The Three Forms of Probation

In: Other Topics

Submitted By nascarchic66
Words 749
Pages 3
Intensive probation supervision or intensive probation program is a highly structured program that is similar to house arrest where the defendant has to comply with the strict terms of their probation. The standard probation is more lenient with the reporting schedule, usually once a month, and the defendant is not required to stay home. It was established in Cook County, Illinois in 1984 for violent or high-risk criminals(What Is Intensive Supervision, Elizabeth (Lisa) Thompson). It has been implemented in some form in about 40 states and includes about 100,000 offenders. The program involves small caseloads of 15 to 40 defendants that are kept under close watch by the probation officers (p. 472). The IPS program has three primary goals: Decarceration is when the offender would usually be sent to an overcrowded jail or prison without intensive supervision. Control is where the offender can maintained in a community under much closer security than traditional probation efforts provide. Reintegration is where the offender can maintain community ties and be reoriented toward a more productive life, while avoiding the pains of being in prison (p.472).
It has been indicated that IPS has been ineffective in as much of 50% of cases it handles. IPS clients have a higher rate of being arrested than other offenders that are on probation. Joan Petersilia found that despite the good intentions of IPS, most of the money spent that was spent, was used for drug tests, electronic monitoring, and parole agent contact rather than enhanced social services (p.473). Offenders who had violated court conditions by using drugs had been identified more quickly and sent into custody. IPS had gone from being a correctional panacea to a failed social experiment within a decade. By the 1990’s, most of the IPS programs had been eliminated. A study by RAND, found that in places…...

Similar Documents

Probation

...system was looking for? In this assignment, you will examine what works, what doesn't work, and what may be promising. The first topic that I have chosen is intensive probation supervision. This is defined as a type of intermediate sanction that involves small probation caseloads and severe monitoring on a regular basis ir weekly basis. (Worrall, Pg. 499). This particular program is implemented in approximately 40 states and to date approximately 100,000 clients. This particular program is associated with small caseloads of 15 to 40 individuals who are kept under close supervision by probation officers. The intensive probation supervision program (IPS) has three main purposes: decarceration, control, and reintegration. This program basically depends on a great degree of client contact to complete the purpose of decarceration, control and reintegration. This program is also applied in many ways. IPS in some states is directly sentenced by a judge while others it is a sentencing after the alternative use to divert offender from the correctional system. Another method to use IPS is as a case management tool in order to give the local probation staff the flexibility on order to deal with clients. There are other domains that use the IPS system in three ways that may be in addition to applying it to the probation violators in order to being them back halfway into the community without winding up into a prison term. My second choice is electronic monitoring. Electronic......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Compare and Contrast Three Forms of Malware

...Abstract Three forms of malware that originally had legitimate applications, but have over time been developed as malicious software are taken into account: ActiveX control, Telnet, and NetBIOS. They are explained first, then the risks user can face if his computer is infected with that malware are given, and the countermeasures which should be taken in order to combat the malware. After that, the compare and contrast of the three forms of malware mentioned above is given. In the end, two recent forms of malware, Flame and FinFisher are explained. ActiveX control What is an ActiveX control? ActiveX is a software component of Microsoft Windows. It is already installed in a computer with Internet Explorer. ActiveX controls are small programs, sometimes called add-ons that are used on the Internet. They can enhance browsing experience by allowing animation or they can help with tasks such as installing security updates at Microsoft Update. Some websites require installing ActiveX controls to see the site or perform certain tasks on it. When these websites are being visited, Internet Explorer asks to install the ActiveX control. The website that provides the ActiveX control should tell the visitor what the control is for. It should also provide relevant details on the web page before or after the warning. Internet Explorer blocks websites from using an ActiveX control if the website tries to use the ActiveX control in a way that might not be safe. What are the......

Words: 2385 - Pages: 10

Probation

...Guide Probation - is a sentence that does not include confinement and imposes conditions governing the release of the offender into the community, based on good behavior. Note – Both the suspended sentence and probation mitigate the punishment for an offender through a judicial procedure, and their earliest antecedent is found in the right sanctuary. (Cited in Bible) The Right of Sanctuary – was written into Mosaic Law. Privilege to avoid punishment by the offender’s relocation to a sacred city or location. Note – The Right of Sanctuary was replaced with Benefit of the Clergy. The exclusion of offenders from the death penalty if able to read Psalm 51 (particular segments) of ancient text. (Neck Verse where the clergy can’t be hanged cause he knows the verse) Stigma – A mark of shame and disgrace attached to the offender by virtue of his or her having committed an offense. Sursis – A suspended sentence in European countries requiring no future punishment provided the offender remains crime free during a specified time period. John Augustus - A Boston shoemaker is credited with being the father of probation. Probation – the purpose of probation is to assist in reducing the incidence and impact of crime by probationers in the community. The core services of probation are to provide investigations and reports to the court, to help develop appropriate court dispositions for adult offenders and juvenile delinquents, and to supervise those persons placed on......

Words: 372 - Pages: 2

Adult Probation- Cook County

...Adult Probation The Cook County Adult Probation Department was established in 1911. It is the largest probation agency in Illinois and the largest probation agency int he United States. The department is accredited by the American Correctional Association. The department operates under the Office of the Chief Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County and administers a wide range of programs covering both standard and specialized probation supervision and pretrial and pre-sentence services. It operates out of 18 office locations and has approximately 670 employees. Each year the probations complete approximately 120,000 hours of community service. The Adult Probation Department receives nearly 18,000 new probation supervision cases annually and has an active caseload of more than 25,000 probationers, 90% of whom have been sentenced for felony offenses. Eighty-eight percent of probationers are assigned to standard caseload supervision, while 12% are supervised in specialized programs designed for specific offender populations. Probation is a criminal sentence which allows defendants to remain in the community in lieu of incarceration. It is the most frequently used sentencing option. Nearly two-thirds of all convicted offenders are sentenced to probation. While on probation, offenders must comply with strict conditions that create opportunities and encourages them to become responsible, productive and law-abiding members of the community. The probation......

Words: 2877 - Pages: 12

Probation and Parloe

...Probation and Parole By Najami Harris This assignment is due for cj1oo section 4 Mrs Rose on June,10 2014 Probation and Parole Probation-The release of an offender from detention ,subject to a period of good behavior under supervision. Parole-The releases of a pensioner on temporarily leave from prison due to good behavior. Probation allows some flexibility in the handling of criminal offenders. It permits judges to make discretionary decisions about an individual's ability to function in society, giving them more options than simply sending an offender to prison. Probation is a system of "second chances" that simultaneously maintains monitoring mechanisms over would-be criminals. It provides individuals a chance to redeem themselves, but monitors their behavior and progress to prevent them from committing crimes again. Disadvantages of Probation Probation is generally considered a better alternative than jail (from the perspective of a convict and his family), but it still represents an incursion by the state into the lives of individuals. Millions of people are "in the system" under probation, a fact that has been criticized by sociologists, constitutional rights activists, civil rights leaders and others, who claim that ensnaring so many......

Words: 489 - Pages: 2

Probation

...PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff, – versus – Criminal Case No. 8510 LUTHER SANTOS y  MENDOZA Accused. x x APPLICATION FOR PROBATION COMES NOW the accused, by his undersigned counsel, to this Honorable Court, most respectfully alleges: 1. That he was convicted by this Honorable Court of the crime of THEFT and was sentenced to serve a term of imprisonment of six (6) months and one (1) day to one (1) year, one (1) month and ten (10) days; 2. That he received the decision thru counsel on September 2, 2012; 3. That he wishes to avail himself of the benefits granted by Presidential Decree No. 968, otherwise known as “The Probation law of 1976,” as amended; 4. That the accused is not among those disqualified offenders as enumerated in Section 9 of PD 968, as amended by Presidential Decree 1990; 5. That the accused undertakes to comply with such terms and conditions as this Honorable Court suspends the execution of his sentence and that the accused be placed on probation. WHEREFORE, it is most respectfully prayed that this Honorable Court suspends the execution of his sentence and that accused be placed on probation. Other reliefs just and equitable under the premises are likewise prayed for. Quezon City, September 19, 2013 ATTY. REYNALDO REYES Counsel NOTICE OF HEARING THE CLERK OF......

Words: 277 - Pages: 2

Probation

...involved around school. I hope that being a Psychology majors helps me become an all-around better person, being that I will be learning about behaviors I feel that I should be more understanding and patient. After doing research I learned that most careers don’t last because some people don’t have healthy social skills. In addition to listening to lectures on occupations in the field, the careers that interest me the most are Juvenile Prevention Program Coordinator, Child Care Counselor, and Alcohol Counselor. These careers interest me because I believe that children can’t change their situations and I would love to help those children live normal childhoods. I would enjoy a job as a Alcohol Counselor because I believe that most addictions form because the persons feel stressed or trapped. I would sit them down and talk to them about their problems, offer advice, and suggest alternatives when they feel depressed. The occupations I chose are all similar, because they all are careers which I will have to interact with people, and adjust to different attitudes and behaviors. The faculty that whose interest are most similar to mine is Dr. Ernestine Duncan, because her of her interests in HIV/AIDS prevention in African Americans. Dr. Duncan is also my academic advisor, she is always willing to help even before she was assigned to be my advisor. While some people in the department brushed me off and redirected me to my advisor before I had been assigned one, Dr. Duncan was more......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Probation System

...Probation System There are three theories or models of criminal justice. The first one is the retributive theory while the second is the rehabilitate theory and the last is the restorative theory. The first basically concerns itself with the punishment of people by putting them in boot camps, in order to deter their ways. Such instills discipline and fear, which in turn reduces crime. The second one believes that working with these people change their ways to reduce crime, the U.S. Penal System: Restorative and Retributive Justice. The third aims to reintroduce and reincorporate the person back into the community after retribution or rehabilitation. To begin, the first one is optimistic and believes that people are innately good such that prison cells are built so that the prisoner inside the cell can be silent. As he is silent, he can meditate on his wrong-doings. This tradition believes that then spiritual transformation may take place thus rehabilitating such person. On the other hand, the second one is pessimistic, which is why facilities were built to bring about obedience. What is done is to “instill habits of work in people, help build their skills then they will be rehabilitated. The third one, which believes that true rehabilitation, takes place when such person is allowed back into the community and is a combination of both retributive and rehabilitative theories, such as deter future and past criminals from doing a crime because the threat of......

Words: 1788 - Pages: 8

Probation

...Application Form Staffordshire and West Midlands Community Rehabilitation Company is committed to equal opportunities in employment. We therefore welcome job applications irrespective of your gender, race, disability, religion, sexual orientation, ethnic or national origin, trade union activity and age. Please complete all sections of this form accurately, as it forms the initial stage in the selection procedure. It is important that you read the guidance notes before completing this form. The form should be PRINTED/TYPED or written in BLACK ink or ball point pen for photocopying. CVs and/or emails will not be accepted. Canvassing will disqualify applications. If you have a disability which makes it difficult for you to complete the application form, please contact the Human Resources Department who will endeavour to make alternative arrangements for you. VACANCY DETAILS Job Title: Ref: Location: Local Deliver Unit/Division: PERSONAL DETAILS (BLOCK CAPITALS PLEASE) Forename(s): Surname: Previously known as: Preferred title (Dr/Mr/Miss/Mrs/Ms): Address: Post Code: National Insurance Number (NI): / / / / Home telephone number: Mobile telephone number: Email address: Current full driving licence: Yes 0 No 0 Number of years held: JOB SHARE All jobs are......

Words: 2527 - Pages: 11

Probation

...Probation Essay Shaunda McConnelly CJS/240 - INTRODUCTION TO JUVENILE JUSTICE February 13, 2015 Kimberly Gaudiosi Probation Essay What is probation and why think of this as a career? Probation is a sentence handed down to a convict that is released from confinement but is still under court supervision.(Probation. 2015) Probation can be given in lieu of a prison term or can suspend a prison sentence if the convict has consistently demonstrated good behavior. People who can be put on probation are adults and juveniles who have committed a crime that allows them the option of probation. “When an offender is put on probation, all or part of the jail sentence and or fines are suspended. However probation is a conditional sentence, meaning if an offender does not comply with the conditions of his or her probation it can be revoked, and the suspended jail sentence and fines can be reinstituted. Standard probation conditions are conditions that are imposed no matter the type or level of the crime”(Probation Duty.2015). They include rehabilitative terms, meaning the offender would have to attend group or individual therapy. Submit to random drug tests and avoid anyone who is associated with criminal activity. Now probation officers job duties are being responsible for supervising people that have been placed on probation.You would have personal interaction with those on probation. Oftentimes, you might visit the probationer in their home. The probation officer also partners......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Probation

...Probation and parole supervision is centered around managing people rather than on processing information. Building professional relationships and achieving successful outcomes with offenders who have managed to make changes in their life is an art and when officers can impact the lives of their clients for the better they are rewarded with a great deal of satisfaction (Annison, Eadie & Knight, 2008, p.266). To manage a client basically means focusing on their needs. Mark (parolee) is considering a client to his parole officer (case manager). His parole officer has to exercise every measure in assisting Mark parole stipulations. With Marks situation his parole officer has to assure that he is living a crime free life, which will help prevent him from returning back to prison. In his case his daily living is being managed/ supervised by someone from community corrections. One can manage their client from a holistic perspective by looking at their entire situation. Hence holistic care focuses on educating the person so that they can take responsibility for achieving balance and wellbeing in their life. It promotes a belief in the ability of clients to control or at least participate in the planning of their lives if given the necessary knowledge, skills and support. If Mark was my client, I would network with all entities that he is facing, so that he can be placed in the perspective programs needed to assist him. I would look drug resources, job trainings, GED......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Week Three Post-Discussion Reaction Form

...University of Phoenix Material Week Three Post-Discussion Reaction Form At the end of your weekly discussions, answer the following questions in 100 to 200 words. Be honest. You will not be graded on any negative responses. Group Interaction 1. How clear was the intent of the discussion? 2. How prepared were your group members for the discussion? 3. Did everyone participate equally in the discussion? 4. Were group members open to different points of view? 5. How would you describe the overall climate of the discussion? 6. Did you feel your group was productive in the discussion? Did you use the time efficiently? 7. What strategies can you use in future discussions to increase productivity and outcomes? 8. What approach will you take next time to increase group cohesion? Video Analysis – “Planning A Playground” 1. What are the issues in this meeting? I think that there was not really any issues in the video. I did feel like the group really was not listening to Betty when she said something about the bake sale. I think that their body language showed that they really did not want to do the bake sale. I think the team came together as one and talked about how to get the funds for the playground. 2. What did they do well as a group? I think they did everything well as a group. They all came together, met one another, and got right down to business. I liked how they all respected one......

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Parole and Probation

...community service, electronic surveillance also know as house arrest, shock probation, intensive supervision, residential community supervision etc. The most common punishment used by the justice system is probation as well as parole. Probation is the release of an offender from detention , subject to a period of good behavior under supervision. An individual may be granted probation as an alternative to prison and sometimes may be given probation after incarceration. Parole on the other hand is the release of a prisoner temporarily or permanently before the completion of a sentence , on the promise of good behavior. Parole differs from probation because anyone granted parole had to have served a prison sentence. The are similar in the fact that both probation and parole are a contract stating that if any of the requirement, rules or regulations are broken you will then be incarcerated. One of the alternatives to prison or jail that I mentioned was shock probation. Shock probation is a punishment ,which is imposed by the court in regards to releasing the offender back into the community under the conditions of the suspended sentence. Shock probation is mostly offered to first time offenders or non violent offenders. When given this sanction the judge in most cases believes that the offender is not dangerous and will be best rehabilitated in the community instead of incarcerated. . In shock probation, the offender is first sentenced to prison then after 30, 60 or even......

Words: 1107 - Pages: 5

Form

...events at the Greensboro Coliseum Complex. The Greensboro location is active throughout the Piedmont Triad area of North Carolina. ECPI is a member of the Chambers of Commerce of the nine surrounding counties. Through a semi-annual Community Resource Fair, community organizations are invited to campus to discuss opportunities for students. For those looking for the next step in their lives, the campus hosts seminars on “First-Time Home Buyers” and “Start Your Own Business” where students learn time and money management. College of Technology College of Business and Criminal Justice College of Health Science, Medical Careers Institute The Raleigh campus is located in the capital city of North Carolina and is surrounded by three prominent cities referred to as the Triangle: Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill. This area is known for academia, medicine, and technology. Within a few hours’ drive students can reach the beach or mountains. Raleigh offers exciting attractions such as a professional hockey team, the Carolina Hurricanes, and great college football and basketball teams. Also outstanding in the Raleigh area are the local shopping, dining and theatre. The faculty and students of ECPI Raleigh are very active in the community supporting causes like the American Cancer Society Relay for Life, Susan G. Komen Foundation, the Food Bank, United Way and Kramden Institute to name a few. South Carolina Campuses Charleston, South Carolina – Branch......

Words: 149595 - Pages: 599

Probation Conditions

...Determining Conditions of Probation CJA/234 June 18, 2009 ABSTRACT Conditions of parole and probation have contributing factors that affect an offender’s post-prison life. The background of the offender is very important when determining conditions of probation and parole. The history of offenses committed by the offender is extremely important. Conditions of parole and probation consist of drug/alcohol treatment, psychiatric evaluation/treatment, anger management treatment, family counseling, job training, housing assistance, and intensive supervision. The conditions recommended help the offender turn his or her life around permanently. In some cases that does not happen when the desire of the offender does not exist. Determining Conditions of Probation Stanley Gravas is married with two children. He recently lost his third child in an accident. The loss of his child sent his family in chaos. Stanley admitted he was a social drinker but when his child died, he started drinking more. Neither he nor his family has dealt with their grief. This is the second DWI. Looking at his case I decided to give Stanley a few conditions in his probation that will not only help him but his family as well. Stanley must attend drug and alcohol treatment which includes attending meetings regularly. He and his family will also attend family counseling to help them with the grief and the damage that Stanley’s drinking has done to all of them. After 90 days he has......

Words: 1598 - Pages: 7