Fifo Lifo Avco

  • Fifo

    inventory that are allowed by Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). First-in, first-out (FIFO) is an inventory method that assumes that the first items produced or purchased in the inventory are the first ones sold. This inventory method is acceptable under the U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), as well as the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). FIFO is most often used in accordance with the restaurant industry or businesses that deal with perishable

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  • Ifrs Against Lifo

    Inventory methods go back to the times of the first recorded businesses, First in First out method or FIFO, is commonly accepted over all accounting standards; however, the antithesis of FIFO is not as easily agreed upon. Last in First Out method, was ruled as not an acceptable accounting method for valuation of inventories in 1930 by the Supreme Court. This was after issues with many companies seeing LIFO as the most accurate way to valuate their inventories, which caused many law suites and lead to the

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  • Lifo to Be Accepted as a Costing Method

    LIFO to be accepted as costing method? I. Introduction In the United States, the SEC is expected to eventually mandate the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). U.S. standards setters have been working toward this eventuality through a process of convergence. The SEC issued a statement in early 2010 that updated its timeline and indicated that companies could be required to adopt IFRS as early as 2015 (see SEC, "Commission Statement in Support of Convergence and Global

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  • Aca1 Task 4

    calculate the value of the goods in inventory. By reporting and analyzing such information, a company can help to predict financial performance and the best plan to achieve results. Such inventory valuation methods include: Average Cost Method; FIFO; and LIFO. The inventory valuation methods use two different inventory systems – perpetual and periodic. The perpetual inventory system is used when a company reports the cost of goods sold as those goods are sold throughout the accounting period. The

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  • Reporting of Costs of Goods Sold

    Similarly, the ending inventory for the period is determined by multiplying this average unit cost by the number of units on hand. (b) FIFO–This inventory costing method views the first units purchased as the first units sold. Under this method cost of goods sold is costed at the oldest unit costs, and the ending inventory is costed at the newest unit costs. (c) LIFO–This inventory costing method assumes that the last units purchased are the first units sold. Under this method cost of goods sold

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  • Accounting Glossary

    did not exist. Auditing: the independent examination of, and expression of an opinion on, the financial statements of an enterprise by an appointed auditor in pursuance of that appointment and in compliance with any relevant statutory obligation. AVCO (average cost): a method of valuing fungible assets (notably stock) at average (simple or weighted) input prices. Bad debts: debts known to be irrecoverable and therefore treated as losses by inclusion in the Profit and Loss (P&L) Account as an

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  • Fifo of Inventories

    A 5s Implementation Plan For The Shipping Department at Helical Products Co. By Eric William Walker A Senior Project submitted In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo Graded by: Checked by: Date of Submission: Approved by: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Helical Products Company is a business that manufactures flexure products, such as couplings and u-joints. As part of a

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  • Ifrs vs. Gaap: Concerns About Lifo

    GAAP: Concerns about LIFO General accepted accounting principles (GAAP) allows the use of LIFO (Last-in First-out) under ASC 330-10-30-9 to determine inventory costs. However, IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) does not allow the use. Many companies choose to use the LIFO method because it allows the higher value inventory to be included into the cost of sales. This results in a smaller profit margin that further results in less tax. IFRS doesn’t allow the use of LIFO for the same reason

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  • 12th Ed

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cost Flow Assumption FIFO Financial Statements Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cost of Goods Sold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross Margin on Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ending Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . aTV $250 290 300 $840 $550 Weighted Average (2) $550 280b $270 $560e LIFO (3) $550 300c $250 $540f (1) $550 250a $300 $590d

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  • Affects of Fifo on Psychological Wellbeing

    Subjective Experience to a Survey on The Psychological Impact of Fly in Fly out (FIFO) Lifestyle Introduction Imagine if you will being in an environment where the vast majority of the people around you have broken marriages, lost access to their children and or money due to the impact of their fly in fly out (FIFO) lifestyle. Over my 5 year FIFO mining career I have heard countless stories from my co-workers of heartbreak and sadness. Based on these real life examples and large subject pool

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  • Case Lifo Merrimack Tractors and Mowers Product View

    suggested Rick to change the accounting method from LIFO to FIFO which would report to higher income figure in 2008 which subsequently would increase the taxes payable. Inference: After comparing income statements of year 2008 based on LIFO and FIFO methods we can observe a drastic impact it had on NET INCOME. NETINCOME is positive when FIFO method is used and negative when LIFO is used. • As per Colburn’s report, real cost of switching over to FIFO is $ 5.5 million and will lead to immediate tax

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  • Student

    company uses LIFO, the value of closing stock will be lesser than the value calculated under FIFO method and the closing stock will be lesser in LIFO due to the higher cost of sales which in turn would result in lesser gross profit. This is transferred to Profit & Loss Account/Income Statement/Statement of Financial Performance which in turn would result in lesser net profit & high tax savings as tax would be levied on lesser Net Profit. Here Golf Challenge Corp. can use FIFO method to comply

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  • Client Understanding Paper

    Valuation Methods are First-in-Last-out (FIFO), Last-in-First out (LIFO) and Average Cost Method. These method are designed to calculate the cost of goods sold and cost of ending inventory. An explanation of the inventories valuation method are as follow: FIFO is assumed that items from the inventory are sold in the order in which they are purchased or produced. Purchase is of an out let as a store (Item) Produced is of a manufactory (Raw Material) With LIFO method inventory is sold first and older

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  • Buisness Management

    Receipts Cost Issue FIFO LIFO Jan 300 4.5   1,350 1,350 Feb 200 4.5 150 1,575 1,575 Mar 400 4.5   3,375 3,375 Apr   4.5 250 2,250 2,250 May 400 4.5 100 3,600 3,600 Jun 300 5   5,100 5,100 Jul     150 4,425 4,350 Aug 400 5   6,425 6,350 Sep 300 5   7,925 7,850 Oct     400 6,125 5,850 Nov 400 6   8,525 8,250 Dec   6 250 7,400 6,750 Total 2,700   1,300     Closing stock (FIFO) = £7,400 Closing stock (LIFO) = £6,750 The closing

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  • Lewis Corporation 6-2

    Workshop Three: Case Studies Case 6-2: A + B + C) FIFO, LIFO, AND AVERAGE COST METHODS FOR 2005, 2006, 2007: FIFO 2005 COGS 1840 X $20 total= $36,800 600 X $20.25 $12,150 380 X $21 $7,980 2820 X $56,930 2005 inventory 420 X 21 total= $8,820 400 X 21.25 $8,500 200 X 21.5 $4,300 1020 $21,620 LIFO 2005 COGS 200 X 21.5 TOTAL= $4,300 400 X 21.25 $8,500 800 X 21 $16,800 600 X 20.25 $12,150

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  • The Future of Lifo

    The uncertain future of LIFO* The uncertain future of LIFO This paper was authored by Christine Turgeon, a partner; Scott Rabinowitz, a director; Helen Poplock, a director; and Sean Pheils, a senior associate with PricewaterhouseCoopers’ Washington National Tax Services (WNTS) practice. For over 70 years, US taxpayers have been able to value the cost of their inventories using the last-in, first-out inventory method of accounting (LIFO). In general, to use LIFO for federal income tax purposes

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  • Finance

    which are: First in, first out ( FIFO), last in, first out ( LIFO), weighted average cost ( AVCO). First in first out: ( FIFO); its about the stock that’s been purchased fast should be sold fast or go fast because it is used during the normal course of business. e.g: opening inventories or stock on 1 january 500 bottles of red wine for £ 6.00 which means 500x £6 = £ 3000 1 april ,100 bottles of red wine purchased at £6.50 = 100x £6.50 =£ 650. last in first out (LIFO) it’s about the stock which was

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  • Morgan Manufacturing

    inventory. Over 2006, Morgan Manufacturing implemented significant productivity improvements over Westwood. But these improvements were not reflected in the financial statements (Exhibit 1). Morgan Manufacturing used LIFO as its inventory costing method, while Westwood used FIFO. Additionally, comparison of three key ratios indicated relative differences between these two competitors: gross margin percentage, pre-tax return on sales, and pre-tax return on assets. And calculations of these three

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  • Acc 205 Week 3 Discussion Question 2 Fifo and Lifo

    ACC 205 Week 3 Discussion Question 2 FIFO and LIFO In the ACC 205 Week 3 Discussion Question 2 FIFO and LIFO you will find answers on the following tasks: "Describe the inventory valuation methods FIFO and LIFO. Which items are included in ending inventory under each method? Respond to at least two of your classmates Deadline: ( ), Business - Accounting Week1 D1:  As you have learned in this week’s readings the Accounting Equation is + Owners’ Equity.  Is the accounting equation

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  • Lifo Fifo

    3217 DECEMBER 9, 2008 WILLIAM E. BRUNS SHARON M. BRUNS SUSAN HARMELING Merrimack Tractors and Mowers, Inc.: LIFO or FIFO? Ricardo “Rick” Martino, president and chief operating officer of Merrimack Tractors and Mowers, Inc., of Nashua, New Hampshire, felt that his job had grown much more complicated during 2007 and 2008. Merrimack was a major regional manufacturer and seller of large commercial grass mowers based on a design developed by his grandfather in the years after World War II. The

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  • Lifo Arguments

    1. Arguments for and against LFO abolition in the US a) What are the arguments in favour of retaining LIFO? The arguments are being made on a number of different grounds so be clear to separate these out. b) What are the arguments in favour of the US abolishing LIFO? c) Should decisions on matters such as this be made on the basis of what is the most appropriate from an accounting perspective (i.e. principles) or from the perspective of the impact of the decision on the real economy (i

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  • Fifo Process Cost

    FIFO Process Cost Problems Dooley Chemical Company makes one product a supplement capsule taken to enhance a person’s focus and provide extra energy. They are sold primarily to students studying for and taking exams. The capsules are made in three steps: Blending, Encapsulating, Packaging. The company uses a FIFO process cost system. During the month of September 2014 the Blending department had a beginning WIP inventory of 12,000 units that were 100% complete for DM and 40% complete for Conversion

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  • Acc 205 Week 3 Dq

    Name] [Writer’s Name] [Course] [Date] Week 3 - DQs 1. LIFO vs. FIFO  The controller of Sagehen Enterprises believes that the company should switch from the LIFO method to the FIFO method.  The controller’s bonus is based on the next income.  It is the controller’s belief that the switch in inventory methods would increase the net income of the company.  What are the differences between the LIFO and FIFO methods?    Guided Response:  Analyze several of your peers’

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  • Accounting

    value in balance sheet will be higher for a longer period, thereby, increasing firm’s asset value. Changing stock valuation policy: Change in method of stock valuation policy (LIFO, FIFO or AVCO) can lead to increase in value of closing stock, boosting up the profits. For example, in a rising price scenario, usage of FIFO method helps in increasing closing stock inventory valuation, thereby reducing the COGS, and hence inflating the earnings. Sale and Lease Back: This involves selling fixed assets

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  • Acounts

    be valued as FIFO: Inventory on the balance sheet is based on the the value that the oldest inventory is sold first Higher current period of profit and taxation(gross profit),Higher inventory value Reflects the latest prices(purchases) LIFO:Inventory on the balance sheet is based on the value that the newest inventory purchased is sold first Lower current period of profit and taxation(gross profit), lower inventory value Reflects the earliest(cheaper) prices(purchases) AVCO: Average cost

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  • How to Do Accounting

    IRS sees. LIFO FIFO (take 1) Textbook: p. 396, 397; Week 6: Inventory Accounting (page 5) 1) Form it in the phrase of the question; make sure units are consistent! 2) LIFO is the amount that inventory would be worth if bought new today 3) Reserves = actual amount of value they’d be worth today 4) LIFO Reserve = FIFO Inventory + LIFO Inventory (and thus) 5) LIFO Inventory + LIFO Reserve = FIFO Inventory 6) The change in LIFO reserves = COGS for newest year (relative to LIFO reserve numbers)

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  • Fifo

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  • Essay Stock Valuation Fifo, Lifo, Cwac

    FIFO, which is stand for “first-in-first-out”, is an inventory costing method which assumes that the first stock bought are the first ones to be sold, and the stock bought later are sold out later. Recently-placed goods that are unsold remain in the inventory at the end of the year. With this inventory valuation approach, the company accounts for the value of inventory received first when sales are made. One of the more common reasons a company chooses FIFO is because it is a more natural straight-line

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  • The End of Lifo

    End of LIFO Jordan Stepney 9910 Pineville Rd Apt 205 Raleigh, NC 27617 919-770-0972 ACCT525 Current Acct Issues Professor Sharon Brown 08/14/2016 Introduction An interesting topic that I chose is LIFO accounting. LIFO stands for last in and first out. LIFO is a valuation method of inventory. The other valuation methods of inventory is FIFO, which stands for first in and first out and weighted average. FIFO is a popular valuation method along with LIFO.

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  • Lifo Us

    ALEXANDER JAMES HAWES Address: 85 Station Street, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 5EF | Mobile: +447947 833577 | Email: | Nationality: Australian | Work Permission: Eligible to apply for permission to work for 3 years under Tier 2 General upon receipt of a job offer from a Tier 2 employer sponsor. Eligible to work for 20 hours during study and full-time during vacations with current Tier 4 Student Visa. EDUCATION2015 – 2016 MSc Finance and Investment, Loughborough

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  • Lifo

    The controversy about the initiative to wipe out the LIFO inventory technique seems that is not a piece of cake. Actually is so controversial that is putting companies, which are using LIFO in real problems. Some of the reason that companies had been using LIFO is because the benefits of paying less tax and also for book purposes. What I think about the three options of eliminate LIFO either for financial accounting or tax purposes, or not allowing it for financial accounting purposes but allowing

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  • Lifo vs Fifo

    for recording Inventory? Show proper examples. 4. What are the Cost Flow Formulas/Assumptions allowed in IAS-2 for maintaining Inventory? Show examples. Which one should be used in what situation? 5. Explain LIFO? Why LIFO is not permitted in IAS-2. Do you think repealing LIFO was wise decision of IASB? Discuss with its advantages & disadvantages. 6. What is NRV of an asset? When should company write down its inventories to NRV? Explain write-down processes with illustrations.

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  • Acc 205 Week 3 Dq 1 Lifo vs Fifo New

    ACC 205 WEEK 3 DQ 1 LIFO VS FIFO NEW To purchase this visit here: Contact us at: ACC 205 WEEK 3 DQ 1 LIFO VS FIFO NEW The controller of Sagehen Enterprises believes that the company should switch from the LIFO method to the FIFO method. The controller’s bonus is based on the next income. It is the controller’s belief that the switch in inventory methods would increase the net income of the company

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  • Acc 305 Week 4 Communication Case 8-4

    goods sold. Mr. Meeks has narrowed the choice to LIFO and FIFO. He has heard that LIFO might be better for tax purposes, but FIFO has certain advantages for financial reporting to investors and creditors. You have been told that the company will be profitable in its first year and for the foreseeable future. Required: Prepare a report for the president describing the factors that should be considered by Tangier in choosing between LIFO and FIFO. Home Work Hour aims to provide quality study notes

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  • Accounting Case - Lifo Vesus Fifo

    LIFO or FIFO Submission Date Sep-9-2015 Class: Accounting Submitted by Objective: Three companies changed their inventory accounting policy. Find the reason behind the change and analyze the impact of the change on the Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss. What accounting lessons we can learn from these two cases? Case 1 Questions 1. Use a table to show general effects of FIFO vs. LIFO Answer:

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  • Fasb Comment Letter

    Intermediate Accounting 3 October 20th, 2015 FASB Comment Letter On May 13th, 2015 FASB issued Accounting Standards Update, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory. The Board came to the decision of abandoning inventory measured using the LIFO method, which is using last-in, first-out. They also decided on excluding the retail inventory methods. The Board also requires inventory to be measured at net realizable value and at the lower of cost. They believe that the result will cause a

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  • Intermediated Accounting Solution Chapter 8

    10, 11, 12 2 5. Flow assumptions. 12, 13, 16, 18, 20 5, 6, 7 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 5, 6, 7, 8, 11 6. Inventory accounting changes. 18 7 6, 7, 10 7. Dollar-value LIFO methods. 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 1, 8, 9, 10, 11 8, 9 Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 14, 15, 17, 18, 19 8, 9 Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 15/e, Solutions Manual 4 (For Instructor Use Only) 8-1 ASSIGNMENT

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  • Merimack

    Case 1: Merrimack Tractors and Mowers, Inc: LIFO or FIFO? 1. Study the financial information for reel mower units that James Colburn prepared for Rick Martino. (Assume that reel mower units are typical of all classes of inventory at Merrimack.) Prepare a pro-forma income statement assuming no changes in accounting policy for 2008 assuming that the company sells 10,000 units each quarter at a price of $2,000 per unit with Sales General and Administration costs the same as for 2007. The cost

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  • Fifo and Lifo

    FIFO and LIFO Accounting Implications of Valuing Inventory under FIFO and LIFO Laura Lance Financial Accounting, ACC211 Instructor Suzanne Lozano 8 December 2011 FIFO and LIFO 1 Accounting Implications of Valuing Inventory under FIFO and LIFO LIFO and FIFO Inventory Accounting Methods The two most common methods of inventory accounting are Last-in-first-out (LIFO), and first-in –first out (FIFO), choosing the correct method of inventory

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  • Fifo or Lifo

    LIFO or FIFO Submission Date Sep-9-2015 Class: Accounting Submitted by Objective: Three companies changed their inventory accounting policy. Find the reason behind the change and analyze the impact of the change on the Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss. What accounting lessons we can learn from these two cases? Case 1 Questions 1. Use a table to show general effects of FIFO vs. LIFO Answer:

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  • Fifo Method of Process Costing

    Process Costing: The First-In, First-Out Method 1 FIFO Method of Process Costing In this supplement to Managerial Accounting we will illustrate the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method of process costing using the data for MVP Sports Equipment Company, which was given in Exhibit 4–4 in Chapter 4 of the text. Unlike the weighted-average method, the FIFO method does not commingle costs from two or more accounting periods. As the illustration will show, the costs from each period are treated separately

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  • Fra Chapter 8

    statements. Understand the items to include as inventory cost. Describe and compare the cost flow assumptions used to account for inventories. Explain the significance and use of a LIFO reserve. Understand the effect of LIFO liquidations. Explain the dollar-value LIFO method. Identify the major advantages and disadvantages of LIFO. Understand why companies select given inventory methods. Inventories in the Crystal Ball A substantial increase in inventory may be a leading indicator of an upcoming decline

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  • Business

    10 Inventory valuation How does the choice of inventory valuation affect the financial results (profits, tax, size of balance sheet) To be able to calculate the cost of goods sold and ending inventory for the following valuation methods FIFO LIFO AVCO To be able to describe which of the above methods yields the least/greatest profit or least/greatest tax burden, or least/greatest ending inventory, given a inflationary/deflationary environment Academy of Finance MBA Program - Business

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  • Fianance

    3. Explain the financial statement and tax effects of each of the inventory cost flow assumptions. 4. Explain the lower of cost or market basis of accounting for inventories. 5. Compute and interpret the inventory turnover ratio. 6. Describe the LIFO reserve and explain its importance for comparing results of different companies. Summary of Questions by Study Objectives and Bloom’s Taxonomy Item SO BT Item SO BT Item SO BT Item SO BT Item SO BT Questions

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  • Impact of Lifo - Ifrs vs Gaap

    Impact of LIFO Accounting When discussing IFRS vs. GAAP regarding inventory, LIFO Accounting is one of the most controversial topics. Although LIFO is hardly used globally, it is heavily used in the United States. A shift from LIFO would have a significant effect on US companies specifically because tax law requires any company that uses LIFO for tax purposes to also use it for book accounting according to Internal Revenue Code (IRC) §472(c). Since IFRS disallows LIFO Accounting, US companies will

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  • Fifo Lifo Avco

    MEHJABEEN SUBMITTED ON: 30/ 04/ 2012 FIFO [ FIRST IN FIRST OUT ] | ADVANTAGES | DISADVANTAGES | * If the business trades perishable goods with the use of FIFO it can avoid obsolescence of stock. * Closing stock valuation is done upon the most recent prices paid for stock which takes into account the rate of inflation. * The method is more realistic as the inventory is issued in the order in which they have been received. * FIFO is acceptable method of inventory valuation

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  • Morgan Manufacturingpresented by: Mark Bundang, B.Sc

    Primarily concerned with the health of the operating aspects of the business.Edward Drewery Controller for Morgan ManufacturingCompetitor of Morgan Manufacturing 5. Morgan ManufacturingMorgan Manufacturing uses LIFO as its inventory costing method and provides the LIFO reserve.Westwood uses FIFO as its inventory costing method.Events and Facts: Morgan OperationsProductivity ImprovementsFinancial StatementsComparison of Operating PerformanceOver 2006, Morgan Manufacturing implemented significant productivity

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  • Kansas City

    Understanding the Inventory Equation • LIFO and FIFO cost-flow assumptions • LIFO tax conformity rule • Inventory accounting: IFRS vs. GAAP • Disclosures regarding cost flow assumptions 8 Two Main Issues Inventory accounting has two fundamental components: 1) Product Costing Decision: What costs are included in each product's inventory account? (Product costing is discussed in depth in managerial accounting). 2) Cost Flow Decision (LIFO/FIFO): Once costs are in the inventory

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  • The Advantages of Fifo

    FIFO stands for first-in, first-out which means that the oldest items in the inventory are recorded as being sold first. At the end of the year the items left in inventory are the ones that were most recently placed there. FIFO Advantages The FIFO method is simple to understand as well as to operate. The method makes sense because the products that are made or received first are the first ones to be utilized or sold. FIFO helps to reduce old or outdated inventory by using it first before the

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  • Is Lifo Fair

    Is LIFO Fair? Scott Olson/Getty Images Exxon Mobil Corporation, like many U.S. companies, uses LIFO to value its inventory for financial reporting and tax purposes. In one recent year, this resulted in a cost of goods sold figure that was $5.6 billion higher than under FIFO. By increasing cost of goods sold, Exxon Mobil reduces net income, which reduces taxes. Critics say that LIFO provides an unfair “tax dodge.” As Congress looks for more sources of tax revenue, some lawmakers

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