Roy Jennkins

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Roy Jenkins
The son of a Welsh coal miner, Roy Jenkins later became a union official and Labour MP. He also served with distinction in World War II. Elected to Parliament as a Labour member in 1948, he served in several major posts in Harold Wilson's First Government. As Home Secretary from 1965–1967, he sought to build what he described as "a civilised society", with measures such as the effective abolition in Britain of capital punishment and theatre censorship, the decriminalisation of homosexuality, relaxing of divorce law, suspension of birching and the legalisation of abortion. As Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1967–1970, he pursued a tight fiscal policy. On 8 July 1970, he was elected Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, but resigned in 1972 because he supported entry to the Common Market, while the party opposed it.
He was elected to the House of Commons in a 1948 by-election as the Member of Parliament for Southwark Central. His constituency was abolished in boundary changes for the 1950 general election, when he stood instead in the new Birmingham Stechford constituency. He won the seat and represented the constituency until 1977.
Once Jenkins took office as Home Sectary – the youngest Home Secretary since Churchill – he immediately set about reforming the operation and organisation of the Home Office.
From 1967 to 1970 Jenkins served as Chancellor of the Exchequer, replacing James Callaghan following the devaluation crisis of November 1967. He quickly gained a reputation as a particularly tough Chancellor with his 1968 budget increasing taxes by £923 million, more than twice the increase of any previous budget to date.
He died on 5 January 2003, aged 82, after suffering a heart attack at his home at East Hendred, in Oxfordshire.

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George Brown was a British Labour politician who served as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1960 to…...

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