The Articals

In: Historical Events

Submitted By destinychild71
Words 335
Pages 2
The Articles of Confederation was agreed to by Congress on November 15, 1777 and was ratified and in force on March 1, 1781. By the year 1787, this new government had fallen short of the expectations of the people it was intended to govern. The weaknesses in The Articles of Confederation were numerous and had, in the thinking of many prominent men of that time, failed and would lead to a state of anarchy. There was such a sense of urgency to amend it that there seemed to be an atmosphere of panic among many of our Founding Fathers. John Dickenson and fellow members of the 2nd Continental Congress, weary of monarchy rule, had created the Articles of Confederation as a listing of twelve specific Powers given Congress by which to govern. Legislation required nine votes to pass. Each state had only one vote and this was problematic to the larger states, as their problems, more often than not, were based on a larger population and it was not unusual that the smaller states didn’t understand or want to pay for the solutions. Some lesser acts did not require nine votes to pass, but simply a majority of those present. Acts of Significant Consequence did require nine votes. The trouble with all of this was that even if nine votes could be achieved, there was no enforcement of law to be implemented by Congress. Congress could make law but not enforce it. It could charge states for their share of national indebtedness, but lacked the power to collect. Congress could approve military provisions...but not raise an army without nine votes. Congress could borrow money on credit of The United States…but wasn’t allowed to raise its own revenue to repay the debt. It could appropriate money but would need nine votes to fund it. Congress could establish courts to piracy…but raising a Navy would take nine votes. They could establish Post Roads and Post…...

Similar Documents

Artical

...Legalizing Prostitution BCOM/275 September 17, 2012 Betty Bernstein Legalizing Prostitution Prostitution is the oldest profession in the world and is a touchy subject for many because it is filled with vagueness’s and double standards. Even the very definition of the word is perplexed now days. Along with the new definition in Webster it’s really hard to figure out exactly what makes prostitution illegal. According to ProCon.org (2012), “We generally think of the transfer of money as the element that makes prostitution a crime (although money plays a subtle part in all sorts of sexual relationships). Yet in a number of states, as well as in Webster's newest dictionary, the definition of prostitution includes not only the exchange of money but also the rather vague concept of promiscuity... for example, forbid[ding] both getting paid for sex and the offering of the body for indiscriminate sexual intercourse without hire.” In the article entitled “Ten Reasons for Not Legalizing Prostitution and a Legal Response to the Demand for Prostitution” the author, Janice G. Raymond expounds on the topic of prostitution and reasons not to legalize the profession. The article is very informative and brings up some valid points and evidence to support her theories. Two of the reasons that were listed in the article lacked credibility, reliability, and validity. The reason in the article that Raymond lacked these things was reason number six, which basically stated that she......

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Knowledge Management

...periodontal pathogen , Monocytes from subjects with diabetes produce 24 to 32 times increase level of TNF , than do monocytes from subjects without diabetes. translocation and phosphorylation of insulin receptor inhibit by TNF which is an antagonist to the cell surface insulin receptor substrate that will lead to the inhibition of insulin action and intracellular glucose transport causative to insulin resistance. This explains why a diabetic patients with periodontitis have a worsening of glycemic control and may also explain why periodontal therapy that lead to reduce the serum level of the inflammatory mediator and decrease the inflammation locally enhancing of the glycemic control in studies of diabetic subjects . All of them from the artical(Dr j) that heba sent exept the highlight 1 from (mab)...

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Septemeber 11th Artical

...On September 11, 2001, at 8:45 a.m. on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. As the evacuation of the tower and its twin got underway, television cameras broadcasted live images of what initially appeared to be a freak accident. Then, 18 minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767–United Airlines Flight 175–appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and sliced into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning debris over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they were allegedly acting in retaliation for America's support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and had taken flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. Others had slipped into the country in the months before September 11 and acted as the "muscle" in the operation. The......

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

Acc291 Wk.5 Ind. Ass. Behavior Artical

...Effect of Unethical Behavior Article Analysis Terra Postelle ACC/291 January 08, 2013 Bennie Clark Effect of Unethical Behavior Article Analysis The effects of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 on financial statements are general guidelines as to how the information is gathered, calculated and presented to clients while enforcing their accuracy and legitimacy. Companies such as Enron, Tyco, Global Crossing, and WorldCom are just a few examples of corrupt business cultures, practices, and greed that made the need for new laws to arise in order to prevent future business taking the same direction. These companies and companies like them manipulated, lied, embezzled, and sometimes flat out stole from their clients plummeted into financial hardship and in some cases the economy as well. There will always be companies such as, The Brooke Corporation, who will purposefully manipulate financial data or find new loop holes through the SOX guidelines and laws to make a bigger profit. Corporations and businesses such as these do not look at the ethics behind their decisions, but their business’s financial well-being and their own pockets. In the article, Eight Years After The Fact Is SOX Working? A Look At Brooke Corporation, Brooke Corporation would sell insurance and related services through franchises. When an “Agent” would purchase a franchise Brooke Corporation would allow the use of their business model, registered trade name, access to the products of insurance company......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Research

...minimise discomfort and pain. The procedures that were proposed would stop Ashley from reaching puberty and to stop her physical growth. It was suggested that if Ashley reached puberty it would become more difficult to care for her and extremely uncomfortable. The suggested treatment would avoid the discomfort associated with menstruation, large breasts and reduce the complications that get worse with size such as pressure sores. It was also thought that freezing Ashleys development would reduce her chances of being vulnerable to sexual abuse by future carers once her parents were no longer able to care for her. There have been several discussions surrounding this proposal. Martin Platt of Royal Vistoria Infirmary wrote a very interesting artical (community care 15-21 Februalry 2007 p 26). He supported the parents decison and believed 'the quality of her life depends on the quality of theirs'. He believed that the decision to stop Ashleys development would help the family unit in Ashleys care. He also understood that Ashley was one of a number of dependants that the family had, and that if her care could be made easier for the parents to manage then it would mean that the other siblings would have there needs me more effectively and a happy home is a loving home. 'For Ashley size matters. Every parent of a child with sever motor impaiment knows that growth brings significant restrictions' (community care 15-21 Februalry 2007 p 26). If Ashleys size could be restricted......

Words: 573 - Pages: 3

Artical Review

...Name: Steve Chastain Name of Article: How to Prepare for a New Job Orientation, What to Expect at a Job Orientation Name of Journal or Website: About.com Name of Author: Alison Doyle Date of Publication: No date on the article Abstract This article was about how professionals starting a new job can prepare for the orientation process. HR professionals work hard on getting the things together to get you through orientation as quick and painless as possible. There will be a lot of information thrown at you and you might not catch everything. This article describes how to prepare for it, call your employer when you are preparing that helps bridge the gap so nothing is missing the day you go in. Ask questions; don’t be afraid to speak up because someone out there is thinking the same thing. Things to take away from this article are, how to prepare for the orientation itself. Call ahead if you are unsure of what to bring or expect. Always dress appropriately for the orientation, you may have executives that stop in and speak. Show up early and check in, especially on your first day of orientation, after that you can judge when you should show up. Bring something to write with and a note pad to take notes there may not be ones provided for you and you have nothing to write down the information you want to remember for yourself, or even question you may want to ask out of a classroom setting. If you don’t know the tax information off the top of your head have......

Words: 1633 - Pages: 7

Genetics

...symptom is what the patient tells the doctor, such as dizziness, or insomnia.” – Christian Nordqvist 4. What is the role of chromosomes in the inheritance of genetic traits, such as cystic fibrosis and Huntington’s disease? These conditions are the result of mutation of genes on specific chromosomes. The primary difference in their Inheritance is that Huntington’s is caused by a dominant allele, while Cystic fibrosis is caused by a recessive allele. Be sure to include a Reference Page using APA formatting http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articals/159552.php Written by Christian Nordqvist Sunday August 2nd 2009 “A sign is what the doctor can detect, such as involuntary movements, or a rash. A symptom is what the patient tells the doctor, such as dizziness, or insomnia.” – Christian Nordqvist http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articals/147960.php Written by James McIntosh Last updated: Wednesday 18 June 2014 originally published: Tuesday 28 April 2009 ----------------------- Key: [pic] male affected with cystic fibrosis [pic] unaffected male [pic] female affected with cystic fibrosis [pic] unaffected female Generation I II III IV V Pedigree showing inheritance of cystic fibrosis A Key: [pic] male with Huntington’s Disease [pic] unaffected male [pic] female with Huntington’s Disease [pic] unaffected female Generation I II III IV V Pedigree showing Inheritance of Huntington’s......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Artical Review - Finance

...Rolling tides along a sandy beach, cloud covered green mountain tops, or exotic smells and sounds emitted from crowded streets of a distant place. These can be memories of past vacations, or dreams of future ones. Either way we all have the desire to be free to roam where ever our hearts are most content, free of the everyday stresses of our hectic work life. But more often than not, these dreams are left unfulfilled because, as Americans, we are often one of the most overworked populations on this earth. We skip vacations for a multitude of reasons. The financial burden of taking time off can prevent us from enjoying a relaxing week away, or we may feel that taking time off from our jobs may be viewed as lazy, or that we are not invested in the organization for whom we are employed. But the simple truth is, when we do not allow for time off to rejuvenate our minds and bodies, we not only compromise our own health, but in fact, we compromise the health and wellbeing of the company we work for as well. Attitudes of employers are shifting about quality time off for their employees. They seem to be grasping the reality that overworked employees translates to overall increased productions costs. When employees are overworked and have not taken time off for themselves they can become less efficient, less able to deliver quality of care and/or work, or can make potential mistakes that can have devastating consequences. All potentially costing the organization a great......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Many Types of Artical

...Report Junk Food People used to eat healthy prepared food with their families .Nowadays, many people specially young people , prefer to eat fast food such as Hamburgers, Pizza and French fries . There are many reason why people prefer to eat junk food . one of the top reasons is the change in lifestyle .Many people are working long hours, shifts, or attend schools. They don’t have time to buy ingredients or to prepare delicious food .Women are now starting to work, they are not available to prepare family meals. Another reason is advertising. The media Strongly Influence and Control people with all types of media such as the Internet and satellite television and people like to try new products and different kinds of fast food. fast food is less time consuming it’s served fast , business men and people who are in a hurry they find it easier and more convenient to buy fast food also people are getting lazier and less willing to cook. Therefore, fast food restaurant had made drive-thru they made it even simpler for people to buy fast food. People prefer to buy fast food because its lower cost than other restaurants, fast food is affordable for all and it is very cheap it’s the cheapest even the poorest people buy from McDonald's .junk food can lead to an increased risk for illness and diseases. It is a cause of various diseases. People that eat fast-food four or more times a week , up their risk of dying from heart disease by 80 percent. It also can lead to......

Words: 325 - Pages: 2

Artical Review

...Cory Miller P.O.M 11/6/14 Article Review On Tuesday, November 4th 2014 the states of Oregon and Alaska, along with Washington D.C., followed in the steps of Colorado and Washington by legalizing the use of recreational marijuana. However due to lack of support of the U.S. Congress, any of the new recreational marijuana shops may not be able to survive because of an outdated tax code called 280E from the 1980’s or what they refer to as “ the drug-war era” Making the tax rate for these businesses 50% or more. Under this tax code businesses selling marijuana cannot deduct all of their regular business expenses which therefore makes it so the federal government makes more money from the sale of marijuana than the shops themselves. Many believe this is in attempt to shut marijuana stores down financially since it failed to do so legally. In the state of Colorado alone tax revenue from the sales of marijuana has been steadily rising and is currently bringing in roughly 7.5 million dollars monthly proving that this is a reliable sustainable business. NCIA urged members of Congress last week to change 280E and support a bill that would allow marijuana businesses to take standard business deductions. But the IRS says it will not allowing these deductions saying “Any changes to 280E would require Congress to amend either the Internal Revenue Code or the Controlled Substances Act” Question: Do you think that these businesses have a chance of being sustainable and lasting even......

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Artical Review

...Management Article Review 1 Monday, September 07, 2015 The article that I read was named 5 Things the Best Managers Do and Don’t. It was published on the Forbes website. I think the one big thing that caught my attention in the article is the part about how managers need to be able to question their own management and be open to and consider reasonable suggestions from their employees. This caught my eye because of the fact that most all of the managers that I have worked under in the past have not been very open to suggestions or ideas other than their own. If a manager isn’t open to suggestions, comments, and concerns from the people that you are managing then how can the manager effectively motivate and improve efficiency? Open communication is an absolutely necessary component in effective management in my opinion. On the other hand a manager needs to be confident in his or her ability’s to manage and make decisions. If a manager takes every single suggestion and does everything that an employee says they should then what’s the job of the manager? Employees have many good suggestions, but that’s what they are, suggestions and comments, not orders. The manager needs to be open to and positively receive suggestions and concerns from employees but at the same time needs to be confident in his or her ability to manage and needs to be able to make determinations based upon company procedure, legal regulations, and many other factors that the employee may not be......

Words: 260 - Pages: 2

Artical Review Cold Rolling

...Cold Rolling Jeffry S. Asher DT1410 Unit 4 Assignment 2 ITT Technical Institute January 18, 2016 Cold rolling is a metal forming process in which the shape and the structure of steel are altered through drawing, extruding, hammering, pressing, rolling, spinning, and stretching at temperatures below the steel's recrystallization point, usually room temperature. These processes result in changes to the metal's composition which permanently increases its hardness and tensile strength, and improve the surface finish, but decrease ductility and impact resistance. After hot rolling, many steel products undergo a further processing in the cold state. This stage of processing may not necessarily alter the shape of the steel, but it does reduce its thickness and significantly improve its performance characteristics. Hot rolled coil is commonly known as cold rolled, also known as cold reduced. Cold rolling is a process by which the sheet metal or strip stock is introduced between rollers and then compressed and squeezed. The amount of strain introduced determines the hardness and other material properties of the finished product. The advantages of cold rolling are good dimensional accuracy and surface finish. Cold rolled sheet can be produced in various conditions such as skin-rolled, quarter hard, half hard, full hard depending on how much cold work has been performed. This cold working hardness is often called temper, although this has nothing to do with heat......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Artical: Financial Management

...News Article: Basel III guidelines could strengthen credit profiles of banks: S&P Date: January 13, 2012 Source: http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/banking/finance/banking/basel-iii-guidelines-could-strengthen-credit-profiles-of-banks-sp/articleshow/114786 Banks in India are suffering from capital and credit profiles and only the proposed prudential guidelines based on Basel III guidelines can strengthen them. Recently, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) draft guidelines on financial management used by the Indian Banks is not working effectively. Probably, it will only benefit the stand-alone credit profiles of the banks. This simply explains that in the world of financial management and banking, an effective guideline to ensure stability of the banking operations is needed will improve not only the Stand-Alone Credit Profiles but also most importantly to improve generally the capital and credit profiles of all government and private banks to support the growth of the economy. Banks in India today has high economic risks because the conservative approach does not enhance capitalization in a country. The banks needed capital at present to improve Indian banks’ risk-adjusted capital ratios, the lowest among its Asian peers. India has the RBI’s guidelines on capitalization, which is more stringent than the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision proposal. In addition, RBI’s has conservative guidelines compare with its Asian peers and banks can......

Words: 653 - Pages: 3

Artical Rebuttal

...Article Rebuttal BCOM 275 January 23, 2012 Abstract Article Name: Why Abortion is right even if it’s wrong: Author: Richard X. Thripp Article Rebuttal The author, Richard X. Thripp, begins the article by stating “going down a hypothetical path where abortion is ethical and just, despite knowing it isn’t” ( para1). I do not agree with this statement because I believe women should have the right to decide having an abortion or not. Do I feel abortion should be used as a form of contraception; no I do not. If a woman knows she does not have the means or desire to care for a child, abortion should be an option of choice. Do I feel this is an extreme measure; yes I do but under certain circumstances it may be the only option. Just because a pregnancy is unwanted there are different avenues that could be considered such as adoption. Abortion is not illegal so therefore woman can consider this option. The author gives a definition from the American Heritage Stedman's Medical Dictionary, which states the definition of fetus to be “the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after conception to the moment of birth”(para.2). With this definition identified alone, the author contradicts his own views because according to this definition, he should be accepting of abortions conducted prior to the eighth week of pregnancy. This statement could be viewed as a deductive argument that is invalid and creates a logical error within the statement. In the statement regarding......

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Pfizer Stock Analysis

...generics sales, improved operating efficiencies, and synergies from the Wyeth acquisition in 2010. The long-term growth in the pharmaceutical industry is projected to be around 4% so, in the long term, Pfizer maintains its market share. Works Cited Investopedia. (n.d.). Capital asset pricing model (capm). Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/capm.asp Courtenay, M. (2011). Overlooked, undervalued buy opportunities: Freeport-mcmoran, alcoa, fedex, pfizer . Web Artical, Retrieved from http://seekingalpha.com/article/294276-overlooked-undervalued-buy-opportunities-freeport-mcmoran-alcoa-fedex-pfizer Capital IQ Pfizer. (n.d.). Yahoo! finance. Retrieved from http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ks?s=PFE Key Statistics Lynn, C. (2011). Approaching resistance - pfizer . Web Artical, Retrieved from http://www.tradershuddle.com/Trading-Ideas/35205612132011-approaching-resistance-pfizer.html Edney, A., Narayan, A., & Armstrong, D. (2011). Pfizer lipitor sales are threatened by ranbaxy generic copy. Web Artical, Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-12-06/pfizer-lipitor-sales-are-threatened-by-ranbaxy-generic-copy.html...

Words: 1245 - Pages: 5