Option Pricing, Interest Rate Risk in U.S

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Option Pricing, Interest Rate Risk in U.S
Diana PĂUN & Ramona GOGONCEA (2013). Interest Rate Risk Management and the Use of Derivative Securities. Economia Seria Management. Retrieved from: <http://www.management.ase.ro/reveconomia/2013-2/4.pdf>
The study by these two authors aims at demonstrating how derivative financial instruments can be utilized to prudently manage interest rate risk majorly faced by numerous banks and financial institutions as well as enable the efficient application of monitoring and control tools. There are a couple of risk management methods at the disposal of banks including both balance sheet and off the balance sheet such as the gap method of managing interest rate risk for purposes of controlling short-term rates exposure, combined with derivatives such as options to manage the residual interest rate exposures.
Interest rate risks emanate from interest rates sensitivity differentials of capital outflows and inflows. Due to the common view or misconception that high interest rates are the best way of fighting inflation, banks’’ engaging in monetary policy. Financial institutions play a major role in influencing interest rates since they engage in releasing capita to the public by buying assets in the primary markets and selling securities in the secondary market so as to fund purchase of assets. Furthermore, any interest-bearing asset for instance a loan or bond may face interest rate risk caused by changes in the value of assets resulting from increased interest rates.

Initially, prediction of interest rates effects the value of assets used to be done using the maturity gap concept. This concept was based on the notion that the interse3st rate changes would affect both the liabilities and assets in equal measure therefore interest rate changes will not alter the banks’ market value. However, recent developments have seen the…...

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