Michael Sandels What Isn't for Sale

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sway20032000
Words 1687
Pages 7
Through its exquisite examples, and compelling tone, Michael Sandel's article "What Isn't for Sale" advises that we need to recognize that our markets are taking over our personal lives and we have become a market society. Anything and everything are for sale these days in our nation. Sandel affirms that over the past thirty years our markets have changed from market economies to market societies. In agreeing with Mr. Sandel on this issue, we must understand the message he is trying to convey. It is possible to do so with the following reasons. We can’t allow for causes such as greed to take place, the consequences of inequality and corruption to happen, and open dialogue and debate need to take place so we all can agree how far markets can enter into our daily lives. First a brief summary of the article we are speaking about. One major aspect in the article is it speaks in detail about how anything and everything have become essentially for sale now. Dating back to when the Cold War had come to an end, markets and market mentalities were becoming very powerful. We began to enter into as Sandel states, “An era of market triumphalism.” In the early 80’s, Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan affirmed their belief in markets, and not government, held the decisive component needed for success and privilege. Years later when Bill Clinton and Tony Blair came into the picture with their market friendly liberalism mitigated but cemented that markets were for the greater good of the people. Fast forward to today, we are starting to see some markets going to the extreme. From selling your body for advertisement to your body being used for pharmaceutical drug testing, nothing seems to be out of bounds anymore. Kids in elementary school are even in essence, being paid to learn by rewarding them financially for reading a book. Purchasing and selling no longer just…...

Similar Documents

Analysis on Michael Pollan's Essay

...Analysis of Michael Pollan’s Essay “The Food Movement, Rising” Michael Pollan wrote an article entitled “The Food Movement, Rising”.  This article talks about how food impacts many facets in the nation including politics, society and family. In this article he shares how food is not just about food and is a much larger issue than meets the eye. He talks about how the issues of food have impacted the country and therefore the world (Pollan). Then, he breaks the issues down on macro and micro levels, focusing on the impact of food on politics, society, and family. Finally, he points out the real cost of food, directly and indirectly. I agree with Michael Pollan about the ongoing issues with food and I am against industrial agriculture too. Americans have not had to think very hard about where their food comes from, or what it is doing to the planet, their bodies, and their society. (Pollan) Pollan points out the exact current problems about food. He believes that people should eat better food. However, Pollan neglects to mention that it was a problem hundred years ago, and it is still a problem today. He points out in his article that food in America has been invisible as an issue until the early 1970s, when food price inflation pushed the topic to be an important national agenda. He mentions that “before this food was never an issue to be discussed in America because it was available at cheap prices”. Also, Americans were completely ignorant of what was the bigger cost......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Review of Justice by Michael Sandel

...It is easy to see why Michael Sandel is a popular Harvard professor. He presents major ideas of ethics and political philosophy in a clear way, tied to important contemporary issues. Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do?, based on a famous course that Sandel teaches, offers a discussion of what Sandel regards as the three main competing views of justice. The first of these takes welfare to be the criterion of justice. What counts as just is what leads to the best consequences. Thus, supporters of the free market such as Milton Friedman praise the market because it leads to prosperity, in contrast with other economic systems. Why do we care [about prosperity]… The most obvious answer is that we think prosperity makes us better off than we would otherwise be — as individuals and as a society. Prosperity matters, in other words, because it contributes to our welfare. (p. 19) Another approach, which many libertarians will find familiar, takes freedom and rights to be fundamental to justice. What is essential, according to this way of seeing things, is to give each person what is rightfully due to him, even if following this course does not lead to the best consequences. The approach to justice that begins with freedom is a capacious school… Leading the laissez-faire camp are free-market libertarians who believe that justice consists in respecting and upholding the voluntary choices made by consenting adults. The fairness camp contains theorists of a more egalitarian......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Michael Porter, What Is Strategy (Detailed Synthesis)

...Adrien LAFARGUE Michael Porter, What is Strategy? I know it is not really what you were asking for but perhaps you will value it. Actually, I found the text so interesting that I have made a real learning work on it. Because it took me 10 hours I am a little bit short to write the 200 words summary and comments you are asking for, but I am sure your only purpose is to check that we are working, and I believe this will convince you. **All the sentences written in this document are extracted from M. Porter’s article. I have “only” proceeded to a reorganization and clarification of the concepts, arguments and examples. I. Operational Effectiveness is not Strategy Operational effectiveness and strategy are both essentials to superior performance, but are two different areas. Operational effectiveness (OE): It means performing similar activities better than rivals perform them. It includes efficiency, but is not limited to it. It refers to any number of practices that allow a company to better utilize its inputs by reducing defects in products or developing better products faster for example. In contrast strategic positioning means performing different activities from rivals or performing similar activities in different ways. Operational Efficiency leads to cost advantage: Cost is generated by performing activities, and cost advantage arises from performing particular activities more efficiently than competitors. All differences between companies in cost or......

Words: 6081 - Pages: 25

What Is Meant by Sales Promotion? Describe Briefly the Various Methods of Sales Promotional Tools Used by Business Organizations to Boost the Sales. Explain Any Four Methods of Sales Promotion?

...What is meant by sales promotion? Describe briefly the various methods of sales promotional tools used by business organizations to boost the sales. Explain any four methods of sales promotion? Sales promotion refers to activities or inducements meant to make people come and buy more of your product, especially in the short term. Sales promotion consists of short term incentives to encourage the purchase or sales of a product or service thus offering reasons to buy product or services now. Using different methods of promotion such as; giving away coupons, offering discounts, cash refunds, patronage rewards and samples makes customers decide to buy now. Sales promotion is targeted for business and industrial goods also Industrial products differ with that of consumer goods. The tools which are used are- 1) Trade shows:- The industrial products are displayed and demonstrated to the members of trade and industry. The representatives explain about the products. The trade shows can be useful for smaller firms which can’t much in advertising and also salesman can make for more contacts. Trade shows are important rules for reaching potential wholesalers & distributers for a company’s brand. 2) Business gifts:- These gifts are given as a part of building and maintaining a close working relationship with suppliers business gifts may include small items of jewellary, watch, electronic items, expensive trips. 3) Trial offers:- Trial offers are particularly well suited......

Words: 1202 - Pages: 5

The Most Important Thing About Communication Is Hearing What Isn't Said.

...THE MOST IMPORTANT THING ABOUT COMMUNICATION IS HEARING WHAT ISN’T SAID. (Peter Drucker, 2013) Our world has become a global market place where effective communication is a necessity to survive. Identifying the connections between the people involved in the exchange of information is critical to effective communication. The aims of this blog are threefold: The first is to explain the concept of Social Competence; the second shows how the use of Intrapersonal communication can influence one’s communication; and the third portrays the importance of intercultural communication. SOCIAL COMPETENCE Social competence is the capacity to manage self and relationships effectively. It is the basis of emotional competence (Dwyer, 2009 p.68). The idea behind social competence is that there are many ways to react to situations, and some of them are more constructive than others. Robinson et al. (2013 p. 1268) states that socially competent people are potentially less likely to engage in reactive aggression because they have learned that this form of behaviour does not typically solve interpersonal problems, but rather exacerbates them. Rossana Condeleo quotes: “ The role of any person in this world is to be themselves without damaging the rest. We are important as long as the rest ‘is’ ”. (goodreads 2013) To put this all together, there is real value in learning how to deal with people effectively. But life is sometimes full of frustrating people and situations and......

Words: 1951 - Pages: 8

File Sharing: What and How Effects on Music Sales.

...File Sharing: what and how Effects on music sales. Abstract File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digitally stored information, such as computer programs, multimedia(audio, images and video), documents or electronic books. It may be implemented through a variety of ways.In this paper we are discuss common methods of storage, transmission and dispersion include manual sharing utilizing removable media, centralized servers on computer networks,World Wide Web-based hyperlinked documents, and the use of distributed peer-to-peer networking.We consider the specific case of file sharing and it’s effects on legal sales of music . 1. Introduction Files were first exchanged on removable media.Computers were able to accessremotefilesusing filesystem mounting and FTP servers.The mp3 encoding, which was standardized in 1991 and which substantially reduced the size of audio files, grew to widespread use in the late 1990s. In 1998, MP3.com and Audiogalaxy were established, The Digital Millennium Copyright Act was unanimously passed, and the first mp3 player devices were launched. In June 1999, Napster was released as an unstructured centralized peer-to-peer system, requiring a central server for indexing and peer discovery. It is generally credited as being the first peer-to-peer file sharing system. Gnutella, released in March, was the first decentralized file sharing network. In the gnutella network, all connecting software was considered......

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Using an Example, Explain and Discuss What Michael Billig Means by ‘Banal Nationalism’

...the idea of a poppy being an example of banal nationalism as the sense of being unable to escape the “message” it provides, yet still society accepts this message or remembrance rather than reading into any other meaning, such as the British support for war, the want for bloodshed. We remember those who died during war, yet equally forget the lives that British troops took during wars. Renan states “remembering is simultaneously a collective forgetting”, this supports my previous point that we remember what seems ‘easier’ to for us rather than remembering the lives the British forces took during war however we only remember the British lives taken rather than other lives such as German or non allied lives. The collective British memory, is shaped not to be thought about but to be a natural and banal, it makes it simpler to not ask questions when buying a poppy but just accept and buy one mindlessly. Banal Nationalism states the importance of repetition and rendering natural what would otherwise not be. Whether by a poppy being “visually everywhere” at a certain year, does this make a remembrance poppy an “everyday”? A poppy may be a symbol worn by a majority of the British population around the 11th of November and for many it is not even thought about before a person buys or wears a poppy. Yet it is still not worn all year round and therefore cannot be an every day though it could be said it is “embedded in routines of life” at a certain time of year. Billig’s ideas......

Words: 1563 - Pages: 7

What They Didn't Teach Us in Sales Class

...What They Didn’t Teach Us in Sales Class – Extra Credit Assignment 1. Should Rick Lester "turn in his keys"? Turning in his keys after only one month on the job (to include one week working alone), would be premature and unwise. Rick must realize that all jobs are challenging even with an abundance of knowledge and experience/expertise. A salesperson’s job is even more challenging given the long hours, hard work and the “calloused’ treatment of salespeople by buyers. Rick must exercise patience, perseverance and determination in order to successfully develop the skills necessary to successfully overcome these challenges which will enable him to become a better provider for his family and a better salesperson to Nabisco. 2. How should Mr. Brown handle this situation? What should he say to Rick? As the Division Sales Manager, one would surmise that this was not Mr. Brown’s first case of a new recruit “quitting before testing the waters.” There must have been valid reasons for making an employment offer to Rick. It is therefore incumbent on Mr. Brown to have a one-on-one meeting with Rick in an effort to understand his reasons for quitting. Having spent his first three weeks of employment with Mr. Brown, he is most likely the only person that Rick probably feels comfortable with or looked up to (more so before his inconsiderate comment). He should offer some encouragement and inspiration – positive reinforcement, focusing on his strengths and the reasons......

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

Summary What Is Strategy? by: Porter, Michael E.

...Michael Porter’s article describes the difference between operational efficiency and strategy by providing detail examples throughout the article. Porter explains how operational efficiency is key to any business but should not be the driver for business success. He outlines how strategy is the key to any business by creating a unique and valuable position within a market even though there could be trade-offs. Porter refers to operational efficiency as performing industry wide actions better then your competitors. He provided an example of when Japanese’s electronic manufactures where able to lower cost and still provide top notch quality in the 1980’s. These manufactures quickly realized they were unable secure key market real estate within Japan. They need to change their strategic position. He simply showed how operational efficiency is not the way to sustain business as once these activities are known in the industry all similar companies will replicate them. Porter refers to strategic position as performing industry wide actions in a complete different way. Porter uses Southwest Airlines and IKEA as companies who have used their strategic position to their fullest. Southwest airlines deliberately chose a different way to perform existing activities by using a Needs-Based source. Porter argues there are 3 key sources of strategic positioning and the only way to gain advantages; Variety-Base Positioning, Needs-Based Positioning, and Access-Based Positioning. These......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2

Michael

...Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other people named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). Michael Jackson Jackson at the White House in 1984 Background information Birth name Michael Joseph Jackson[1] Also known as Michael Joe Jackson Born August 29, 1958 Gary, Indiana, U.S. Died June 25, 2009 (aged 50) Los Angeles, California, U.S. Genres R&B, pop, rock, soul, dance, funk, disco, New jack swing Occupations Singer-songwriter, record producer, composer, musician, dancer, choreographer, actor, businessman, philanthropist Instruments Vocals Years active 1964–2009 Labels Motown, Epic, Legacy Associated acts The Jackson 5 Website michaeljackson.com Michael Jackson's signature Michael Joseph Jackson[1] (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American recording artist, entertainer, and businessman. Referred to as the King of Pop, or by his initials MJ,[2] Jackson is recognized as the most successful entertainer of all time by Guinness World Records. His contribution to music, dance, and fashion, along with a much-publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades. The seventh child of the Jackson family, he debuted on the professional music scene along with his brothers as a member of The Jackson 5, then the Jacksons in 1964, and began his solo career in 1971. In the early...

Words: 21623 - Pages: 87

The Summary of "What Is Strategy" from Michael Porter

... What Is Strategy? (To make a summary of the article while answering the question, the answer directly related to the questions are highlighted ) 1. Achievements Neutrogena has established itself in the soap market through variety-based positioning. Michael. Porter defines strategic position as attempts to achieve sustainable competitive advantage by preserving what is distinctive about a company. It means performing different activities from rivals, or performing similar activities in different ways. He maintains that strategic position emerges from three distinct but not mutually exclusive and often overlapped sources, ie: variety-based positioning, needs-based positioning and access based positioning. And variety-based positioning by which Neutrogena obtained competitive advantages over its rivals means serving few needs of many customers. 2.How did it make choice? Porter argues that operational effectiveness is not strategy. Operational effectiveness (OE) means performing similar activities better than rivals. Constant improvement in operational effectiveness is necessary to achieve superior profitability. However, it is not usually sufficient because of rapid diffusion of best practice. The similar programs such as TQM, outsourcing, benchmarking and time-based competition do move the productivity frontier forward, however raising the bar fro everyone. Hence such competition produces absolute improvement in......

Words: 1481 - Pages: 6

Justice- What’s the Right Thing to Do?by: Michael J. Sandel

...do?By: Michael J. Sandel | Chapter 2: Utilitarianism | Bentham's explanation of Utilitarianism is “the right thing to do is whatever will maximize utility.” (Sandel p.g.34) which means that the right thing to is always whatever produces the greatest amount of happiness and whatever is necessary to prevent unhappiness. Suppose you are walking and someone stops you to take a poll; they ask you if you rather have an animal center where you can pet animals, or if you would have a school for special children. Which would you choose? Most people would choose the school because there are children involved, but according to Bentham and his theory, there should be an animal center because it is what makes people happy. In our scenario, what makes people happy are animals therefore he would say to build a pet center because the people would be the happiest, hence maximizing utility. There is an objection in Bentham’s theory in his example of “the city of happiness”. In this example there is a girl in which she is locked away, where she should stay forever. In the city just outside of her home everyone is living a happy, joyous and life. In this room, the little girl is sad and miserable all the time, but because of her misery, the city can be happy. Is it wrong to have the girl locked up to maximize happiness throughout the city? Sandel goes to say “It would be wrong to violate the rights of an innocent child, even for the sake of the happiness of the multitude”. (Sandel......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

What Isn't New Media?

...aWHAT IS NEW MEDIA? Defining New Media Isn’t Easy By Bailey Socha and Barbara Eber-Schmid   Introduction: What isn’t new media?   New Media is a 21st Century catchall term used to define all that is related to the internet and the interplay between technology, images and sound. In fact, the definition of new media changes daily, and will continue to do so. New media evolves and morphs continuously. What it will be tomorrow is virtually unpredictable for most of us, but we do know that it will continue to evolve in fast and furious ways. However, in order to understand an extremely complex and amorphous concept we need a base line. Since Wikipedia has become one of the most popular storehouses of knowledge in the new media age, it would be beneficial to begin there:   Wikipedia defines New Media as:    “… a broad term in media studies that emerged in the latter part of the 20th century. For example, new media holds out a possibility of on-demand access to content anytime, anywhere, on any digital device, as well as interactive user feedback, creative participation and community formation around the media content. Another important promise of new media is the "democratization" of the creation, publishing, distribution and consumption of media content. What distinguishes new media from traditional media is the digitizing of content into bits. There is also a dynamic aspect of content production which can be done in real time, but these offerings lack standards and have...

Words: 2313 - Pages: 10

Material Management - If Purchase Were 45% of Sales and Other Expenses Were 45% of Sales, What Would Be the Increase

...WE PROVIDE CASE STUDY ANSWERS, ASSIGNMENT SOLUTIONS, PROJECT REPORTS AND THESIS aravind.banakar@gmail.com ARAVIND - 09901366442 – 09902787224 MATERIAL MANAGEMENT 1. What is the objective of marketing? What three ways will help it achieve this objective? 2. For the following data, calculate the number of workers required for level production and the resulting month-end inventories. Each worker can produce 9 units per day, and the desired ending inventory is 800 units. Why is it not possible to reach the ending inventory target 3. What is a scheduled receipt? From where does it originate? 4. What are the two ways of balancing capacity available and load? Which is preferred? Why? 5. A company is negotiating with a potential supplier for the purchase of 10,000 widgets. The company estimates that the supplier’s variable costs are $5 per unit and that the fixed costs, depreciation, overhead etc., are $5000. The supplier quotes a price of $10 per unit. Calculate the estimated average cost per unit. Do you think $10 is too much to pay? Could the purchasing department negotiate a better price? 6. What action should be taken when unacceptable error is found in tracking a forecast? 7. How do each of the following influence inventory decisions? a. Lumpy Demand b. Minimum orders c. Transportation Costs d. Multiples 8. Why is stock location important in a warehouse? Name and describe four basic systems of stock......

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

Justice of Michael Sandel

...Justice of Michael Sandel: In 1884 the British ship Mignonette foundered in the South Atlantic. The four crewmen, including the captain, escaped in a lifeboat, with only two cans of turnips for sustenance. One of the survivors was the cabin boy, 17, an orphan, who soon took sick after drinking seawater. On the 19th day at sea, utterly desperate, the captain, Thomas Dudley, suggested drawing lots to determine who would be killed so that the others might survive by eating him. One man objected, and the plan was put off. The next day, however, the captain told the others to look away, offered a prayer, and slit the cabin boy's throat. Four days later, the crew spotted a ship "as we were having our breakfast," the captain later wrote. Back in England, two of the three survivors were charged with murder. By utilitarian logic—the greatest good for the greatest number—it's hard to object to the act. Yet many in the hall do object, and Sandel, stalking the stage, scanning the room, wants to know why. When one student suggests that the act would have been justified had the boy, Richard Parker, consented, Sandel replies, in an amused tone: "What would that scenario look like? Dudley is there, penknife in hand, but instead of the prayer, or before the prayer, he says, 'Parker, would you mind?'" Students seem to think the proposed lottery would have justified the killing. Sandel probes: Can a fair process sanction something so abhorrent? And what if the loser changes his mind......

Words: 3984 - Pages: 16