Fractional Distillation

  • Experiment

    hexane and toluene using the process of simple distillation. This was collected 3times each at different temperature and after collecting each distillate the refractive index was found of the distillate. Procedure The procedure is the same as Dr. Kelley provided and there were no changes made to it. Data | Fractional index | Temperature | First distillation | 1.3820 | 670c | Second distillation | 1.4656 | 1000c | Third distillation | 1.4851 | 1070c | Calculations X (1.3745)

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  • Purification of Organic Compounds

    contaminated with small amounts of other similar compounds, which are found to exist together or formed during the reaction. In order to characterize them, it is important to purify them. 4. PROCESSES FOR PURIFICATION 1. Crystallization 2. Sublimation 3. Distillation 4. Chromatography 5. Differential Extraction 6. Qualitative Analysis 5. 1. CRYSTALLIZATION Aim To separate a solid compound in pure and geometrical form. Principle A saturated solution of the impure substance in a suitable solvent is made at a

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  • Azeotropic Distillation

    Azeotropic Distillation of water and ethanol by Harold van Schevensteen The process of simple distillation is a method of separating mixtures based on their differences in volatility in a boiling liquid mixture. We find out, however, that using this process, a mixture of water and ethanol cannot be separated fully. The latter can only be purified to approximately 96%. To get to this point, we go through a process whereby through distillation, we reduce the proportion of water in the mixture

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  • Fractional Distillation Process

    HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT TITLE: FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION PROCESS CONTENTS 1. Title………………………………………………………………………….1 2. Summary…………………………………………………………………….3 3. Introduction of Case Study…………….…………………………………….4 4. Risk Scenario Development…….…………………………………………...5 5. Justification of Fault Tree Analysis…………………………………………6 6. Procedures of Fault Tree Analysis…………………………………………..7 7. Fault Tree Analysis…………………………………………………………8 8. Possible Risk Associated with Hazards…

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  • Determination of Alcohol in Cossack Vodka by Means of Simple Distillation Abstract

    DETERMINATION OF ALCOHOL IN COSSACK VODKA BY MEANS OF SIMPLE DISTILLATION ABSTRACT: Cossack Vodka is distilled liquor composed primarily of water and ethyl alcohol or ethanol (CH3CH2OH) without a definite aroma or taste. Alcohol is a primary content of vodka, and distillation – a process involving condensation and evaporation wherein solvents of different boiling points are separated from each other – is a method that may be used to determine the certain presence of Alcohol content in Cossack

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  • My Mind

    table. Give reason for your answer. 11) Deduce bonding between strontium and chlorine based on its position relative to other group 2 elements. 12) Write a formula for strontium chloride. 13) Name the property of compounds upon which fractional distillation is based. 14) Plan and design experiment to obtain solid sea salt from a mixture of seawater and sand. List main observations as separation proceeds. 15) Calculate solubility of substance X at different temperatures. Plot graph of solubility

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  • Word List for Technology

    can rotate | Bàn xoay | Distill | purify or isolate using distillation | Trưng cất | Refinery | An industrial plant for purifying a crude substance | Lọc | Bitumen /'bitjumin/ | Any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons | Nhựa đường | Column | | Tháp (chưng cất) | Crude oil | A dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons | Dầu thô | Fractional distillation | Fractionation of a liquid by distillation | Trưng cất phân đoạn | Derrick | A framework erected over

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  • Distillation

    Steam Distillation is the process of distilling a mixture wherein one of the immiscible phases is a steam. It is a mild method for separating and purifying volatile liquid or solid organic compounds that are immiscible or insoluble in water. This technique is not applicable to substances that react with water, decompose on prolonged contact with steam or hot water, or have a vapor pressure of less than about 5 torr at 100°C. One way to perform steam distillation is through the live steam method

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  • Gas Chromatography

    Objective: Analyzing three of the fraction samples from the previous lab: “Separation, Extraction, Fractional Distillation & Gas Chromatography” to determine the contents purity Equations: Area of peak=1/2HxW % composition= (Area of peak/Total area of peak(s)) x 100 Properties: Diethyl ether 1,2-dimethoxy ethane Formula C4H10O3 ClCO(CH2)8COCl Melting Point −116.3 °C -58°C Boiling Point 62 - 64 °C 82 - 83°C Density 1.005 g/cm3 1.121 Physical

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  • Fractional Distillation

    Iris Lopez Experiment 6: Fractional Distillation. Separation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons Abstract: A mixture of cyclohexane and toluene were separate from one another by fractional distillation in order to measure the composition of each fraction and prepare the sample for gas chromatography. Introduction: Distillation has been used since antiquity to separate the components of mixtures. This method has been used to manufacture different organic chemicals but the most recent application

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  • Alkanes of Chem

    this pattern to separate mixtures of alkanes using a process called fractional distillation. During fractional distillation, the temperature of a mixture of hydrocarbons is slowly increased. As the boiling point of each alkane is reached, the alkane boils out of the mixture. Chemists can collect the vapour and condense it to obtain mixtures of alkanes with similar boiling points and carbon chain lengths. Fractional distillation (or fractionation) is used on an industrial scale in oil refin-

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  • Fractional Distillation

    Organic Chemistry I Research Paper on Pseudoephedrine By: Natalie Roberts Jennifer Dargis Nakeesha Longeley Pseudoephedrine is a phenylethylamine which is utilized as a pharmaceutical product. It has the official IUPAC name of (1S,2S)-2-methylamino-1-phenylpropan-1-ol, and the CAS number of 90-82-4. Psuedoephedrine contains three functional groups: amine, hydroxyl, and ethyl in its ring; it also has one stereogenic carbon. The enantiomer of pseudoephedrine is ephedrine, and this substance

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  • Simple and Factional Distillation

    INTRODUCTION Distillation is a technique widely used in organic chemistry for separating compounds based on differences in their boiling points. The experiment is divided into two parts: simple distillation, an easy set-up where a solution or a mixture of substances with different volatility is separated through exposure heat; and fractional distillation, which under goes a series of evaporation and condensation process to purify more complex mixtures. Raoult and Dalton Law are the two principles

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  • Distillation

    Simple and Fractional Distillation I. Introduction Distillation is one of the oldest and still most common methods for both the purification and the identification of organic liquids. It is a physical process used to separate chemicals from a mixture by the difference in how easily they vaporize. As the mixture is heated, the temperature rises until it reaches the temperature of the lowest boiling substance in the mixture, while the other components of the mixture remain in their original

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  • Simple and Fractional Distillation

    Simple and Fractional Distillation Authors: Abion, T.J.J., Aganda, J.C., Alpay, R.F., Berboso, M.J.R., Casuga, J.M.D. (Group01-2A-BC) Abstract Distillation is the process of converting a liquid to a vapor, condensing the vapor, and then, collecting the distillate in another container. More about distillation will be discussed in the introduction. This experiment was carried out to differentiate simple from fractional distillation, to separate the components of an alcoholic drink, and to

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  • Distillation

    atmospheric pressure or some other applied pressure. A boiling point is commonly measured when the liquid heated. The boiling temperature is measured as distillation vapor covers the bulb of a thermometer suspended above the boiling liquid. Typically, the most accurate boiling point measurement is the relatively constant temperature achieved during a distillation. The melting point of a compound is the temperature at which the solid phase is in equilibrium with the liquid phase. A solid compound changes to

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  • I Don't Know

    different boiling points allows us to separate them. The process of heating a substance until it is vaporized, cooling the vapors, and collecting the condensed liquid is the basis of a commonly used purification technique called distillation. Method: The fractional distillation apparatus was set-up as shown in the illustration and was approved by the TA. 50 mL of wine was added into the flask along with boiling chips and the flask was then placed into the heating mantel. A flow of cold water was set-up

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  • Busines

    com/brandguide/food-and-beverages/4442-absolut-vodka.html HISTORY Absolut was established in 1879 by Lars Olsson Smith and is produced in Åhus, Sweden. Smith introduced fractional distillation that produces liquor without fusel alcohol in Sweden in 1877, under the name "Tiodubbelt Renadt Brännvin" (Tenfold Purified Vodka). Brännvin literally means "burn-wine" and is analogous to the German "Branntwein". The term is also used in

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  • Distillation

    atmospheric pressure or some other applied pressure. A boiling point is commonly measured when the liquid heated. The boiling temperature is measured as distillation vapor covers the bulb of a thermometer suspended above the boiling liquid. Typically, the most accurate boiling point measurement is the relatively constant temperature achieved during a distillation. The melting point of a compound is the temperature at which the solid phase is in equilibrium with the liquid phase. A solid compound changes to

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  • Brandy Distillation Microbiology

    Brandy Brandy is an alcoholic beverage produced by the distillation of wine with an alcohol content of between 35 – 60% by volume. It is mostly served as an after-dinner drink, but also popular in bars and nightclubs in many countries. It can also be produced by fruits other than grapes but is sold under different names, such as eaux-de-vie in France and schnapps in Germany. There are varying requirements held by countries in order to classify a drink as a brandy, but the most recognisable

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  • Lovebutt

    air through liquid air fractionation. The atmosphere only contains 0.94% Argon. It was the first noble gas to be discovered. Ramsay discovered it because he was removing Oxygen and Nitrogen from the air from a quanitiy of liquid air through fractional distillation, and he found that there was a small remainder of gas left. He put the remaining gas into a glass tube and excited it with electricity. When he studied the unknown gas through a spectroscope, he discovered a new pattern of lines, but there

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  • Abdutheddude

    and the ability to interact effectively with management, staff, and external service providers. • Valid Canadian Class 4 driver’s license. • H2S & CO2, Desulphurization & Sweetening. • Specialized in the design and construction of distillation equipment and complete modular process systems for solvent recovery, product purification, organic chemical separations, renewable energy production, steam stripping, polysilicon production and environmental applications. Employment History

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  • Physical Change

    mixture behaves in a different way. Solutions Most solutions of salts and some compounds such as sugars can be separated by evaporation. Others such as mixtures or volatile liquids such as low molecular weight alcohols can be separated by fractional distillation. Alloys The mixing of different metal elements is known as alloying. Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. Separating individual metals from an alloy can be difficult and may require chemical processing – making an alloy is an example of

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  • Lkhgfd

    formula is stated below: 2 ZnO (l) + C → 2 Zn (l) + CO2 (g) Step 5: Evaporation The ore changes its state as gas and leave the impurities behind. Step 6: Further purification Either fractional distillation or Electrolytic refining is applied to concentrate the impure zinc. c. The whole procedure of two extractions are very similar. At the beginning of extraction, both ores are needed to be ground by crushing to get rid of gangue. In

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  • Introduction of Formal Report for Distillation

    Introduction (Experiment 1) Distillation is a process involving the conversion of a liquid into a vapor that is later on condense back to liquid form for collection of distillate. It is used to separate the components of a liquid from non volatile solids or those liquid having different boiling points which will be seen on this experiment. (Abdullah, M.G. et. al (2013, December 15) distillation. This method is used to purify a liquid

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  • Researches

    SIMPLE DISTILLATION OF VODKA (THE BAR) Somo, John Carlo , Sopoco, Marc Andrew , Sotong, Patricia , Venturina, Flian Lyra , Tia, Queenie de Leon 2B- Medical Technology Faculty of Pharmacy UST ABSTRACT Distillation is the method used for purifying liquids and separating mixtures of liquids into their individual components. The experiment targets to differentiate the two methods; simple and fractional distillation, to separate its water and alcohol components, and to determine the percentage of

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  • Simple Distillation

    Simple Distillation: A Test on the Amount of Ethanol Present in Vodka By: Morales, Michah A. Ogsimer, Juk Rances F. Pacia, Carissa Jenelle Y. Panganiban, Aean Genesis R. Rabang, Maika I. 2B-Medical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Santo Tomas ABSTRACT Distillation is a technique in separating two liquid components. There are two types of distillation used in this experiment known as the simple and fractional distillation. The objective of this experiment was to be able to determine

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  • Variety Resources on Earth

    millions of years. 2. There are three types of fossil fuels; petroleum, coal and natural gas. 3. Coal and natural gas can be burnt as fuel directly after they mined. Petroleum can be separated into different parts by fractional distillation before 4. use. 5. Products of fractional distillation are petrol, diesel, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas. ( LPG ). ELEMENTS, COMPOUND AND MIXTURE PMR 04, 06 Elements. PMR 04, 06 1. Elements are substances that are made up of only one type of particle. 2. An

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  • Chemistry Examinat

    D. The electrons are found in the shells surrounding the nucleus 3. During the manufacture of ethanol, the ethanol is separated from the fermented mixture by A. Centrifugation B. Solvent extraction C. Fractional distillation D. Boiling 4. An element Y reacts with fluorine gas to form a solid of formula YF. The electronic configuration of Y could be A. 2:7 B. 2:8:8:1 C. 2:8:2 D. 2:8:3 5. Which of the

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  • Coys

    make electrodes and as a lubricant, whereas diamond is used in cutting tools  ● Describe the separation of two immiscible liquids using a separating funnel ● Describe the separation of mixtures of miscible liquids by fractional distillation, by referring to the fractional distillation of liquid air to produce nitrogen and oxygen ● Describe how paper chromatography can be used to separate and identify components of mixtures, including colouring agents in foodstuffs ● Evaluate the information provided

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  • Air and Water

    buildings and on health | Describe sacrificial protection in terms of the reactive series of metals and galvanizing as a method of rust prevention | | | Supplement | | 8 | Describe the separation of oxygen and nitrogen from liquid air by fractional distillation | Describe the essential conditions for manufacture of ammonia by the harbor process including the sources of the hydrogen and nitrogen | | 10 | Describe and explain the presence of oxides of nitrogen in car exhausts and their catalytic

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  • Nonlinear Modelling Application in Distillation Column

    Chemical Product and Process Modeling Volume 2, Issue 3 2007 Article 12 Nonlinear Modelling Application in Distillation Column Zalizawati Abdullah, Universiti Sains Malaysia Norashid Aziz, Universiti Sains Malaysia Zainal Ahmad, Universiti Sains Malaysia Recommended Citation: Abdullah, Zalizawati; Aziz, Norashid; and Ahmad, Zainal (2007) "Nonlinear Modelling Application in Distillation Column," Chemical Product and Process Modeling: Vol. 2 : Iss. 3, Article 12. Available at: http://www.bepress

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  • Atmospheric and Vacuum Distillation Unit

    3/9/15 Distributive Control System (DCS) A distributed control system, is a control system for a process or plant, wherein control elements are distributed throughout the system. Distributed Control System is a specially designed control system used to control complex, large and geographically distributed applications in industrial processes. In this, controllers are distributed throughout the entire plant area. These distributed controllers are connected to both field devices and operating

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  • Crude Oil

    conditions making layers of rock. The heat of the rocks and the increased pressure turned the dead animals into crude oil. I have found out that they put crude oil into a machine and separate using an interesting method called fractional distillation. Fractional distillation of crude oil is where they separate out oil into hydrocarbons with similar boiling points, called fractions. Each hydrocarbon fraction contains molecules with similar numbers of carbon atoms. To my understanding I think each of

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  • Ch 220c

    successful, enjoyable semester! 13. WORK SCHEDULE LAB REPORT DUE DATE SCHEDULE* |Report |Due |Report |Due |Report |Due | |Distillation |Period 4 |Substitution |Period 8 |Luminol |Period 12 | |Extraction |Period 6 |Grignard |Period 9

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  • Asdf

    The Determination of Percentage Ethanol from Gin Vodka by Simple Distillation *Bejasa,B. ; Beltran,R. ; Bombase,M. ; Bunyi,C. ; Canlas,L. 2BMT Abstract Vodka is composed primarily of water and ethanol with traces of impurities and flavourings and naturally has an alcoholic content of 38-40% by volume. This experiment aimed to determine the percent ethanol of the vodka through simple distillation. A 30mL of the sample was collected and heated through the use of alcohol lamp. A collection of

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  • Fractional Distillation

    Abstract Fractional distillation was used to separate an ethanol mixture and determine the percent of ethanol. A fractional distillation apparatus with copper turnings in the fractionating column was used to separate the ethanol mixture. The mixture was heated to a boil (78.1*C) and began to drip distillate into the receiving flask. A sample of the distillate was taken and a pipet was used to measure out 1 mL of the substance. The weight of the 1 mL was determined to be 0.82grams. The density

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  • Distillation Column

    CONTROL OF DISTILLATION COLUMN USING ASPEN DYNAMICS Abhishankar Kumar*, Basudeb Munshi** *M.Tech. Student, ** Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, NIT Rourkela- 769 008 (Orissa) ABSTRACT This paper deals with the control of binary distillation column of propane and iso-butane mixture. The column has 32 trays including reboiler and condenser. The simulation work has been carried out by Aspen Dynamics software a licensed product

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  • Fractional Distillation of Ether

    Experiment 1: Fractional Distillation of Ether from 1,2-Dimethoxyethane & Gas Chromatography Performed September 13th & 15th, 2011 By Jennifer Seitz Organic Chemistry 344 Section 803 Fall 2011 Objective: The purpose of this experiment was to fractionally distill an Ethyl ether/1, 2-Dimethoxyethane mixture, collect and plot various fractions of temperature vs. volume of different distillate, and make comparisons between the different packing materials tested. Physical Properties/Structures:

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  • Distillation

    EXPERIMENT 3 GROUP B AIM: To find the overall efficiency of plate column operating under total reflux, for a binary system (iso-propanol & n- propanol). APPARATUS: * Distillation Column with reboiler * Automatic digital refractometer * Two fluids with different volatilities. PROCEDURE: * Distillation column was filled with the two fluids. * Then we switched on the heater and set the temperature to 126.6 ̊C * And then we allow the system to reach the equilibrium.

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  • Distillation

    ACKNOWLEDGMENT I would express my gratitude to my Faculty Guide Mr. Ankit Paliwal under whose guidance I successfully completed my Semiar-1 project report on the topic ‘Distillation Process’. I would also show my gratitude towards my Programme Leader Dr. Monika Thakur and our HOD Dr Amarinder Singh Bawa for including such a project in my course curriculum which gave me a chance to gain knowledge as much as I can in this field. Thank you Varun Gadodia

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  • Ethnopharmacological Approach in Medicine Discovery

    Isolation: this is the separation of the active components from each other from the sample. This include: - Distillation methods, e.g. steam and fractional distillation. - Chromatographic methods, e.g. thin layer chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, affinity chromatography, gel filtration chromatography. - Fractional crystallization For example, steam distillation is used to separate aspirin from parahydrobenzoic acid. This is because aspirin has intramolecular bonds

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  • Juls

    Bituminous materials consists of bitumen which is a black or dark colored solid or viscous cementitious substances consists chiefly high molecular weight hydrocarbons derived from distillation of petroleum or natural asphalt, has adhesive properties, and is soluble in carbon disulphide. Tars are residues from the destructive distillation of organic substances such as coal, wood, or petroleum and are temperature sensitive than bitumen. Bitumen will be dissolved in petroleum oils where unlike tar. Importance

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  • Mutation

    gases by displacement of water, and perform simple qualitative tests with test tubes and droppers. To this basic list we will add liquid/liquid and liquid/solid extractions, crystallization, TLC, column and gas chromatography, simple and fractional distillations, melting point and boiling point determinations, polarimetry, and infrared spectroscopy. Because some of the experiments are performed using very small amounts of material (microscale techniques), some of the familiar techniques are modified

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  • Seporation Techniques

    paper due to capillary action and the components of the mixture rise up at different rates and thus are separated from one another. Distillation Simple distillation is a method used for the separation of components of a mixture containing two miscible liquids that boil without decomposition and have sufficient difference in their boiling points. The distillation process involves heating a liquid to its boiling points, and transferring the vapours into the cold portion of the apparatus, then

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  • Petroleum Management - Asphalt Is Obtained as the Ultimate Bottom Product of a Vacuum Distillation Column. the Residuum’s May Still Contain Some Oil, but Further Distillation Serves No Use at All

    Management CASE STUDY : 1 All crudes contain moisture and salts to varying degrees. Water is likely to occur in emulsion form when the crudes are naphthenic or sulfurous. No harm may be expected to the distillation column due to the presence of moisture, as there is always steam in distillation. However, crude has to be dehydrated to remove the salts. Water being good solvent for these salts, the removal is very much effective in the form of brine. Long standing of crudes may permit the separation

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  • Kumarr

    for distillation. Different hydrocarbons are separated as they have different boiling points. The crude oil has different hydrocarbons of various molecular masses like dienes, alkenes, cycloalkanes, napthenes, aromatics, paraffins and alkynes. The hydrocarbons are in different in molecular structure and also have different physical and chemical properties. Because of these properties crude oil is used in various broad range of application. Working of fractional distillation

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  • Organic

    9/17/2012 Exp.#1 Fractional Distillation of Ether from 1,2-Dimethoxyethane & Gas Chromatography Objective: -Fractionally distill a mixture of ethyl ether and 1,2-dimethoxy-ethane -Various fractions are collected and plots of temperature versus volume of distillate is made -To make a comparison between the three types of column packing materials used Equations: none Properties: The physical properties of the reactants and products are the same. They

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  • Fractional Distillation

    Lab report for Experiment #2: Extraction Your Name: Name of TA: Lab Partner’s Name: Lab Section: Title: Experiment #2: Extraction Purpose: What is the purpose of this lab? In your OWN words! Observations: Weighed out 3.2568 grams of chemical mixture that was yellow in color. Dissolved dry chemicals in 38 ml CH2Cl2 with gentle heating. Poured the yellow solution into sep funnel. Added 10 ml CH2Cl2 to flask to rinse, poured solution into sep funnel. Added 15 ml 3 M HCl, gently mixed

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