The Kingdom of Mali

In: Historical Events

Submitted By stormeagle449
Words 3481
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The Kingdom of Mali Prior to the emergence of the Kingdom of Mali, under the leadership of Sundiata of the Keita clan, after the decline of its predecessor Ghana, Mali had had a succession of strong leaders. It also had established strong regional trade links. The ancient Malian kingdom of Jenne-Jeno was reputed by archaeologists to have its roots in and around 200 Years BC. Mali only began to lose its power and influence in the 16th Century. Prior to its eventual collapse it was the second largest state in the world after the Asiatic Mongol Empire. Jenne’s strategic position made it an important crossroads for both north and south trade. Highly crafted fragments of pottery, iron work and jewelry have been discovered in the region. This makes it highly likely that there were imports of iron ore, stone grinders and beads into Mali. Also the origins of Mali lie in the Mandinka people who originally lived in the upper reaches of the Niger and Senegal rivers. They lived in small villages which were called Dugu. The chiefs of each village called themselves Dugutigi. These villages by the end of the 12th Century had formed themselves into the state of Kangaba. With the breakup of the Ancient Kingdom of Ghana, partly caused by raids led by the Almoravid Berbars from the north coupled with dwindling gold supplies at around the start of the 12th Century, smaller states such as Tekrur and Sosso competed to fill the power basin left in regions west of the Upper Niger. One of the main reasons that Mali became an important kingdom in the Sahel region of Africa was because of its strategic position for conducting and controlling trade across the entire North African region. The Kingdom of Mali was reputed to have been founded by a magician called Sundjata. The formation of Mali came about as a direct result of the defeat of the Kingdom of Sosso by the small state of Kangaba by an…...

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