Women Status and Eastern Religions

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By spookyfok
Words 1836
Pages 8
Women Status and Eastern Religions

The Eastern religions are a major part of the world religions. They have a significant influence on the women status. We will try to examine Korea’s Shamanism, Japan’s Shintoism, and India’s Buddhism and attempt to see how women status be change throughout the course of the time.

Since two thousand five hundred BCE, Shamanism is an indigenous religion in Korea. Shaman is a medium between the physical and spiritual worlds. Typically, Shamans are mostly women. They are responsible to contact spirits, to obtain wisdom, guidance, future knowledge, healing cures, and good fortune. In order to becoming a Shaman, there are three steps. First, one is called to be a Shaman. One cannot be a Shaman by one’s will and need to be chosen. Second, one will first experience a lot of suffering. For example, one will have illness, madness, poverty, family issues. Third, one will experience spontaneous prophecy and trances. If the one refuse the call, one will suffer more illness and misfortune. If the one accept the call, it will lead to relief of the suffering. If the woman is in a marriage, the marriage tends to dissolve. Shaman bonds with other shaman. The young shaman will get train by the older shaman. After the initiation ceremony, prophecies will come pouring out of the new Shaman. She is able to make a living. She will provide wisdom from the spirits: great mother spirit, deceased ancestors (clan leader individual). Primary Korean ritual is called Kut. The Shaman will perform a space purify ritual. She also plays the music instruments during the ritual. Shaman will bring a suitcase of costumes which she changes into representing different spirits. She can only receive the spirit one at a time. The tradition ritual will last about two hours. During the ritual, it will have an intermission. The clients will…...

Similar Documents

Buddhist - Eastern Religions

...characteristics with all other religions, not just Eastern religions. All religions encourage human beings to perform good deeds, avoid evil deeds, cultivate a life of morality and compassion while developing human dignity for yourself and others as well as developing this for family and society. The common characteristics between Buddhism, Jainism & Hinduism are the following : Goal of Life is Liberation (Moksha) Eternal -  The liberation of consciousness from bondage of every kind is Moksha, or ultimate freedom from the limitations of location, knowledge as well as power. Human Suffering – Soul’s Ignorance - enlightenment is a state of freedom from the ignorance that causes suffering Philosophy of Karma - Karma is a spiritual, philosophical and ethical fact. It helps explain inequalities among animals, encourages virtue and allows people to make sense of life's ups and downs.  Continuity of Life (Reincarnation) – Reincarnation is a central belief, Since you know you will be coming back, the law of karma will automatically reward the good & punish the evil in the next life. Mystical (Human Experience) – a person has contact with a transcendent reality, an encounter or union with the divine. Self Realization (Direct contact with God/Self) - Self-realization is the maturing of our ego or personality to accept its own evanescence and thus allow space for the true Self to reveal itself.  Scripture has no authority over realized person – All Eastern religions can......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Status of Women in Nepalese Socity

...AND STATUS OF WOMEN IN NEPALESE SOCIETY Submitted to: Dr. Ek Raj Ojha Kathmandu College of Management Submitted by: Pragya Uprety Rabi Rayamajhi Manish Agrawal BBA Third Semester December 5, 2005 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS “The role and status of women in Nepalese society “ is a group report presented for the partial fulfillment of the course of economic development. This report contains facts and figures that provide insight on the condition of majority of women in Nepal in the past as well as in the present. Moreover, it also highlights and emphasizes their role and importance in the context of economic development of the nation. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all who have directly and indirectly co-operated with us in the preparation of this report. Specially, we would like to thank our college, Kathmandu College of Management (KCM) and Dr. Ek Raj Ojha , our course instructor for providing us with this opportunity. Lastly, we’d like thank Mr. Sujan karki for providing us with some of the references that proved to be of immense use while preparing this report. Sincerely, Pragya Uprety Rabi Rayamajhi Manish Agrawal and Anurag Joshi TABLE OF CONTENTS I. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…………………………………………………………2 II. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………..5 A. The Urgency………………………………………………………………..6 B. Key facts……………………………………………………………………8 III. STATUS OF......

Words: 6154 - Pages: 25

The Status of Women

...The Status of Women 1 Meaning of ‘status of women’ • Three separate but interdependent components of women’s position are: a) The extent of exposure to the outside world; b) The extent of interaction with the outside world, and in particular, the extent of economic interaction; and c) The level of autonomy in decision-making within and outside the household Absolute levels of women’s position on above variables, not necessarily relative to the men in their households . 2 Predictors of the status of women • Education Marriage and kinship patterns North • CULTURAL INFLUENCE South Potential for female employment Exposure Interaction Autonomy • Employment 3 Kinship and Marriage :North South Variations • Northern kinship system is characterized by a principal of expansion and the incorporation of outsiders as wives into the family > Village is exogamous unit. No exchange marriage • South represents the principle of immediate exchange and a policy of consolidation of existing kin network > Intra-kin marriages and marriages within a village 4 Women’s Economic Roles • Opportunities for women’s participation in the labour force • Perception of women and their kin group Women in North India are less likely to be doing work and in waged activity Women’s participation in labour force : Rural areas (Source: Registrar General of India,1987) % of women UP Tamil Nadu In labour force 5 22 Cultivators 48 23 Agricultural labourers 35 53 -------------------------...

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Status of Women in Botswana

...Status of Women in Botswana Linda Ruzzo Status of Women in Botswana Botswana government leaders began with a vision in 1997, their vision was to make the country a better place to live for its citizens. The government has proposed equalization between genders. This will be a challenge since the majority of citizens are Tswana and their culture is to have women be subordinate. This is in relationship to job, inheritance, sexual behavior, abortions, and sexual harassment (Mookodi, Ntshebe, & Taylor, 2004). Culture Over 75% of the population is Tswana, their culture makes a clear division between public-political and the private-domestic world. Women are largely responsible for child care and taking care of the home (Mookodi et al., 2004). Women hold a significant proportion of the electorate; but they hold only 9 of the 40 parliamentary seats ("MDG," 2010). This is possibly why 46% of the households now are headed by women and women are presently choosing not to marry ("MDG," 2010). This is the world’s highest ratio of female headed households. At this time 33.1% of women live below the poverty level ("MDG," 2010, p. 34). Healthcare Botswana has the second largest rate in HIV within its borders and in its pregnant women at 38% ("MDG," 2010). In 2009 the estimate still stood at over 300,000 adults living with HIV, or twenty-five percent of its population over the age of fifteen years old. The high rate of HIV in pregnant women is caused by three central...

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Eastern Religion Elements Matrix

...University of Phoenix Material – EASTERN RELIGION ELEMENTS MATRIX | |HINDUISM |BUDDHISM |CONFUCIANISM |TAOISM |SHINTO | |HISTORICAL FIGURES and |ShanKara |Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)|Kung Chiu (Confucius) |Lao-Tzu |Amaterasu (Sun Goddess) | |EVENTS |Sri-Rmakrishna | |Mencius |Chuang-Tzu | | | |Mahtma Gandhi | |Hsun Tzu | | | | | | |Chu Hsi | | | |CENTRAL BELIEFS |Henotheistic – Recognize a |Four Noble Truths – (a) all|Jen – Humanity, |Tao – Way or path. |Kinship – Family is seen as| | |single deity and view other|life involves suffering, |benevolence. | |the main mechanism by which| | |Gods and Goddesses as |(b) suffering originates | |Yin and Yang - Chinese |traditions are preserved. | | |manifestations or aspects ......

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Health Status of Aboriginal Women

...This paper will explore the roles that gender and feminism plays alongside other determinants to affect the health status of Aboriginal Canadian women. Determinants of health refer to the circumstances in which people are born, live, grow, work, and age, that are responsible for most of the health inequalities that exist. Common determinants contributing to sub-par health status include: early child development, education, income, employment, social and physical environment, personal health practices and coping skills, access to health services, racism, and gender. These determinants work alongside Aboriginal-specific determinants like cultural identity, self-determination, and colonialism to create significant health discrepancies compared to non-Aboriginal Canadians. Aboriginal women are at an even greater disadvantage because of the role gender plays on top of the other determinants. The term gender refers to the socially constructed perceptions of feminine and masculine and is not to be confused with sex, which refers to the biological differences between men and women (Steckley and Letts 2010). While the two are different concepts, they are closely related and do influence each other because while biology may condition behaviour, it is in turn conditioned by the social environment (Halseth 2013). Health is also a social construct and issue, rather than simply a medical and technical problem associated with body parts and their functions. Because it is defined by and......

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6

Contemporary Issues in Eastern Religions

...Contemporary Issues in Eastern Religions Contemporary Issues in Eastern Religions Shinto, “way of the gods”, is one of the two major religions in Japan besides Buddhism. There was no name for the religion up until Buddhism came from China;” there was no need to name the religion that was already present—it was simply what everyone did (Molloy,  2010).” Shintoism is known as the nature religion, however, it’s not just that it focuses on worshiping spirits, mostly the spirits of departed family members, and gods. There are numerous rituals that are carried out diligently to connect the people of Japan to their ancient ancestors and past. There are numerous public shrines all throughout Japan for devoted people to worship multiple gods. Though many of the nature based religions have slowly died out over the course of thousands of years, however, Shintoism has done no such thing. The Shinto religion has not only retained its connection to nature but also to shamanism and mysterious healing techniques. They show homage to the shrines that can be found situated in between skyscrapers. There are no known founder of the Shinto religion. It is believed to have been founded to in 660 BC according to the Japanese origin myth, though the first practices and ritual were not recorded until the eighth century in what is known as the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki. According to the Kojiki, in the beginning there was a primeval chaos, which populated many deities called kami. “Of those kami......

Words: 2170 - Pages: 9

Social Behaviors of Women in Middle Eastern Countries

...The social behavior and roles of women in the Middle can vary according to tribe, custom, religion, and national law. There are also various regional factors, influenced by geography, social class, and economic development. In most Middle Eastern countries, the Shari'a, or Islamic law, defines the rules of traditional social behavior. Under the law, women are accorded a role inferior to that of men, and are therefore discriminated against with regard to personal rights and freedoms. Islamic law is enforced through the media, education and through community leaders collectively, Islamic views on female sexuality is one of the main determining factors for strict adherence of Islamic laws, and many perceive that it is the government's job to enforce this morality. Islamic female sexuality is thought of as being so powerful that it constitutes a real danger to society therefore, unrestrained females constitute the most dangerous challenge facing males trying to carry out God's commands. In combination, it is believed that a females desires and their irresistible attractiveness give women a power over men. Differing from other religions such as Christianity and Judaism, Islam does not see desire as a force that must be eliminated or systematically regulated. Rather, one must employ it in a way that coincides with what religious law dictates. For example, sexual desire, exercised according to Muslim beliefs, ensures the continuation of the human race. Sexual desires......

Words: 2413 - Pages: 10

Legal Status of Women in Africa

...emancipate women by removing disabilities when they reach the age of eighteen by giving them locus standi and competencies in all matters generally, especially under common law. It was never contemplated that the courts would interpret the Legal Age of Majority Act so widely that it would give women new or additional positive rights which interfered with or distorted aspects of customary law. It was intended that the majority status of women would co-exist with customary law and not replace it. Held, further, that in the past the courts had wrongly interpreted the Act too widely. Katekwe v Muchabaiwa 1984 (2) ZLR 112 (S), which had been followed in a number of subsequent Supreme Court cases, had been wrongly decided.2 The sole purpose of the delict of seduction under customary law is to compensate the guardian for the diminution in the lobola value of the female to which he personally was entitled. Only the guardian can claim seduction damages; the woman cannot claim. The Supreme Court had been wrong in deciding that the effect of the Act was that now the seduced female who was a major could herself claim for seduction damages. The Act had not bestowed on the woman a new right to sue herself for seduction damages which she did not have under customary law. Held, further, that the court in the Katekwe case based its conclusion upon the reasoning that the discrimination and disabilities suffered by women under customary law were due to their perpetual minority status. This......

Words: 8530 - Pages: 35

Compare and Contrast Eastern and Western Religions

...similarities and differences between the different major religions of the eastern and western hemispheres. Regardless of what your belief is in some ways the religions between the east and west will most certainly be similar and different on certain spiritual ideas. Let us look at the different views on life and death in respect to the western religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam compared to the eastern religions Buddhism and Hinduism. The western outlook on life and death is that you only get one chance or one go around compared to the eastern outlook of reincarnation. In western religions the goal of after life is to for the soul to be released from the body and the the self remains the same self through eternity. In the Eastern religions the goal of after life is to be released from ignorance, and ultimately, loss of self and merger with the Divine. So just on the outlook from the respected religions we can see the differences between them. Now we shall look at some of the similarities between the same religions between the eastern and western hemispheres. We can first look at the nature of reality for all of these religions they believe that there is more to reality than the things of this world. The soul is immortal, deathless, and eternal either merging with god, or living forever in god’s presence. For all of these religions salvation is through strict obedience to god’s will. With all of these religions eastern and western with the exception of......

Words: 307 - Pages: 2

Status of Women in Colonial Society

...Mariama Bessane Professor Perine James American History 1151- Essay #1 Jan 7th,2016 Status of Women in Colonial Society Women were always considered inferior to men since day one. That belief had been existing until the eighteen century. During that period, English Colonists brought to America their ideologies with them. Women did not have the same rights as men did during that time. Women were tied in a leash, kept in the dark, and controlled by society. Life wasn’t easy for them. They were not allowed to express their opinions, and if they did, they would be called wicked or evil and be negatively judged by society. During the colonial era, women played an important, if restricted role in work and religious life. During the eighteen century, women were portrayed as weak, unintelligent, and inferior to men. As one minister stated “the woman is weak creature not endowed with like strength and constancy of mind.” (America 70) Women were seen as the “feebler vessels,” not as strong physically or spiritually as men and less emotionally stable. Women of the colonial era were expected to be devoted, passive, powerless, meek, graceful, sympathetic, and above all pure. As a matter of fact, the term “Cult of Womanhood” was an ancient ideology in the eighteen century defining women as pillars of virtue, who represent the value of pity, submissiveness, and domesticity. The role of the women was to be obedient, submissive, devoted to their husbands, and taking care of the......

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Status of Women in India

...THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN THE WORLD TODAY Since the early days of the Industrial Revolution women in Europe and North America have made considerable progress towards equality with men, although much remains still to be done. Of course, the industrialization of Western countries at first had not improved the status of women, but had degraded them even further by exploiting them and their children in factories as cheap labor. In the preceding relatively prosperous agrarian culture women had worked on an almost equal footing with men and had been skilled in many occupations. Families were still "producing units", and women received recognition for contributing their substantial share. The factory system changed all that by breaking up the traditional extended family with its large household and by giving people specialized monotonous tasks behind perpetually moving machines. Women and children were, however, paid much less for such work than men, and thus their economic "value" declined. It took many decades of struggle before unionization and legal reform ended the crassest form of this discrimination. At the same time, middle- and upper-class women were increasingly confined to the home with little to do except to take care of their children. Their husbands no longer worked inside the house, but were absent during most of the day. These idle women often played the role of frail, sensitive creatures who had "the vapours" and fainted in any "indelicate" situation. On the......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Contemporary Issues in Eastern Religions

...Contemporary Issues in Eastern Religions Contemporary Issues in Eastern Religions Common Characteristics between Buddhism and Hinduism Buddhism is closely related to Hinduism, they both share some important beliefs. They both believe in reincarnation and the cycle of samsara - birth, life, death, and rebirth - and in the influence of karma on the circumstances into which you will be born in the next life. They both believe that the ultimate end is to escape from the cycle of rebirth. However, they are quite different in some very fundamental ways. For Hindus, there is an eternal soul that does not change, in essentials, from life to life. The material bodies it inhabits are like clothes. Buddhists believe that there is no core soul - that your experiences, actions, and intentions (your karma) constantly act upon you and you are constantly changing in response, so that the cycle of samsara is a long process of becoming. They also have different beliefs regarding the escape from the cycle of reincarnation. For Buddhists, achieving enlightenment, seeing the true nature of phenomenon and of oneself, eliminating all craving and desire releases you from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. For Hindus, realizing the oneness of existence, achieving mental peace or perfect unselfishness, perfect detachment from the world, or perfect knowledge of oneself, or the realization of unity with god releases you from the cycle of rebirth. As it relates to......

Words: 1822 - Pages: 8

Eastern Religions Matrix

...Associate Level Material Appendix G Eastern Religion Elements Matrix | |Hinduism |Buddhism |Confucianism |Daoism | |Countries of origin |India |India |China, founded by Confucius |China | |Historical figures and |Adi Shankara |BUDDHA IS THE HISTORICAL FIGURE IN |1200 C.E. JAPAN ADOPTED CH’AN |PHILOSOPHERS, YANG ZHU, LAOZI, ZHUANGZI, | |events |MODERN HINDUISM GREW OUT OF THE VEDAS. |THERAVADA AND MAHAYANA. |(MEDITATION). CONFUCIANISM STRONGLY |AND LIEZI. | | |EPIC POEMS RAMAYANA AND MAHABHARATA WERE | |INFLUENCED CHINESE, POLITICAL, SOCIAL, | | | |WRITTEN IN 500-100BC. PHILOSOPHERS | |INTELLECTUAL, BEHAVIORS IN CHINA, KOREA, | | | |BROUGHT IN THE CONCEPT OF YOGA AND | |TAIWAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES OF SOUTHEAST | | | |VENDANTA. ...

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Status of Women in India

...Status of Women in India: Women in ancient India were held in high esteem. The position of a woman in the Vedas and the Upanishads was that of a mother (maata) or goddess (Devi). In the Manusmriti, woman was considered as a precious being o be projected first by her father, then by her brother and husband and finally by, her son. With the passage of time, the status of woman was lowered. Muscle power and money power dominated the societies. Since men fought the wars and ran the enterprises of industrial production, they considered themselves superior to woman. In the early Vedic age, girls were looked after with care. They were given the facilities of education. Remarriage of windows was permitted. But in the later Vedic period, daughters were regarded as a source of misery. The practice of polygamy deteriorated the status of woman. Women in the later civilizations were not allowed to go to schools. In the Gupta period, they were allowed to listen to the scriptures. In the medieval period, the practices of purdha system, dowry and sati came into being. Sati and PolyGram were glorified.. It is thought that the right place for woman ins the home. Her main duty is to cook to all other menial jobs. They are considered fit for producing and bringing up children. Thus, women have been deprived of their rightful place in society and exploitation. has been going on for centuries. The inhuman practice of sati where the wife burns herself alive in the funeral pyre of husband existed...

Words: 868 - Pages: 4