• Assuptions and Fallacies

    Assumptions and Fallacies Malaea Sauvao HUM/111 August 12, 2012 Maureen Frye Assumptions and Fallacies Assumptions are our beliefs that may or may not be true. I think when we made assumptions we are basically more like guessing instead of researching the information if it is based on facts or more like our own beliefs. This is where assumptions get interfere with critical thinking because it will become a wall that blocks us from evaluating a situation or problem and issues from every

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  • Fallacy

    Click a fallacy on the left and drag it over to the correct example on the right. Repeat until all fallacies are correctly matched with their corresponding examples. Congratulations! You have completed this activity. Apple Polishing Of course, Cory, a generous, kind and giving brother, would let us play with his racetrack. Ad Hominem Todd agrees with the referee's call and says the referee made a good decision when he called the pass incomplete; however, this cannot be considered true because

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  • Logical Fallacies

    Logical Fallacies American InterContinental University - Online PHIL201-1204A-02 October 20, 2012 Earl Barnett Logical Fallacies Fallacies are statements that might sound reasonable or sketchily true but are actually weak or dishonest. I will discuss and give me interpretation of some common logical fallacies. Mere Assertion & Circular Reasoning Mere Assertion is an argument that lacks factual support. It’s merely an opinion that is formed more so by belief then logical evidence

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  • Logic Fallacies

    Master List of Logical Fallacies  Fallacies are fake or deceptive arguments, arguments that prove nothing. Fallacies often seem superficially sound, and far too often have immense persuasive power, even after being clearly exposed as false. Fallacies are not always deliberate, but a good scholar’s purpose is always to identify and unmask fallacies in arguments.                      Ad Hominem Argument: Also, "personal attack," "poisoning the well." The fallacy of attempting to refute an argument

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  • Logical Fallacies

    Logical Fallacies Nicole Smith American Intercontinental University Online Abstract Logical fallacies are mistakes in philosophical reasoning. One must be able to determine when a fallacy is being used as an argument so they are prepared to argument against such fallacy. Logical Fallacies There are several logical fallacies to watch for when making a philosophical argument. A mere assertion is someone asserting a lie to make it seem as a truth. It usually lacks any facts that would support

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  • Fallacies

    argument, makes no attempt to provide evidence for its conclusion; whether or not you’ll be excommunicated for disbelieving the geocentric model has no bearing on whether the geocentric model is true. The argument therefore commits the appeal to force fallacy. Example: Ad Hominem (1) William Dembski argues that modern biology supports the idea that there is an intelligent designer who created life. (2) Dembski would say that because he’s religious. Therefore: (3) Modern biology doesn’t support

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  • Fallacies

    failure and definitely a fallacy. “Remember the Alamo" is a non sequitur fallacy in today’s society. Originally, the phrase was used as a battle cry during the “massacres by Mexican forces at the Alamo in San Antonio.” (Answers) I believe the original rendition of the slogan was completely relevant to its said situation, but today, people use the phrase as a way to convey strength and honor in essentially any situation. In this case the slogan can be a non sequitur fallacy because the original

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  • Fallacies

    Locating Fallacies in Articles How can I attain balance in my life to become a successful JIU student?   After reading the article: Academic Performance of College Students; I discovered a fallacy. The article is a research that was completed in 2006, but it is a little misleading for the reader, due to college students are less prepared for college-level work than their predecessors. It says they spend less hours studying and more hours working. Through out times, students have balanced

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  • Assumptions and Fallacies

    Associate Level Material Assumptions and Fallacies Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions: • What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? Assumptions are beliefs or ideas of something that have not been proven to be true, or have no proof of evidence. Assumptions can also be a part of our belief system that we do not question, or that

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  • Assumptions and Fallacies

    are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking? According to Paul and Elder (2008), “fallacies can be pursued in at least two different ways. One defines, explains, and exemplifies ways in which unsound arguments can be made to appear sound. Or it can be approached deeply, in which case one relates the construction of fallacies to pursuit of human interests and irrational desires.” In other words fallacies are

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  • Assumptions and Fallacies

    Associate Level Material Assumptions and Fallacies Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions: • What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? An assumption is something that is accepted as true or certain to happen, without proof. When you make an assumption you are, ultimately, throwing reasoning out the window because you have replaced

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  • Logical Fallacies

    identify Logical Fallacies? By: Tabitha Harris American InterContinental Online University July 16, 2013 Abstract This purpose of this paper is to identify and explain what literature experts call Logical Fallacies. This document will include reasonable vocabulary, logical definitions, and sound examples of how to and how not to include these fallacies into your writings. There will be some suggestions made to assist with recognizing and examining some of the logical fallacies located within

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  • Fallacy

    Fallacy Summaries with Examples Name: Institution: Fallacy Summaries with Examples Appeal to Authority The fallacy of appeal to authority also referred to as the Fallacious Appeal to Authority, irrelevant Authority or Ad Vercundiam takes the following form, the first person is claimed to be an authority on subject S and hence makes a claim C about subject S hence making C true. The fallacy is mostly committed when the individual in question is not a lawful authority on the subject. This implies

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  • Assumptions and Fallacies

    Assumptions and Fallacies Robin Combs HUM/111 August 9, 2013 Alicia Carter-Watts Assumptions and Fallacies * Assumptions are when something is taken for granted. When assumptions are made the facts are sometimes overlooked. Unfortunately, assumptions are often incorrect, and can cause huge misunderstandings or ever hurt others feelings. By assuming something, the thought process is interrupted, leaving the thinker short. When one assumes answers to their questions, or problems they no

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  • Fallacy

    the Josh Peck to convey the slippery slope fallacy. Slippery slope arguments falsely assume that one thing must lead to another. They begin by suggesting that if we do one thing then that will lead to another, and before we know it we’ll be doing something that we don’t want to do. So according to my advertisement Weight Watchers will help attract the opposite sex. Another fallacy I used in my advertisement was the hasty generalization fallacy. his fallacy is committed when a person draws a conclusion

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  • Fallacies Research Paper

    Coppin University | Fallacies | Research Paper #2 | | Johnson, Tiara | 6/28/2013 | Fallacies are arguments that have an error in their reasoning. Its conclusion does not have to be true for an argument to be fallacious. There are formal and informal fallacies. An invalid argument that stems from an error in its logical form is called a formal fallacy. An error in reasoning that has originated in improperly is called an informal fallacy. Arguments in either fallacy can still be valid.

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  • Logical Fallacies

    Logical Fallacies Defined Jamie Osborne American InterContinental University Abstract Fallacies can be viewed as a mistake or error. There are many different fallacies with different meanings for each. The following paper will discuss 9 logical fallacies. The paper will also include definitions for each of the 9 fallacies as well as examples of being applied to real life scenarios. Logical Fallacies defined Everyone has gotten into an argument with someone once or twice in their

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  • Logical Fallacies

    Logical Fallacies Fallacies are all around us. We see fallacies on the television, newspapers, and radio. People around the world experience logical fallacies on almost a daily basis. A fallacy is defined as “errors or flaws in reasoning” (Axelrod and Cooper 620).Fallacies used in advertisements are; band wagon, begging the question, confusing chronology with casualty, either-or reasoning, equivocating, failing to accept the burden of proof, false analogy, hasty generalization, overreliance

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  • Fallacy and Assumptions

    What are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? A fallacy is a term that is derived from Latin words which mean to deceive or to be deceptive. A fallacy is basically a flaw in the logic reasoning that is being given, whether it is an argument or an answer someone is giving, where the evidence does not match what is being said. Most people will use fallacies to help support an argument, if they cannot find actual evidence. They will use a fallacy to make

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  • Fallacy

    often cited as an example of this, but their 40% Aids rate--definitely attributable to rampant sexual activity--is impossible to overlook. Encapsulated in this spiel are what could be termed ‘the four great fallacies of the Africa Debate’. I’ll attend to each of these in turn. Fallacy 1 - Africa’s problems are by in large internal There’s no denying that some of Africa’s problems are internal but the claim that they are entirely (or even by in large internal) is demonstrably false: it ignores

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  • Assumptions of Fallacies

    Associate Level Material Assumptions and Fallacies Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions: 1. What are assumptions? 2. something taken for granted: something that is believed to true without proof 3. belief without proof: the belief that something is true without having any proof 4. act of undertaking something: the act of taking something upon yourself • • How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical

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  • Assumptions and Fallacies

    Associate Level Material Assumptions and Fallacies Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions: • What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? An assumption is taking something for granted. Assumptions are expecting things to be a certain way based on how similar situations have been in the past, or because we want them to be a certain way

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  • Fallacies

    goal to persuade someone to take action or accept a belief; the strategic argument style used; the effectiveness of persuasion; the use of specific appeals to ethos, pathos, and logos; apparent logical problems such as use of visual deception or fallacies; how the argument might be improved. * Project is well written. * Project meets posted length requirements. | B: 88-98 points | * Essay demonstrates some understanding of the visual arguments through the title, introduction, introduction

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  • Business Fallacies

    Fallacies Assignment BCOM/275 Two wrongs make a right is a type of fallacy when one person does something wrong to another, and the recipient, in turn, does something equally wrong back to the original deliverer. In doing so, the recipient doing the second wrong, believe they are justified in doing so because they are getting even or, making the situation right in their own mind. Obviously, in the end, this doesn't make anything right. Instead you would simply have two wrongs committed, often

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  • Assumptions and Fallacies

    Assumptions & Fallacies HUM/111 April 17, 2014 Pam Strunk Assumptions & Fallacies 1) What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? Elder, L. & Paul, R. (2002) define assumptions as "is something we take for granted or presuppose" 25 (3), 34. It is imperative to identify what we believe on the basis of an argument, as opposed to what we know. Develop critical thinking made ​​us able to abstract our prejudices and

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  • Fallacy Exercises, Part 3

    Fallacy Exercises, part 3 I. Identify the fallacies committed by the following arguments, giving a brief explanation for your answer. If no fallacy is committed, write "no fallacy." NOTE: If an argument is followed by “IGNORE” it is an eample that we didn’t cover and you are not responsible for it. 1. Either we require forced sterilization of Third World peoples or world popula¬tion will explode and all of us will die. We certainly don't want to die, so we must require forced sterilization

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  • Crt 205 Fallacies

    Identifying Fallacies CRT 205 Identifying Fallacies 2. This is an example of an ad hominem fallacy, the author attacks Andrea Keene, and therefore the claim is false. This could also be an example of Straw Man fallacy, while the effects of fertility drugs are not exaggerated, suggesting that one or more of the infants dies “agonizingly” every time is exaggerated. 3. Straw Man fallacy, this is where the author distorts and exaggerates the position. When she said that it is far better to be

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  • Fallacies

    Appendix C Categorizing Fallacies Categorize each fallacy statement by copying and pasting it into the text box adjacent to its matching fallacy type. Fallacy Statements |Fallacy Type |Fallacy Statement | |Ad hominem/genetic |3. From a study group member: “I just don’t get it. One minute she says she’s coming, and| | |then the next, she calls to cancel. I wonder

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  • Logical Fallacies

    black, so therefore all black people love hip-hop. Slippery Slope: A slippery slope fallacy refers a predetermined premise leading to a chain of events, creating a domino effect. If this happens, then that will happen, causing this to happen. Example: If you drink and drive, you will kill someone and if you kill someone his or her kids will feel abandoned. Equivocation or changing meanings: The fallacy of equivocation is when the key term of an argument that can often be misleading and used

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  • Critical Thinking - Fallacies

    Title: Unit 5 Fallacies Kaplan University February 11, 2014 Unit 5 Fallacies Part I: Mom, you know how much I love animals, right? Well, yesterday I just happened to be passing by an animal shelter, and wanted to stop in and take a look at all of those poor dogs that are going to be put to sleep. I know you told me that I couldn’t have any more pets, but there was this one dog; his name is “Butterscotch," and he was scheduled to be executed that same day, and well; I just couldn’t let

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  • Categorizing Fallacies

    Categorizing Fallacies Categorize each fallacy statement by copying and pasting it into the text box adjacent to its matching fallacy type. Fallacy Statements Fallacy Type Fallacy Statement Ad hominem/genetic I don’t care if she is the top psychiatrist in the state! Her theory on sibling rivalry is extreme. How can we believe anything she says if she subscribes to theories of that nature? Wishful thinking Sure, I’ve heard that it’s better to not eat cheeseburgers every day, but it’s

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  • Fallacies of Development

    no relevance to interrogating political power. Gyekye also dismisses economism as “lopsided, inadequate and unrealistic15”, because it “fails to come to grips with the complex nature of human society and culture”16. Furthermore, he highlights the fallacy of composition committed by economism by pointing out that it identifies economic development with development, yet “a species is never identical with its genus17”. Although these critics reveal the overstatement and arrogance of the Eurocentric

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  • Ambigious Fallacy

    Ambiguous Middle Alias: Ambiguous Middle Term Four-Term Fallacy Taxonomy: Logical Fallacy > Informal Fallacy > Ambiguity > Equivocation > Ambiguous Middle < Four-Term Fallacy < Syllogistic Fallacy < Formal Fallacy < Logical Fallacy Form: Any validating form of categorical syllogism with an ambiguous middle term. For a short introduction to categorical syllogisms, see the entry for syllogistic fallacy. Example Counter-Example All human fetuses are human. Any human is a being with

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  • Love Is a Fallacy

    Love Is a Fallacy - Written by Max Shulman Cool was I and logical...My brain was as powerful as a dynamo, as precise as a chemist's scales, as penetrating as a scalpel. And-think of it!-I was only eighteen. It is not often that one young has such a giant intellect. Take, for example, Petey Burch, my roommate at the University of Minnesota. Same age, same background, but dump as an ox. A nice enough fellow, you understand, but nothing upstairs... One afternoon I found Peter lying on his bed

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  • Fallacies

    Nicole Bratcher-Bouyer February 3, 2015 Fallacy Essay Don’t Be a Menace The hit 1996 movie Don’t Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood is a remake of multiple classic hood movies mixed into one, in which the writers utilized rhetorical fallacies to point out stereotypes of black youth growing up in the hood. There are a plethora of fallacies in the film, but two stood out to me the most. The first major fallacy of the film begins in the scene of the main character

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  • Taking Development to People Is a Fallacy

    ased on examples from Kenya and elsewhere, discuss why taking development to the people is a fallacy. What is a fallacy? A frequently committed mistake in reasoning. A systematic error in reasoning Taking development to the people “Taking” means moving something from its original point of stature. According to UNDP, the term development means 'to lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgeable, to have access to resources needed for a decent standard of living and to be able to participate

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  • En1420 Analyzing Fallacies. Online

    What type of fallacies do you detect? In this picture there are many fallacies I detected, some more apparent than others. The first being the “Red Herring” witch states the claim provides unrelated and misleading support for said claim. Being a circular reasoning argument it easy to see why this fallacy fits. I’ve seen this type of logic first hand, were I could propose a fact from a creditable source and another person retorts with a wild claim like “Because GOD said so/did it.” Not backing said

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  • Traditional Fallacy

    has experienced, and has been through the fallacy of appeal to tradition still exists. Appeal to tradition is the fallacy that a standpoint, situation or action is right, proper, and correct simply because it has “always” been that way, because people have “always” thought that way, or because it continues to serve one particular group very well. It is the notion that if an idea has been around for a while than it should be followed and is true. This fallacy is one of the major reasons that have been

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  • Common Fallacies

    LOGICAL FALLACY | DEFINITION | EXAMPLE | Ad Hominem | Attacking the character of the arguer rather than the argument | “Mary has no credibility on the smoking ban issue, because she was once a smoker herself” | Bandwagon (Ad Populum) | Suggesting that a person should agree to something because it is popular | “Over one thousand people have decided to sign up, so you should too” | Begging the Question | Using circular reasoning to prove a conclusion | “Conservatives believe in hard work and

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  • Fallacies

    Abstract A fallacy is an argument that uses poor reasoning. An argument can be fallacious whether or not its conclusion is true. A fallacy can be either formal or informal. An error that stems from a poor logical form is sometimes called a formal fallacy or simply an invalid argument. My paper will involve the fallacy of false cause, fallacy of accident, and fallacy of equivocation and amphiboly. It will gives examples on how there are many connections of the world and the fallacies. Fallacies

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  • Assumptions and Fallacies

    Associate Level Material Assumptions and Fallacies Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions: • What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? • What are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking? Cite and reference any sourced material consistent with Associate

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  • Logic & Fallacies

    forms of validity All valid arguments are deductive; all deductive arguments are valid If invalid, may still be strong by inductive standards Inconsistency: a contradiction can never be true? (NB: formal logic vs. dialectics) Beware fallacies of composition: is term used collectively or distributively? Extended arguments Passages containing arguments and sub-arguments, often mixed with other material Task: isolate conclusions and premises Identify: Vertical patterns

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  • Logical Fallacies

    Logical Fallacies Fallacies are common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic of your argument. Fallacies can be either illegitimate arguments or irrelevant points, and are often identified because they lack evidence that supports their claim. Avoid these common fallacies in your own arguments and watch for them in the arguments of others. • o Slippery Slope: This is a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eventually through a series of small steps, through B, C,

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  • Assumptions and Fallacies

    Assumptions and Fallacies Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions: • What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? Assumptions are beliefs or ideas that we have with little evidence or facts. Assumptions can interfere with critical thinking in a major way. If we are working with a group and we assume that the others we work with are less knowledgeable

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  • Fallacies

    also fails to highlight the perspective of the other participants. He fails to tell us the reason as to why someone may think that his opinion is unacceptable. Is there anyone fighting his stand? Fallacies “as long as you do the work, showing up for a class should be irrelevant." This violates the fallacy, weak induction. We see that Kevin is trying to convince Tanya against the idea of going to class. We can almost agree with him that if we are done with our assignments, we don't have to attend

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  • Identifying Fallacies

    CheckPoint: Identifying Fallacies 2. Letter to the editor: “Andrea Keene’s selective morality is once again showing through in her July 15 letter. This time she expresses her abhorrence of abortion. But how we see only what we choose to see! I wonder if any of the anti-abortionists have considered the widespread use of fertility drugs as the moral equivalent of abortion, and, if they have, why they haven’t come out against them, too. The use of these drugs frequently results in multiple

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  • Ben Franklin Fallacy Paper

    Ben Franklin Fallacies Paper One of the most important aspects of effective persuasion is avoiding being caught in the traps of logical fallacies.  The word “fallacy” comes from Latin, meaning “deceit,” “trick,” or “fraud.”  Although sometimes these types of errors are hard to catch, so learning to recognize logical fallacies can help to be a better writer, listener, student, and voter.  Don’t be fooled by the twisted rhetoric of another.  Likewise, you need to avoid misleading your own audience

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  • Fallacy and Rhetoric

    Week Two Discussion Questions 1.Chapter 5 and 6 of critical thinking cover fallacies and rhetoric. What are two examples of persuasion that are not valid arguments according to the text? Why are these invalid arguments? Argument from Popularity is an example of an invalid argument. To to justify or defend an action or practice on the grounds that it is common or doing things because that's the way they've always been done are two types of arguments from popularity as stated in chapter

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  • Logical Fallacy

    Biased Sample is a logical fallacy in which the author makes an assumption just from a single data and lacks equality in some way. Most of the time, the data is unfair and therefore doesn’t give a correct analysis. This kind of sample can result as a result of poor data collection in which the researcher doesn’t attempt to collect as much information as possible. Also this kind of sample might result from unawareness in collecting the information. A good example for Biased Sample is the widely

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  • Fallacies

    The Fallacy of Perfection: the belief that you should be able to handle every situation with confidence and skill. Once you believe that it is possible to be a perfect communicator, the next step is to believe that others won’t like you if you’re not perfect. If you feel this way, sharing feelings of uncertainty or admitting your mistakes seem like social defects. Trying to appear perfect uses up energy and risks friendships. Your self-esteem suffers as well when you don’t measure up to your

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