Types of Learning

In: Other Topics

Submitted By gabs102
Words 1607
Pages 7
Name: Brittney Ramdeen
Subject: Principles and applications of behavioral theory
Teacher: Miss Wendy Jeremie
Question: Three kinds of learning are of particular importance to psychologists, classical conditioning, operant conditioning and observational learning. Discuss these using appropriate examples.

Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience. During the first half of the twentieth century, the school of thought also known as behaviorism came to dominate psychology and sought to explain the process of learning. Behaviorism was a school of thought in psychology that sought to measure only observable behaviors. It was founded by John B. Watson. The behaviorist view held that psychology was an experimental and objective science and that the internal mental processes should not be taken into consideration because they could not be directly observed and measured. The three major types of learning described by behavioral psychologists are classical conditioning, operant conditioning and observational learning. Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, posited the theory of classical conditioning. This is a learning process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus. It involves placing a completely neutral signal or stimulus before a naturally occurring reflex. In Pavlov's classic experiment with dogs, the neutral stimulus was the sound of a tone or bell and the naturally occurring reflex was the salivating of the dogs in response to food. By associating the neutral stimulus with the environmental stimulus, which was the presentation of food, the sound of the tone alone could produce the salivation response in the dogs. The unconditioned stimulus in classical conditioning is a stimulus that automatically triggers a response. In…...

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