Submitted By quentin2345
January 31, 2013
Philip II 1. Philip II ruled Spain from 1556-1598. He was also the ruler of Portugal as Philip I from 1580-1598. Philip gained power when Charles V abdicated from the throne in 1555. At that point Philip ruled Spain, the Netherlands, and all Spain dominions in Italy and the Americas. Philip’s power weakened because of the severe financial problems created by his military campaign.
Accomplishments: * Able to conquer Portugal in 1580 * During Philip’s reign Spain joined the Holy League, an alliance of maritime Catholic states. The league defeated the Ottoman Turks at Lepanto in October 1571, ending Turkish dominion over the Mediterranean. * He began settlements in the Philippines and established the Pacific trade route between America and Asia * He increased the importation of precious metals form the Americas which consolidated Spain's overseas empire. * Under Philip II, Spain became the richest nation on earth, and ruled the world from the Escorial. * He increased the importation of precious metals from the Americas which consolidated Spain's overseas empire.
* Philip II was not able to stop the rebellion in the Netherlands nor to stop Protestantism there. * Philip was not able to stop the English defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, which prevented Spain from conquering England. * The defeat of his Armada against the English led by Elizabeth I. * By 1596 Philip’s country went bankrupt.
2. Phillip II, as head of the government of Spain, believed in the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify a number of immoral and illegal acts, such as ordering murders. Phillip developed a system of regional self-government with rulers answering to him and he ruled as an absolute monarchy.
Philip II generally believed that what was good for Spain…...