Paul's Letter to the Romans

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By greenmonkey04
Words 3449
Pages 14
A Report:
The Letter of Paul to the Romans

Submitted by:
Reina Carla C. Luciano
Anjelli Mika S. Masa
Julian Gerolaga
Lorenzo B. Garcia
Josiah Nathan Gonzales
Renzo Oliver Lubuguin

I. Introduction
According to a website,, Paul’s letter to the Romans is probably the most systematic presentation of the gospel in all of his writings, and indeed in all of the New Testament. The letter can be broken down into two major sections, namely, doctrine (1:18-11:36) and then application (12:1-15:13).
Romans was written on a specific occasion and is an act of communication between two parties: the apostle Paul and the Roman Christians. To aid our reading of Romans we need to learn more about both parties.

The Author: Paul the Apostle
Paul did not found the Roman church, nor has he ever visited there. He has gotten to know some of the Roman Christians during his travels (16:3-15), but many of them he has never met. This may explain why he spends a little more time than usual introducing himself and explaining why he writes to a church that some would claim he has no authority over.
Paul considered himself a slave (dou`lo") of Christ Jesus. Paul’s desire in this context is not to simply place himself among venerated Old Testament saints, or express his gratitude to be a servant of Christ Jesus (though both are true), but rather to communicate in plain terms his commitment and devotion to the Messiah Jesus. Though there are several reasons for his allegiance to Christ, it is ultimately due to his recognition of who Jesus is. Paul’s insertion of “Christ Jesus” into the Old Testament formula “a servant of Yahweh” shows the high view of Jesus that he maintained. He considered Jesus worthy of the same obedience and devotion as Yahweh.
The Roman Christians
There is no direct evidence about the way the gospel was first planted in Rome, the capital of the Roman…...

Similar Documents


...Topic: Read Romans 3:21-4:25 and explain the Apostle Paul's argument. How do you explain the tension between Paul and James? Offer a resolution. What is his thesis (3:21)? The apostle Paul’s thesis is that a righteousness of God apart from law is now available to all believers in Christ (Romans 3:21-22) (Moo, pg. 126). This righteousness is received through faith not by obeying the law (Romans 3:22,26,28). Even though it is awarded apart form deeds, it was announced by the Law of Moses and the Prophets and establishes the former law; it does not destroy it (Romans 3:21,31). How does he build his case? Paul presents three implications of justification through faith apart from deeds in Romans 3:27-31. First, justification by faith excludes boasting (Romans 3:27-28). Salvation does not come through what we have done (our works or deeds), but by putting our trust in Christ. We are to lift up Christ by exalting in the works he has done, not our own works (Moo, pg. 142). Second, justification by faith excludes ethnic barriers (Romans 3:29-30). If it is by faith, then it cannot be by circumcision, race, or nationality. Every believer in Christ will be justified by God, regardless of origin. Third, justification by faith excludes antinomianism (Moo, pg. 129). Though some may charge the Apostle Paul with promoting lawlessness, the accusation is unfounded. We do not reject God’s law by affirming salvation by grace; we place law in its proper context within both salvation history...

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Paul's Rome Trip

...PAUL'S JOURNEY FROM JERUSALEM TO ROME  The Apostle Paul arrives in Jerusalem together with some of the disciples from Caesarea. He is lodged "with one of the early disciples, Mnason from Cyprus." The next day Paul goes to see James, and all the elders of the Jerusalem church are also present. Paul tells them "in detail what God had done among the Gentiles through his ministry." After hearing it they praise God and say to him: "You see, brother, how many thousands of Jews have believed, and all of them are zealous for the Law." These words indicate that it was the orthodox Jews of that time who had were better qualified than others to comprehend Jesus' Messiahship. And this is the way it is today, too. However, Paul had to remember that rumours were being spread about him that he teaches Jews to abandon Moses and forbids circumcision. Therefore he should take four men who "have made a vow." Now their Nazirite time had expired and therefore as a sign of this they had to have their hair cut and offer a fellowship sacrifice to the Lord.99 Paul "purified himself" with them, paid for their offering and took them into the Temple, so that people could conclude that Paul too lived according to the Law. And the elders assured them a second time that "as for the Gentile believers, we have written to them our decision that they should abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from meat from which the blood has not been drained and from sexual immorality." Thus they held......

Words: 6727 - Pages: 27

Paul's Case

...Kaylee Drew “Paul’s Case” “Paul’s Case” by Anton Chekov is a story of a young man who struggles about his identity. He doesn’t believe he belongs in his home or in society. Nobody supports him. In the middle of “Paul’s Case” there is a switch in narration. At this point, the reader can associate with Paul’s violent problems. Paul undergoes external and internal conflict, causing him to be a puzzling character. From the perspective at his family and teachers, Paul seems abnormal. From society’s perspective Paul is a misfit juvenile. From his perspective; however, he seems misunderstood and lost. In the beginning of the story Paul seems to be a typical teenage boy who happens to be in trouble for causing violent outbursts at school. As the story progresses the reader can infer that Paul is very withdrawn and would rather live in his fantasy world rather than face reality. Paul dreaded coming home after the Carnegie Hall performances. He located his “ugly sleeping chamber with the yellow walls;” but, most of all, he feared his father. This intense fear of his father figure was the first sign of his troubled home life. Paul no longer has a mother in his life because of a long illness. Pauls’ father continuously compares and holds Paul’s to the standards of the neighbor boy as a “model.” His father would have outbursts that would cause Paul to avoid home as much as possible. The lack of affection Paul received at home forced him to search elsewhere for the......

Words: 844 - Pages: 4

Paul's Sins and Salvations

...Paul: Sin and Salvation Paul’s views on the life of Jesus Is unique to the rest of the new testament writers. And although, Paul (once Saul) persecuted Jesus when he was alive, in the end, would be commissioned by Jesus himself. ”Paul an apostle—sent neither by human commission nor from human authorities, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father, who raised him from the dead—2and all the members of God’s family* who are with me.” (Galatians 1:1-2 NSRV). In fact, Paul was the first writer of the New Testament and his many letters give us much insight on how educated and cultured he was. He seems to be well versed in Greek, Roman and Jewish traditions, and his letters carefully and methodically use key terms and phrases to capture the hearts of each of those audiences. Paul is quite proficient at amalgamating opposing schools of thought, in order to create a bridge for the belief in Jesus, as the Christ and salvation for the world. A great example of Paul’s ability to unit different bodies of knowledge to create solidarity, can be read in Romans chapter 2 verse 14 “When Gentiles, who do not possess the law, do instinctively what the law requires, these, though not having the law, are a law to themselves.” (Romans 2:14). Here Paul is addressing the cream of the crop, in Greek thought concerning sin. Greek philosophy during that time (and for many contemporary philosophers today), concerning sin, was that man has the critical intrinsic mental faculties that enable rational...

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

The Letter of Paul

...The Letters of Paul Apostle Paul is very unique with his writings to the people. Paul made his letters real as they could get and they dealt with life and death issues. The letter structure of was highly important part of the ancient letter, as compared to the Hellenistic letter with those in Paul’s letter to Philemon. The whole anatomy of Paul’s letters was special because they all had structure. Paul has several sections in his letters: salutation, thanksgiving, the body, the closing, and the conclusion. The salutation was the most stable elements during the ancient period. The form is rather precise unlike today were we use the sender and recipient, as well as a greeting in the letter. I saw how Paul molds us in his letter to Philemon. During the time of this letter, Paul was in prison, he was addressing the master of Onesimus, which was a runaway slave who has sought refuge with Paul. Meanwhile, Onesimus was converted this set the stage for this letter. In this letter, Paul reminded Philemon that his apostolic mission gave him a prior claim on Onesimus. Paul treated Onesimus as if he was his own brother. Earlier during the beginning of the salutation, Paul identifies himself as a “prisoner for Christ Jesus.” Thus, this condition keys around Paul’s plea for leniency to Onesimus surfaces in the beginning of the letter. In Romans, we see how Paul’s original version of the conservative letter opening. His writings were to the church, one that he never been to before......

Words: 1717 - Pages: 7

Romans I

...R. BIBL425-01 Topic: While Romans is by far Paul’s most systematic letter, it was written to the Roman church in order to address specific concerns. Discuss the occasion, date, recipients, and purpose of Romans. Consider the following: Who founded the church in Rome? What was the situation like in Rome during this time? Who wrote Romans? From where was it written? Some believe that Romans is one of the most interesting and engaging books in the Bible precisely because it shapes the way we think about so much of the universe we live in. Moo “says he is convinced that the contemporary church desperately needs to grapple with what is going on in Romans. (Moo 2000, pg 16)[1] It is his goal to help Christians to understand this wonderful book and bring its eternal message into our own situations, and to show how the truth that Romans teaches affects our practice of our faith. (Moo 2000, pg 16)[2] Who founded the church in Rome? Some believe that Peter founded the first church in Rome, but this view is unlikely since Peter is never spoke of by Paul in the book of Romans and there is no evidence throughout the Bible. No one person could be attributed the founding father of the church in Rome nor its exact date. Paul Achtemeier states, “a congregation apparently existed in Rome before 49 AD, (Achtemeier 2010)[3] when the Emperor Claudius banned Jews, including Jewish Christians, from Rome. (Acts 18:2) Who wrote Romans? Paul wrote Romans using Tertius as his......

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

The Apostle Paul's View

...Anderson Introduction to the New Testament REL: 102 A May 13, 2014 Paul’s letter to Romans Paul’s ideas about Jesus are found in letters which he wrote to churches and which were later included in the book called the New Testament. Paul refers to Jesus by the title “Christos” which is translated to mean the word “Christ the anointed one,” in the New Testament. It is obvious that Paul believed certain things about Jesus and these ideas became dominant in the Christian Churches. One of the clearest indications that Paul considered Jesus to God comes from the fact that he used Monotheistic Old Testament passages which uniquely referred to Yahweh and applied them to the Lord Jesus Christ. Such verse can be referenced in Romans 10:13, 1 Cor. 2:16, 1Cor. 10:26, and 1 Cor. 1:31. In these verse Paul takes the Lord reference and applies it to Jesus. For Paul, the main human problem was sinfulness. Paul thought of Jesus as the New Adam. Just as Adam’s sin brought sin and death to all humanity, Jesus’ obedience brought forgiveness and life to all humanity (Romans 5:18-19). This becomes part of Paul’s rhetoric style. The early Christians prayed to Jesus for his return and for blessing and were even described as those who call upon the name of the Lord Jesus, which likely indicate that such prayer was a regular part of their devotional practices (1 Cor. 1:2; 16:22; 2 Cor. 12:8; Rom. 10:13). 1 Corinthians 1:2 and Romans 10:13 draw upon Old Testament passages that refer to Yahweh......

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

Biblical Worldview According to Romans

...Man’s insight to Romans 1-8 A Paper Presented to Professor Kraeger of Liberty University Lynchburg, VA In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Introduction to the New Testament BIBL 110-B32 By Ken Kramer February 8, 2014 INTRODUCTION The epistle Romans was authored by the apostle Paul while in Corinth in AD 56-57 and has been called “the most profound work in existence”.The book of Romans was also dubbed the “purest Gospel” by Martin Luther. Paul wrote the epistle because he felt he needed to establish the Roman believers in their faith and doctrine. In Romans Paul teaches us many crucial aspects of the Christian life. Let’s explore what we can learn from Romans 1-8 about how we should view the natural world, our human identity, our human relationships, and culture. I believe Paul needed to show them, and in turn us, how utterly lost and hopeless they were in order for them to truly understand the magnificent grace of God as displayed in the Gospel. The awesome and incredible design of nature alone delivers a clear and unmistakable message about God’s person and Power. Romans declares that the wrath of God is revealed against all godlessness and wickedness of people, and that what can be known about God is plain to them, because God made it plain to them, and that since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities (His eternal power and divine nature) have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made (Romans......

Words: 1597 - Pages: 7

How Romans 9-11 Fit in the Scheme of the Book of Romans

...Discuss how Romans 9 - 11 fits into the overall scheme and purpose of the book of Romans.  Are these chapters parenthetical, or are they essential to Paul’s overall argument?  How does this section/argument fit within salvation history? These chapters are essential to Paul's overall argument.  Leaving them out is like building a house with no foundation.  After laying out the Gospel, showing the depravity of mankind, how we are set free from bondage and living a Spirit-filled life, Paul must reckon with Israel's place in the overall scheme of God's plan and show how the Gentiles are grafted into that plan. As Moo states, "If they are to embrace the gospel, they must see how it is truly the fulfillment of the Old Testament."1   Additionally, this section answers questions concerning the promises of past, present and future that God is in fact honoring.  Murray notes that, "If this section of the epistle were absent, there would be a hiatus leaving us with unanswered questions and the corresponding perplexity." 2  Paul is obviously in anguish over the confusion among his brethren.  He must explain who Abraham's "offspring" truly are (the remnant) and communicate the inclusion of the Gentiles due to God's unfailing mercy. The gospel is made available to all (Rom. 10:13); however, God knows who will accept Him and who will reject Him.  Most of the Jews rejected Jesus when He walked among them.  While chapter 9 discusses Israel's unbelief, and how they "stumbled over the......

Words: 436 - Pages: 2

Romans 3:21-26

...modern-day application of Romans 3:21-26. The analysis of the passage to obtain a textual interpretation of Paul’s letter to the Romans will result in a more literal understanding of the original intent and clarify the author’s reasoning for sending a letter to the congregation. Context Historical-Cultural Context Founded in 753 B.C., Rome grew from a small village to a “powerful metropolis of over a million people.” With the Roman military seizure of Tiber River came a wealth of business, of people from numerous ethnicities, and of various religious beliefs and practices. The author of the book of Romans is the Apostle Paul (Rom. 1:1) with the assistance of a scribe, Tertius (Rom. 16:22). “Paul was spiritually a Jew, legally a Roman, and intellectually a Greek.” A comparison of Rom. 15:17 to Acts 20:2 leads that the epistle was written between AD 57-59 while Paul was in Corinth for three months. Prior to his Jerusalem delivery of financial offerings collected on his third missionary journey, Paul wrote to the church that consisted of primarily Gentile Christians, who inherited the Church after the emperor exiled the Jews. In Rom. 16:1-2 Paul commended Phoebe of Cenchrea, the Aegean seaport of Corinth. When the Jews returned from a five-year exile after the death of the emperor, division arose between the Jewish and Gentile Christians. Scholars have applied various single purposes for the epistle, yet agreeing with Lea and Black, Paul “wrote Romans with a threefold......

Words: 4111 - Pages: 17

Paul's Trial Response

...presentations of the truth. The Jews who were strict in their traditions, were less accepting of Christ being their messiah, and savior of the world. While the Romans and the other Gentile nations were quite accepting of the new love they found in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Q-What three main advantages were there in Paul being a prisoner? The three advantages of Pauls’ stay in prison is chronicled in Stott’s book “The message of Acts” where he gives three compelling examples. The first is the belief that while being locked up his ministry was expanding. It is believed that Paul presented the gospel to Agrippa, Felix and even Nero himself. The second advantage was Paul’s witness was increased during a two year stay in Caesarea prison. Stott wrote that Paul had five years of comparative inactivity. Two years of prison, two years under house arrest in Rome. Six months of travel between Caesarea to Rome. These events totaled five years of a detained life for the Apostle Paul. The third thing that was attributed to the Apostle Paul was his suffering for the gospel The Apostle Paul while incarcerated Paul wrote three awesome letters to the Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians. Paul gave some great instructions in these three letters to the Christians in these three cities. We know whether free or incarcerated that the Apostle Paul’s life has given us a glimpse of what it means to love and serve God with all of your heart mind and soul....

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Roman 7:7-25

...LIBERTY UNIVERSITY EXEGETICAL PAPER ON (ROMANS 7:7-25) A BOOK REVIEW SUBMITTED TO DR. ADEYEMI IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE NBST 610 LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY BY DANIEL GOBLE LYNCHBURG, VIRGINIA FEB, 28TH 2015 OUTLINE Selected passage: Romans 7:7-25 Thesis: In Romans 7:7-25 we see Paul’s conviction of the law and learning how to live a sanctified life where he claims that the law is not evil but it is present to show sins existence in our life. Outline: I. Introduction II. Context: A. Historical cultural context of Paul B. Literary context of Romans 7:7-25 II. Content: A. Is the law sin? 7-12 B. Is the law the cause of death? 13-14 C. How to deal with the inner struggle? 14-24 D. Who will set me free? 24-25 I. Application: A. Our understanding of the Law B. What the law then tells us about our lives today C. How to deal with the inner struggle of the law D. A life of sanctification INTRODUCTION: As we look at the passage in Romans 7:7-25 we see a mix of emotions and a struggle that comes within all people who choose to reject sin and choose holiness. In this exegetical paper we will break down this passage into many parts and talk about the historical context of the passage as well as the literary context. After we explain the style of authorship we will talk about the context of the writing and how Paul was......

Words: 3481 - Pages: 14

Paul's Apostolic Authority

...EXEGESIS: GALATIANS 1:11-17 The letter to the Galatians written by Paul to the churches he established in Galatia during his first missionary journey declares that freedom in Christ flows from justification by faith through grace alone. These verses assert Paul’s divine calling to establish the gentile church and appeal to Galatian Christians to resist adding to the gospel of grace the observance of certain Jewish traditions including circumcision, Jewish festival and food laws promoted by Jewish Christians (Judaizers), thereby alienating themselves from Christ Elevating themselves these Judaizers claimed to be sent by the apostles in Jerusalem who had known Jesus in the flesh, while undermining Paul’s authority as second-hand (1:11). Paul defends his authority as neither second-hand, received nor taught by man, but direct revelation of Jesus Christ (1:12; 1Cor15:8; Acts9: 3-6; Matt16:16-17). Indeed, his life testifies to the transforming power of the gospel of grace… ‘For you have heard of my former conduct in Judaism’, he continues. Cheered by Jews, feared by Christians, Paul was both famous and infamous, but not unknown. In Paul’s zeal (1:13) to uphold ‘the traditions of his fathers’ (the Law), it was not enough to expunge from Jerusalem ‘heretical’ Christians claiming this man Jesus as Messiah fulfilling the Law and bringing an end to temple sacrifice. Rather, Paul sought to annihilate the Christian cult, dragging them to prison or having them killed (Acts7:58-60...

Words: 802 - Pages: 4

Paul's Prison Letters

...1. How were the churches in the Lycus Valley founded? (Polhill pp. 330-331) The churches appear to have been established by Paul’s coworker Epaphras, who was a native Colossian. Luke indicated that during Paul’s ministry in Ephesus all the Jews and Greeks who lived in the province of Asia heard the word of the Lord. Paul followed his usual missionary strategy of establishing himself in a major city with his coworkers fanning out into the countryside to establish churches in the wider region. The Lycus Valley churches were a product of Paul’s Ephesian ministry. Epaphras served as Paul’s coworker, establishing the churches there. Paul did consider them his churches, as they were the product of his apostolic ministry. When difficulties arose in them, Epapharas turned to Paul for guidance and assistance. Colossians is the product of that relationship. 2. Describe each of the three cities in the Lycus Valley. (Pohill pp. 331-332) Laodicea was a new fairly city, having been founded by the Seleucid king Antiochus II in 250 B.C. and then under direct Roman rule in 133 B.C. when the last of the kings of Pergamum bequeathed his kingdom in Rom. In Paul’s day, Laodicea was the most prominent city of the Lycus Valley; it was the tax-gathering and judicial center for the whole administrative area, which consisted of twenty-seven towns, including Hierapolis and Colosse. It was prosperous, boasting a thriving industry in black woolen goods and a famous medical......

Words: 2493 - Pages: 10


...Roger Powell Romans Prof. Burggraff 11-19-08 “Law” in the Book of Romans The word “Law”, or nomos, is repeated over seventy times in the book of Romans according to F. F. Bruce in his book The Letter of Paul to the Romans. Obviously, the law is a key theme in Romans. Under the direction of the Holy Spirit, Paul sought to explain to the Jews what the law is for, what it is not for, and how it applies to them. The Jew’s attitude towards the law and towards the saved Gentiles was very clear and the book of Romans explained to them how they should view the law. Before coming to an understanding of what the law meant to the Jews, one must have knowledge of what Paul is talking about when he refers to the law. No doubt, Paul is talking about the Mosaic Law that was given to the Israelites at Mt. Sinai, the Law that was required for the Jews to follow before God sent his Son as the sacrificial lamb. This law was very significant to the Jews because before the Law, sin and death reigned in the world, (Romans 5:14). However, once the law was established, man could clearly see what was right and what was wrong. The law defined the difference between sin and righteousness. The law was given by God so that people would have the ability to recognize their sins and to seek His forgiveness for them. Although Christ had not yet offered Himself as the perfect blood sacrifice, a substitute of a lamb was put in place as a symbol of the coming sacrifice of our Lord. This enabled...

Words: 2780 - Pages: 12