Family Planning for Climate Change Adaptation

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nabster
Words 512
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Excerpt from PAI working paper

Nabil Haque

Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Bangladesh Development Policies Connecting the dots with Population Pressure

A great number of assessments studied the vulnerability of Bangladesh to climate change impacts due to its unique geographic location, dominance of floodplains, low elevation, high population density, high levels of poverty, and overwhelming dependence on natural resources and services. The country has a history of extreme climatic events claiming millions of lives and destroying past development gains. Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of such events like floods and cyclones. Bangladesh has come a long way in developing national adaptation strategies and is currently leading this approach among the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Adaptation is now an integral part of development strategies, and given the scale of the impacts, most ministries are gearing up for sector-wise adaptation. 1 Significant steps have been taken after the publication of National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA) in 2005, where immediate and urgent needs of adaptation have been identified. In 2008, a supplement to the NAPA was introduced called “The Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan”, which is built on six pillars – five of them related to impact management and one related to mitigation through low carbon development. The government has solely focused its adaptation approach to livelihood security. The present number of research projects completed and being worked on substantiates this fact. Nearly all of these studies acknowledge the fact that the densely populated and low-lying coastal areas have the least adaptive capacity. Given the generational time lag of the realization of climate change impacts, reduction of both exposure and sensitivity is the right approach for…...

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