic production for the Romans. It did have some small industrial production though. Most of the metals used in these productions were gold, silver and bronze.
Art Form

The art form was figurines from a small size to life-size made of marble. The toes were always pointed downward and arms folded across the chest. The head was tilted backwards.

The portrait bust was the most popular. The Romans showed more glorified and scale in their art work. They believed in showing off the finer things in life and they did this by making everything bigger and better than everyone else had.
Architecture

There are three different types of structural columns that the Greeks used in the buildings. They were the Doric, Ionic and…...

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