Is Missing Class Morally Permissible?

In: Social Issues

Submitted By olivesave
Words 1624
Pages 7
Oliver James Savenor 5/5/15 Dr. Thaddeus Ostrowski Social Ethics Is Missing Class Morally Permissible? While most schools have an attendance policy, many students feel that missing a class for any reason is morally permissible for the betterment of the student. Morally permissible can be proven by the three approaches to ethics as defined by Michael Sandel, which include: maximizing welfare, respecting freedom and rights, and cultivating virtue and promoting the good life. Maximizing welfare would be seen as an approach to the ethics of utilitarianism and John Stuart Mill; respecting freedom and rights is seen as an approach of Kantian deontology and Immanuel Kant, while the last is seen as an approach of Aristotelian thinking and Aristotle. According to Mill, a utilitarian, he would have argued that missing class for any reason is morally permissible. He backs this up by saying the ends justify the means, which is saying that the end result is what justifies the motive because Mills was a consequentialist who placed emphasis on the outcome of an act. So in the case of missing a class, for example skipping class to study for a test, he is able to justify it by citing the greatest happiness principle, which states, “We ought to do what which produces the greatest amount of happiness or pleasure (for the greatest number of people)”(notes). This states that by not going to class it’s creating the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people (the class) because if the student was in the class and was trying to study it would probably annoy, distract and frustrate the class, taking away happiness and replacing it with pain. So it’s justified because the only way there can be happiness is with the absence of pain. By having the student missing the class, he not only allows the class to have the greatest amount of…...

Similar Documents

Morally Sound

...Morally Sound In the article “Some moral Minima,” Lenn Goodman argues that moral actions, which in which come with alternative motives, are the only meaningful actions. Looking for attention and praise from after doing something that is morally right in itself takes away from the act from the beginning. To disagree with the opinion of Goodman would raise an argument of human nature and reasoning. Goodman argues that certain things are without a doubt wrong. In my personal opinion, Goodman is absolutely correct. Things like slavery, polygamy, and incest are just a few of the long list of things that Goodman argues are in fact wrong. Goodman starts her argument by saying a phrase that kept playing in my mind over and over again as I read her arguments for moral and relativism. She said, “certain things are simply wrong” (insert citation). Arguing with the Goodman in her efforts to explain how some things are certainly wrong would be nearly impossible. Killing just to kill, or raping an individual for instantaneous desire, or taking the rights of an individual for prosperity is just plain wrong. By debating that everyone person whether it be man, woman, or child wants the desire to live and be free without the free of not being understood or to be judged based on things that are not morally correct. I believe that all individuals are equal and should have the right to be treated and create their own lifetime of joy. People who violate the moral compass,...

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Missing Class

...still do fine without with out being forced to attend class regularly and professors should find different means to encourage students to come to class. Many people consider University years to be the golden years of their lives. A college student grows from an adolescent to a mature adult during these years. Students grow by making all their own decisions, whether good or bad. One of the many decisions a student makes is the choice of whether to go to class or not. I do not think the University should make the decision for the student. Every student has a unique method of studying and revising for tests and exams. In this day and age, technology has improved our lives in ways nobody could have imagined, an example of this is that many professors post their notes online for all their students to see. Many students need only their textbooks to take an exam, so for most classes a student can do just fine without attending class regularly. Michael Villagrana, a student in my class states, “I feel that if you're able to attain a respectable grade without a perfect attendance, then you shouldn't be penalized for missing class.” Another thing that I have noticed is that students might still do poorly even if they do attend class, so just because there is an attendance policy, it does not mean that it would increase a student’s learning potential. On the contrary, if everybody were forced to attend class, there would be many who would not be interested and......

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Missing Class

...be penalized for not showing up to class? This common question is heard every semester in almost every course. Students are always questioning why a professor should have the power to penalize them for not attending class, but there are reasons. The first one is that if you sign up for that particular class they expect you to attend and do the work, be punctual and have responsibility. Another fundamental thought of reasoning is the fact that there are over a dozen other people that may want to take that class and will show up and arrive to class each week on time. Finally after each class we are supposed to be walking away with some form of new found knowledge that the professor was trying to convey. Some students think differently about that, why should the professors worry about attendance, if they are the ones paying for the class shouldn’t that be their decision whether to attend class or not? For an example what if a particular student misses classes frequently but hand in all the assignments and get good grades on it, should the professor penalize that student even though they know the material and is doing good in class? Shouldn’t be the student’s decision on attending class since they are paying for that class? Would it make a difference for the professor if the student was there or not? Therefore it is not only beneficial to a student’s grade point average, but also as a life skill to practice being punctual for class. It is also a sign of respect......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Eating Meat Morally Permissible

...Brittney DeBaugh Scales Ethics May 13, 2013 Is Eating Meat Morally Permissible? It has been argued that meat has high sources of energy, minerals, and proteins in the human diet. It is rich in proteins which have shown to have a high energy unit as compared to other food types. Proponents of meat consumption support its consumption as it has a greater nutritional value and is good to the test buds. Apart from the nutritional reasons, it is also thought meat consumption maintains the ecosystem at equilibrium. If meat consumption was to stop, it is thought that animals like cattle, sheep, goats and poultry will multiply to levels that are ecological disastrous. As most of these animals are herbivorous, their uncontrolled increase would exert extreme pressure on vegetation. This may cause wanton destruction to vegetation that may destabilize the ecosystem. In as much as these arguments appear logical and plausible, they still do not give any moral permissibility of eating meat. Just like any reason in support of unacceptable practice, proponents of eating meat do not give any solid ethical justification why humans should continue killing animals to please their test buds. There is no moral justification whatsoever to rationalize the eating of meat. Meat is said to contain some very essential nutrients that may not be found in plants and vegetable. This is however no moral justification of killing animals to obtain meat yet there are more reliable sources of......

Words: 2610 - Pages: 11

Plight of Missing Persons

...The Plight of Missing Persons Naomi White Kaplan University CM220-15 Professor L McCuish December 15, 2012 The Plight of Missing Persons According to staggering statistics, there are close to 60,000 + Jane and John Does buried, cremated or lying in coroners offices across this country with no names; all scattered across a nation with no standard protocol for case sharing and identification (NamUs, 2012). These unidentified people are young and old, male and female, from all walks of life. They are someone’s mothers, fathers, sons, daughters, sisters and brothers. These bodies and spirits of our nations unidentified cry out for their names, proper burial, and many times, justice (Reitterer, 2012). The heartbreaking reality behind these statistics is a world no one wishes to be a part of.   Well over 100,000 active missing person’s cases in this country at any given time. There is an estimated 60,000 sets of human remains unidentified throughout this nation. Hundreds of thousands of family members and friends living in limbo wondering what became of their loves ones. To the families of the missing, this situation has been called our nation's "Silent Mass Disaster; a problem of epidemic proportions" (NamUs, 2012). Families and advocates of the missing cry out for change within our communities and justice system and we must not allow their cries to go unheard. The Doe Network is an international non-profit volunteer organization created in 1999. Its focus...

Words: 3554 - Pages: 15

Missing

...including the more up-scale Massimo Dutti and the youth-oriented Bershka. In the last 12 months Inditex added 560 stores, including entering new markets in Croatia, Colombia, Guatemala, and Oman, to reach 3,691 stores in 68 countries. It plans expansion of a similar scope over the next year. The first Zara store opened in 1975 in La Coruña, a port town near Arteixo in a remote corner of northern Spain. Its two key traits were an eye for customer tastes and a production process that started with the final price and worked backward to the most-efficient production. In the mid-1980s, local business-school professor José Maria Castellano, a technophile, joined Inditex as right-hand man to founder Amancio Ortega Gaona, and the company became a world-class logistical outfit, peddling “fast fashion.” The first foreign store, in Portugal, opened in 1989, followed by New York. In 2001, Mr. Ortega took Inditex public and its stores are now on prime shopping streets around the world. Stores are stocked with new designs twice a week. Collections are small and often sell out, creating an air of exclusivity and cutting down on the need for markdowns. The company ships clothes straight from the factory to stores. Unlike competitors who manufacture most of their wares in Asia, Inditex makes two-thirds of its goods in Spain and nearby countries such as Portugal, Morocco and Turkey. The retailer says the higher labor costs are offset by the flexibility of having production close to its......

Words: 2682 - Pages: 11

Missing Bees

...NATIONAL CENTER FOR CASE STUDY TEACHING IN SCIENCE The Case of the Missing Bees: High Fructose Corn Syrup and Colony Collapse Disorder by Jeffri C. Bohlscheid, School of Food Science, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID Frank J. Dinan, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Canisius College, Buffalo, NY Part I – Changes in the Lives of Bees Almond butter is a delicious, upscale alternative to peanut butter and we love it. But its price has increased nearly three-fold over the last two years while that of peanut butter has changed very little. The reason for this is surprising: almonds are much more dependent on honeybees for pollination than are peanuts. The California almond crop, by far the world’s largest, used an unbelievable 40 billion honeybees to pollinate it in 2005 and about a third of that number of bees is no longer available (Benjamin and McCallum, 2009). Since 2007, nearly a third of the honeybees in North America, Europe, and South America have died for unknown reasons. How important is this to our lives? A U.S. Department of Agriculture/Cornell University study estimates that honeybees pollinate nearly a third of everything that we eat (beeculture.com, 2000). If these bees disappear, fruits, vegetables, and nuts will go with them, meat production will severely decline, and we will be in very bad shape, indeed. Two significant changes have occurred in the world of honeybees in the United States since the mid1970s: (1) there has been a steady increase in the...

Words: 2226 - Pages: 9

Missing Link

...HUMAN PERFORMANCE TECHNOLOGY Case studies Summary/Application Briefing Sheet Case Reference Citation [APA, 6th Edition]: Gerson, R.F, (2006). The Missing Link in HPT. International Society for Performance Improvement, 10-17, Retrieved from http://www.ispi.org Summary Richard F, Gerson, CPT, PhD, understood the various theoretical models to help us understand how things worked. He described the HPT model as an ‘elegant in its simplistic and comprehensive in it application” [10]. After conducting research with professionals that had experience in and out of the field he determined that there may be gaps that were identifiable. He describes the seven step process for performance improvement; however, he more importantly recognized that there was a missing piece in the entire process that would play a significant role in the overall improvement process. Gerson recognized that the people who play integral roles in this process were the missing link in the overall process. “The people side of HPT and performance improvement...focused on what a performer brings to the performance situation, his or her motivational levels, and how emotions affect the performance. [11] There are various analysis that help determine how an organization and process is working in the current environmental conditions, but it is the performance of individuals that determines if the deficits can be met and goals be reached. A performer analysis will determine the motivation,......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Is It Morally Right for a Politician to Lie?

...From two of the following perspectives evaluate the claim that it is morally right for a politician to lie to the public in order to get a policy enacted. a) Aristotle b) Kant c) Mill d) Rand Abraham Lincoln once said that “If you once forfeit the confidence of your fellow citizens, you can never regain their respect and esteem” (wisdomquotes.com). Everyone has the understanding that once someone lies, they can’t be easily trusted again and it is harder to restore trust then probably anything else. Lying has made its way into society and especially in politics it can be easily found. Politicians often lie in order to achieve what they think is right for society. In their minds it might be right, but is it morally right to do so? When evaluating this claim by using Aristotle’s virtue and common-good approach, and Kant’s universal rule and right’s approach, we determine that it not morally right to lie in order to get a policy enacted. Aristotle says that everyone is striving for happiness. In order to be happy we have to be good, and to be good is to develop our highest potential by using virtues such as honesty. Since virtues develop our highest potential and lying is not a virtue, it is wrong to lie. Another approach that proves that lying is wrong is the common-good approach which says that the individual’s own good is linked to the whole community. Since lying hurts the community, it automatically hurts the individual. Kant would prove lying to be wrong......

Words: 486 - Pages: 2

Missing

...Missing Kevin’s mom asked him if he will go over to the mall and buy some milk to her. Kevin is 16 years old and lives with his mom and little brother Toby. Toby went to the mall with Toby. There were many people, so Kevin took Toby’s hand. They looked after the milk, and finally they founded the milk. Kevin took the milk, and walked up to the cash register, so they can pay for the milk. When he had paid for the milk, he walked out of the mall without Toby, he forgot him. He walked away, and had forgotten that he has forgotten his little brother. He was almost home, but when he was with the door, he turned around, and saw that Toby was gone. Kevin was in shock. He turned quickly around and went over to the mall. He looked around in the mall and he asked many people if they had seen him. But there were nobody there had seen him. Kevin asked an old man if he will help him with find her little brother, and the old man said yes. They looked after Toby in over 1 hour, and did not find him. Toby was just a little boy, and was afraid. Kevin was afraid, he thought that Toby was injured or something like that. Toby went in the candy shop, and there was Toby, he was sitting on a chair with a lollipop in his mouth. It was an employee there had taken care of him. Kevin ran over to Toby and gave him a big hug. Kevin was so happy, finally he found him. Kevin took Toby’s hand and said that he never will let him go. Kevin said to Toby that he not must tell what happened to his mom,......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Thompson: Permissible Abortion

...Word Count: 1258 Thomson: Permissible Abortion In this essay, I will argue that Thomson successfully defends the view that abortion is permissible in the case that the parents had protected sex (and this is not a minimally decent Samaritanism case). I will achieve this in four steps. Firstly, I will explain Thomson’s background ideals that a fetus is a person, and explain what a minimally decent Samaritanism is. Secondly, I will present Thomson’s argument. Thirdly, I will present one original objection to this argument. Lastly, I will argue that this objection isn’t strong enough to make Thomson’s argument unsuccessful. For her argument, Thomson assumes that the fetus is a person. She only assumes this because of the dimness of the prospects for ‘drawing a line’ in the development of the fetus. A human develops continuously from conception through birth into childhood, but picking a point to which something isn’t a person before this point and is a person after this point would be arbitrary. However, Thomson does think that a fetus has become a human being well before birth because of how early it acquires human characteristics. So, although it isn’t sure exactly where a fetus becomes a person, Thomson agrees that the fetus is a person before birth. Therefore, she grants that the fetus is a person from the moment of conception for her argument. (p. 146) Thomson also uses the phrase ‘minimally decent Samaritan’ in her argument. By this, she means one who doesn’t go out......

Words: 1262 - Pages: 6

Capital Punishment: Why Death Penalty Is Morally Permissable

...Capital Punishment: Why the Death Penalty is Morally Permissible Karina Morgan April 13, 2010 Professor Mark Reynolds PHI 206 Sec. 04 Word Count: 1,910 Syllogism for Argument: 1. Every human has a right to life 2. But this right is not absolute because a person’s life can be overridden for good reasons 3. So the right of life does not hold in every situation no matter what 4. One of these situations includes taking the life of another innocent human 5. Therefore, it is morally permissible to set the right to life aside, and use the death penalty, if they took the life of an innocent human. Outline I. The Death Penalty -Thesis- Although all humans have the right to life, there are certain situations that can overrule this right, such as taking the life of an innocent human. Since the right of life does not hold in every situation and if an innocent human’s life is taken, then it is morally permissible to set the right to life aside and use the death penalty on the person who committed murder. II. Pro-Death Penalty A. Retribution a. The death penalty is the best way in order to serve justice to convicted murderers of innocent people. b. The families and friends of victims will feel more secure if justice is served. c. There will be no worry about the murderer being able to commit more murders or to have any chance of receiving parole. B. Deterrence b. If the death penalty is continuously used......

Words: 2459 - Pages: 10

Case of Missing Director

...a letter from EBB’s solicitors, advising of the appointment of a receiver. Source: The workers, comprising 200 locals and the rest, foreigners mainly from Bangladesh and Myanmar, found themselves suddenly locked out when they reported for duty. Source: The Edge, June 24 May 29, 2010 The independent directors, Zainabon Abu Bakar and Yeunh Wee Tiong, had gone to Kenmark’s premises at Port Klang and noted that the premises had been sealed and a security guard placed to secure the premises. Source: May 31st, 2010 (Monday) Share price of Kenmark plunged 68%, as it had fallen 19 cents from 33 cents to 14 cents by 9.15 am and dropped another 3.5 cents to 10.5 cents due to the news that its managing director James Hwang chief was missing and it was late with its financial results. Source: Shares of furniture maker Kenmark Bhd were suspended at 10.10 a.m after they sank this morning Source: 413 of its employees were locked out from its premises at Port Klang after EON Bank appointed receivers to seal up the plant to protect its interest. Source: The Star, June 9 Dato’ Ishak Ismail (Ishak) got the call from Hwang in the night asked for help. Source: June 1st, 2010 Ishak acquired 30 million shares at 8 cents per piece or 16.83% stake in Kenmark through a trust for Ishak’s family, BHLB Trustee Bhd Source: June 2nd, 2010 Ishak acquired another 27.69 million shares 8 cents per piece or 15.53% of Kenmark, raising his stake to 32.36% through Unioncity......

Words: 5263 - Pages: 22

Does Thomson’s Violinist Thought Experiment Demonstrate That, Even If the Fetus Is a Person with Full Moral Rights, Abortion Is Still Morally Permissible in Most Circumstances?

...The argument on whether abortion is morally permissible has been considered for years. Most philosophers incline to accept moral principle that it is always prima facie seriously wrong to end the life of a person in normal circumstances. The personhood of an embryo and foetus has somehow invoked another controversial issue on whether they are kind of beings, or persons, that it is seriously wrong, for any sake, to end their life. Both the anti-abortionist side and pro-choicers side can only give equally vague boundary on claiming that foetus is a person, or not so. However, as we will find out later in this essay, the problem of whether a foetus is a person, or whether a foetus has serious right to life, does not significantly affect the consideration of abortion under Thomson’s account. The argument of the personhood of foetus will just stay at a standoff if there is no clear definition or lists for what characteristics make a thing a person. When we draw line to represent the development of a human being from the state of conception to the point that a baby is born, it will be arbitrary to choose a point which the thing inside a mother is a person after that point and not a person before that point. Moreover, the opposite of abortion may suggest that a foetus, even at the moment of conception, is a person because of their potential future, meanwhile, the supporters of abortion may insist that a foetus has not yet become a person because it lacks of some characteristics......

Words: 2665 - Pages: 11

Missing Class

...The Winter House is an interactive short story set in a country house school in which you take the part of Millie, whose father has been murdered. Occasional news and events from the short story world, including short story nights, news of collections and awards and latest digital trends. Find out what's happening in the short story world We have an archive of free short stories from acclaimed and award-winning authors you can download and read on whatever platform you desire. Here is a list of magazines and websites that accept short story submissions. Check their websites for further information on how to submit your stories. Welcome to our section that celebrates the short story. We believe that the short story is one of the most exciting and important literary forms, and that it can, and should, reach the widest possible readership. We believe that the short story matters. Benjamin Franklin was many things: a printer, writer, scientist, inventor, statesman, civic leader, and diplomat. As a scientist, he is best known for his experiments with electricity. As a writer, he is known for Poor Richard's Almanac and his autobiography. He was the oldest figure of the American Revolution. Franklin also was the only per Story (magazine), an American literary magazine published 1931–1961 and 1989–2000 The Story with Dick Gordon, a radio interview program that debuted in 2006 Story, one of the main characters in the 2006 film Lady in the Water Story: Substance, Structure, Style......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2