Study Only

In: Other Topics

Submitted By deathlobby
Words 975
Pages 4
An observation study is the recording of behaviours or events and the gathering of data that proves or disproves a hypothesis. There are five different types of observational study which can be covert meaning secretive or overt meaning open to all involved. Observational studies are not usually experimental as there are no independent or dependant variables as this method is a more natural type of study in psychology.

Participant observation is when the researcher takes part in their own observation with the participants.

A non-participant study is where the researcher keeps his or her distance while observing the participants behaviours during the study.

Unlike the others the structured observation method is a semi-experimental observational study. It is a planned observation and recording of behaviours as they happen in a controlled environment.

The unstructured observation is a spontaneous observation of behaviours or events while they are happening in their natural environment.

The naturalistic observation is a planned observation of natural behaviours in their environment.
A participant observational study can be beneficial as the researcher is part of the environment of the study allowing an insider view of their own study.

Non participant observational studies can be seen as a good way of researching the study, as the researcher avoids contact with the participants and this could be because the observer could cause the participants to act in an unnatural way making the end results of the experiment inaccurate; this is called the observer approach.

Structured observations are a semi experimental observational method of research, making this a controlled environment which provides a safer environment to work with, which is good for research with child studies. The type of study allows control of extraneous variables meaning the…...

Similar Documents

Cais Study(Only Reading Part)

...Juices, jams and preserves. It is the fastest developing company between juice manufacturing companies. One of the keys of success is the company’s innovative approach to the product development. SIS Natural LLC is producing “SIS” and “Yan” brands. The company is going to enlarge its production line, and introduce three new brands. There will be juices, nectars and drinks in paper box - Pure-Pack, which is segmented for meddle class in market. All brands have some focused on some target audience, and together they all satisfy every type of juice customer. The company has main two plans. First is to have dynamic development, second is presentation of new brands with original flavors and the further expansion, strengthening of the position not only in Armenian juices market, also abroad. Company is exporting its products to about 15 countries include Europe, USA, Russia, Ukraine etc. The main competitors are “Amare”, “Noyan”, “Graniny” and ‘Ararat”. The company’s main advantages are that their product have high quality, are well segmented and prepared for all segments, has comfortable packages and sizes which are demanded, has nice and attractive view, also low price....

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Its Only Me

...”It’s only me” Match the English and Danish words. Torment – En pinsel Threat - Trussel Cruel - Grusom Pity – Medlidenhed Shorthand - Kodeudtryk Taunt - Håne Tor’mentor - Plageånd Frisk – Kropsvisitere Target - Skydeskive Ne’glegt -Forsømme Threaten - True Pattern - Mønster Taunt - Hån Negligent - Forsømmelig Cruelty - Grusomhed Tor’ment – At pine Agony – Smerte 1. It’s only me. Two ways to understand it. It can mean that he is lonely, and it can also mean the way they talk about it in the story that’s it is only him that has those problems. Problems like bully, drugs, bad childhood and neglect from his parents. He might think it is only him who got those problems but it isn’t. 2. First we hear about an 11-year old boy that threatened to kill the girl he liked and the boy who kissed her which is jealousy. Jealousy is very often the reason for murder. He told the police that he was just joking. Another 11-year old threatened to shoot his teachers tape player, and then the teacher. He didn’t like the music. Elizabeth Bush, who wanted to become a human rights activist or a nun, shot the head-cheerleader in the cafeteria. She did it to prove the other that she could do it. 3. One reason could be that the parents think that their children wouldn’t do such a horrible thing. The parents often choose to overlook the problems, and look the other way. The parents often don’t know when the children got problems. The school doesn’t notify the parents if anything is wrong. ...

Words: 669 - Pages: 3


...English 1303 Abstinence-only: Does it work? Statistics show that “70 percent of US teens have engaged in oral sex…and more than 45 percent have had intercourse at least once.” Today’s future generation has been involved in sexual activities more than ever. The question is, do they know what they are getting themselves into? With the deliberation on what should be taught in a sex education class, many wonder if the abstinence-only programs are working to lower the number of teens that participate in these activities? Paul Weyrich’s article “Abstinence Education Works” and Arthur Caplan’s article “Abstinence-Only Sex Ed Defies Common Sense: Education Policy Spreads Ignorance, Sends Confusing Messages to Teens” both have different viewpoints on abstinence-only sex education. Weyrich claims that having abstinence-only education programs can prevent teen pregnancies and transmissions of sexually transmitted diseases. Research from Texas A&M, show that sex education classes that teach abstinence have significantly lowered sexual activity rates among teens. Studies show that abstinence programs are very beneficial and many ways towards teenagers. The programs teach teens to be safe, prepared, and mature about sex; as well prepare them for when they get married and have sex in the future. Weyrich finishes off strong by restating his main point: the best prevention against STDs and unplanned pregnancies is not having sex before marriage. According to Caplan, STD’s are......

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

Test Only on. Numerous objectives will be addressed: globalization and emigration’s effect on cultural food and drink; tourism’s spread of cultural gastronomic competitiveness and misunderstandings; international messaging in cultural gastronomy; the media’s effect on cultural traditions; marketing and thematic cultural cuisine portrayal to the public; the demographic impact on specific cultural cohesion and continuance in gastronomic areas; aesthetic effects and interpretation as gastronomically pertinent; the physiology, emotional, social, and psychological responses triggered by cultural cuisine and the contrary effects when altered or deliberately changed; and the economics of cultural cuisine’s purity or forced changes. The purpose of this study will be to identify, explore, compare, and educate the reader concerning major world cultures over the centuries, particularly as it applies to gastronomy and cultural division in the world today.  Introduction Gastronomy is the scientific categorization for the process of eating – searching, procurement, and preparation of food – with a focus on preserving mankind’s existence. It is gastronomy which motivates vine dressers, hunters, hybrid cultivators, and cooks/chefs in preparing food for human consumption. As alimentary substances, then, food is quantifiable within various scientific and socioeconomic strata and is applicable to physics for properties, chemistry for composition, commerce for global marketplace competitiveness,......

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5

Only the Lonely

...Only the Lonely Frankenstein is Mary Shelley's most notable piece of work, written when she was only eighteen years old. The novel explores the theme of loneliness and rejection. The monster created by Victor Frankenstein is rejected by human society because of his appearance. Mary Shelley explores the feelings of how the creature is utterly ignored and abused by the society. I believe the novel became a reflection of the inner state of Mary Shelly. It reflects sufferings and loses that occurred in the own authors life. As notes Anthony Badalamenti in his article Why did Mary Shelley Write Frankenstein: “She was also the product of her own past, suffering three successive losses in her early life that reveal why themes of being alone and abandoned run through the novel”(Badalamenti, 431). All these sad events and constant feeling of loneliness helped Mary to create a very deep and powerful character. Victor does not think about possible results of his experiments. He does not think what will happen when he finally succeeds and created a living creature. He is severely punished by his attitude when the creature created by him turns into a monster. Shelley illustrates that the guilt for murders can not be put only on Frankenstein's creation. Society and social norms finally result in the feeling of loneliness and estrangement. “The monster complains that his maker and mankind are moving his nature from goodness and benevolence to wrath and violence. He attempts the company of...

Words: 1186 - Pages: 5

Hands Only Cpr

...In Pre-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients, How Does Hands-Only CPR Compared To Standard CPR, Affect Neurological Outcomes? Abstract Summary Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death in the U.S. Increasing bystander-initiated CPR through “hands-only” CPR and EMS dispatcher instructed “hands-only” CPR improves survival rates. Methods CINAHL, PubMed, and OvidMD were searched for the following key terms or combination thereof: “hands-only”; “compression-only”; chest compression-only”; “bystander”; “CPR”; “dispatcher”; and “neurological affect”. We initially restricted our search to peer-reviewed studies published in English between January 2004 and June 2014, but agreed by consensus to use a 2000 study located during a manual search of included study references. Results We identified nine Level II, III, and IV studies comparing “hands-only” CPR and “standard” CPR, published between 2000 and 2013, and occurring in the countries of Japan, London, Sweden and the U.S. All but one of the study results recommend that “hands-only” CPR is at least equal or superior to “standard” CPR. Conclusions Guidelines should be established to teach bystander “hands-only” CPR nationwide, to increase public awareness of the effectiveness of “hands-only” CPR and start to teach out-of-hospital “hands-only” CPR. Introduction Sudden cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death in the United States (Neumar, Barnhart, Berg, Chan, Geocadin, Luepker,… Nichol, 2011). ......

Words: 5900 - Pages: 24

Sample Only

...adolescence, like classmates, are called peers. When they try to influence how the act, to get to do something, it’s called peer pressure. It’s something everyone has to deal with, even adults. Maybe others want to do it, and just don’t have to courage to do it and friends talk them into it. Peer pressure can be broken down into two areas, good peer pressure and bad peer pressure. Peer pressure was always thinking of it in bad terms. In terms of pressuring others into, smoking, do illegal drugs, drink alcohol, have promiscuous sex, engage in criminal and quasi-criminal, behavior, do violence, join gangs, and so on. Thinking of the many good ways that peer pressure can influence and neither do the parents of teens. It is tough to be the only one who says no to peer pressure, but they can do it. Paying attention to feelings and beliefs about what is right and wrong can help them to know the right thing to do. Inner strength and self-confidence can help to stand firm, walk away, and resist doing something when you know better. The peer pressure is the one of strong influences in criminology student. It can cause a good and bad effect on the student school performance. Peer pressure has different type of various ways to influence the criminology student. The students have different ways to control and manage it, but how about the other students who didn’t have a talent and strong to face the peer pressure. Peer pressure a contributing factors in the criminology student of......

Words: 6329 - Pages: 26

Research Atrocle Only

...Organizational Factors of General Hospital Inpatient Psychiatric Care Environments Nancy P. Hanrahan, Ph.D., R.N. Aparna Kumar, M.A., M.P.H. Linda H. Aiken, Ph.D., R.N. Objective: Although general hospitals receive nearly 60% of all inpatient psychiatric admissions, little is known about the care environment and related adverse events. The purpose of this study was to determine the occurrence of adverse events and examine the extent to which organizing factors of inpatient psychiatric care environments were associated with the occurrence of these events. The events examined were wrong medication, patient falls with injuries, complaints from patients and families, work-related staff injuries, and verbal abuse directed toward nurses. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from a 1999 nurse survey linked with hospital data. Nurse surveys from 353 psychiatric registered nurses working in 67 Pennsylvania general hospitals provided information on nurse characteristics, organizational factors, and the occurrence of adverse events. Linear regression models and robust clustering methods at the hospital level were used to study the relationship of organizational factors of psychiatric care environments and adverse event outcomes. Results: Verbal abuse toward registered nurses (79%), complaints (61%), patient falls with injuries (44%), and work-related injuries (39%) were frequent occurrences. Better management skill was associated with fewer patient falls and......

Words: 4115 - Pages: 17

Theres Only 1

...I found the chapter 20 There is No God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Prophet very interesting to read. I’ve had previous knowledge about the Islamic Religion and the Arab people past of advances of mathematics in history when I was deployed to Kuwait but this chapter was shortly informative overall about the religion and past accomplishments on the Arab people. Although I don’t agree with the teachings of Muhammad I found the chapter interesting to read about the history of the birth of the Islam and the development of chemistry and algebra. As a Christian myself I believe that there is only one God and that Jesus is the child of God. That being said I don’t believe in the prophet Muhammad who was said to have come to teach the way of the Lord. I also I don’t agree on Muhammad’s teaching instructing that people should pray five times a day facing the holy city Mecca. In the Bible it is said that we as Christians should pray to God at all times continuously communicating to him. The last topic I do not agree with is having to take a pilgrimage traveling to the holy city Mecca once a year. In the Bible it tells us that when Jesus died on the Cross he created an open communication between God and us in which we don’t have to go to a certain place or have a certain person to be able to have communication with the Lord or to talk to Him and feel His presence we are able to do this ourselves. Although I do not agree with the teachings of Islam taught by Muhammad I did find......

Words: 392 - Pages: 2

The One and Only

...Basically any job that does not require a higher education is out of limits to foreigners (such as a bartender, housekeeper, etc.) Jobs which most Bahamians think they are too good for are easy to get (such as farm worker or gardener which is happily taken by a Haitian immigrants).In this case weather an open position by any employer that has job vacancies must first advertise them locally and is unsuccessful in finding a Bahamian personnel for the position then they will have to apply to the Department of Immigration for permission to recruit foreigners, but then again to be on the safe side the foreigner which was hired will then be asked to present the necessary document to show his/her ‘qualifications’ such as a college degree. This is only fair to the citizens of the country and both parties.Most likely these foreigners were given more than fairness, meaning that illegal children are able to attend government schools for a short period of time in order for them to get straight with legal documents...

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Sample Only

...Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,, Sample only,,......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

The Only One

...In the Bible, Christ’s resurrection is explored after his death, leading into resurrection. Events that lead to his demise lead to his return in the real world, bringing a new and insightful light to the story. The significance of Christ being able to self-resurrect back into the world is because he’s the only one to ever do it, and do it successfully, whereas other Gods don’t have the ability to do so. To further explain, according to the Bible, Christ is the only deity but self identified man to essentially do this. Considering his abilities is through God, and God wanted reveal to man proof of his power through Jesus, without directly showing it to them like many times prior, by raising Jesus from the dead. To emphasize this, “because He has appointed a day on which, He will judge the world in righteousness by the Man whom He has ordained. He has given assurance of this to all by raising Him from the dead.” Christ had mentioned several times that his death and resurrection would be the one thing to give to the sinful and unbelieving world God made for them. Such as, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” Further explaining that he knew he would be able to come back with ease. Foreknowing one’s own death is common in most......

Words: 678 - Pages: 3

English Only

...on the language I am using the most to get me through the day. Were as if I were required to speak and use French only I would be forced to become more familiar with French ultimately using it fluently. This is the point of many state debates about English-only. Many states have educated students from different countries with a bilingual approach for many years. They have been taught in their native language for a majority of their school day and have been learning English as a second language. How can we expect students to learn a language that they are not required to use or understand for the majority of their school day? California is one of a few states that have passed a law to provide education to immigrate students in English only. “Proposition 227 was a California ballot proposition passed in the June 2, 1998 ballot” (Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia 2011). It ended bilingual education programs in the state and replaced them with the Structured English Immersion model. This provided students with a one-year program in English and then place the students back in main stream education and provide them the resources to then catch up in other academic areas. With typical bilingual education a student may be separated from their peers for several years while learning English which encourages segregation in schools. Were proposition 227 suggest students only be separated from their peers for one year while learning English this places them back with their peers......

Words: 866 - Pages: 4

Only Hope

...Only Hope INTRODUCTION: “……………..Unless I can stop this feeling and made the best caffeine of drug! I need to exhale and inhale! I proposed to live longer and be with….. But I guess I shouldn’t! I’m mistakable! I irritate while that happen… Rumors and flings. Accidentally I fell…. Am I still take this chance to be with him or go away and live my life in darkest?” >>>>>Airielle Hoover “I am still doing the right for you. Don’t worry I will be there though you making me fastened and lice. Remember me! Begging you to please give me chance Airielle. “ >>>>>Austine Curl Xiu The reason why people hated to be with someone is that, they cannot find themselves a private way to express their own emotions and expressions. Other people might says, “Better to be with someone who will make you happy”, what if the reason why you prefer to be alone is that someone who you want to be with is always ignoring you when you need his help or let say his affection and belongingness is not unto you. What if every time you go for, is just like you’re a wind and crap to that person? How can you stay and find time to reassure that he will give you more time to talk with your problems or flaws either? How should you see yourself to be trapped and when you fall asleep the only thing you can imagine is your already dead without knowing and feel it? Life is really unfair and so ridiculous, you cannot find your way and purpose to anyone’s life and you always......

Words: 8958 - Pages: 36

Only Chance

...can’t control my anger But I can’t understand Why every time he’s not around I always seek him As if my heart is aiming to see him I’ve never known that I already fall for him. One day, he talked to me And ask if I can go with him I immediately rejected him From that, I realized something For I wanted to be with him This means I’ve fallen for him But this urge to be with him was swallowed by my pride He never asked me again Even talked to me Months passed I feel like my heart is crushing everyday One day, I saw him again I thought he’s alone I was going to approached and talked to him But a girl came running to him My heart was aching A tear came falling But all I can do is cry more For I ruined my one and only chance From that moment I’ve known that all this time I’ve ALWAYS believe in “LOVE” But sadly, for the first time because of it, I’ve been hurt....

Words: 291 - Pages: 2