Mid Day Meal Scheme in India

In: Social Issues

Submitted By atif1234
Words 3150
Pages 13
Mid Day Meal Scheme
Submitted By: Mohammad Atif, B.Sc TY-A
Roll no(104)

Submitted to: Ishita Ghosh, Assistant Professor, Symbiosis School of Economics

Contents Introduction 2 ABSTRACT 3 History, Management and Finance of The Mid-Day Meal Scheme 4 ROLE OF HONOURABLE SUPREME COURT IN IMPLEMENTATION OF MDMS 6 Achievements And Problems 8 Early Achievements Of the MDMS 8 Universalization of Primary Education: A Misplaced Priority Under MDMS 10 Conclusion 12 Bibliography 13

The situation of children in India has been aptly described a ‘silent emergency’.India has one of the worst indicators when it comes to health and education. Nearly 50% of all Indian children are undernourished, whether we use the weigh-for-age or height-for-age criterion. Although there has been some improvement in educational indicators in recent times, the goal of universal elementary education remains quite far, especially in context of girls. Wider awareness of these issues has led to significant initiatives such as the recognition of elementary education as a fundamental right, the introduction of an “educational cess” and the launch of “Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan” (SSA). Another major intervention is the Mid-Day Meal Scheme (hereinafter “MDMS”),which was launched in 1995 with the aim of giving a boost to “universalization of primary, by increasing enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously impacting on nutrition of students in primary classes. (Sinha)
The practice of providing meals in primary schools goes back to much before it was officially adopted at the national level in 1995.Tamil Nadu was the first state to implement it and was forerunner of the MDMS while India was still under colonial rule. Meals were funded and provided largely by voluntary organisations till 1957 when the state…...

Similar Documents

Study on Health Insurance Schemes in India

...INSURANCE SCHEMES IN INDIA Abstract The main of this study is to analyse the public sponsored health insurance models in India. The main aim of government sponsored health insurance schemes is to assist the BPL families in catastrophic health expenditure and thereby provide them access to quality health care. This report goes through the working procedure of health insurance schemes, especially Rajiv Aarogyasri (Andhra Pradesh), Vajpayee aarogyasri (Karnataka) and Chief Ministers Comprehensive health insurance scheme (Tamil Nadu) and analyse how far they succeeded in their respective aims. Introduction Health insurance as a measure to uplift the living standard and improve the status of the poor has become popular recently in India. The health care system in India was dominated by private sector, which accounts for about 60% of hospitalisation and 80% of outpatient treatment as per NSSO survey on health care (60th round). This can lead to huge out of pocket expenditure by households on health care. Even though the idea of health insurance was an earlier concept, to use this as a measure to ease the burden on health expenditure by public (especially the poor) became popular from last five-six years, when both central and State governments introduced various publically funded health insurance schemes. This is evident from the fact that there is a steep increase in population covered under insurance from 75 million in 2007 to 302 million in 2010. In a country like India......

Words: 4514 - Pages: 19

Economy of India

...Economy of India The economy of India is the tenth largest in the world by nominal GDP and the third largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).[1] The country is one of the G-20 major economies and a member of BRICS. On a per capita income basis, India ranked 140th by nominal GDP and 129th by GDP (PPP) in 2011, according to the IMF.[13] The independence-era Indian economy (from 1947 to 1991) was based on a mixed economy combining the worst features of capitalism and socialism, resulting in an inward-looking, interventionist policies and import-substituting economy that failed to take advantage of the post-war expansion of trade.[14] This model contributed to widespread inefficiencies and corruption, and the failings of this system were due largely to its poor implementation.[14] In 1991, India adopted liberal and free-market oriented principles and liberalized its economy to international trade under the guidance of Manmohan Singh, who then was the Finance Minister of India under the leadership of P.V. Narasimha Rao the then Prime Minister who eliminated License Raj a pre- and post-British Era mechanism of strict government control on setting up new industry. Following these strong economic reforms, and a strong focus on developing national infrastructure such as the Golden Quadrilateral project by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the then Prime Minister, the country's economic growth progressed at a rapid pace with very high rates of growth and large increases in the incomes of......

Words: 6916 - Pages: 28


...Name: Nguyễn Thành Danh ESSAY Class: EAP1640C ID:512101213 Topic: Encourage a person to stop eating junk food Nowaday, each person have not normal meal. They usually eat your meals and eat more junk food that has a lot of energy such as fast food, sweets such as ice cream, candy, donuts, and prepackaged treats, soda, and potato chips, among many others. So, junk food became popular in the developed countries. It became the eating habits of many people, because many people think it tastes great, fast, and convenient. However, junk food has a significant impact on human health. It affects a serious way, because it is the cause of health problems. First, the effect of eating junk food is energy imbalances. Many people skip breakfast or other meals of the day, choosing for a quick meal instead of eating a perfectly meal. Junk food is cause of increase energy levels, which people like, but then energy levels will quickly decrease. It makes the body lacks the energy suddenly and rapidly declining. In addition, continuous increase or decrease energy levels make for mood instability and make it difficult to get enough sleep at night. Thus, junk food causes energy imbalances in the body. Furthermore, the effects of junk food is healthy, because most junk food are mostly sugar, salt, flour, fat, and more dangerous that is saturated fat which is the main cause of obesity. People who eat a lot of junk food tend to gain weight quickly, which can lead to obesity over time.......

Words: 571 - Pages: 3

Tax Saving Schemes - India 2009 (Analysis & Comparision)

...INTERIM REPORT TAX SAVING SCHEMES (ANALYSIS AND COMPARISION) ICFAI BUSINESS SCHOOL HYDERABAD MUTUAL FUNDS AT A GLANCE Mutual Fund is an instrument of investing money. Nowadays, bank rates have fallen down and are generally below the inflation rate. Therefore, keeping large amounts of money in bank is not a wise option, as in real terms the value of money decreases over a period of time. One of the options is to invest the money in stock market. But a common investor is not informed and competent enough to understand the intricacies of stock market. This is where mutual funds come to the rescue. A mutual fund is a group of investors operating through a fund manager to purchase a diverse portfolio of stocks or bonds. Mutual funds are highly cost efficient and very easy to invest in. By pooling money together in a mutual fund, investors can purchase stocks or bonds with much lower trading costs than if they tried to do it on their own. Also, one doesn't have to figure out which stocks or bonds to buy. But the biggest advantage of mutual funds is diversification. Diversification means spreading out money across many different types of investments. When one investment is down another might be up. Diversification of investment holdings reduces the risk tremendously. On the basis of their structure and objective, mutual funds can be classified into following major types: • Closed-end funds •......

Words: 3056 - Pages: 13

India: a Critical Analysis on the Influences of Gender on Educational Opportunities

...INDIA: A critical analysis on the influences of gender on educational opportunities The discussion in this paper will focus on the influences being female has on educational opportunities in India. It is important to note that that there are issues for males in accessing education, particularly those from the poorest backgrounds, and that childhood and schooling differs depending on the era and location of birth as well as the culture into which you are born. However, educational opportunities in India tend to be greater for boys, especially those from wealthy backgrounds, and this should be the same for all children regardless of their class, caste, gender and socio-economic background (Gasterland, 2009). In India ‘[w]ide spread poverty and discriminatory cultural practices [particularly places] the girl child at a serious disadvantage that starts at conception and extends throughout her life’ (Kumar et al, 2007: 7).  The essay will discuss the effects of early marriage, school infrastructure, opportunity costs and safety on girls’ educational opportunities whilst considering culture, poverty and government policy. Examples from the southern state of Kerala and the northern state of Bihar will be used to try to gain an understanding of why some girls are able to access schooling; as they demonstrate vast differences in male to female pupil ratios within schools. This can be noted in the fact that in 2004/05 the southern state of Kerala had an enrolment rate in of......

Words: 3505 - Pages: 15

Poverty in India

...INTRODUCTION Poverty in India is widespread, with the nation estimated to have a third of the world's poor. In 2010, the World Bank reported that 32.7% of the total Indian people fall below the international poverty line of US$ 1.25 per day (PPP) while 68.7% live on less than US$ 2 per day.[1] According to 2010 data from the United Nations Development Programme, an estimated 29.8% of Indians live below the country's national poverty line.[2] A 2010 report by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) states that 8 Indian states have more poor people than 26 poorest African nations combined which totals to more than 410 million poor in the poorest African countries.[3][4] A 2013 UN report stated that a third of the worlds poorest people live in India.[5] According to a 2011 poverty Development Goals Report, as many as 320 million people in India and China are expected to come out of extreme poverty in the next four years, while India's poverty rate is projected to drop to 22% in 2015.[6] The report also indicates that in Southern Asia, however, only India, where the poverty rate is projected to fall from 51% in 1990 to about 22% in 2015, is on track to cut poverty by half by the 2015 target date.[6] However, this decline in poverty is debatable given the fact that there are question marks on methodology of evaluating poverty. Indian journalist Ravi S Jha writes in the Guardian[7] on the need of measuring poverty by segregating India's poor in different......

Words: 4801 - Pages: 20

Right to Food in India: Its Reflection in National Food Security Act 2013

...many rights have found shelter, growth and nourishment.1 While interpreting the dimensions of life and liberty guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court in Chameli Singh V. State of 1 P.M.Bakshi, The Constitution of India, Universal Law Publishin Co., New Delhi, 2012, p65 Uttar Pradesh2 held that the “right to live guaranteed in ant civilized society implies the right to food” Further, the Constitution under Article 47 requires the States to raise the level of nutrition and standard of living and to improve public health. The progressive developments in ensuring adequate food for all is also a positive step towards India’s commitment as a signatory to many International Conventions and Treaties which recognize the right to adequate food. However, in spite of Constitutional and Statutory obligations and many policies, violations of right to food are very common in India today. Planning Commission’s poverty estimates for 2011-123 is a classic example for worst violation of right to food in the light of National Food Security Act 2013 the implementation of which will lead to large exclusion of the real beneficiaries. According to new estimates of the Commission only those spending up to ₹27.20 per day in rural area and ₹33.33 in urban areas would be considered as living in poverty. While the Food Security Act is of historic importance, it must be examined in the light of Constitutional protection of right to food to appreciate the fact that......

Words: 4796 - Pages: 20


...India From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the Republic of India. For other uses, see India (disambiguation). Republic of India Bharat Ganrajya Horizontal tricolour flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes. Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते". Flag Emblem Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit) "Truth Alone Triumphs"[1] Anthem: Jana Gana Mana "Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[2] [3] Sorry, your browser either has JavaScript disabled or does not have any supported player. You can or to play the clip in your browser. National song: Vande Mataram "I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][3] Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted. Area controlled by India shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green. Capital New Delhi 28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E Largest city Mumbai Official languages Hindi English Hindi in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Union. English is an additional co-official language for Government work.[1][4] Recognised regional languages 8th Schedule Assamese Bengali Bodo Dogri Gujarati Hindi Kannada Kashmiri Konkani Maithili Malayalam ......

Words: 14559 - Pages: 59

Positive Discrimination in India

...Positive discrimination programme emerged in India, starting in the early decades of the 20th century, and was subsequently given a constitutional basis in 1950. There are at least three aspects of the Indian experience of ‘positive discrimination’ that are distinctive and significant. Firstly, positive discrimination (PD) in India predates affirmative action in the United States by several decades: claims for ‘reservations’ or quotas in education and employment were first made in the late 19th century, and the earliest quotas date back to the 1920s in Mysore and also in the Madras and Bombay Presidencies. Secondly, there is an important difference between the American policy of preferential treatment and the Indian policy which relies primarily on reservations through quotas. Thirdly, Indian policies of PD are primarily located in the educational, political and administrative domains, and have not yet been legislated for the corporate sector (as in Malaysia) or for civil society organisations. PD in India is directed at members of the Scheduled Castes (SCs), the Scheduled Tribes (STs), and more recently members of the ‘other backward classes’ (OBCs), with the possibility of including Muslims also being mooted. The underlying assumption in respect of religious minorities was that the democratic principle of equality ......

Words: 1668 - Pages: 7

7 Day Meal

...Day 1  Meal 1 8:00am - 4 Egg whites + 1 whole egg scrambled with cooking spray, and 1 package Quaker Wild Berry Oatmeal Meal 2 11:00am - 1 can of tuna mixed with fat free tuna + 1/2 cup of brown rice. Meal 3 2:00pm - 1 cup of lean turkey + 1/2 cup of brown rice. Meal 4 5:00pm - 100 grams of chicken + 2 cups of broccoli (drizzled with olive oil) Meal 5 8:00m - 1 cup 1-2% cottage cheese + 1 tbsp peanut butter Calories 1566 Fat 41g Carb 119g Protein 178g So this is a typical day of mine at my calorie level, now the fat is a little high - it should probably be at about 20%, but I will probably still lose weight at this level. Day 2  Meal 1 8:00am - 2/3 cup Special K Fruit & Yogurt with 1 cup of skim milk (yes...skim) Meal 2 11:00am - 1 cup of lean turkey + 1/2 cup of beans. Meal 3 2:00pm - Tuna melt sandwich (1 can of tuna with kraft singles slice and 2 slices of whole wheat bread) Meal 4 5:00pm - 100 grams of chicken breast with 1/2 cup of 1% cottage cheese and 2 cups of broccoli Meal 5 8:00pm - 1 cup 1-2% cottage cheese + 1 tbsp peanut butter Calories 1493 Fat 37g Carbs 124g Protein 167g So this is pretty similar to yesterday's meal, but cereal for breakfast. Day 3  Meal 1 9:00am - Omellette (4 egg whites+1 whole) with 2 whole wheat toast Meal 2 12:00pm - 1 can of tuna mixed with fat free tuna + 1/2 cup of brown rice. Meal 3 3:00pm - 100g of steak + 2 cups of broccoli + 1/2 cup of brown rice Meal 4 (post workout) 5:00pm - 1 scoop whey......

Words: 814 - Pages: 4

Republic Day India

...Republic Day honors the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.[1] The Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 but was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country's transition toward becoming an independent republic. 26 January was selected for this purpose because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress. It is one of three national holidays in India, the other two being Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti. Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Celebrations 2.1 Delhi Republic Day parade 2.2 Beating Retreat 3 Gallery 4 Chief guest 5 See also 6 References History[edit] President Rajendra Prasad (in the horse-drawn carriage) readies to take part in the first Republic Day parade on Rajpath, New Delhi, in 1950. India achieved independence from British rule on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement noted for largely peaceful nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience led by Mahatma Gandhi. The independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c 30), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations): India and......

Words: 877 - Pages: 4


...action. India has been no exception.  -Efforts by the state or educational establishments to squash these eruptions have only consolidated them. So the IITM episode might just be the first act in a longer play -In the meantime, one has to note the irony of an institute of modern science and technology encouraging a study circle like the Vivekananda Study Circle that promotes religious dogma while curbing the APSC that provokes debate on caste and class and promotes a scientific temper. And the other irony of politicians of all hues rushing around singing the praises of a man they did not honour in his lifetime while young people, who recognise the wisdom of Ambedkar being told they are out of line. Mid-day Meals and Food Politics-After the beef ban in Maharashtra, the “politics of food” has now gone one step further. The Madhya Pradesh (MP) Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has refused to “allow” eggs in the state’s anganwadis under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme. The main objective of the ICDS programme is to improve nutrition among pregnant women, lactating mothers and preschool children. As of now, nine states provide eggs in their anganwadis -Should personal preferences decide state policy? Chouhan’s principal secretary was quoted as saying that vegetarianism is a “sentimental” issue with the Chief Minister. The Digambar Jain Mahasamiti in the state told the media that it had met Chouhan to block the inclusion of eggs in the meal......

Words: 1925 - Pages: 8

Mid Day Meals India

...involved in the implementation of mid day meals in India. 2. AIM OF THE STUDY: An analytical study on the operational feasibility and challenges of providing mid day meals in India. 3. RATIONALE AND BACKGROUND FOR THE STUDY: The national program for nutritional support for primary children also known as the mid day meal program is one of the largest welfare programs in India and one of the only programs aimed at reducing hunger from the age group of 6-12 and increase the attendance in the primary education system. There are two models, which is the centralized model, and the decentralized model and it has been observed that most states are shifting towards the centralized approach; The program has been active since 1995 but there are still major cases of nutrition deficiency, anaemia, lack of vitamin A and iodine among many children in the country. (Rani & Sharma) A research work carried out by the centre for equity studies Delhi states that: - The drawbacks of the centralised approach include lack of employment, increased risk of food spoilage, no community participation, and lack of transparency; hence a research will be done to determine the effectiveness and viability of this approach and its comparison with the decentralized and handmade approach to food. (Natasha, 2010) 4. OUTLINES OF THE THEORY/IES UNDERPINNING YOUR RESEARCH: In 2004 the government initiated the mid day meals program to provide meals to primary school......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4


...‘The employment relations system in India is undermined by the large proportion of workers employed in the unofficial economy’. Discuss. BACKGROUND Capital: New Delhi Population: 1.3 milliard Currency: Indian Rupee GDP Value: 3.33% of the world economy Political system: Federal parliamentary democratic republic – President (head of state), prime minister (head of government) Became independent in 1947 * Major economic reforms in the 1990s paved the way for high economic growth in India and involved the considerable liberalisation of the expansive labour laws. * There is a large rural sector and a large ‘informal’ sector in which unions and collective bargaining are rare. Trade union membership overall is low but membership and collective bargaining coverage is higher in the public sector and large enterprises. There are weak laws regarding trade union recognition and representation and poor enforcement of labour laws and collective agreement provisions. Current concerns include lack of protection for workers who have been made worse-off by the market-based labour reforms, poor growth prospects in key parts of the labour market, high rates of contract and casual workers, increasing downsizing and a low-value added IT sector. The Indian industrial relations system is rooted in British common law * The unionisation rate is low at 5% of the total workforce due in part to large rural and informal sectors, which are not unionised. Most union are......

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11


...Indian Education System Presented by: Doff _____________________________________________________________________________________ History * India has a long history of organized education. The Gurukul system of education in which students were taught orally and the data would be passed from one generation to the next. Up to the 17th century * The first millennium and the few centuries preceding it saw the flourishing of higher education at Nalanda, Takshashila University, Ujjain, & Vikramshila Universities. * Art, Architecture, Painting, Logic, mathematics, Grammar, Philosophy, Astronomy, Literature, Buddhism, Hinduism, Arthashastra (Economics & Politics), Law, and Medicine were among the subjects taught. After 1976 * In 1976, education was made a joint responsibility of the states and the Centre through a constitutional amendment * Center is represented by Ministry of Human Resource Development's Department of Education and together with the states, it is jointly responsible for the formulation of education policy and planning. * The 86th Amendment of the Indian constitution makes education a fundamental right for all children aged 6-14 years. Today education system in India can be divided into many stages. Pre- Primary - It consists of children of 3-5 years of age studying in nursery, lower kindergarten and upper kindergarten. At this stage student is given knowledge about school life and is taught to read and write some basic......

Words: 1426 - Pages: 6