Millenium Goals

In: Business and Management

Submitted By cheenu
Words 1047
Pages 5
ASSIGNMENT # 3
12W --Comparative Geopolitical System (SEC. 103) - INTL403103_2012W

Submitted to :
Patrick Ellwood

MILLENIUM GOALS

ARGUMENTS AGAINST MILLENIUM GOALS

1. For the Attainment of the Millenium Goals, there are no specific set standards on budgetary imperatives. These goals are just a set of policies. They basically lack power to be implemented in the individual countries. Based on antecedents, policies in many developing countries lack implementation.(1)

2. MDGs were very narrow in conception as they are themselves derived from specific targets such as education goals focused mainly on primary education, ignores secondary and higher education, whereas health goals focused only on three aspects of health associated with maternal mortality, child mortality, and specific diseases, Non communicable diseases have no mention whatsoever in the MDGs whereas these are major causes of morbidity and mortality.(2)

3. It must be agreed that the MDGs are unclear on the concept of measurement, if viewed objectively. The health goals for 2015 sound quantitative, but for most of them, their quantification is irretrievably flawed. The trends that the health goals referred to are either immeasurable or were not measured properly from the 1990 baseline year onward. The UN's own current or former staff has said that the trends are immeasurable or lack baseline data.(3)

4. The special attention on women's rights and empowerment may offer short-term economic gains by focusing on bringing women out of the domestic economy but leaves families extremely vulnerable to global economic cycles. Shifting people into cities in the name of development looked good in a growing economy, but the new…...

Similar Documents

The Goal

...Danny Patel The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement is a work of fiction describing a very real thing, the process of manufacturing a product. This includes the engineering and production process, marketing, sales, and interaction with corporate and regional headquarters. The main character in the story is Alex Rogo. He is the plant manger of a UniCo division plant in Barrington. Readers are never fully introduced to what kind of products they make, but soon learn that UniCo requires heavy machinery and elaborate engineering processes to manufacture their products. Alex’s plant has not been profitable for some time, and the division president informs Alex that the Barrington plant will be closed within 3 months unless there are visible improvements. Alex decides that he will not give up on the plant because it is in his hometown and he has an increased sense of responsibility for the plant’s future. In order to overhaul the plant, Alex thinks about his former professor, Jonah. Curiously, Jonah is a physicist, yet Alex remembers a meeting with Jonah a few months ago during which Jonah questioned Alex’s business decisions. Alex was scheduled to give a presentation at a UniWare division meeting, but Jonah raised particular questions about the way Alex defined productivity ......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3

The Goal

...Captured by Plamen T. THE GOAL A Process of Ongoing Improvement THIRD REVISED EDITION By Eliyahu M. Goldratt and Jeff Cox With interviews by David Whitford, Editor at Large, Fortune Small Business North River Press Captured by Plamen T. Additional copies can be obtained from your local bookstore or the publisher: The North River Press Publishing Corporation P.O. Box 567 Great Barrington, MA 01230 (800) 486-2665 or (413) 528-0034 www.northriverpress.com First Edition Copyright © 1984 Eliyahu M. Goldratt Revised Edition Copyright © 1986 Eliyahu M. Goldratt Second revised Edition © 1992 Eliyahu M. Goldratt Third Revised Edition © 2004 Eliyahu M. Goldratt All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher Manufactured in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Goldratt, Eliyahu M., 1948The goal: a process of ongoing improvement I. Coxjeff, 1951-. II. Title PR9510.9.G64G61986 823 ISBN: 0-88427-178-1 86-12566 Captured by Plamen T. 1 INTRODUCTION The Goal is about science and education. I believe that these two words have been abused to the extent that their original meanings have been lost in a fog of too much respect and mystery. Science for me, and for the vast majority of respectable scientists, is not about...

Words: 144560 - Pages: 579

The Goal

...Here are the principles behind the dramatic turnaround story in The Goal, in 885 words. Ready? Start counting now: The goal of a manufacturing organization is to make money. Jonah poses this as a question: "What is the goal?" and Rogo actually struggles with it for a day or two, but any manager or executive that can't answer that question without hesitation should be fired without hesitation. But then again, the goal isn't clear to everyone. One of the characters in the book, an accountant, responds to an offhand comment about the goal with a confused "The goal? You mean our objectives for the month?" That's sure to strike a chord with a lot of readers. At an operational level, measure your success toward the goal with these three metrics: Throughput - The rate at which the system generates money through sales. Inventory - The money that the system has invested in purchasing things which it intends to sell. Operational expense - The money the system spends in order to turn inventory into throughput. You could rephrase it this way - and someone does, a bit later in the book: Throughput - Goods out; the money coming in. Inventory - Materials in; the money currently inside the system. Operational expense - Effort in; the money going out. Obviously, your job is to minimize expense and inventory and maximize throughput. Adjust the flow of product to match demand. In particular, don't trim capacity to match demand. It's a standard cost-cutting......

Words: 472 - Pages: 2

Will Eurozone Survive Next Millenium

...creation of single currency in his empire in 794, there have been numerous attempts to unify Europe under Philip II of Spain, Louis XIV, Napoleon and Hitler. Today a fifth attempt is under way through the European Union. As the architect of Euro Jacques Delors termed the potential roadblocks in premature monetary union as a ‘ Beneficial Crises ‘ which would propel European governing class to expedite with extra urgency and dynamism their over-riding project of integration, and the creation of a single European state. 1.1 Perceived benefits The transition from EMS (European Monetary System, 1979-98) which was characterized by frequent currency realignments and widespread government control over capital movements to the much more ambitious goal of single shared currency was driven mainly on grounds of: I. Belief that a single EU currency would produce a greater degree of European market integration by removing threats of EMS currency realignments and eliminating the costs of currency conversion. II. Resolve one sided emphasis on German macroeconomic policies at the expense of EMS partners’ interest III. Combine permanently benefits of fixed exchange rates with freedom of capital movements IV. To attain political stability. A single EU currency was intended as a potent symbol of Europe’s desire to place cooperation ahead of national rivalries that often led to war in past. 1.2 Rules governing union (Stability and Growth Pact and Maastricht Treaty) A stand-alone......

Words: 3487 - Pages: 14

Millenium Goals

...Introduction       The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide a comprehensive framework through which the society can address pressing issues of poverty. The MDGs are made up of eight major objectives, which are all related to global development. In 2000, 189 world leaders signed a Millennium Declaration. The leaders set 2015 as the deadline for achieving the set MDGs. There has been a mixed result of the progress towards attaining these goals. One of the major achievements has been achieved is that there has been a major reduction of people living in extreme poverty. Accordingly, the proportion of poverty fell to less than one fifth from nearly a third between 1990 and 2004. However, the results are not consistent throughout the world. For instance, the sub-Saharan Africa has not been able to meet any of the set targets. On the contrary, there has been a significant economic growth in some parts of Asia, especially, the Eastern part. The following is a summary of the progress that has been made so far based on the 2007 Millennium Goals Report. Extreme Poverty The percentage of people living in extreme poverty fell to 19% in 2004 from nearly a third in 2004. If this trend can continue for a long time, there is likelihood that the MDG will meet its target of halving those living on less than 1 dollar per day. As already noted, the progress towards this goal has been inconsistent throughout the world. Indeed, most of the progress in poverty reduction is attributed to......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

The Goal

...BUAD 311 9/22/13 THE GOAL When Alex and Jonah first meet at the airport they briefly speak about Alex Company. They talk about productivity & efficiency, but most importantly Jonah helps Alex start to define what productivity means. He also tries to help Alex define what the primary goal of his company is and what makes it productive. At the end, Alex came to the conclusion that sales are the primary goal of his company. Alex calls back Jonah to talk to him about his company’s goal, but most importantly, Alex is curious to know how he can measure his goal of sales. Jonah suggests to Alex that in order to measure his goal (sales) he must split his goal into these three measurements; throughput, inventory, and operations expense. Through these measurements he could truly understand the companies operations and what changes he could preform to increase sales. This also helped Alex examine the previous changes made in his company and ask himself if they made a difference for the company. Alex decides to fly to New York to meet with Jonah. In this meeting, Jonah and Alex dive deeper into the three measurements that will help Alex Company succeed. Jonah explains that in order to improve productivity, he must alter each variable simultaneously while improving each measurement. They also speak of fluctuations & dependent events that occur that could alter each measurement. This leads into a Boy Scout hike where Alex is able to distinguish the bottleneck in his......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Goals

...into the social services. I volunteer in social services, and I have had 2 jobs requiring a bachelors without having an associates. I love being in the social services, empowering people to advocate for themselves is my forte`. I have run across many former clients, that expressed I am doing the community a dis-service by not working in the field. Then again when time permits I go to homeless meal sites and see what’s up, and if anyone could use some assistance accessing services. The goal I have always wanted for as long as I can remember is to pursue higher education. My associates is taking me 10 years, because life got in the way. In addition I was busy raising kids. As I have added more life experiences it became clear major goals should be geared towards getting into Social Services. I kept a goal list visible; as the years went on. To keep my dream close, and my goals in perspective, I volunteered at any agency in the field. I am interested in taking assessments and exploring my goals. In career workshops, and here in college I took the Jung Typology Assessment. The results came out ENFP (Extraversion, Intuition, Feeling, and Perceiving). This test is compatible with my career choice working in the social services. I get my energy, and become emotionally recharged by being with people. I value compassion, empathy, and understanding. In addition, Dr. Garner’s multiple intelligences assessment reinforced I am an interpersonal learner. I am good at understanding people,...

Words: 1134 - Pages: 5

Millenium Development Goal

...net/JPPG ACHIEVEMENTS OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGS) IN SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION OF REGIONAL CORPORATIONS (SAARC) COUNTRIES: A CASE OF NEPAL Kushum Shakya* Central Department of Economics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. ABSTRACT South Asian Association of Regional Cooperative (SAARC) countries have achieved considerable progress in socioeconomic indicators like poverty reduction, educational attainment and improved health facilities. The progress, however, is not uniform across the countries. The aim of this paper is to assess the progress made by SAARC with regard to selected Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and its achievement and gap in Nepal. The paper shows; i) Status of SAARC countries with respect to selected MDGs, ii) Achievements of MDGs in the case of Nepal and iii) the gaps to achieving the targets. The paper shows that the most SAARC countries including Nepal have performed poorly with MDGs. It is therefore concluded that there is need to prioritize to meet all goals in post MDGs for Nepal. Keywords: SAARC, MDG, Post-MDG, socio-economic. INTRODUCTION The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world's main development challenges. The MDGs are drawn from the actions and targets contained in the Millennium Declaration that was adopted by 189 nations-and signed by 147 heads of state and governments during the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000. These goals promote basic human rights and focus......

Words: 5893 - Pages: 24

The Millenium

...THE MILLENIUM ____________________ A Research Paper Submitted to Dr. Brian K. Moulton Liberty University ____________________ In Partial Fulfillment for Bible Course 450 – Book of Revelation ___________________ By Bennie L. Martin May 11, 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….…1 The Rapture…………………………………………………………………………….……1-2 What is meant by the term “Rapture?” The Tribulation………………………………………………………………………….…..2-4 The Outpouring of the Saints………………………………………………………………..4-5 Seven seals and seven trumpets The Millennium, Revelation 20:1-6…………………………………………………….…..5-11 The Millennial Kingdom Satan Bound Christ reigns on Earth Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………..11 Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………...12 The 1000 Years of Revelation; The Millennium Introduction The millennium refers to 1000 years of Christ’s future reign on earth which will immediately precede eternity. The focus of the millennium is not on Satan as some would think. The central focus, however, is on the savior, the Lord Jesus Christ. Christ will bind Satan for 1000 years so that He can deal with sin perpetrated on the earth among the inhabitants of the earth. Then Satan will be “turned loose for a little while” and he will deceive the hearts of many believers who will turn to him rather than God. The war of all wars will be fought and the rapture will come. Then, “after these things” Christ will leave heaven and come to......

Words: 4154 - Pages: 17

Goals

...  University of Phoenix Material     Goal Setting and Time Management Worksheet    Using the information from the Goal Setting and Motivation and the Time Management interactive  presentations, respond to the following three questions:    1. Describe your time management plan to complete weekly assignments and participation goals. What  specific days have you set aside for these activities? Your response must be between 50 and 75 words.  My time management plan to complete my weekly assignments and participation goals are to set aside  at­least two or three hours out of the day. That way I want be rushing and i would have more than  enough time to get things done the right way. Due to my schedule i chose three days to do my work.  The days will be Tue, Wed, and Thurs or Fri, Sat, and Sun. This allows me to keep up things a lot better  than trying to keep running to the computer to check dates and deadlines.           2. What is your time management plan to balance your academic, personal, and professional  responsibilities? Your response must be between 50 and 75 words.My time management plan is to keep  a strict mind­frame on accomplishing my goals. Using my calendar and composition notebooks help me  keep track of all my responsibilities and not get derailed. It helps me to get assignments done in a timely  fashion by sticking to the dates and deadlines i have set for myself besides the ones that are on the ......

Words: 513 - Pages: 3

The Goal

...Captured by Plamen T. THE GOAL A Process of Ongoing Improvement THIRD REVISED EDITION By Eliyahu M. Goldratt and Jeff Cox With interviews by David Whitford, Editor at Large, Fortune Small Business North River Press Captured by Plamen T. Additional copies can be obtained from your local bookstore or the publisher: The North River Press Publishing Corporation P.O. Box 567 Great Barrington, MA 01230 (800) 486-2665 or (413) 528-0034 www.northriverpress.com First Edition Copyright © 1984 Eliyahu M. Goldratt Revised Edition Copyright © 1986 Eliyahu M. Goldratt Second revised Edition © 1992 Eliyahu M. Goldratt Third Revised Edition © 2004 Eliyahu M. Goldratt All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher Manufactured in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Goldratt, Eliyahu M., 1948The goal: a process of ongoing improvement I. Coxjeff, 1951-. II. Title PR9510.9.G64G61986 823 ISBN: 0-88427-178-1 86-12566 Captured by Plamen T. 1 INTRODUCTION The Goal is about science and education. I believe that these two words have been abused to the extent that their original meanings have been lost in a fog of too much respect and mystery. Science for me, and for the vast majority of respectable scientists, is not about...

Words: 144560 - Pages: 579

The Goal

...employees from the company and still expects the plant to perform the same if not improve. Technology at the Bearington plant might be somewhat outdated, but management seems to be driving the plant further behind in there orders. 2. How does Jonah define "productivity"? Jonah tells Alex that productivity is the act of bringing a company closer to its goals. Jonah explains that Alex needs to decrease the amount of inventory at the plant, lower the amount of expenses that occur at the plant, and finally increase the amount of products that the Bearington plant sells. 3. How does Jonah define "Throughput", "Inventory", and "Operating Expense"? Throughput was defined as the actual rate of sales. He then proceeded to define inventory as the money included that is invested in items that are to be sold in the near future. Finally, an operational expense is the total amount of money expended where inventory is converted into throughput. 4. What is the “Goal”? Why does Alex need two sets of measurement: (1) Net profit, ROI, and Cash flow; and (2) Throughput, Inventory, OE? Alex comes up with the consensus that the “Goal” of his business and many others is to increase net profit while simultaneously increasing return on investment and their cash flow at the plant. This basically means to make money. These three measurements can be achieved by looking closer into his second set of measurements. Alex specifically must find a way to increase throughput while at......

Words: 1221 - Pages: 5

The Goal

...1 How does Jonah define "bottleneck resource"? Is bottleneck a bad thing to have? How did Alex identify the bottleneck resources in his plant? A. In The Goal Jonah thinks 2 How did Jonah calculate the value of a "bottleneck part"? How his approach is different from conventional standard cost systems? 3 What did Alex and his managers do to increase the capacity or the efficiency of the bottleneck resource? Are any of these approaches contradictory to conventional practices? Are they expensive/difficult to implement? Are they “easy” to implement? 4 Understand the red and green tags system that Alex and his managers developed. What was the purpose of this tag system? 5 Evaluate the decisions of bringing back Zmegma and engineering changes (p. 193). What does the decision affect the T, I, and OE measurement. 6 Understand the four linear combinations of bottlenecks and non-bottlenecks that Jonah illustrated in Chap 24&25. Which one of these relationships can be used to explain Stacey's observation on the spread of bottlenecks? 7 Understand the “drum” and “rope” ideas that Alex’s kids provided to solve his production problems. In addition, what did Ralph suggest to use the ideas to release materials for both bottleneck and non-bottleneck resources? 8 Even with the improvement, Peach still threatened to close down Alex’s plant. Why? What did Jonah suggest to achieve even more improvement? 9 Define "lead time". What are the four elements included in lead time? How......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Millenium Development Goals

...¿Cuáles son los Objetivos del Desarrollo del Milenio? Los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio de las Naciones Unidas son ocho objetivos que los 191 Estados Miembros de las Naciones Unidas convinieron en tratar de alcanzar para 2015. Los Objetivos y sus razones para ser alcanzados son los siguientes: 1. Erradicar la pobreza extrema y el hambre – Un billón de personas viven con menos de USD $1 por día y 854 millones de personas sufren de hambre crónica mientras un niño muere de hambre cada 5 segundos 2. Lograr la enseñanza primaria universal – Aproximadamente 77 millones de niños no asisten a escuela primaria 3. Promover la igualdad entre los sexos y el empoderamiento de la mujer – 96 millones de mujeres jóvenes de 15-24 años en los países en desarrollos no pueden leer o escribir 4. Reducir la mortalidad de los niños menores de 5 años – 26.000 niños menores de 5 años mueren cada día, muchas de enfermedades prevenibles 5. Mejorar la salud materna – Aproximadamente 500.000 mujeres mueren cada año por complicaciones debidas al embarazo y el parto 6. Combatir el VIH/SIDA, la malaria y otros enfermedades – Un millón de personas mueren cada año por la malaria mientras 14.000 casos nuevos de VIH/SIDA se diagnostican cada día 7. Garantizar la sostenibilidad del medio ambiente – 1 billón de personas no tiene acceso a agua potable dentro 15 minutos de sus casas. En todo el mundo los bosques están reduciendo a un ritmo sin precedentes 8. Fomentar una alianza mundial para el......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Un Millenium Goal

...UN-Millennium Development Goals 2015 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger by Adam Pindur Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. The path towards the Millennium Declaration 4 3. Millennium Development Goals 5 4. Global Poverty: Facts and figures 6 5. Measures against global poverty 8 6. Conclusion 10 7. Bibliography 11 „Those who has seen the world's poorest people, feels rich enough to help“ Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) www.eineweltfüralle.de Introduction At the Millennium Summit of the UN in September 2000, Heads of State and Government of the world, decided to reduce the number of people living in extreme poverty by half until 2015. Never before have governments and international organizations, businesses and civil society organizations announced in this form to a common goal, and moved so the fight against poverty in the focus. The implementation of the Millennium Development Goals  will be handled by many organizations and government institutions such as the BMZ (Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development). I will set my focus on the fight against poverty and mention the actions of the Millennium Declaration Goals. At first I will present the historical development from 1990 until 2000, the year of the Millennium Summit. After a presentation of the Millennium Declaration Goals, I will introduce facts and figures on global poverty. Then I will show concrete measures to......

Words: 2484 - Pages: 10