Information Processing Theory

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Submitted By selicia28
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Information Processing Theory
Selicia Whidbee-Denmon
April 1, 2012
Tracey Morgado


Information Processing Theory
The information processing theory is a group of theoretical frame works that address how the human beings receive, think about, mentally, modify and remember information and how such cognitive processes change over the course of development. (Child development pg.186) Information processing theory emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s and has continued to evolve in the decades that have followed. (Child development pg.186)
The five key components in the information process theory are sensation, perception, sensory register, working memory, and long-term memory.
Sensation is the physiological detection of stimuli in the environment. (Child development pg.187) Perception is how your mind uses sensory input to make sense of the world around you. The mind takes sensory impulses from the eyes, nose, skin and ears. These details are used to form an idea of the surrounding environment. ( then there’s sensory register, which are the memories that last no more than about a second or two. There are two different kinds of memory when it comes to sensory register, Iconic memory and Echoic memory. (audiblox2000) Working memory is a system if domain-specific stores or formats for temporarily representing information along with a domain-general supervisor or executive attention mechanism. (Randall W. Engle, 2010) Long-term memory is the continuing storage of information. Some of this information is fairly easy to recall, while other memories are much more difficult to access. (Kendra Cherry, The interrelationship among key components is summarized in one lifelong learning process unit. A child starts out with a stimuli sensory, then it is sent through perception, once the information is processed (being aware of…...

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