Introduction to Organisational Change

In: Business and Management

Submitted By richardsho
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WEEK 1 – INTRODUCTION TO ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE

Organisational change is an organisation’s response in process to external environmental changes.
The pendulum of change: organisations will be at various stages, but desire to be on the OD side

Organisational Focus vs. Organisational Transformational Focus
OD – planned, long term, internal focus (strengthening the company for the future) (evolutionary)
OT – unplanned, short term, reactive, external focus (revolutionary)

Planned vs. Unplanned
Planned change: an organisation’s ability to anticipate and respond to change (implementing new technologies)
Unplanned change: organisations have limited time to respond and anticipate change (emerges as a response to unanticipated threat or event)

Evolutionary vs. Revolutionary
Evolutionary change: Slow, incremental but stable, change individual parts or departments, improve existing products
Revolutionary: Fast, massive and establishes new equilibrium, transform entire organisation, new structure/management, introduce new products (Apple created a new smart phone in response to NOKIA, due to Steve Jobs).
1st order and 2nd order change
First Order: incremental/episodic, adjustment in systems, changes maintains & develops
Second Order: discontinuous, transformational, radical change that fundamentally alters the organisation (Revolutionary)
Type of Organisational Change 1. Tuning: Incremental 1st order) 2. Adaptation: Incremental, reactive 3. Reorientation: Strategic 4. Recreation: Strategic, reactive(2nd order)

Theory E & O: Suggesting dimensions of change
This is an economic approach with a focus on rapidly increasing shareholder value, with emphasis on financial incentives. It focus’ on developing the organisation’s human capability by creating higher performance, this is done by developing a culture which encourages high…...

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