Types of Power

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kinghowie
Words 378
Pages 2
After watching the tutorials at the end of our lecture, I have found that there are more types of power then I thought of previously. Some of these seem to be effective, while others seem to be less effective. The ones that I find to be the most effective are Referent and Expert powers, I think it is much benefit in a hardworking approach to power, such as with the referent form of power. You can ensure that things get done in an easy and fair manner. Also with the expert form of power, you ensure that you are also on top of the situation, regardless of the surrounding factors, such as people or other stresses. I would like to believe that I have these types of power, but more commonly in my job, I use legitimate power. In most of the time at work I have to be the one to tell all my fellow employees what to do and how to meet our boss demands, therefore meeting our deadline of work is the most important part. Overall I am seen as the authoritative type of management but my boss is more uses of the coercive form of power, which I think is probably the least effective type. It almost makes me want to perform at a lower level when being treated in that way. When he does use this form of power, there are times where I do use some expert power by not responding in a negative way to his coercive attitude. Being aware of these types of power can able to help me identify which types of method I should use when I am the regarding situations, and it also helps me with my leadership skills and enforce me into a better manager, at work as well as when I am home with my family. Overall I think the benefits from using legitimate power as my primary authorize, it helps me to be organize and put my into shape where I can always be on top of my situation. In this chapter I learn not only the power I know previously but I also gain more acknowledge on how to utilize other types of…...

Similar Documents

Types of Power

...There are five types of powers that managers can use to influence their subordinates: coercive power, reward power, legitimate power, expert power and referent power. Different types of powers can be used in different situations. Some leaders prefer to use certain type of power more often than others. At my restaurant, I will lead my team by exerting mainly referent, reward and legitimate powers. I will also use expert and coercive powers in some seldom situations. I believe in leading by example therefore I would prefer to use referent power whenever it possible. For instance, if I ask my servers to use trays to bring their drinks to the customers I will make sure that I do the same thing. Nothing can be worse than say one thing and do another. I will show employees my respect and concern for their personal needs and will ask them to do things that I will be willing to do myself. Being a role model means doing the right thing and following your own rules. If people would respect and trust you, they would work harder and would need less supervision. Reward power can be used to motivate and encourage employees. For example, to boost wine sale I will offer reward to the waiter who will sell more bottles of wine than anyone else. I will also verbally praise my staff for doing the right thing on the daily bases and will give annual raise base on employees’ performance appraisal. I will use legitimate type of power when hiring employees, making their schedule and performing......

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Power

...Power Jedidiah Houser Harding University Abstract This paper is on the topic of Power. The paper starts with an overview of my observations about power and establishes the uses of legitimate, reward, expert, referent, and coercive power. This paper uses examples and observations from my life as well as from selected sources of reading to define the types of power discussed. In reading this you should obtain a base understanding of the above listed powers and their shaping ability, characteristics and uses as found in our daily lives as well as in the workplace. Power Power What a word. Its meanings, uses, connotations, actions, repercussions, influence, and voids can be seen or at least rationalized into every aspect of our psychology, our being, our planet, our solar system, our universe. How far does power go? Is it simply in a state of yin and yang in every facet of our lives, only to become more influential when we choose to be aware of it and harness its potential? How do we perceive, understand and use power? How do we measure others use of power and the impact it has in our lives? Power in all its forms, shape, sizes and degrees can be observed affecting and influencing us since the day we were born. Everyone’s first experience was with the power of gravity, gravity kicks in and plop there we are. From that point on we are all exposed to a multitude of degrees and forms of power, shaping and molding us all along the way. For me personally, I remember......

Words: 1223 - Pages: 5

Type

...The 21st century has seen the rise of mobile applications through the technology of smart phones .The mobile apps market is very elastic and continues to expand each and every day. The mobile market has a wide variety of applications that no matter what type of interests you may have, there is something for you. Outlined further in this report will outline the demand for these apps, trend analysis, current market status, success stories and lastly the end users. It was in June of 2008 when Apple Inc released its 3G Apple Iphone which featured support for third party applications. Then only a short month later the Apple app store was created. This took consumers by storm and in the first weekend over 10 million apps were downloaded. Since its release the app store has continued to expand with more apps and better quality apps that now range from E-books to a very humorous fart app. Shortly after Apple had seen rapid success with its app store, other leading Telephone providers like blackberry, Nokia and Android soon released a similar app store for their users. The evolution of mobile apps seems to be creating applications in which ease day to day living through our smart phones. For example in the Apple app store, there are apps which allow you to receive newspapers like the New York Times, or the Globe and Mail directly to your mobile device. There are also apps which act as a PDF creator, it allows for the consumer to take pictures of multiple documents, upload them......

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Native Americans by European Powers by Many Different Types of Cultures

...Evelyn Fowler AMH2070 MIDTERM ESSAY February 6, 2013 I am going to explain the compare and contrasting treatments of Native Americans by European Powers by many different types of cultures. We will descuss how badly the Native Americans was treated and how they had to overcome so much. I will also explain which methods was effective and which ones was not effective. The story of the Native American has been marked mainly by betrayal and sorrow towards them. Ever since the white men from across the ocean set foot onto this land, the Native American has lost almost everything including ancestral lands, dignity, and even their culture have fallen by the wayside. How interesting it is that the people who came to this land first are the ones who have been short changed. Native Americans have been ridiculed. The stereotype of the dirty dealin' Injun" is just one of numerous examples. This has not helped the Native Americans in any way. Slowly, things are getting better, but only slowly. It ended up tearing the Native Americans away from their land that they called Sacred which was not helpful and right by no means. The Cherokee called this land from Georgia to Oklahoma the Trail of Tears. Native American history is nothing but a trail of tears stretching through five centuries of horror and betrayal of the Native American. The Spanish and Native Americans date back to when Christopher Columbus discovered New World on......

Words: 895 - Pages: 4

Power

...Different Types of Power Power is said to be essential in order to survive and live as individuals. I agree with this statement because of the recent texts we have read including, “Things Fall Apart” by Achebe, “Night” by Wiesel, “The Prince” by Machiavelli, and “Julius Caesar” by Shakespeare. If I was asked to define power in my own words, I would define it as both an inner and outer strength and drive to continue and accomplish a goal despite any obstacles that may get in the way. Without power, I feel as though there would be hardly any hope for the future. If an individual was lacking power and had to face some sort of a difficult obstacle, whether it is an inner struggle or outer battle, there would be little chance of getting through the difficult situation. However, if an individual had great power they would be able to persevere through whatever challenge was thrown at them with ease. In “Night,” Wiesel used his inner power to persevere and survive through the Holocaust as well as his personal battle with his faith. In contrast, Nazi Germany used their power to discriminate against people not belonging to the Aryan race. Wiesel describes his strength during this horrific time well by writing, “We were the masters of nature, the masters of the world. We had transcended everything- death, fatigue, our natural needs. We were stronger than cold and hunger, stronger than the guns and desire to die, doomed and rootless, nothing but numbers, we were the only men on......

Words: 1217 - Pages: 5

5 Type of Power

...5 Types of Power A. Legitimate Power Legitimate or it is sometimes called authority or formal power, is that which is derived from the person's position in the organization. It exists because organizations find it advantageous to assign certain powers to individuals so that they can do their jobs effectively. All managers have some degree of legitimate power. It stems from the manager's position in the organization and the authority that lies in that position. Subordinates acknowledge the legitimate power that comes from being in a leadership position in an organization. The employees believe that the manager has the authority to direct their actions, and they are willingly to comply with those requests. Like most power, legitimate power is based upon perception and reality. It is based upon the reality that a person holds a particular position in an organization. It's also based on the perception of an employee that someone holding that position has authority to exert control over her. Legitimate power as a source of authority has one distinct advantage over many other sources of authority, which is that it is usually based upon some objective rule or law of the organization. For example, when an employee asks his/her manager to approve his/her personal time off, the employee knows that the manager has legitimate power to either approve or deny that request. Regardless of what is the manager decision, the employee must comply. B. Reward Power It is simply......

Words: 1508 - Pages: 7

Power

...you agree that power, unlike authority, should apply only to relationships where there is a conflict of interests?It could be said, that politics is the studyof the locus of power - where power lies, or should lie. This encompasses all the main questions of political theory: Liberty, in to what extent the state should have power over the individual; justice, in looking at in what circumstances power has been used illegitimately; democracy, inthe mechanisms of how state power should be rightly yielded. Even topics such as the communitarian/liberal debate can be seen to boil down to a question of power, in this case, similar to the study of liberty, the balance between individual andcommunity power is at the core of this question.The question above raises a specific point about the actual definition of power, to what extent is the concept of power inherently linked to a 'conflict of interests'. This question requires a close examination of power itself, and the first step in doing this is to look at Steven Lukes' distinction between one-, two-, and three-dimensionalviews of power.In his seminal work, Power: A Radical View, Lukes goes about deriving a definition of power in three stages. The first is the 'one-dimensional' definition of power. This is based on attempts by political scientists such as Dahl to define power in such a way so that it is possible toobserve how power operates in empirical examples. The core of this view of power isthe statement 'A has power over B to......

Words: 1827 - Pages: 8

Power

...Q2: There are a variety of definitions of power. Using these definitions analyse and discuss how you observe power being exercised in the world as you experience it. The term “power” has a number of different meanings and definitions relating to all aspects of life. In Kenneth E. Boulding’s book “The Three Faces of Power” he writes, “The various forms of power act and interact on each other so significantly that if the study of power were confined to a single aspect of it, … , much would be lost in the understanding of the over dynamics of the system.” Boulding broadly defines power as the ability of people to get that which they desire. In the context of politics; power concerns all social activities at each level of society. In a sense; politics is power i.e. “The ability to achieve a desired outcome, through whatever means” (Haywood, 2002). Politics can be seen as the fight for scarce resources, and the power lies in the ability to conduct and control this struggle. However power must not be confused with “force”, a much narrower concept, as this is “linked to the concept of domination, which, indeed is only a small part of the general nature of power”(Boulding, 1990). In this essay I am going to discuss some of the different definitions and aspects of power, referring mainly to the “Faces” of power, and giving examples of my observations of different types of power being exercised in the world today. The idea of power is key to the understanding of politics for “...

Words: 1580 - Pages: 7

Power

...20 The Bases of Social Power JOHN R. P. FRENCH, JR., AND BERTRAM RAVEN The processes of power are pervasive, complex, and often disguised in our society. Accordingly one finds in political science, in sociology, and in social psychology a variety of distinctions among different types of social power or among qualitatively different processes of social influence (1, 7, 14, 20, 23, 29, 30, 38, 40). Our main purpose is to identify the major types of power and to define them systematically so that we may compare them according to the changes which they produce and the other effects which accompany the use of power. The phenomena of power and influence involve a dyadic relation between two agents which may be viewed from two points of view: (o) What determines the behavior of the agent who exerts power? (h) What determines the reactions of the recipient of this behavior? We take this second point of view and formulate our theory in terms of the life space of P, the person upon whom the power is exerted. In this way we hope to define basic concepts of power which will be adequate to explain many of the phenomena of social influence, including some which have been described in other less genotypic terms. Recent empirical work, especially on small groups, has demonstrated the necessity of distinguishing different types of power in order to account for the different effects found In studies of social influence. Yet there is no doubt that more empirical knowledge......

Words: 7974 - Pages: 32

Type

...ENFJs are the benevolent 'pedagogues' of humanity. They have tremendous charisma by which many are drawn into their nurturant tutelage and/or grand schemes. Many ENFJs have tremendous power to manipulate others with their phenomenal interpersonal skills and unique salesmanship. But it's usually not meant as manipulation -- ENFJs generally believe in their dreams, and see themselves as helpers and enablers, which they usually are. ENFJs are global learners. They see the big picture. The ENFJs focus is expansive. Some can juggle an amazing number of responsibilities or projects simultaneously. Many ENFJs have tremendous entrepreneurial ability. ENFJs are, by definition, Js, with whom we associate organization and decisiveness. But they don't resemble the SJs or even the NTJs in organization of the environment nor occasional recalcitrance. ENFJs are organized in the arena of interpersonal affairs. Their offices may or may not be cluttered, but their conclusions (reached through feelings) about people and motives are drawn much more quickly and are more resilient than those of their NFP counterparts. ENFJs know and appreciate people. Like most NFs, (and Feelers in general), they are apt to neglect themselves and their own needs for the needs of others. They have thinner psychological boundaries than most, and are at risk for being hurt or even abused by less sensitive people. ENFJs often take on more of the burdens of others than they can bear. TRADEMARK: "The first shall be......

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Power

...Power and Influence in the Workplace The Meaning of Power * Power is the capacity of a person, team or org to influence others * Not the act of changing someone’s attitudes or behaviors * Based on the target perception that the power holder controls * Involves the asymmetric dependence * Depends on some minimum level of trust * Trust indicates a level of expectation that the more powerful party will deliver the resource Sources of Power in Organizations * Legitimate Power * An agreement in orgs that people of certain roles can request a set of behaviors from others * Manager telling an employee what tasks to perform * Restrictions * Range in which power can be asked * Zone indifference (set of behaviors that individuals are willing to engage in at the other person’s request * Employees have this power over their bosses and coworkers through legal and administrative rights and informal norms * Norm of reciprocity: feeling of obligation to help someone who has helped them; informal rule of conduct we are expected to follow * Information Control: potent form of legitimate power * Information is a resource and those who need it depend on the gate keeper * Gate keepers gain power by selectively distributing information * Reward Power * A person’s ability to control the allocation of rewards valued by other to remove negative......

Words: 1425 - Pages: 6

Power

...n one of the few in-depth treatments of power in conflict situations, Hubert M. Blalock begins by acknowledging something most of us know but rarely state: "The concept of power is both exceedingly slippery to pin down and yet indispensable in enabling one to analyze...."[1] Having defined power, as in physics, as having both potential and kinetic forms, he opts for the latter usage alone in his text. That is, he acknowledges power as both the capacity of an individual or group to accomplish something, and the actual doing of something, but he limits his discussion to "actions actually accomplished." Additional insights into understanding power are offered by Beyond Intractability project participants. This has two advantages. First, it dovetails with how most of us think about power most of the time. Second, it is easier to quantify. It is much easier to measure something that has occurred than something that is a possibility. An actual occurrence is a fact that can be checked. There may be disagreement on the sources of its occurrence, but the argument about its occurrence is likely to be short-lived if adequate facts can be brought to bear. If one side has won in a disagreement (in that it has gotten the other to do something it wanted), we have prima facie evidence that the first is more powerful -- or at least has exerted more power -- than the second. Since concerns of relative power are important in conflicts, it is helpful to have a clear picture of who......

Words: 2563 - Pages: 11

Power

...Coercive Power Coercive power is the opposite of reward power. It is the ability of the power holder to remove something from a person or to punish them for not conforming to a request. The leaders or managers with coercive powers can threaten an employee's job security, cut his pay, withdraw certain facilities, suspend him, etc. The coercive power may have an impact in the short-run. It will create a negative impact on the receiver. For example: Coercive power could take the form of a threatened strike action by a labor union; the threat of preventing promotion or transfer of a subordinate for poor performance; it could be a threat of litigation; it could be at threat of non-payment; it could be the threat to go public; and it could even be a threat of physical injury. All of these practices have one vital element in common - the element of fear. The fear that these threats will be used is called coercive power. It has frequently been noted that the use of coercive power can leave behind its share of casualties. Although this is likely the reason why coercive power can be effective, it is generally of short duration and can also generate a lengthy amount of dispute in its aftermath. There are advantages to holding coercive power over your employees. Insubordination Coercive power becomes necessary in cases of strict employee discipline. If an employee is habitually late and having a negative impact on overall production, then threatening to dock the employee's pay......

Words: 1063 - Pages: 5

Types of Power

...Running head: TYPES OF POWER The power that I find most effective is legitimate power. It comes from the authority of your rate and position in the chain of command. You use this power in a day-to-day business. Although you might increase responsibility, you can decrease the power if you fail to meet all your responsibilities. I think I have expert power. I always try to influence others around me as I approach a task. I want everyone to see how easy it is to use this power. Although you might have to use expert power with other powers to find it effective, myself being a office manager I have to lead 10+ plus employees. It does get frustrating at times but I still seem to handle the job with a smile. Me dealing with hundreds of different employees I see a lot of situations where I use my expert power. For example, a coworker and I had to go on a business trip for a conference. We get to the hotel and she did not want to comply with the policies of a hotel while checking in. She demanded she would pay cash for a room that had already been paid for on a 3rd party website. She thinks the room was charged to her card and wants it reversed back. Her question was understandable but there was nothing I can do to explain about hotels. I still held my composer even though she was tough to get through. I explained how 3rd party websites reservations work and she finally understood. Even though she might still be upset, there was nothing I can do unless the employee who booked our...

Words: 398 - Pages: 2

The Most Effective Power Type and Its Use

...and combined with the knowledge we gathered within class lends itself to an interesting assessment. It becomes quite clear that the most effective type of power is not a singular power type at all but a blend of power types to match the individuals being interacted with. Out of the power types that have been presented this week, I find that the reward, referent, and legitimate power types can lead to desired effects within interactions as both parties can reach their intended goal without using a negative form of persuasion to succeed. In the proper situation, a blend of the types would help gain respect and trust while maintaining or improving the morale of those being interacted with. I would say that I as well, use a blend of these three that caters towards the situation at hand in order to achieve optimum results. My choice of power types and their use becomes essential when in a group, a business, or a consumer situation that we use the appropriate type of power to achieve desired effects. As a teammate, business partner, or a potential customer, we must communicate effectively and efficiently so that both sides are satisfied with the outcome of the conversation, venture, or purchase. In the third video, there was an interaction between the waiter and the female customer in which the narrator explained that while his power type was effective in some, or most cases, it was not effective in that situation. The narrator also points out when certain approaches are not......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2