Many People Confuse the Large Void in the Ozone Layer with Global Warming. Can You Distinguish Between the Two Phenomena? Explain How Each Process May Harm Living Things.

In: Science

Submitted By i10west
Words 260
Pages 2
The ozone hole is a man-made hole in the ozone layer above the South Pole during the Southern Hemisphere’s spring. The ozone layer, which lies high up in the atmosphere, shields us from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays that come from the sun. Unfortunately we punched a hole in it, through the use of gases like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in spray cans and refrigerants, which break down ozone molecules in the upper atmosphere. While some of the sun’s UV rays slip through the hole, they account for less than one percent of the sun’s energy. So these UV rays cannot explain the global warming of the planet. The sun's output of UVB does not change; rather, less ozone means less protection, and hence more UVB reaches the Earth. Studies have shown that in the Antarctic, the amount of UVB measured at the surface can double during the annual ozone hole. The Earth's ozone layer protects all life from the sun's harmful radiation. Less protection from ultraviolet light will, over time, lead to higher skin cancer and cataract rates and crop damage. “Global warming” refers to the long-term warming of the planet. Global temperature shows a well-documented rise since the early 20th century and most notably since the late 1970s. Worldwide, since 1880 the average surface temperature has gone up by about 0.8 °C (1.4 °F), relative to the mid-20th-century baseline (of 1951-1980).
References
http://climate.nasa.gov/effects/
http://www.ozonelayer.noaa.gov/science/basics.htm…...

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