Read the Joe Salatino, President of Great Northern American Case Study Located in Chapter 5. from Textbook (Organizational Behavior

In: Business and Management

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In microeconomics, division of labor is an approach applied in most organizations whereby complex and sophisticated activities are divided down into simpler tasks and assigning the same tasks to people who are specialized in those particular divisions (Boyes & Melvin, 2012). From the past record in history, there exist a relationship between division of labor with growth output of trade, increase in capitalism and growth of industrialization processes. In addition, division of labor enhances specialization hence increased and production.
The division to specialty experts occurs both horizontally and vertically. This division brings a question on how the transactions taking place under the division of labor are coordinated to be in harmony with one another. At many times it is difficult because the different departments are managed by different directors who sometimes have contradicting ideas and strategies in running businesses of a company. Moreover, it has been seen in many organizations that, some institutions collapse due such leadership that take a different course.
There are a number of strategies of achieving coordination of different divisions. For instance in a factory, the production processes are divided into various simpler operations. In these operations, there are workers who have been assigned to take care of them. The management then supervises the divisions in order to coordinate the whole system. In overseeing the operations, it can give instructions which are followed by both divisions. Such mode of operation is known as the industrial division of labor (Boyes & Melvin, 2012).
More often than not, division of labor is only known to exist within one organization or company. That is not the case because it can exist between different companies, factories or organizations. It also exists between different workers for example between a doctor…...

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