Was Tooooooooooo

In: Business and Management

Submitted By woshi423de
Words 98841
Pages 396
Chapter One
Why Are Financial Intermediaries Special?

Chapter Outline

Introduction

Financial Intermediaries’ Specialness

Information Costs

• Liquidity and Price Risk • Other Special Services

Other Aspects of Specialness

The Transmission of Monetary Policy

Credit Allocation

Intergenerational Wealth Transfers or Time Intermediation

Payment Services

Denomination Intermediation

Specialness and Regulation

Safety and Soundness Regulation

Monetary Policy Regulation

Credit Allocation Regulation

Consumer Protection Regulation

Investor Protection Regulation

Entry Regulation

The Changing Dynamics of Specialness

• Trends in the United States • Future Trends • Global Issues

Summary

Solutions for End-of-Chapter Questions and Problems: Chapter One

1. Identify and briefly explain the five risks common to financial institutions.

Default or credit risk of assets, interest rate risk caused by maturity mismatches between assets and liabilities, liability withdrawal or liquidity risk, underwriting risk, and operating cost risks.

2. Explain how economic transactions between household savers of funds and corporate users of funds would occur in a world without financial intermediaries (FIs).

In a world without FIs the users of corporate funds in the economy would have to approach directly the household savers of funds in order to satisfy their borrowing needs. This process would be extremely costly because of the up-front information costs faced by potential lenders. Cost inefficiencies would arise with the identification of potential borrowers, the pooling of small savings into loans of sufficient size to finance corporate activities, and the assessment of risk and investment opportunities. Moreover,…...

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