The Beginning of Capitalism During the Middle Age

In: Historical Events

Submitted By edgarduco
Words 9908
Pages 40
11
Auteur : Edgar du Colombier
Directeur d’étude : Monsieur Coquin
ESCP Europe
08
Automne

Etude SSH : La naissance du capitalisme au Moyen Age

Sommaire I. C’est dans la décomposition de l’ordre féodal que va s’enraciner la formation du capitalisme marchand 6 a. Un ordre féodal qui, à l’origine, est un frein structurel à l’apparition d’une économie de marché 6 i. Une économie domaniale fermée, caractéristique du monde féodal 6 ii. La condamnation de l’usure par l’Eglise 7 b. Croissance démographique et urbanisation 9 iii. La croissance démographique engendrée par les progrès réalisés dans l’agriculture constitue un premier levier de développement 9 iv. Le développement des villes du Xème au XIIIème siècle 9 v. Le mouvement communal 11 vi. Les nouveaux acteurs qui apparaissent dans ces villes 13 c. De nouvelles techniques qui permettent une augmentation de la production 14 vii. Le rôle des constructions d’églises 14 viii. Les innovations des campagnes 15 II. Le renouveau du commerce 16 d. Les conditions matérielles du commerce 16 ix. Les transports 16 x. La monnaie et le crédit : la naissance d’un système bancaire 18 xi. Les innovations juridiques liées aux besoins croissants de capitaux 20 e. Les lieux du commerce 29 xii. Les foires 29 xiii. Le grand commerce international au XIIIe siècle 30 xiv. Les « centres » du commerce en Europe occidentale 31 III. Peut-on réellement parler de « naissance » du capitalisme au Moyen Âge ? 35 f. La thèse récente de Jacques Le Goff dans Le Moyen Age et l’argent publié en 2010 35 xv. Des éléments essentiels du capitalisme non présents au Moyen Age 35 xvi. Une économie marquée par le caritas 36 g. Quelle est réellement l’importance de ce débat ? 37

Introduction
Le système économique dans lequel nous vivons semble aujourd’hui avoir atteint le…...

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