In: Other Topics

Submitted By edison4724
Words 2684
Pages 11
Inter-Country Adoption
Republic Act Number 8043

Inter-country Adoption
• Refers to the socio-legal process of adopting a Filipino child by a foreigner or a filipino citizen permanently residing abroad where the petition is filed, the supervised trial custody is undertaken, and the decree of adoption is issued outside the Philippines

• Means a person below fifteen (15) years of age unless sooner emancipated by law
The phrase “unless sooner emancipated by law”- erroneous because RA 6809 which took effect on December 18, 1989, the age of emancipation is 18 years

Authorized and accredited agency
• Refers to the State welfare agency or licensed adoption agency in the country of the adopting parents which provide comprehensive social services and which is duly recognized by the Department

Legally-free child
• Means a child who has been voluntarily or involuntarily committed to the Department, in accordance with the Child and Youth
Welfare Code
• RA 6809 (December 18, 1989) Age of emancipation: 18 years

Foreign Adoption
• Refers to the State welfare agency or the licensed and accredited agency in the country of the foreign adoptive parents that provides comprehensive social services an is duly recognized by the Department

• Child-Caring Agency vs Child Placement
• Application
–Homestudy report
–Supporting documents

Inter-country Adoption

(ICAB) created by Republic Act 8043 (RA 8043) was designated as the
Central Authority in matters relating to intercountry adoption of Filipino children. It is a policy making and regulatory body and approves all adoption applications and placements.


To place Filipino children with suitable foreign adoptive families abroad to ensure the protection, security, and the best interests of the children.…...

Similar Documents

Inter-Connectedness of Modern World

...Prior to the early modern world, European Nations and Far East countries were very isolated and had minimal interaction between each other. The fact of the matter was that before Vasco De Gama’s voyage from Portugal to India at the end of the 15th century, travel from Europe to the East was far too treacherous. However, things started to change during the 16th century. The early modern world was able to become more interconnected through the exchange of goods, slave trade, and the exchange of military tactics, which in turn presented nations with the opportunity to grow and prosper. The exchange of goods between the European Nations and the East exhibited the interconnectedness present during the early modern world. Fashion had always been a significant part of European society, but the calico craze that existed at the end of the seventeenth century and throughout the eighteenth century forced European Nations to interact heavily with these Eastern countries that possessed such resources: New consumer forces were at work in England in the late seventeenth century; these forces were manifested in the craze for calicoes and other sorts of cottons wrought in the East Indies. The arrival of cotton textiles in the English market brought to a comparatively prosperous population a new sort of commodity, another of the lighter fabrics so much in demand in the early industrial period (Lemire, 3) The Indian cloth was so fashionable for a couple of different reasons. For one,......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5


...information: To cite this document: Sarianna M Lundan, (2003),"MULTINATIONALS, ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL COMPETITION: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK", (ed.) Multinationals, Environment and Global Competition (Research in Global Strategic Management, Volume 9), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 1 - 22 Permanent link to this document: Downloaded on: 10-07-2012 References: This document contains references to 35 other documents To copy this document: This document has been downloaded 877 times since 2008. * Users who downloaded this Chapter also downloaded: * Michael W Hansen, (2003),"ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF DANISH FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRI COUNTRY FACTORS IN SHAPING THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES OF DANISH MULTINATIONALS", Sarianna M. L Multinationals, Environment and Global Competition (Research in Global Strategic Management, Volume 9), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 65 - 94 Ans Kolk, Rob van Tulder, (2003),"INTERNATIONALIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL REPORTING: THE GREEN FACE OF THE WO MULTINATIONALS", Sarianna M. Lundan, in (ed.) Multinationals, Environment and Global Competition (Research in Global Strategic Management, Volume 9), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 95 - 117 Petra Christmann, Glen Taylor, (2003),"ENVIRONMENTAL SELF-REGULATION IN THE GLOBAL......

Words: 10391 - Pages: 42

African Countries

...1) Why have some African countries (e.g., Nigeria, Congo-Kinshasa, and Sudan) experienced severe inter-communal and ethnic conflicts whereas others (e.g., Botswana, Mali, and Tanzania) have not? The reason for the ethnic divide is due to the undemocratic leadership or lack of leadership in the countries. Leaders gained power through the creation and separation of various ethnic groups. People chose to part take in different ethnic groups in order to receive the needed resources to survive. The government focused on short-term goals rather than long term planning. As a consequence, these leaders lost legitimacy through their weak economy which in turn leads to the rebellion against the government. Nigeria has about 48 different ethnic groups. During elections, the different languages keep many of the people from receiving a clear message. In Congo-Kinshasa there was a kleptocratic president by the name Mobutu Sese Seko who was overthrown by Laurent Kabila. He kept the country in poverty and contributed the the deaths of the Tusis by the Hutus. This ethnic war was responsible for more deaths that WWII. In Sudan, the Janjaweed went over the local people to terrorize. People of Darfur were driven to camps in Chad. Death toll 400,000. Sudanese government claim that only 20,000 people have died. Civil war turned into ethnic cleansing. Exterminating a whole group is known as genocide. The International Criminal Court just issued an arrest warrant for Al-Bashir. Botswana...

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Inter Comm

...Negotiations and Cross-Cultural Approaches Fast-Food Franchise Project Expansion Orientation Meeting The Fast-food franchise has been cleared for business in all four countries (United Arab Emirates, Israel, Mexico and China). Construction on the restaurants is about to begin with the financing coming from the United Arab Emirates, the materials coming from Mexico and China, the engineering and technology coming from Israel, and the labor being hired locally within the countries by the management team from the United States. All of the key players are coming to headquarters in the United States for a big meeting that will explain the project and let the players get to know each other. At the beginning of the meeting the people seem to be staying with their own groups and not mingling. Cultural phenomenon is taking place in this meeting because each of the cultures has their own behaviors, values, customs, and beliefs that are taught from generation to generation. The other cultural phenomenon in the room is nationality, race, and ethnicity. It is natural that the people are drawn to stay in a group with others of their own culture and be uncomfortable being around different cultures than their own. Intercultural communication is critical in the business world and is mandatory when in an expansion of a business into other countries. The common denominator to bridge the gap between the different cultures is to show respect of customs, etiquette, and traditions of the other......

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Inter Business

...more than the U.S. Manufacturers in the U.S. often put pressure on Congress to lobby China to appreciate its currency, citing the difficulty of competing against artificially cheap Chinese goods as a reason for change. Year after year, new bills are introduced by Congress demanding that China appreciate its currency so the yuan and dollar balance is more equalized. They claim the Chinese are protecting their trade superiority and the U.S. is forced to pay the price. Problem detecting : The problem from China's perspective is that appreciating the yuan could mean less foreign investment in China, deflation, lower wages and unemployment. Fewer exports will also diminish China's supply of dollars for investment, both inside and outside the country. China argues that the currency peg is meant to foster economic stability and abandoning the peg could result in an economic crisis. Some benefits of an undervalued yuan for the U.S. include lower prices for consumers, lower inflationary pressure and lower input prices for U.S. manufactures that use Chinese inputs. Alternatively, an undervalued yuan hurts U.S. industries that compete with cheap Chinese goods, thus hurting production and employment in the U.S. Also, a low yuan makes U.S. exports more expensive to Chinese consumers and reduces exports to China. As of 2009, the yuan and dollar mid-point was pegged at 6.8339. This means that one U.S. dollar = 6.8339 Chinese yuan. As with any commodity, if the demand for yuan......

Words: 410 - Pages: 2

Inter-Process Communication (Ipc)

...1. Inter-process Communication (IPC) Introduction Inter-Process Communication, which in short is known as IPC, deals mainly with the techniques and mechanisms that facilitate communication between processes. Now, why do we need special separate mechanisms or techniques for communicating between processes? Why isn't it possible to have information shared between two processes without using such special mechanisms? Let us start from something primitive. Imagine you have two glasses completely filled with water. One glass contains hot water and the other contains cold water. What can you do to make the temperature of water in both the glasses equal? The simplest answer will be to mix the water from both the glasses in a glass with much bigger capacity. Once water is mixed, the temperature becomes equal after some time. If one can remember, this will be framed as a problem with some numerical data in a High-School Physics examination. If we go by principles, then the phenomenon here is conduction. If we go by our topic of IPC, then we can say that since the two glasses were full, we had to use another glass with a larger capacity to mix the contents in order to balance their heat energy. We know that some medium or other is required for communication between different processes. Similarly, when it comes to computer programs, we need some mechanism or medium for communication. Primarily, processes can use the available memory to communicate with each other. But then, the......

Words: 2437 - Pages: 10

Inter Trade

...terms-of-trade index equals 150 is to purchase a certain number of imports, country A must give up 50% fewer exports and it could gain 50% more imports for a given number of exports. Terms of trade are determined by the relative strength of a nation’s demand for the other nation’s products. Using offer curves below to show the equilibrium’s terms-of-trade: (PX/PY)I1 X* X OB Y Y* OA (PX/PY)IE (PX/PY)I2 E * Note: OA : offer curve of country A OB : offer curve of country B (PX/PY)IE: International price at E E : The equilibrium terms of trade 3. False. The autarky equilibrium occurs when available production meets the societal satisfaction at the highest level. In autarky equilibrium, a nation’s marginal rate of transformation (measured by the slope of its production possibilities schedule) equals the marginal rate of substitution (measured by the slope of its community indifference curve); in other words, relative price is equal to opportunity cost. 4. The Heckscher-Ohlin theory explains comparative advantage as the result of differences in countries’ relative abundance of various resources. 5. False. According to the factor-endowment theory, international specialization and trade cause a nation’s cheap resource to become more expensive and a nation’s expensive resource to become cheaper. Home country is capital abundance; foreign country is labor abundance. + Before trade: ......

Words: 673 - Pages: 3


...CITY UNIVERSITY OF SEATTLE Country and Culture Assignment: United States International Business May 1st, 2014 Country and Culture Assignment: United States Treaties are celebrated in order to beneficiate two or more countries in specific aspects, the TLCAN was celebrated in 1994, with the main purpose of incrementing the United States, Canada and Mexico competitiveness in the rest of the world. How? Eliminating import and export duties, commercial liberation in some products, among others. Since the end of World War I, the United States has remained as the world’s most powerful nation state, with a population of 318,892,103, the head of state Barack Obama has been able to lead his country into an economic growth in the past years. Low inflation and unemployment, rapid advances in technology and a steady economic growth is what has characterized the US in the past years. This country which its capital city is Washington, D.C. is strategically located in North America bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico, allowing it to be close to many developing economies, where the U.S. can take advantage of a low cost human labor. According to the CIA, this country has one of the largest and powerful technology economies in the whole world, with a GDP per capita of $49,800. The private sector and individuals are the ones that make the decisions, and the government buys out from them whatever is needed. The U.S.......

Words: 817 - Pages: 4


...Move To Another Country "It's not about how hard you can hit , it's about how hard you can get hit and moving foward ".That helped me stand up and through out of the darkness when I came to The United Sate, which someone thought that is haven . To be came to that haven, I had to wait twelve years .Finally ,that moment came .Then I got in a airplan. To got in the airplane ,that is a big problem because i live in the poor country .It was destroyed through wars with power countries like China ,French , Even super power country ,that is the United State ,where I will be came . And another reason was my family not rich .To got 5 tickets for my family , we had to sell our house, which we was living whole life. When we was on the flight , and looked down the view from the flight and I say that with myself “ that is the heaven , now i get it “ .I was so happy and very excited about it . But when the flight landed and I got in the Los Angeles Airport . All my feeling when I was on the flight was disappeared because I realized that I didn’t know what they were talking about even simple words . And one thing I really regretted that monment was I didn’t learn English before .So I was lucky when I saw Vietnamese and they helped to talk with them by stranlation and airport staff were so nice even they didn’t know what I said and tried to understan what i said .And the next thing was money . We didn’t speak English ,how do we find jobs without English......

Words: 806 - Pages: 4


...cost management. Exhibits P-3 to P-5 show assignment material in the fourteenth edition on these three topics. 3. ETHICS. The second-last problem of many chapters incorporates an ethical issue facing a management accountant or a manager. Examples include pressure for cooking the books, concealing of unfavorable information, and conflicts of interest between management incentives and company value. Many of these problems require students to consider the "Standards of Ethical Conduct for Practitioners of Management Accounting and Financial Management" on p.16 of the text. 4. GLOBAL/INTERNATIONAL DIMENSIONS. Included assignment material based outside the United States or problems pertaining to companies with operations in more than one country. 5. MODERN COST MANAGEMENT FRONTIER IDEAS. Includes assignment material that an instructor can use to highlight areas such as customer focus, key success factors, balanced scorecard, total value-chain analysis, strategic analysis of operating income, JIT, and continuous improvement. Assignment material related to activity-based costing (ABC), activity-based management (ABM), and cost drivers is found in many chapters. xv © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. SM Cost Accounting 14/e by Horngren EXHIBIT P-1 ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL FROM SERVICE AND NOT-FOR-PROFIT SECTORS Chapter Number Context 1 1-22 House-painting service; five-step decision-making process 1-24 Internet company; planning and control 1-30 Publishing......

Words: 10664 - Pages: 43

Inter Generational Interview

...up in a rural area and spoke about how little food him and his family had due to the conflict happening in his home country. When I asked my Grandfather about his childhood he told me there was little to be happy about when he was a kid. The children would often be hungry and because of the fighting he was rarely able to go outside and play as a normal child would. When asked about his sense of community during his childhood, my Grandfather spoke about how much his family and his neighbours relied on each other to survive and to keep each other in good spirits. They helped farm each others land and in the end would split what was harvested. It was not until doing further research that it became obvious to me just how important the interdependence of this tight knit community was to their survival. Between 1943 and 1945 the Dutch people faced a horrible famine that killed nearly 30,000 Dutch civilians which is an astronomical number for a two years span. (Hitchcock, 98) Seeing as my Grandfather was so young at the time he was not able to remember much about his times during the war, so instead I conducted some research on what life might have been for a Dutch civilian during that time period. During the war time the Dutch government was completely ran by Nazis and as a result many rules were implemented that were of little benefit to the people of the country. For example men from ages 18-35 were forced to work in munitions factories and do field work, Dutch people......

Words: 1427 - Pages: 6

Inter Analysis

...Executive summary Table of contents Introduction 1. Strategic analysis 2.1 internal analysis 2.1.1 existing mission, objective Jamie’s Italian was founded in oxford in 2008. Since then it has grown to more than 40 restaurants worldwide, and there are already plans for even more in towns, counties and countries around the word. Their menu and concept are constantly evolving with creativity, simplicity, great quality and genuine passion at the heart of everything. They work hard to find the very best ingredients, which are meticulously sourced from producers, both in Italy and around the UK. And the staff of the restaurant have thorough knowledge of all the dishes that they serve including the personalities and the stories. Jamie’s Italian is designed to be accessible and affordable, a neighborhood restaurant where everyone is welcome and feels comfortable. And the target of the restaurant is family style, good for business meetings, child-friendly and special occasion dining. Their productions collect with international inspirations including the cuisines of Spain, Italy, Sweden, Morocco, Greece and France (Harriet 2005). In addition, they also have online shopping contains deli, gifts, tableware, ovenware and planks. And the price of restaurant is 20-30 pounds each. The decorative style of the restaurant is “industry feel”, which is design with recycle material by Blacksheep company. According to the statement of senior designer Jordan (2011), the main concept of......

Words: 6314 - Pages: 26


...problem • Two major guerrillas were MTRA, Shining Path • Drug trafficking complicated Peru’s situation • Groups accepted money for cocaine business • Albert Fujimori took over country in Chaos • Mid-1996 population declined • In 2000 Fujimori fled the country amid a growing corruption scandal Columbia • A nation of turmoil following World War 2 • 1957 was so bad that the 2 major political parties agreed to form a coalition government • Country was considered a model of democracy • Drugs had changed Columbia • Cartel used assassination and other threats to gain control • Behind the political violence stood the drug lords • Columbian declared war on drug cartels. Resulted in a open warfare in the headquarters of a drug cartel • Cali cartel owned 70% of the world trade in cocaine • Economic and political problems continued in 1990’s Chile • Salvador Allende was elected president • His government t printed more money to meet the countries needs • All segments of the Chilean population suffered • Discontented unrest spread • Military worked quickly to crush opposition • Augusto Pinochet was leader of the coup • Ended all government interference with the nations economy • 1980’s unemployment rate ranged at 20% throughout Chile • 1980’s restored prosperity • Civil unrest plagued the country • The nation’s economy continued to grow under Aylwin Azocar and his successor...

Words: 369 - Pages: 2

Inter Country Adoption India

...Inter-country Adoption: A Brief Background and Case Study Inter-country adoption (ICA) is a practice that has gained popularity over the years, and there is every reason to believe this trend will continue. For couples (or individuals) whose country of residence has few healthy babies available for adoption, going outside the country for a child is a desirable option. It is also desirable from the perspective of the child, who usually comes from a country with more available children than potential adoptive parents. Right away, these seem to be two very compelling reasons to support the idea of inter-country adoption, and work toward its best model. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of inter-country adoption using India as a case study. The paper will give a brief background of ICA and the main problems it both addresses and raises, then look at the case of India in particular, and, finally, provide some directions for policy and further research. Background on ICA ICA began in earnest as a response by North American countries to the post-WWII devastation. At that point, it was a humanitarian reaction to the needs of the newly-orphaned children in Europe. Since that time, ICA has shifted its focus to become a means for individuals in the developed world to have children. In most Western nations, the number of healthy infants available for adoption has been steadily decreasing, due to a number of social and economic factors including......

Words: 11072 - Pages: 45

Inter Business liberalisation Chart 1 Chart 2 Chart 3 Average tariff rates on imports of ASEAN Percent of tariff lines in the CEPT Inclusion List (IL) Percent of items in the CEPT Inclusion List (IL) with 0% tariff 05 ASEAN trade in priority integration sectors Table 28 Trend of ASEAN exports: Priority integration sectors’ products Table 29 Trend of intra-ASEAN export: Priority integration sectors’ products 06 ASEAN foreign direct investment Table 30 ASEAN: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows, for periods indicated Table 31 ASEAN: FDI inflow, by host country (in US$ million), for periods indicated Table 32 ASEAN: FDI inflow, by source country (in US$ million), for periods indicated 36 37 38 07 ASEAN tourism Table 33 ASEAN: Tourist arrivals, by host country, for periods indicated Table 34 ASEAN: Growth rates of tourist arrivals (in percent), for periods indicated Table 35 ASEAN: Tourist arrivals, by country of origin, for periods indicated 39 40 41 08 ASEAN telecommunications Table 36 ASEAN: Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons, for periods indicated Chart 4 ASEAN: Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons, for periods indicated Table 37 ASEAN: Cellular/mobile phone density (number of units per 1000 persons), for periods indicated Chart 5 ASEAN: Cellular/mobile phone density (number of units per 1000 persons), for periods indicated 42 43 44 45 Page Table 38 ASEAN: Population Distribution by Age Group, 2010 Table 39 ASEAN:......

Words: 18508 - Pages: 75