Individual Courtroom Participants

In: Other Topics

Submitted By cilynthia
Words 1035
Pages 5
Individual Courtroom Participation

Individual Courtroom Participation
The courts are filled with cases that depend on courtroom participation from key players to assure these cases will be prepared, presented, argued, ruled on and closed in the most effectively efficient way possible. The key players include the prosecutor who considers the charges, the defense lawyer who is selected to defend against these charges, a judge and jurors who are assigned to hear the case, victims and defendants who are having their sides of their story told for vindication or punishment. (Meyer, Grant 2003).
A prosecuting attorney has the trusting responsibility of preparing and presenting cases on behalf of societies on federal and state levels. In these cases, society is the victim of the wrongdoing and the accusers are confronted by the governments ‘ministers of justice’ whose purpose is to ensure the guilty are punished for their crimes and the innocent are protected from unjustified prosecution. There are different types of prosecuting attorneys that are selected in a variety of ways. The U.S. Attorney General holds the highest ranking position of law enforcement in the country. Selected by the president of the United States, this position is confirmed by the senate. The Attorney General has no set term to serve and does so at the pleasure of the sitting president currently holding that office. Of the 94 federal judicial districts, an attorney general is appointed to each to act as the chief prosecuting attorney. At the state and county levels, district attorneys are mostly elected into their positions by the voting process while a few states choose to have their D.A.’s appointed by that states governor. (Meyer, Grant 2003).
The defense attorney has the role of providing their clients with a defense good enough to win a favorable verdict in the case brought…...

Similar Documents

Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards

...Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards In order for the legal system of the United States to work as intended by the constitution, it is vital for all participants of the legal system to their jobs in accordance with the law. From the bottom up, the police officers making arrests should not violate the rights of an individual or take law into their own hands. Any misconduct by the police will cause the public to loose trust in them. Then the prosecutors and defense attorneys must work in accordance with the law and make sure a defendant is given all the rights under the law and should not do anything to violate the rights of the individual. At the judicial level, the judges must keep personal feeling out of the courts and avoid any misconduct that might cause a reversal of the charges in appeal or cause the public to question and doubt the justice system. * * A man named Michael Wayne Hash was the victim of a prosecutorial misconduct case back in 2001. Michael was convicted of murdering a 74 year old grandmother. Michael was convicted of capital murder after prosecutors made deals with three other men that were tried and convicted of the same case. In this case, the prosecutors withheld or concealed evidence that could have freed Michael * of the charges against him. Prosecutors did not disclose to the defense council that the accusers against him failed polygraph exams and had made deals to testify against him. There was no DNA match to Michael......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Courtroom Roles

...Roles of a Courtroom There are many responsibilities when working in the government particularly when it is protecting the public’s safety and the sentencing of those who commit crimes. Matters such as adoption, divorce, juvenile matters, and custody are a few issues that must go through the court system. The individuals such as jurors, prosecutors, defense attorneys, witnesses, victims, defendants, and judges all play an instrumental role during the court process. In addition to these key roles, the courtroom clerk and reporter are administrative roles that allow the court rooms daily operations to run smoothly and keep a record of the preceding. Understanding that it takes these roles to work as a team all playing their part to accomplish the objective. The judge is the main authority in a courtroom. They are appointed differently in federal and state courts. In a federal court the judge is appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and approval of the Senate. The federal judge serves a life term unless he or she is impeached, retires, or dies. The state judge can be appointed by the governor but usually are required to run for election and voted by the people. The judge’s main responsibility in a courtroom is to safeguard the rights of the accused and the interests of the public. They oversee trials and ensure both parties are representing their case under the law ("Role of the Judge and Other Courtroom Participants ", n.d.). The judge......

Words: 1108 - Pages: 5

Courtroom

...Courtroom Observation Case White v. Gibbs John Simpson Louisiana Tech Abstract This paper observes the court case of White v. Gibbs in which Debbie White is suing Patrick Gibbs and O’Malley’s Tavern under the civil provisions of Indiana’s Dram Shop Act (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2014). Deborah White brought this court case to the Supreme Court in order to argue against the summary judgment filed by the defendants. A summary judgment would allow for them to avoid going to trial only if the Judge sees fit to deem that there are no disputes to the material facts of this case (West Encyclopedia of American Law, 2008). The attorneys representing Mrs. White are Amanda Babbitt and Jackson Walsh. The attorneys for the defendants are Benjamin Walton and Jordan Van Meter.   Courtroom Observation Case White v. Gibbs The lawsuit arose from an incident where Mrs. White and her husband Bruno were having dinner at O’Malley’s Tavern. On that night there was another patron at the bar, Edward Hard, who was also Mrs. White’s ex-fiancé. During the court case we find out that Mr. Hard had shown a lot of animosity toward the White’s due to Mr. Hard and Mrs. White’s previous relationship. There was also a former altercation between Mr. White and Mr. Hard, and even though this had been resolved, Mr. Hard still showed this animosity. On this night, Mr. Hard had a bill from O’Malley’s Tavern in which he was charged for purchasing 13 alcoholic drinks. According to......

Words: 1400 - Pages: 6

Courtroom Workgroup

...Courtroom Workgroup Rick Jordan Courtroom Workgroup According to research outside the chapters in our textbook Criminal Justice Today, what I have found surprised me. The majority of my research suggests that the courtroom workgroup is comprised of an informal arrangement between the prosecutor, defense attorney, and the judicial officer. The basis for this is to keep the judicial funnel flowing and to avoid a backlog of cases. Their goal it seems is to keep the cases from going to trial and reach a guilty plea. By means of a plea bargain, convincing the defendant that he would face a greater sentence if convicted, or by reducing the charges in hopes that the accused will plea out. Because the prosecutor may not be able to convict beyond a reasonable doubt. The courtroom workgroup according to our textbook has two separate entities. The professional courtroom participants and the nonprofessional participants. The professional courtroom participants consist of the Judge, prosecuting attorney, defense attorney, bailiff, clerk of the court, court reporter, and the expert witness. The judge holds the ultimate authority and is responsible for maintaining discipline in the courtroom. Also, hands down the punishment once a guilty verdict is rendered. The prosecuting attorney is the state’s attorney and is responsible for presenting the case for the state. The defense attorney is responsible for defending the accused, and to make sure his civil rights are not violated. The......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

Courtroom Observation

...BUSI 301 COURTROOM OBSERVATION PAPER Indiana Northern District Court Case Number 82a04-8876-cv285 Plaintiff: Deborah White Plaintiff representatives: Walsh Jackson and Amanda Babott Defendant: Patrick Gibbs and O’Malley’s Tavern Defendant Representatives: Benjamin Walton and Jordan Van Meter Defendant Council Overview: Jordan Van Meter and Benjamin Walton are representing the defendant who is Patrick Gibbs and O’Malley’s Tavern. The representing defense suggests that the Court give a summary judgment to John Daniels who was the bartender at O’Malley’s Tavern. The Plaintiff is seeking damages from the defendant, Patrick Gibbs and O’Malley’s tavern stating that Mr. Gibbs had knowledge of Mr. Hard’s intoxication. The Indiana Law. Ind Code Ann 7.1-5-10-15.5 2006 does require that a defendant have actual knowledge in order to recover damages. Constructive knowledge does not satisfy the presumption, only subjective knowledge. Circumstantial evidences cannot support constructive knowledge, but only actual knowledge. According to the 7th circuit court of Indiana, visible acts of intoxication are subjective. The bartender himself only saw Mr. Hard sitting on a stool drinking whiskey which is not an uncommon occurrence in a bar. The case that was cited in the courtroom, the Ash Lock case (Ashlock v. Norris, 475 N.E.2d 1167, 1170 Ind. Ct. App. 1985) was not as severe as this case. This specific bartender at O’Malley’s Tavern did not have actual knowledge of...

Words: 1625 - Pages: 7

Courtroom Work Group

...Courtroom work group Ronald A. Tonelli University of Phoenix The Criminal Justice System CJA/204 JEROME SIMPSON JR. Courtroom work group Across The United States of America and in every State, County and City criminal justice system, a Courtroom Workgroup has a familiar understanding between the prosecutor, defense attorney, and the judge. This concept of criminal justice describes the seemingly confrontational courtroom participants as colleagues serving within the criminal justice system. Eisenstein and Jacob in 1977 studied the interactions of court members at all levels they came up with the courtroom work group. The three individuals have totally different jobs and responsibilities than the other two, they work separately from one another toward their personal goal but work together for a common goal “justice”. The biggest change I would make in the system would be to add more judges and courts on all levels of the criminal justice system to help with the overload of today's society. With more courts, we would be able to ensure quicker court dates for the accused. This change would free up a lot of money due to people not sitting in jails, and the cost per day per person is around $234.00. Think of how much we could put into programs to help prevent crime with that amount of money saved. The judge ensures all follows the laws of the court and its procedures in the courtroom. He will address all objections place before the court either overruling or......

Words: 1157 - Pages: 5

Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards

...Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards Name CJA 224 Date Professor When entering a courtroom the main common goal is to have a guilty or not guilty verdict. While being in the courtroom you can come across some participant that are in misconduct, which can have a serious consequence. Courtroom misconduct can go any where from making improper remarks or improperly introducing evidence designed to prejudice the jury. Prosecutorial misconduct violates court rules or ethical standards of law practice. Hiding, destroying or tampering with evidence, can also have serious consequence, which is taken very seriously in the courtrooms. If the prosecutorial fails to disclose evidence that might tend to exonerate the defendant, threatening, badgering or tampering with witness can also, lead to jail time. Acting in these action can lead to them being disbarred and fined. The due process control model and the crime control model in evaluating the judicial process. Prosecutors have a big responsibility within the criminal justice system. They act as the legal representatives of the government when cases are filed against people who violated the law. It is essential for prosecutors to ensure that the evidence is sufficient before they bring the case to the court. The standards set by Strickland v. Washington will also be clarified by describing it and its effect on courtroom cases. These guidelines and procedures cover rules in handling evidence, code of ethics...

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Cja 204 Week 3 Individual Courtroom Workgroup Presentation

...CJA 204 Week 3 Individual Courtroom Workgroup Presentation Complete the following CJi Interactive activities located on the student website: • Ch. 8 > Learning Modules o The Trial Judge o The Grand Jury o The Prosecution and Defense o Types of Witnesses • Ch. 8 > Myths & Issues Videos o Myth v. Reality: The Courtroom is a Level Playing Field o Issue 1: Assembly Line Justice: The Affect of the Backlog of Cases on the Courts • Ch. 1 > Simulation o The Criminal Justice Funnel Create a PowerPoint presentation comparing and contrasting the roles of the courtroom work group within the United States to the courtroom group in another country. Include the following questions in your presentation: • What is a courtroom work group? How does this courtroom work group interact on a daily basis? What changes to the courtroom work group would you recommend? • What is the role of the prosecutor? How does a prosecutor determine which cases to pursue? What would happen if the criteria for taking a case were more or less stringent? • What are the effects of the criminal justice funnel and the backlog of cases on the court system and the courtroom work group? What are some solutions to help eliminate the funnel and reduce the backlog of cases? Provide examples. Include information learned from the CJi Interactive activities in your paper. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. To......

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Courtroom Participants

...Courtroom Participants Team B: Sheena McCall, Idalia Gill, Neil Gabe, Billie Adams, and Dannielle Rea CJA/224 October 31, 2011 Austin Dunham Weidner Courtroom Participants In a United States courtroom, there are many participants who contribute to the goal of justice for all. The judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, defendant, victims, witnesses, jurors, bailiff, and court reporter are each participants in the courtroom workgroup. Although every participant plays a different role in the process, they each contribute to the courts general objective of ensuring that the legal system remains fair, efficient, and effective to those individuals accused of committing a crime. A judge’s role is essential to court proceedings. He or she is responsible for ensuring the court proceedings are legal, and that the defendant receives his or her rights of due process. The judge does this by setting the rules of the courtroom and acting as a referee between opposing council. Although a judges’ most visible role is during a criminal or civil trial, he or she has many responsibilities outside of this setting. Prior to any court hearing, the judge is responsible for signing search and arrest warrants. Judges also deal with the issue of bail once established that there is enough evidence to hold a criminal trial against the defendant during the preliminary hearing. Judges decide on whether to grant bail, and if so at what amount and on what conditions. If any of the conditions are......

Words: 3832 - Pages: 16

Roles of the Courtroom Professionals and Victimization

...Roles of the Courtroom Professionals and Victimization Every day a choreographed dance plays out in the courtrooms across the United States. The dancers consist of trained professionals dedicated to the criminal justice system. Each person has a unique responsibility in regards to the role they play in how cases are processed through the court system. The roles are divided into categories of professionals and non–professionals. The judge, prosecuting attorney, defense attorney, bailiff, court reporter, and court administrator are among the professionals. Non-professional participants are those who attend court proceedings and may include the defendant, victims, witnesses, jurors, spectators and media personnel. There are specific guidelines the individual participants must follow for communicating and processing cases through the court system regardless if the case originates in criminal or civil court. The professional members in the courtroom are responsible for moving cases through the courts and ensuring all Constitutional Rights are protected in the best interest of society. Public outcry and advocacy have led to the emergence of victims’ rights in recent decades. Prosecuting Attorney The prosecuting attorney’s role is to present evidence against the defendant on behalf of society. When a case is presented to them, they must review the evidence and the charges against an individual to warrant moving forward with the case. The prosecutor attends every court proceeding...

Words: 1896 - Pages: 8

Cja 204 Week 3 Individual Courtroom Workgroup Presentation

...CJA 204 Week 3 Individual Courtroom Workgroup Presentation To Buy This material Click below link http://www.uoptutors.com/CJA-204/CJA-204-Week-3-Individual-Courtroom-Workgroup-Presentation Complete the following CJi Interactive activities located on the student website: ·         Ch. 8 > Learning Modules o    The Trial Judge o    The Grand Jury o    The Prosecution and Defense o    Types of Witnesses ·         Ch. 8 > Myths & Issues Videos o    Myth v. Reality: The Courtroom is a Level Playing Field o    Issue 1: Assembly Line Justice: The Affect of the Backlog of Cases on the Courts ·         Ch. 1 > Simulation o    The Criminal Justice Funnel Create  a PowerPoint presentation comparing and contrasting the roles of the courtroom work group within the United States to the courtroom group in another country. Include the following questions in your presentation: ·         What is a courtroom work group? How does this courtroom work group interact on a daily basis? What changes to the courtroom work group would you recommend? ·         What is the role of the prosecutor? How does a prosecutor determine which cases to pursue? What would happen if the criteria for taking a case were more or less stringent? ·         What are the effects of the criminal justice funnel and the backlog of cases on the court system and the courtroom work group? What are some solutions to help eliminate the funnel and reduce the backlog of cases?......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

Courtroom Participation Paper

...Courtroom Participation Paper The courtroom assemblage consists of numerous participants, the prosecutor, defense attorney, defendant, judge, bailiff, witnesses, and the jury. Each of these participants plays a significant part in the criminal justice system court process. Prosecutorial “The prosecutor is an administrator of justice, an advocate, and an officer of the court; the prosecutor must exercise sound discretion in the performance of his or her functions. The duty of the prosecutor is to seek justice, not merely to convict” according to American Bar Association. The prosecutor represents the government in court. The prosecutor is a key element in the justice process; the prosecutor’s role has evolved and become specialized and multifaceted as the law and legal system progresses. Their primary function is to prosecute offenders to the fullest extent of the law. To present the court with the focal points of indictment, present the evidence and argue the case. The United States Attorney General is the highest ranking law enforcement official in the U.S. and is appointed by the president. On the state level constituents vote for the attorney general. Every state is broken down into sections known as districts and each has a district attorney that heads their districts judicial system. Defense The defendant is the person accused in crime. A defense attorney can be privately hired by the defendant or if the defendant cannot afford one, one......

Words: 1336 - Pages: 6

Courtroom

...Courtroom Participation Lumengo McGhee -Houston CJA/224 November 24, 2010 Bruce Cartwright Sr. Courtroom Participation The defense attorney represents the defendant, the person accused of committing a crime or a wrongful act. Criminal defendants who are unable to come up with the money for to hire a lawyer are allowed to have the judge appoint them a lawyer who is then paid with public funds. The courtroom deputy or courtroom clerk administers the oaths to the witnesses, marks the exhibits, and generally helps keep the trial running efficiently. The courtroom deputy is employed by the clerk of the court. The clerk of the court is selected by all of the active judges on the court and works closely with the chief district judge, who is responsible for the court's overall administration in the courtroom, the parties may be present at the counsel tables with their attorneys. The accused in a criminal case has a constitutional right to be present. Parties in civil cases may be present if they wish, but are often absent. The plaintiff's attorney represents the person or company, or the government, which filed the complaint. In criminal cases, a United States attorney represents the administrative branch of the government. United States magistrate judges are court officers who support district judges in preparing cases for trial and administer some of the discovery process. They may also be in charge of over less serious criminal trials, and, when both......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

Courtroom Participation Paper

...Courtroom Participation Paper Courtroom Participation One of the core components to the criminal justice system is the judicial system. The judicial system consists of participants who have specialized roles that are associated with the courtroom. There are 10 basic roles that the participants play which include; judge, prosecutor, defense counsel, bailiff, court reporter, clerk of the court, witness, jury, defendant, and spectators. The judge has the ultimate authority in the courtroom, and is used to protect both the rights of the accused, and the best interest of the public. Courtroom participation is an important aspect, and is necessary in helping to secure the rights which are protected under the United States Constitution. The courtroom work group works together, and is guided by ethical considerations, and statuatory requirements that are bound by law (Siegel, Schmalleger & Worrall, Chapter 7, 2011). There are professional, and nonprofessional participants that help to make sure that everyone is guarenteed a fair, and just trial. This paper discusses the important roles that each particpant plays in the judicial system. Each member of the courtroom has duties, and responsibilities that help in the procedures that are established in court proceedings. Courtroom Participants And Their Roles The courtroom arena is equipped with different players who make up the core of the court system each player posses a different......

Words: 1401 - Pages: 6

Court Participant

...Court Participants Paper CJA 224 Professor Ross Kucera The court serves as the primary role in the United States criminal justice system. In addition, the courts are a factor in the lives of American residents. For example, juvenile matters, custody, estate, adoption, divorce, and marriage are all issues, which must bypass the court system. In particular, courtroom participants are key factors in determining the results of civil and criminal cases. The key players involved with the court proceedings include jurors, lawyers, witnesses, victims, defendants, and judges. In addition, there are other courtroom participants are very important to the daily operation of the courtroom. Media attention and documentation is designated to courtroom reporters, interpreters, and speculators. Are also important people to acknowledge what it takes to be an active in order for the United States Legal system to work efficiently? The Roles of the Judge and Other Courtroom Participants The Judge The judge presides over the trial from a desk, called a bench, on an elevated platform. The judge has five basic tasks. The first is simply to preside over the proceedings and see that order is maintained while court is in session. The second is to determine whether any of the evidence that the parties want to use is either illegal or improper. Third, before the jury begins it’s deliberations about the facts in the case, the judge gives the jury instructions about the law that applies to......

Words: 854 - Pages: 4