The Axial Age

In: Business and Management

Submitted By ngugi
Words 822
Pages 4
The Axial Age is a duration in which new thinking emerged in various parts of the world. The Axial Age is widely considered to have be from about 800 to 200 B.C.E. The term axial is interchangeable with the word axis. The focus of new thinking in sages and schools spread across Eurasia in regions and Mediterranean region that bordered each other. In the years revolving around 500 BCE, great advances in religion, philosophy, science, democracy, and many forms of art - occurred independently and almost simultaneously in China, India, the Middle East, and Greece. In these times of social upheaval and political turmoil, a new crop breeds became the carrier of a new cultural and social order. Great religious leaders rose to prominence attracting a mass following, and many sociological, cultural, economic and spiritual changes were made. In China, for instances many individual thinkers, such as Confucius, Lao-Tse, and Mo Tzu, began to reflect on the ethical and metaphysical implications of human existence and reasoning. From their teachings arose Confucianism, Daoism and Jainism ideologies of religion. In India, the authors of the Upanishads expanded the scope of their explorations to include metaphysical thinking in the search for the ultimate truth and the meaning of life , death & its causes of existences. India experienced a dramatic socio-political and intellectual transformation, and produced the teachings of the Buddha and Mahavira. Like China, new teachings ran the whole gamut of philosophical schools of thought, including even materialism, sophism, and nihilism religion beliefs. In ancient Mesopotamia, cultural developments were relatively close to those in ancient Israel. However, concepts including the belief in a transcendent creator God, and full subservience of the political rulers to a God did not materialize for the Mesopotamia as they believed in idol…...

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