Ethic Conflict

In: Historical Events

Submitted By polarduck
Words 354
Pages 2
Ethno-Religious Conflict
The increase in ethnic conflicts around the world is a reality. The conflicts that arise from ethnicity-related factors now are as important as issues that substantially determine the course of international relations, such as political and economic globalization, the balance of power, regionalization, terrorism, and the spread of weapons of mass destruction.
Ethnic conflicts can have an important religious dimension. Religion is potentially a very important element of ethnicity; in fact, some ethnic groups have their primary origin in religion.
The salience of religion to ethnicity is illustrated in
Kashmir. The identification of an ethnic group is determined by common perceptions among its members. Conflict among these groups carries an ethnic quality to it. If there is a primary religious difference among the conflictual parties, ethnic conflict can assume a specifically religious dimension—labeled by Fox as ‘‘ethnoreligious’’ conflicts.
Kashmir is a prime example of this type of conflict.
There are several definitions of ethnicity, ethnic conflict, and ethno-religious conflict. We have presented some definitions about ethnic and ethno-religious conflicts on which there is a fair consensus. However, there is no consensus among students of ethnic conflict as to the causes of these conflicts. To a certain extent, agreement exists that some combination of economic, political, and psychological factors can explain ethnic conflict.
However, the consensus ends there. Depending on the cases studied, various explanations are put forward by scholars, diverse theories are created, and evidence from different cases is used to support these theories. Yet since the aim of this study is to evaluate the role of religion between ethnic conflicts and foreign policy, studies on the internationalization of ethnic conflict will…...

Similar Documents


...Conflicts are inevitable. All of us can get into a conflict. Sometimes little arguments lead to an intense conflict. Also, sometimes people overcome their conflicts quickly. I believe that conflicts can be easily resolved because it teaches people how to deal with situations like that, and leads people to think about the conflicts. Conflicts can be easily resolved for it teaches people how to deal with situations like that. It means that people learn from their mistakes. Also, if the person has enough background about dealing with conflicts, he/she will be able to resolve it easily. The ways we deal with conflicts make it easy to solve. According to the reading, “Conflict and the way you deal with it can, in fact, have more positive than negative effects”. The people can solve their conflicts easily because they get in conflicts sometimes, and that gives them the opportunity to solve it easily. For example, according to the listening, when the lady was talking her colleague interrupted her, and then she told him that she didn’t finish talking yet and reminded him to respect other people when speaking. We can understand from this that because of her knowledge in dealing with conflicts, she was able to solve it quickly before it increase into serious fight! Another reason why conflicts can be easily resolved is that it leads people to think about the conflict. It is important step to think about the conflict in order to solve it easily. That is because it gives the person...

Words: 397 - Pages: 2


...The Conflict of Morality and Egoism, in Daily Life and Business The most basic distinction to make between morality and egoism is that morality demands that, at sometimes, you are obligated to do what is not in your self-interest to do. If morality never made these demands, then it would not be anything additional to the doctrine of ethical egoism (always do what is in your self-interest to do). In daily life, people are generally expected to act within moral constraints. Most people would claim that it would be wrong for me to kill an innocent stranger, even if it was in my self-interest to do so. One variable in these types of cases is the law, which is basically an instrument to make moral constrains more self-interested. So, when considering whether or not to kill someone for their money, the threat of lifetime imprisonment or death may make not killing in my self-interest. However, the key in these cases: is there any constraint on me not to kill the person if I could get away with it? Morality would say yes, there is a genuine constraint on my actions that obligates me not to kill the person even if I could get away with it. There are also other ways that morality can stretch beyond legality. There are plenty of things that people would consider immoral, but are not illegal. Cheating on your significant other, for example, is considered immoral even though is not illegal (though it is actually illegal to cheat on your spouse in some states). Where I’m going with......

Words: 1831 - Pages: 8

Ethic Group Conflict Paper

...Ethnic Group Conflict Paper Steven Byrd Psy/450 7/13/2013 Conflict in Ethnics The world is made up of many different types of people and cultures and of course when you have people who are different, you will have some type of conflict with some of them, maybe not as whole but there will be conflicts for the simple fact that sometimes we fear what we don’t know and we can also become very judgmental just based on how we were raised or what we have seen throughout the media. Times have improved when it comes to ethnic relations but there is still a very high tension rate with certain ethnic groups. Two groups that I believe that have improved vastly but are still at war would be African Americans and Caucasians. War is not just countries at battling, war is also defined as being in a state of conflict. Of course war is usually recognized by two countries fighting against each other or even wars within the same country such as Korea, North Korea and South Korea for example have had many different problems but that is all because of leadership. The war amongst whites and blacks is one that takes place all over and as mentioned before it is not as bad as it used to be but there is still a lot of tension between the two races, especially in certain places in the world. Examples of Conflict There are many examples of the how blacks and whites are still at war. Although they are not as dominant as before, the Ku Klux Klan is a group that was at war against many different......

Words: 1458 - Pages: 6

Management Conflict and Ethics

...Title: Management Conflict and Ethics Netpanna Yavirach, Asst,prof., Department of management, Faculty of Business Administration, Rajamangala Institute of Technology In what sense can it be said that an organization can, as a whole, be ethical of unethical? What characteristics (e.g. structures, policies, powers, responsibilities, codes, cultures, procedures) would mark out an ethical organization? Business ethics is an applied ethics. It is the application of our understanding of what is good and right to do. A discussion of business ethics must begin by providing a framework of basic principles for understanding what is meant by the terms “good” and “right”. In popular usage the term “ethics” has a variety of different meanings. One of the meanings often given to it is: the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group. We use the term “personal ethics” to refer to the rules by which an individual lives his or her personal life, and use the term “accounting ethics” to refer to the code that guides the professional conduct of accountants (Velasquez (1988).,p.11). Ethics is concerned with the moral judgments involved in moral decisions. Ethics does not study all normative judgment, only those that are concerned with what is morally right and wrong, or morally good and bad. When something is judged to be morally right or wrong, or morally good or bad, the underlying standards on which the judgment is based are......

Words: 4554 - Pages: 19


...after being publicized has a theme of struggle to achieve happiness beyond his community. His slogan,” sick! Help! Is welcome by sympathizers, and that is a remuneration for his virtues. Furthermore, the movie also brings to mind the question of loyalty which is one of the six pillars of characters. How much can one be loyal to his employer or organization? One has a moral duty to protect his organization, but when a person’s moral standards are being threaten, they usually resigns, or stay and become “whistle blowers.”[1] The whistle blowers often fall under intuitionism, a pragmatic theory which indicates that our intuition can determine if an action or act is good or evil. There are certain individuals in the ER whose morals conflict with those of the ‘Hope Memorial Hospital’. For instance one of the nurses gives John Q several options for funding of his son’s operation including an altruistic statement of “just don’t take no for an answer.” A statement which John Q reminded her of when she asks him what he thinks he is doing. John answer that, “I am doing what you advise me, not to take no for an answer.” During the course of the hostage taking in the ER, both John and the hospital staff were discussing insurance coverage for Health Maintenance Organization (HMO.)[2] “HMO” Merriam- Webster’s Medical Dictionary. Merriam- Webster, Inc. 21 Aug.2011. <>. One of the ER male nurses reveals......

Words: 2607 - Pages: 11

The Syrian Conflict and Ethics

...Mohammad Khattak Ethics for Mangers (ETM-750) Prof: Robert Bigelow Final Project The Syrian Conflict Evaluate the ethics of any legal or ethical issue in the news. Analyze the dilemma or issue. Thoroughly evaluate the appropriateness of applying at least two ethical frameworks reviewed in the course, and suggest an approach that might help to avoiding such dilemmas/issues in the future. What started off as an uprising and eventually led to a civil war, has destroyed much of Syria and resulted in the death of hundreds of thousands. And no matter what angle you look at it from, the existing regime under the command of Bashar Al Assad and his so-called "war against terrorists" has broken all barriers of ethics, morals and rules of war. Many sources have claimed foreign interference to have ignited the situation, but at the same time, the regime has spared no efforts to suppress the voice of those who stood up against the oppressive rule. But the dilemma does not end with how the situation was dealt with by the existing rulers. Nations all around the world are waiting on how the United States of America responds to the happening and whether the US can justify its reason for intervention, which it believes to be its moral duty under the principle of its 'Just War Theory'. Utilitarianism One of the ethical frameworks that would apply to the Syrian situation would be the act and rule of Utilitarianism that dictates that the actions of a party be justified so...

Words: 1654 - Pages: 7

Motivation Conflict and Ethics

...Running head: Motivation, Conflict, and Ethics Motivation, Conflict, and Ethics University of Phoenix Motivation, Conflict, and Ethics As an employee of a Medicare contractor communication is a vital aspect of the work environment. There is a 24 hour hotline which serves as means of communication between employees and human resources. The use of a 24 hour hotline as a communication method allows flexibility among the staff in receiving information. Professional, societal, and individual ethics are a very important part of the corporate culture. Being a contractor the company has to be trusted in dealings with companies and also personal information. Internal policies and procedures reflect a conscious effort to maintain high ethics among staff. They have gone so far as to establishing a dedicated phone number and email for employees to report any unethical behavior. This company does its best to hire employees with high individual ethical standards. Employees are also trained thoroughly on ethical procedures in the workplace that all staff are expected to adhere to. Motivational theories The motivational theories used by the Medicare contractor include production quotas, bonus incentives for hitting quality and timeliness requirements, and push days. The production quotas are reviewed on a weekly basis, and managers communicate the percentages to the employee: offering praise, pointers, or management help to bring substandard percentages up to expectation. Bonus......

Words: 499 - Pages: 2

Translation Services with Non-Standardised Languages: What Happens at the Point of Language Contact When Social Pressures Conflict with Professional Ethics?

...Translation services with non-standardised languages: what happens at the point of language contact when social pressures conflict with professional ethics? The linguistic situation of Sierra Leone poses an interesting challenge to a hybrid tribunal such as the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL). Sierra Leone is one of the smaller countries in West Africa; its population is now estimated to be around 6 million. Over 20 languages are in use of which Mende, Themne, Limba, and Kono are the most important indigenous ones, but they exist besides the official ex-colonial language English and its Creole descendant, called Krio. Krio is used as a native language with ethnic reference mainly in the capital Freetown and in the Western Area. It is also used as a lingua franca throughout the country where Mende and Themne also serve as linguae francae, but these are mainly concentrated in the south and in the north respectively. However, Krio is also used as a first language without ethnic reference in most urban areas in Sierra Leone. It has become the dominant first language of the young urban people and it often used as one of two first languages. The language preference of young Sierra Leoneans is very important, since more than half of the population is under 19 years of age. During the war the importance and relevance of Krio grew enormously while that of English diminished. In the early 90s, not only the upcoming RUF (Revolutionary United Front) under the leadership of...

Words: 2397 - Pages: 10

Buller Et Al 2000 - When Ethics Collide- Managing Conflicts Across Cultures.Pdf

...4, pp. 52-66, 2000 © 2000 Elsevier Science, Inc. ISSN 0090-2616/00/$--see frontmatter PII 50090-2616(00)00005-X When Ethics Collide: Managing Conflicts Across Cultures PAUL F. BUllER JOHN J. KOHLS KENNETH S. ANDERSON Nike-one of the fastest-growing companies in the world-has been stymied recently due in part to consumer reaction to conflicts involving management practices in its suppliers' factories in the Far East. Among the accusations-poor working conditions, low wages, enforced over­ time, and harsh, sometimes brutal, discipline and corporal punishment. Levi Strauss & Co. was recently confronted with the challenge of how to deal with contractors in Bangladesh that employed young children, a legal practice in Bangladesh, but one contrary to Levi's company policy. The fact that these chil­ dren were often a sole or significant source of their family income further complicated the mat­ ter. Tony Anderson, Chairman and CEO of H. B. Fuller Company, was faced with a decision re­ garding the company's responsibility for illegiti­ mate use of one of its products. Resistol, a tolu­ ene-based glue, has become an addictive drug of choice for many Central American street chil­ dren. These "Resistoleros" inhale the glue and often experience violent reactions and serious health problems, including kidney failure and brain damage. ness practices. Ethical conflicts may involve a variety of issues: • bribery and extortion, as in the highly publicized case of Lockheed, which......

Words: 7825 - Pages: 32


...RESOLVING CONFLICT IN AN ORGANIZATION Tasha Smith Business 610 Instructor P. Zobisch December 6, 2010 Resolving Conflict in an Organization Team work is recognized more as a collaborative effort by the members for the mutual benefits of corporation and organization employee relations resulted as cooperation among the team members. This signifies the role of effective team and its performance inside the organizational premises. Team work defines the harmony and patience essential to be present in members for the reason of achieving goals in association with team. Research can be down specifically to the conflicting resolution by collaborative attitude building through group activities; making it useful in organization to avoid union based grouping for the reason of enhancing employee productivity Team Building and Conflict Resolution Conflicts reflect the difference in the opinions and ideas that may arise among the group members either due to any cultural barrier or any other workplace hatred due to unequal distribution of power and recognition for performance. Therefore it shows that individual work related activities are subject to give raise to conflicts due to above stated actions. However, in any case if it arise, it is better to go for team building strategies for conflict resolution with minimum emphasis on giving leverage for the expansion and strengthening of conflict as it may enhance the differences among the employees followed by decreasing productivity....

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5


...are common to work in a teams. Conflict is defined as disagreement between individuals. Conflict can arise among members within a team or between one team and another. Conflict refers to antagonistic interaction in which one party attempts to block the intentions or goals of another. Competition, which is rivalry among individuals or teams, can have a healthy impact because it energizes people toward higher performance. Whenever people work together in teams, some conflict is inevitable. Bringing conflicts out into the open and effectively resolving them is one of the team leader’s most challenging jobs. Conflict in corporate teams is fine as long as team immediately works toward a solution. The role of conflict in work teams is determined by the manner in which it is managed. Conflict is a driving force of change that can result in improved decision-making processes and progressive team development. However, teams must learn to be confrontational without destroying the team process. Teams are able to handle conflict and perform at a high level by following a framework of communication needed for managing conflict constructively and capable to mediate their own conflicts, improve both productivity and member relationships. Teams are typically made up of a diverse group of individuals, each member possessing different capabilities and skills. This element is what makes the use of teams so advantageous; however, diversity can also create conflict. Therefore, it is important......

Words: 2757 - Pages: 12

Ethic Conflict

...Ethnic conflict: Ethnicity; defining principle of identity often determined by shared language, culture, religion * Desire to reassure and protect one’s own ethnic identity results in ethnic conflict within state boundaries * Ethnic cleansing; forcible removal of a group of people by another by violence and deportation ---- Genocide is an extreme form of ethnic cleansing Bosnian Genocide * The socialist federal republic of Yugoslavia was held together by the communist leadership of joseph bronz -1981, individual states began to secede along ethnic lines - Slovenia and Croatia declared independence in 1991 - Macedonia and bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 - Montenegro entered into federation with Serbia - Serbian nationals responded to Bosnian independence with attacks - The Bosnian war resulted in 100,000 dead and massive crimes to humanity - Ethnic cleansing of muslim pop. Especially in eastern bosnia - mass rape of 20,000-50,000 women. Modern ethnic conflicts often arise from colonial experience * artificial state boundaries grouping ethnic communities together * legacy of brutality Democratic republic of Congo * vey mineral rich lands * controlled by king leopold II of Belgium * slavery and violence The DRC relied on Hutu and Tutsi laborers from Rwanda * Tutsi’s were favored by Belgians Rwanda * Rwandan Civil War between the hutu led gov. and Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) * 1994: Hutu......

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Conflict Between Research and Ethics Paper

...Conflict Between Research and Ethics Paper Conflict Between Research and Ethics Paper HCS/435 Katherine Rossiter September 12, 2010 Conflict Between Research and Ethics Paper  This paper will share an opinion of the conflicts that exist between medical research and ethics in the subject matter of patients with mental retardation with medical condition such as hepatitis. In this paper the discussion of patient consent, benefits to patient, society, and medical professionals; therapeutic research; and research outcomes. Also this paper will discuss the potential role of institutional compliance and ethics committees, potential responsibilities of management, and the managerial approach one might have taken if one were in a position of power. When talking about patient consent there is many different types of consent. To name a few types of consent, incapacitated, decision-making capacity, surrogate healthcare decision maker, informed consent, expressed consent, and implied consent. When dealing with incapacitated consent this means that the patient is lacking the ability to make a reasonable medical judgment. In this type of consent there would be a surrogate decision maker appointed. Also in an incapacitated patient that has come in from an accident there would be an implied consent this would mean that the hospital staff would do whatever they had to do to sustain life. Decision-making capacity is one where the patient has full knowledge of what they want to......

Words: 1504 - Pages: 7


...CASE –iv Conflict in close quarters Overview of the Case Study (3 slides) The case study was an experiment to study the dynamics of isolation in long-term space travel by a team of psychologists at Moscow's Institute for Biomedical Problems (IBMP). Within the confines of a replica Mir space station, three international researchers, including a Canadian, Japanese and Austrian participant were isolated with four Russian cosmonauts for 110 days. At the New Year's Eve party, the participants partook in the drinking of vodka, which was allowed by the Russian space agency. What evolved was a series of events which involved violence, sexual harassment, and questionable ethics. A violent fight erupted between two of the cosmonauts, which was resolved quickly. Later, the Russian commander aggressively kissed, twice, the only female participant, Judith Lapierre. All three of the international participants appealed to the IBMP regarding the Russians behaviour, requesting disciplinary action. The experiment ended in controversy as the Russians downplayed the kiss, saying it was a fleeting kiss and blaming an emotional female participant whilst Lapierre claimed sexual harassment. Thus, was it really sexual harassment or a stolen kiss? Or is the question here that the parties involved here had attached different meanings to the same incident. Cultural differences amongst the participants led to the conflict, which were exacerbated by the influence of alcohol. The......

Words: 1900 - Pages: 8


...f Associate Level Material Conflicts Are Important Worksheet In this assignment, you must write 300 to 450 words on conflict and conflict management. Record your answers in this worksheet. Part 1: The Five Conflict Types Describe each of the five conflict types using paragraph form. Conflict is important and it is also important to recognize the different types of conflicts that you may be involved with. By knowing this, you can recognize the state of mind you’re in and if possible avoid it. Pseudo conflicts are one of the five different types. These are not real conflicts, they are only perceived as conflicts. Pseudo conflicts can result from two causes: faulty assumptions and false dilemmas. Mistaking assumptions for facts may explain many pseudo conflicts. Pseudo conflicts that result from false dilemmas occur when the parties involved see only two choices as solutions to a problem. Another is Fact conflicts. These kinds of conflicts are at hand when individuals disagree about information that could easily be verified whether by statics or some other resource. Ego conflicts occur when a dispute centers on status or power. This reminds of two of my cousins when they let their egos get in the way of them winning their athletic competitions. Even though it was obvious that Steve was more of an athletic guy than Mark, Mark always felt like he had something to prove. Instead of them continuing to be on the same time for these competitions, Mark felt as though...

Words: 1275 - Pages: 6