Ethical Priciples

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Lenie1203
Words 589
Pages 3
Ethical Principles Violated In 1990, Terri Schiavo suffered cardiac arrest leading to a persistent vegetative state. Over the next 15 years, her case received international attention as her husband and parents argued over how to fulfill Terri's end-of-life wishes. Although tragic, the plight of Terri Schiavo provides a valuable case study. The conflicts and misunderstandings surrounding her situation offer important lessons in medicine, law, and ethics. Despite media saturation and intense public interest, widespread confusion lingers regarding the diagnosis of persistent vegetative state, the judicial processes involved, and the appropriateness of the ethical framework used by those entrusted with Terri Schiavo's care (Fine, 2005) On March 31, 2005, Terri Schiavo (born December 3, 1963) died -- the final complication of a cardiac arrest on February 25, 1990. Her death was preceded by the withdrawal of artificially administered hydration and nutrition through a feeding tube. Prior to her death, Terri's saga was the focus of intense medical, ethical, and legal debates in the United States and elsewhere. These debates were characterized by confusion about the facts, ethical principles, and laws relevant to the case. Much of the confusion revolved around a number of ethical and legal questions including: Is it ethically and legally permissible to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatments from patients who do not want the treatments? Is withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining treatments the same as physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia? Is artificially administered hydration and nutrition a medical treatment or mandatory care akin to bathing? What were Terri's values, preferences, and goals regarding life-sustaining treatments? Several issues raised and argued that the central question of the Terri Schiavo case is a struggle between sanctity…...

Similar Documents


... Ethical Viewpoint Amanda M. Seeley GEN/200 September 24, 2012 Denise Juanico Ethical Viewpoint In completing the ethical lens inventory I became aware that my personal preferred lens is relationship and reputation lens. I strive to please everyone in the community equally. I take into consideration their emotions and thoughts to decide the best solutions. Even though I try to please everyone my process doesn’t always work I am arrogant in the process and forgot to keep in mind that not everyone has that same resources which can lead to unfair outcomes. Another blind spot I have is that I give unrealistic roles to individuals, forgetting that they are capable of making mistakes regardless of what I have assigned them to be responsible for. My strengths are that I aim for fair outcome for everyone. I want everyone voice to be heard no matter if they are rich or poor have power or not. I use critical thinking and research and carefully evaluate the problem before coming to a solution. My biggest weakness is I can get on a “power trip” I think that my way is the only way and believe that the rules don’t apply to me because of the position I am in. I forget that even though I may be a leader I am required to follow the same set of rules that I have set in place. I must remember that I don’t possess any special privileges and must follow the same rules as everyone else. The main value that comes along with relationship lens would be being FAIR. Everyone should be treated......

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Ethical It

...Ethical Management of IT The Fourth Amendment of the Constitution protects us against “unreasonable search and seizures” without proper cause (Freeman 2). This was established to ensure that our privacy was upheld and that agents of the government could not infringe on those rights. However, what happens when the government uses information illegally obtained by an individual outside the jurisdiction of the United States? In these cases we’ve seen that the U.S. government is able to use information illegally obtained by international hackers in order to prosecute U.S. citizens. This essay will review the case of a unanimous white-hat hacker from Turkey using a Trojan horse to find individuals with child pornography on their personal computers. In early 2000, an anonymous Turkish citizen was able to utilize a Trojan horse to identify users that frequent and download child pornography (Freeman 3). The anonymous user was then able to report his findings to the authorities and allow them to further research the allegation in order to prosecute the individual. This led to the arrest and prosecution of Bradley Steiger to 17-years in prison on child pornography charges. The anonymous user was able to garner the same results a year later when he presented evidence to the authorities against William Jarrett of Virginia (Freeman 3). William Jarrett filed an action against the District Court asking for a reversal of the conviction based on the illegal methods used by hacker......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3


...Ethical Essay University of Pheonix Monica King ETH/316 September 26, 2013 Don Kelly  Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that debates that an act is correct only if it conforms to the principle of utility. Jeremy Bentham, Its founder, believed it was essential for society to depend on reason instead of metaphysics (what is ultimately there? What is it like?). Deontology is anti- utilitarianism. Immanuel Kant was one of the primary advocates of deontology theory. Deontologists are apprehensive with the perception of duty. They are related with satisfying what is perceived to be their ethical duty – whether it makes people happy or not. Deontologists embrace that correct activities are explained by duty. Once it is known for what it is that a person is duty assured to do morally, then ‘natural’ fit act can be carried out in spite of the consequences. Virtue ethics highlights the role of a person’s character and the morals of a person’s character symbolizes for defining or assessing ethical behavior. When associating the similarities and dissimilarities between deontology and utilitarianism, and it was established that they associate with how someone judge’s ethics and morality. The theories all contain judging in diverse aspects, if it is in that instant, what occurs afterwards, or within a lifespan. The morals and ethics following these philosophies all involve with what is correct, or what is preeminent for the current time, then split pathways as the theories......

Words: 370 - Pages: 2


...Introduction In management there are always different ethical situations involved. Today one of those major problems in management has been diversity. Diversity in the workplace refers to the amount that cultural diversity is inside a company. “Diversity is generally defined as acknowledging, understanding, accepting, valuing, and celebrating differences among people with respect to age, class, ethnicity, gender, physical and mental ability, race, sexual orientation, spiritual practice, and public assistance status (K.A. Green, M. López, A. Wysocki, & K. Kepner, 2008).” Moral and Ethical Issues Acquiring diversity in the business opens them to grasp the realization of the demographics of its marketplace, just as long as the company uses the opportunity that they receive from the knowledge of a diverse working environment. Businesses toady like to display their “Equal Opportunity Employer” status. What this status says is they like having a diverse work setting with no discrimination. Diversity is not going through that well mainly because of discrimination. “Discrimination occurs whenever something other than qualifications affects how an employee will be treated (L. Trevino & K. Nelson, K., 2007, p. 69).” Discrimination can affect race, age, religious beliefs, ethnicity, gender, sexual preference and any type of quality that does not fit with the society accepted normal. The issue of discrimination is not just happening in the hiring system, but even in the choices for...

Words: 293 - Pages: 2


...Making Ethical Choices Indicate whether you consider each of the following actions ethical, unethical, or a grey area. Which of the actions would you do? Which would you feel uncomfortable doing? Which would you refuse to do? 1. Taking home office supplies (e.g., pens, markers, calculators, etc.) for personal use. I feel that if one person takes supplies then they will all do it. Furthermore, it is unethical if office supplies are taken, and personally I would not take supplies from an office because it is unprofessional. 2. Inflating your evaluation of a subordinate because you know that only people ranked excellent will get pay raises. I believe this is unethical because it is morally unacceptable and as a Christian man I would feel convicted doing it and would ultimately not commit this act. 3. Making personal long-distance calls on the company phone. If it’s an absolute emergency no, but other than that it is unethical. Employees should not use the company phone for long distance calls unless it’s an emergency. I would feel comfortable making a long distance call. 4. Updating your Facebook page and visiting the pages of friends during business hours. That is unethical and I know by experience that companies and business take this very serious. At my last job, I worked at a church and they had anonymous people looking through Facebook and Twitter to see who was on there posting during office hours. 5. Writing a feasibility report......

Words: 833 - Pages: 4


...interview or having someone present to witness the interview there could be some misunderstanding of what was said. The detective could change the story that the minors gave so that the detective could have a confession and crack an easy case. Workplace ethics is a tricky area as to which one word could violate someone’s ethics and could have uproar in the workplace. The detective did not use good judgment when it came to interviewing the minors because he did not follow protocol. That one detective was a bad apple to the whole department and was close to having the whole department under review. Having an department under review will cause a big uproar in the media. With the detective going to the district attorney is was being very ethical when it came to making a decision. With him ignoring the situation it could have caused the district attorney to go along with the confession and pressing charges against the minors and they could have been sent to jail for the rest of their life. In the judicial system evidence speaks for itself and with the nature of the crime that was committed the jury possibly could have went along with the confessions and gave a guilty verdict to the minors....

Words: 522 - Pages: 3


...Inventory * 9. The Case * 10. M A N U A L work scheduling is COSTLY and INEF FECTIVE * 11. KRONOS * 12. %IMP R O V E D P RODUC T IVI T Y H I G H E R CUSTOMER SATISFACTION * 13. How it works INPUTS PROCESSES OUTPUTS * 14. BUT * 15. UNPREDICTABLE WOR K HOURS * 16. UNSTABLE h o u r l y W A G E S * 17. Case SOLUTIONS * 18. 1 What is the ethical dilemma facing Wal-Mart in this case? Do Wal-Mart’s associates also face an ethical dilemma? If so, what is it? * 19. E T H I C A L DILEMMA faced by Wal-Mart * 20. Value 1 Re s p o n s i b i l i t y of increasing s h a re h o l d e rs ’ va l u e * 21. Value 2 Re s p o n s i b i l i t y of ensuring employee wel fare * 22. E T H I C A L DILEMMA faced by Associates * 23. Value 1 E a r n i n g a l i v i n g * 24. Value 2 L o o k i n g a f t e r f ami l y * 25. BEFORE we MO V E on * 26. STAKE HOLDERS c u s t o m e r s e m p l o y e e s m a n a g e r s * 27. O P T I O N S continue as is account for employee welfare close Kronos * 28. 2 What ethical principles apply to this case? How do they apply? * 29. Golden Rule Do unto others as you would have them do unto you * 30. Categorical Imp e ra t i v e If everyone did this, could the society survive * 31. Utilitarian P r i n c i p l e Which action achieves the higher or greater values? * 32. Risk Aversion P r i n c i p l e Which action produces the least harm? * 33....

Words: 596 - Pages: 3


...of human existence and how they could define the meaning of “good life.” Ethical theories are taught to us each and every day we live. None of these theories are necessarily invalid, and many people believe in at least one of them, but not everyone believes in the same ones. The main ethical theories are deontological ethical theories: rights theory and justice theory, and teleological ethical theories: utilitarianism and profit maximization. Ethical rights theory has incorporated a wide range of ethical philosophies pertaining to the fact that human rights are fundamental and must be respected by other humans. Each individual faces a moral compulsion not to threaten the rights of others unless a greater right takes precedence. Ethical rights theory became more prominent in the 18th century by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. He preferred to think of people as actors free to make choices and judge the morality of an action. To help understand what he meant he created two categorical imperatives. The first being, “Act only on that maxim whereby at the same time you can will that it shall become a universal law,” meaning that anyone can judge an action by applying it to anything in general. The second was “Always act to treat humanity, whether in yourself or in others, as an end in itself, never merely as a means,” meaning that one should not manipulate another to achieve their own personal happiness. Ethical rights theory tries to protect the rights of everyone no matter what......

Words: 1083 - Pages: 5


...communication in the workplace, we must make sure that our reasoning for the decisions that we make or use are ethical and respectful to each individual involved. We must understand that Nepotism and favoritism cannot and will not be allowed in the workplace, all workers will be treated as equals without prejudice against their age, race, or religious preference. We are a culturally diverse economy that requires everyone to participate and get along with one another accordingly and responsibly. Those that do not wish to commit to these long-term obligations need not apply for any job at any establishment. Each organization in the workplace needs to be treated with respect, dignity, and fairness throughout the industry. That is why it is so important that we do not allow ourselves to engage in unethical behavior, it violates the code of conduct, which is unacceptable behavior that is not allowed in the workplace. It is necessary to illustrate the importance ethical and unethical behavior in the workplace, so that we can all be on the same page. HIRING AND COMMUNICATION 5 References

Words: 926 - Pages: 4


...decisions Ethical decisions Stephanie Cuellar HCS/335 July 13, 2015 La Tonya Kelly Ethical decisions Medical coding in a physician office An employee may be pressured into attaining the maximum costs by falsifying documents out of fear of losing their jobs. This medical coder does not want to feed into their supervisor’s greed but also needs their job. They will be left with no other choice but to add services to the patient’s bill that were not truly done in order to gain the most costs for their supervisor. This is not an ethical thing to do and this employee should make the attempt at finding different employment. But depending on the situation, the employee may not have the ability to locate another job so quickly and easily. They may need to find out who is above their supervisor in hopes of doing the right thing and still be allowed to keep their jobs. Another reason an employee would decide to fill the unethical request of their supervisor would be that they are a new employee. And by being a new employee they want to satisfy their employers. But this too will lead to failure and will hopefully make this employee realize the wrong doing of all involved. Administration of patient medications in a hospital setting Medication errors are no joke and may lead to death. However, a nurse is trained to know what the effects of each medications are. If a nurse is to by accident give the wrong medication or too much of one and chooses not to report it then it is...

Words: 573 - Pages: 3


...Ethical Issues and Management Paper Latiffia Stroman XMGT/216 September 25, 2011 Elizabeth Berg Ethical Issues and Management Paper There are times when a manager or supervisor doesn’t know how to deal with an ethical issue in the workplace. Some managers feel they need to break company’s rules if they want good performance or results. Some of them feel like they have to be friends with their employees versus their supervisor in order to get them to work on time or for them to perform their work duties. This is a struggle for a lot of supervisor doing what is right when they know it is wrong. When supervisor or managers ignored certain things it not only affects them it affects all the people that work for that company. If you work in a sales environment company and only one agent is performing interims of getting sales. That great for that individual, but that one person can carry the whole company. So as managers they need to encourage their other employee to do better. Give them steps on what they can do to improve their performance. Threes no I in team when you for a company. Now there are a lot of managers and supervisors that do what is right no matter what. They don't let other outside sources affect their morals and judgment when handing ethical situations. Gathering facts and during an investigation on how to solve the problem don't make you bias it makes you fair. Fairness is very important in a business. Who doesn't want to be treated fairly? You can do......

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5


...Hospitality Contents Introduction: 3 An overview of Bulgaria’s refugee’s crisis: 4 Stakeholders and Typology theories: 4 Definition of Stakeholders: 4 A typology theories of stakeholder: 4 Types of stakeholders: 5 Ethical Framework: 5 Applying stakeholder theories to this Bulgaria case: 5 Refugees: 5 Bulgarians: 6 European Union: 7 IS-terrorist attacks: 8 Apply the ethical approach into the view of the Bulgaria’s government: 8 Conclusion 10 REFERENCE: 10 Introduction: As we can see that ethics is perceived in different angles and aspects but it is, undeniably, an important role of ethics in our life. According to Noel Preston (2001, p.18) ethics indicates the general views of what is right, fair or good. It is also the core values, rules which we use to make our choices and actions. Similarly, (Boardman, 2005) said that ethics is applied naturally for many areas such as our own lives, business and an organisation. In our daily lives, making decisions and actions seem to be driven or motivated from/ by the certain standards or values. Furthermore, ethics target on evaluating the right or wrong behaviours of both individuals and the good or bad performance of an organisation. This report will evaluate the ethical approach which Bulgaria government uses to make the fence-line decision. This paper will be divided into four parts. The first part is going to summary the Bulgaria cases. The next part will come up with all stakeholders and......

Words: 2802 - Pages: 12


...Ethical Paper Ethical dilemmas are common issues that every person faces in a daily base especially in the work area. It is not an easy task for anyone to have an ethical decision making, to choose what is right, and what is wrong. There are many stories we hear about police brutality, and misconduct. I was reading on a story of a Lieutenant in the New York police department who arrested a Mail Carrier while on duty. This young man by the name of Glen Grays, 27 years of age was making his rounds in the Brooklyn, New York area when he was taken into custody, leaving his mail truck unattended. “On this afternoon, Mr. Grays was descending the steps of his mail truck backward, as postal workers often do to minimize wear and tear on the knees, when out of the corner of his eye he noticed a car making a sharp right turn onto President from Franklin Avenue. Mr. Grays shouted at the driver, climbing back up the steps to avoid getting sideswiped. The black car, in Mr. Grays’s telling, came tearing back his way in reverse. The driver said to him, Mr. Grays recounted, “I have the right of way because I’m law enforcement.” The unmarked car held four plainclothes police officers, according to the Brooklyn borough president’s office, which has taken an interest in the case. By the time Mr. Grays arrived at the front door of 999 President Street, the police were approaching him. A video of the incident, taken by an observer on the street, begins at this point and shows Mr. Grays...

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Marketing Priciples

...also how customers shop. There are new ways of producing goods and service, new ways of distributing products, new ways of communicating with target market and customers. John Lewis has joined the new trend of online shopping to keep up with its competitors. Also they now have paperless operations, the admin and management is done using IT systems, using secure servers, giving john Lewis more flexibility how they operate as a business. (, n.d.) (professionalacademy, n.d.) v. Environmental Factors Environmental factors have recently become very important to organisations, this is due to increasing scarcity of raw materials, pollution e.g. global warming, Ozone layer, making sure that businesses are ran in an ethical way and also the government has set targets for businesses carbon footprint, which can also be a political factor. Customers are now more aware of the environment and are demanding that products are ethically sourced and also are from a sustainable source. John Lewis has started using renewable sources for the production, mainly cotton and wool. John Lewis has also reduced their carbon footprint and have increased energy efficiency. They have to prove that they are doing everything possible to reduce their impact on the environment. John Lewis have also introduced a 5p charge on their bags, because the government as introduced a new law, and all retailers have to follow, this can also be seen as political......

Words: 3911 - Pages: 16

Priciple of Moral Business

...results in reading, writing, understanding social norms, etc., has some social payoff (I would rather live in a highly educated society than a poorly educated society, other things equal). Hence a purely private market will under-invest in education, from a societal perspective. So governments in many countries provide a basic minimum level of education, which varies across countries often in direct proportion to their wealth. 5. Profit maximization is not enough to ensure the survival of a healthy capitalist society. Pursuit of profits alone will not ensure the adequate supply of: • public goods • an appropriate distribution of income • altruistic activities such as volunteering • social capital such as trust and an expectation of ethical behaviour in market transactions • basic research and development • art and cultural goods and services Non-profit motives are important because the above list of ‘goods’ greatly enhances social well-being. But these goods and services would not come about with a focus on profits alone. Which is most important? Again opinions will differ. There is no ‘correct’ answer but a good inclusive discussion is an important outcome...

Words: 728 - Pages: 3