How to Use and Apply Spss

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By vineet618
Words 4680
Pages 19
How to Use and Apply SPSS
Version 15.0 for Windows

This mini guide/ walkthrough is for SPSS 15.0 for Windows and was written in the Summer of 2010. If there are any changes/updates that apply afterwards, this document will not address them. Additionally, if a previous version (pre 15.0) is being used, this document might not fully apply. This said, the concepts behind what is being explained should still be the same, so long as the functions of the program remain similar. This guide is intended to give the reader a VERY basic understanding on how to use SPSS. This is also intended to be a crash course type of guide. The length of this document is indicative of how “in depth” this document goes. Furthermore, there is a lot that this document does not mention. If you want to perform a very thorough analysis with very in depth statistics, you can read the SPSS survival manual by Julie Pallant.

Table of Contents * Preparations3 * Getting Started4 * Entering Data7 * Output Window9 * Walkthrough10 * Analysis10 * Graphing10 * Regression13 * Correlation14 * Testing15 * One Sample T-Test 15 * Independent Sample T-Test 17 * Paired Sample T-Test 18 * One Way ANOVA 20 * Hypothesis Testing Crash Course26

Preparations * Know that SPSS is for analyzing data from a statistical researcher’s point of view. The name SPSS stands for Statistical Package for the Social Sciences – SPSS. This means that this program is best suited to comparing data samples or surveys using statistics. Furthermore, this is a very robust program that is much more difficult to use if you do not know statistics very well; it is designed primarily for the researcher or statistician. Essentially, if you need to use this program, you will need to learn basic statistics and its application before using this program.

* Set up a…...

Similar Documents

How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

...HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER What would happen if a fire broke out in your home or business? Would you know what to do or where the fire extinguisher was located? Over the past couple of months, there have been a high number of fires in homes and businesses. Were there any fire extinguishers and did the personnel know how to use them? Knowing how to use a fire extinguisher could save your home, business or more importantly your life. Every home should have at least one fire extinguisher and all businesses in the Hampton Roads area are required to have them. Knowing where they are located is just as important as knowing how to use them. In homes they should be located in the kitchen under the cabinets or mounted on the wall. In businesses they are located at all exit doors that are at least 75 feet apart. The size and type of extinguishers will vary depending on the type of business and the size of the space covered. The most common type of extinguishers used is an “ABC” extinguisher. It is used on A, B and C classes of fires. Fires are classified by the materials they burn; for example: Class A or alpha fires are any material that will leave an ash. Class B or bravo fires would be fuel, grease or flammable liquid fires. Class C or Charlie fires are electrical or electronic fires. There is also a Class D or delta fire which consist of special hazards such as; titanium, magnesium or any material that will produce its own oxygen. The way......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

How to Apply for Resettlement

...How to Apply For Resettlement Ali Alassadi Somewhere in the world there are many people suffering from severe conditions and suppressive situations in their countries. They are in a real need to leave for safer and more supportive place to call a home. Today I will explain how to apply and go through the process of resettlement program by the International Organization for Migration IOM. The first step in the migration journey starts by filling out an application for the International Organization for Migration, or the IOM, and attaching all the documents they may need like a copy of the passport, recommendations from certain organizations and other requirements in order to start the process of the migration. This step may take anywhere from four to six months. The application is very easy to understand and is translated into several languages besides English, such as Arabic, French, and Swahili. The application is available online on the IOM website and is electronic so no paper is needed. This step is the easiest one as it can be done on the first day of applying and because it is completely online, so there is no need to travel to get it done. After the IOM reviews all the information and the reason(s) for migration, they contact the principal applicant by email to inform him or her that the application has been received and that they will give the applicant a case number. This number contains two......

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4

How to Use Chopsticks

...How To Use Chopsticks Will you eat a sandwich with a spoon or use a fork to have an ice cream? No? Why? Because every food, to taste better, must be consumed using the right vessels and cutlery! Same is the case with Chinese and Japanese foods which seem to taste better when eaten with chopsticks. The origin of chopsticks can be dated back to China, around 3000 to 5000 years ago. Widely used in Japan, China, Korea and Vietnam to eat all kinds of foods, most of the chopsticks are made of bamboo while some are also made of ivory, plastic, silver and jade. They are considered as extensions of the fingers and are considered much better than spoons and forks in their usage. Although the respective Asian communities use chopsticks as effortlessly and naturally as Europeans use forks, it doesn’t really come that easily for the rest of us. Despite the fact that most of the world thinks of them as impossible feats, chopsticks actually provides your hands with a physical affinity with the food — something that our quintessential spoons, forks and knives can never boast of. Having said that, we also acknowledge that eating with chopsticks could require some training and hence the next section that talks about how to use chopsticks. Eating With Chopsticks * Clasp one chopstick between your thumb and middle finger. The chopstick must be in such a position that it is placed at the base of your thumb and at the lower joint of the middle finger. While the bottom chopstick remains......

Words: 8121 - Pages: 33

How to Apply

...HOW TO APPLY Apply early! SAIT's programs in advanced technology are very popular and classes tend to fill up quickly. It is recommended that students apply well in advance. Applications will be accepted starting on the following dates: January intake 2014 Applications open: Aug. 1, 2013 May intake 2014 Applications Open: Aug. 1, 2013 September intake 2014 Applications open: Oct. 18, 2013 Note: The deadline to apply for most fall semester programs is June/July. We continue to accept applications until all seats in a program are filled. To increase your chances of gaining acceptance into a high demand program or an academic program with selection, we recommend you apply for the fall semester before March 1. Application process Step 1: Submit SAIT application & transcripts Apply online at ApplyAlberta and send in your high school/post-secondary transcripts (original & English translation) to (colour scan of original transcripts), mail (original documents), or in person. Documents Required: • Original official high school transcript (last three years) and postsecondary transcripts (if applicable) • Original English translation of transcripts (notarized or certified translations) • Original diploma /degree (Graduation Certificate) and the English translation • English language proficiency results for direct entry (IELTS Academic, TOEFL Internet Based, CLBA, CAEL) • Any other documents that are part of the admissions......

Words: 867 - Pages: 4

How Policies Apply

... | | |2014 | | |How the elements apply? | Check Point: Policy Elements Le’Sha Hairston HSM/240 - PUBLIC POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN HUMAN SERVICES Lori Moon The Integrated Council on Homelessness (, is an organization that assist the homeless in finding stable homes, they also help veterans in need after they return from service. This organization is dedicated to helping those in the most need find stability in life, this federal government funded program is targeted to help and prevent homelessness. The main goal is to assist those who are homeless and to help them gain a stable place, to never have to experience homelessness again. The objective is to give the homeless some hope, letting them know that they don’t have to be without. This organization is here to help the homeless, and veterans gain employment, to show them how to manage their money in order to maintain their bills. Its also here as an aftercare program if needed to help maintain their stability. The services provided are employment readiness, money management, social and living skills, amongst other things. The......

Words: 371 - Pages: 2

How to Apply for a Job

...Stage 4 How would you apply for this job? For this position I would write a letter or CV including the company name, address and the person who will be receiving it who will be Natalie Chalmers. I will make sure the letter is specific for the job and it grabs the reader’s attention to let them know why my letter of CV is worth reading. My letter will be written in a formal document that gives information about me, my personality and what I could bring to this job and also why I am committed to work here. The following letter will include Key skills, Qualifications and Personality. Key skills Motivation: I think responsibility motivates me the most because when I am given something to do it’s my job to make sure I do my job well. Since I am a member of the media team in my church I don’t get to do all the massive tasks like filming yet, every little thing that’s given to me I will make sure I do it well until I am trusted enough to handle the massive tasks and responsibilities ahead of me. Verbal communication: I study French in school as one of my options and for you to do French you need to be able to communicate with others to understand the language and help others struggling. I also love working in big groups than by myself because I think I work better in groups where you get lots of point of views and it’s my strongest point. Numeracy: This is a vey important key skill because you use maths in everyday life and you need maths for this position for......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

How to Use Medisoft

...Medisoft Manual – easy step by step guide With this manual, I will show you how to use Medisoft with basic simple step by step instructions. You will feel comfortable using this program and have confidence in knowing you are entering the information correctly. I will first give you an introduction to Medisoft. Medisoft is a practice management program that uses information about patients, providers, insurance carriers, procedures, and diagnoses to bill insurance carriers and patients for healthcare services. Medisoft also contains a built in scheduling application called Office Hours, which allows you to schedule appointments or change appointments with ease. With Medisoft you can do the following tasks commonly used in a medical office:  Enter information on new patients and change information on established patients as needed.  Enter transactions, such as charges, to patients’ accounts.  Submit insurance claims to payers.  Record payments and adjustments from patients and insurance companies.  Print walkout statements and remainder statements for patients.  Monitor collections activities.  Print standard reports or create custom reports.  Schedule appointments. How to change the program date 1. Click Set Program Date on the File menu or click the date displayed in the lower right corner of the Medisoft window. 2. To change the month, click the word displayed for the current month, and the abbreviations for the months appear in the calendar......

Words: 1184 - Pages: 5

How Nurses Use Math

...dashboard indicators. Nurses must use math when they check a person’s vital signs. One important vital sign is body temperature. The normal body temperature for a person is about 98.6 degrees. A high temperature tells a nurse that a person has a fever. When you have a fever, it often means that your body is fighting some sort of infection or illness. One of nurse’s most important jobs is to make sure to give the right doses of medication to the right patient. The nurse reads a patients chart, which contains the doctor’s orders, including what kind of medicine to give and how much to give. A nurse must make sure to read the name of the medication correctly as well as the strength of the medicine the doctor has ordered. This is important particularly if the conditions for determining the dose depend on the patient's weight, blood pressure or glucose level. Medication strengths can be measured in metric units, such as grams, milligrams, liters, and milliliters. Some nurses use math while caring for pediatrics. Most newborn babies are healthy, but some may not be. The neonatal nurses give special care to these premature babies. Since they were born earlier than usual, they didn’t have as much time to develop. Some premature babies have trouble breathing, so special equipment may be needed to help them breathe. The neonatal nurse may attach leads to the baby’s chest. The leads will count the babies heartbeats and breaths. The nurse must be able to use math to understand what......

Words: 958 - Pages: 4

Technology: How It Applies to Nursing Informatics

...Technology: How It Applies To Nursing Informatics Cindy Burrus Partlow Kaplan University MN502-01 Theoretical Foundations of Advanced Nursing March 15, 2015 Technology: How It Applies To Nursing Informatics These days we take technology for granted – it is just there. We turn on the computer and are instantly attached to the Internet, free to peruse at our leisure, doing the latest Google search to find the answer to a nagging question. Technology has also been a boon in the world of medicine. Healthcare institutions are coming into the age of technology by implementing electronic health records (EHR) within clinics and hospitals. This paper will take the concept of technology and explore the meaning and affect to healthcare, and how it will affect nursing in general. Technology Relating to Healthcare In the healthcare arena, technology has made medical advances occur at an astounding rate. On a federal level, the executive and legislative branches of the federal government have launched initiatives to encourage the spread of health information technology. This came into play when the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH) was signed into law on February 17, 2009, to promote the adoption and meaningful use of health information technology (, n.d.). The act stipulates that, as of 2011, healthcare providers will be offered financial incentives for demonstrating meaningful use of electronic health records (EHRs). Incentives......

Words: 1211 - Pages: 5

How to Use Snippet Tool

...When attending school, one of the first steps you learn is to be organized. Being organized applies not only to your daily life, but to your computer as well. While you are in school, you will write papers, complete spreadsheets, and do presentations for all of the classes you take. After a few classes, you will notice that you have quite a few files. These will be the papers that you turned in as assignments, various rough drafts, and different versions of the items you completed for all of your classes. This can eventually add up to hundreds of files. A good file management system is necessary to organize your files. A file management system is made up of files and file folders. You can copy, delete, rename, and move these files and folders around as you like. For this lab, you will create a file management structure for you. You will follow the steps listed below to create this file structure. After you create this file structure, you will create a screenshot using Print Screen, or you will use the Snipping Tool that is in Windows 7. This will create a copy of your file structure that you can then paste into a Word document that you will turn in. Please refer to the Web resources section for help with creating a screenshot. You will begin this lab by doing the following: * Step 1: Right-click on the Windows Start button, and open Windows Explorer. * Step 2: Go to My Documents. * Step 3: Under My Documents, create a folder named "(your first name your last......

Words: 433 - Pages: 2

How to Use Photoshop

...INTRODUCTION  How to Learn Photoshop A huge advantage of Photoshop is you have more ways to learn it, like this page here, than any other program. So many people know it it's easy to learn just about anywhere. The best way to learn Photoshop is to take a class at your local community college to learn the basics of Lightening Underexposed Images and Correcting Color Casts and White Balance Problems. These basic adjustments are covered in every introductory Photoshop class and book so I'll just cover them quickly below. You must be fluent in these to get anywhere with Photoshop for optimizing images. Photoshop also has built-in help as well as free tutorial usually included in the box. All you need to do is choose how you learn best and go that way. Personally I learn best from an in-person class or having an expert show me in person. When I have a question about how to find some obscure tool or how to make a command work I just choose help from the HELP menu.   Basic Operation and Tricks of the Trade All these adjustments work with every kind of image. That's why skilled photographers feel sorry for people who toil away with RAW files just so they can correct exposure and white balance later. You can do it all to any JPG image in Photoshop without all the hassle. The tricks below presume you have at least a basic navigational familiarity with Photoshop. You can get that from any book or community college class, or even the built-in help! Photoshop has been around......

Words: 4167 - Pages: 17

How I Use Math

...How I use Math in everyday Life DeVry University Math-032 October 9, 2012 How I use Math in Everyday Life Math is everywhere you go. It is at the store when you go groceries shopping, when you go out for dinner, when you’re at work, and even when you’re asleep. We are always using some kind of fraction throughout the day. I deal with numbers just about everywhere I go. Math has always been on my vocabulary since I was young. Coming from a house of five, I deal with math every single day. I have to use math for my bills, the rent, groceries, gas, things that are important in the house. Now that I completed eleven and half years in the united Stated Marine Corps, I deal with a tremendous budget in my house. I know that things are not the same because I don’t have a steady income coming in I have to keep track of our expenses and cut back on a lot of unimportant expenses. No matter what we do whether it’s at work, home, or out in town, numbers will always be a factor. Math will be involved and that’s the good think about life. Most people need a solid understanding for financial success and math is the answer. (Huebsch, 2009) In life, you will always have that percent that only need to learn numbers to a certain point. We engage numbers at a very young age. No one really knows how long numbers have been around for. Most people understand the concept of numbers, equations, and the use of daily concepts. (Melayu, 2009) I could say that Im that percentage in......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

How to Use

...How to use the niche club preparation folder This folder is divided into 9 main parts: 1. Must Do – This folder contains essential readings that we consider are extremely important for your interviews. 2. Should Do – This folder contains important readings that one should read after finishing the “Must Do” folder. It builds upon the articles on the “Must Do” folder. 3. Can Do – This folder contains articles referring to a variety of topics on marketing. This folder would help you look more knowledgeable in an interview if they quiz you on these topics. 4. Career Guide – The career guide helps you decide why marketing should be your career option. It also talks about the skills required to be a successful marketer. 5. Brand Updates – This folder contains information about different companies and must be done once you get the shortlists from these companies. 6. REMs – This folder contains all the documents used in the Niche placement preparation REMs. 7. Questions asked in summers – This folder contains questions that were asked by different companies in the previous years. We are updating the folder with feedback from as many Tuchhas as possible but it will not contain the entire spectrum of questions and should be used only to identify a trend. 8. Interesting links – This folder contains interesting links that we think are useful for you. We would keep updating the same during the course of your preparation. 9. Newsletters – This folder contains the Niche newsletters and......

Words: 325 - Pages: 2

Four Functions of Management & How They Apply

...Four Functions of Management & How They Apply MGT/330 April 7, 2012 Four Functions of Management & How They Apply This week I had the opportunity to learn about the four functions of management. To say that this new discovery was a foreign concept to me would be an understatement. Reading about the four functions; planning, organizing, leading, and controlling, really made me sit back and think about how my organization is really missing out. My organization does not apply any of the four functions in the way in which they are described and after learning how each one works and how an organization benefits from each function, I am on a mission to begin implementing the four functions into my organization. For this paper I will be discussing how the four functions would and could benefit my organization rather than how it relates to my organization. How do Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling fit into my organization? Each of these four functions has their own place in management. The Planning function covers the process of objectives and deciding on actions to be taken to achieve the objectives. The second function is Organizing; Organization is the process of designing and developing structure of relationships between members of the team or group assigned to carry out the planned tasks and filling open positions within the organization. The third function of......

Words: 1288 - Pages: 6

How to Use Twitter for Business

...connect with another. How Does Twitter Work? Twitter users–often called Tweeple (or worse)–have 140 characters to answer the question, “What are you doing?” If you join Twitter you can “follow” other tweeple, which causes their updates to appear on your home page. In turn, they can follow you, a form of permission-based marketing. You can also direct message them, but always in 140 characters or less. Twitter communications can be viewed and updated on the Web, through desktop apps, and on mobile devices. Although I use all three methods, I prefer twhirl, a desktop app that has some nice added features and updates my incoming tweets in the background while I work. A quick peek at some recent posts–called “tweets”–include what people are having for breakfast, vague unease about a job interview and a complaint that raw vegetables make one’s mouth “itchy.” (Plus a bunch of non-English tweets that may range from the ridiculous to the sublime and back again.) How Does Twitter Help You Work? Within this participating audience of exhibitionists are a growing number of people who are using Twitter for business. And I’m not just talking about aggressive Web marketers who tweet every blog post they make and create links to all their online activities. (You can create clickable links in tweets, but they have no direct search engine benefits.) Rather, there are professionals who are using Twitter as a communications tool. (Imagine that!) Here’s how you might use Twitter for......

Words: 901 - Pages: 4