Fraud Triangle

  • Triangle Fire

    A Meditation on the Triangle Fire The Triangle fire was one of the worst fires in American history. This tragic event truly changed American history. Government then saw that they had to enforce rules for a safer working environment. The triangle fire happened right at the time that the workers were on strike for better working conditions. The triangle fire happened in the efforts to unionize and during the strikes for better working conditions. Most factory workers at this time were on strike

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  • How to Incorporate the Fraud Triangle Theory

    The term of “fraud triangle” was developed by Dr. Donald Cressey, a criminologist who studied embezzlers. The three basic elements of fraud triangle include perceived pressure, perceived opportunity, and the ability to rationalize. It explains the nature of many fraud offenders and also become a tool to assess the risk of fraud. It is important to companies to incorporate the fraud triangle theory in order to reduce the risk of fraud within their organization. From my standpoint, companies should

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  • The Fraud Triangle

    The Fraud Triangle 9/22/2012 Allison Walton | The Fraud Triangle The fraud triangle are conditions for fraud arising from fraudulent financial reporting and misappropriation of assets. These conditions are: a. Incentive/Pressure b. Opportunities c. Attitude/Rationalization The fraud triangle is depicted by the following image: Incentive/Pressure Management or other employees will have incentives or circumstances of pressure to commit fraud. If the decision is made by management

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  • Triangle

    OUTLINE FOR TRIANGLE Misery lane-Manhattan’s Charity piers was where the bodies were laid out whenever disaster struck. March 26, 1911-makeshift morgue at end of pier where 100 women and two dozen men were laid out. March 25, 1911- Triangle fire took place. Most important and deadliest work place disaster for 90 yrs. Fire lasted ½ hour. 146 dead. Workplace safety was scarcely regulated, workmens comp was considered newfangled or socialist. Triangle fire was different because it was the crucial

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  • Fraud Triangle

      Chapter 2 Who Commits Fraud and Why I, Dennis Greer, am making this statement on my own, without threat or promises, as to my activities in regard to the activity of kiting between Bank A and Bank B. As of May 19XX, I was having extreme emotional and financial difficulties. For religious reasons, I was required without notice to move out of where I was living, and I had no place to go. Also, my grandmother—the only family member I was close to—was dying. I had to live

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  • Types of Fraud

    Types of Fraud This paper will discuss fraud as well as differentiate between the different types of fraud. It will explore the reasons why people commit fraud, the types of people that are committing fraud, and the motives for people to commit fraud. Second, this paper will also discuss the fraud triangle along with the importance. Third, it will discuss some of the controls that prevent and detect fraudulent behavior. Finally, an exploration of whether rationalization contributes to fraud.

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  • Fraud Terms

    Association of Certified Fraud Examiners; conducts comprehensive fraud studies; Report to the Nation on Occupational Fraud & Abuse • Fraud - deception that includes: a representation, about a material point, which is false, and intentionally or recklessly so, which is believed, and acted upon by the victim to the victim’s damage. Fraud is an act of dishonesty with the intention to deceive or cover the truth to gain an advantage. Most critical element: confidence. Fraud can be classified as (in terms

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  • Fraud

    What is a Fraud? A fraud is when one party deceives or takes unfair advantage of another. A fraud includes any act, omission, or concealment, involving a breach of legal or equitable duty or trust, which results in disadvantage or injury to another. In a court of law it is necessary to prove that a false representation was made as a statement of fact, that was made with the intent to deceive and to induce the other party to act upon it. It must be proven that the person who has been defrauded

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  • Fraud

    for example. These are the security issues that clients and companies have to face as online investing, banking, and account management become more the norm. Identity theft, international money laundering, theft of business trade secrets, auction fraud, web site spoofing, and cyber-extortion are all schemes that were carried out in 2002 and involved at least 125,000 victims and more than $100 million. And these crimes didn’t make the Computer Security Institute’s Computer Crime and Security Survey

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  • Fraud

    formulated laws that are designed to prevent liability and unethical performances in the business sector. The Board of Directors of the company in conjunction with their audit engagement team should act swiftly in responding to fraud allegations by addressing key areas of fraud. The first step is gathering all the relevant information that relates to the case. The actions and behavioral attitudes of the top management officials should be looked into. It entails their responsibilities to matters relating

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  • Fraud Busters

    Running head: INDIVIDUAL PROJECT: Forensic Accountants: Fraud Busters 1 Individual Project: Forensic Accountants: Fraud Busters Pamela Turner Professor Ann Nelson Contemporary Business 508 February 13, 2013 Strayer University INDIVIDUAL PROJECT: Forensic Accountants: Fraud Busters 2 Individual Project: Forensic Accountants: Fraud Busters Determine the most important five skills that a forensic

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  • Fraud

    in the “The CPA Journal”, “many studies suggest fraud is more likely to occur when someone has an incentive (pressure) to commit fraud, weak controls or oversight provide an opportunity for the person to commit fraud, and the person can rationalize the fraudulent behavior (attitude).” This is known as the fraud triangle. There are two types of fraud: fraudulent financial reporting and misappropriation of assets. For the first one, this kind of frauds came from the top management. Most of the pressures

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  • Fraud

    Fraud  Is any purposeful communication that deceives, manipulates or conceals facts in order to create a false impression?  It is a crime and conviction may result in fines, imprisonment or both.  The most common fraudulent activities employees report about their coworkers are stealing office supplies or shoplifting, claiming to have a worked extra hours and stealing money or products. Accounting Fraud  Usually involves a corporation financial reports in which companies provide important

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  • Bermuda Triangle

    Bermuda Triangle The legend of the Bermuda Triangle or commonly known as the “Devils Triangle” probably started sometime around 1945, when a squadron of five Navy Avenger airplanes disappeared on a training flight, since then unexplained disappearances in the Bermuda triangle have been reported. In 1958 A Douglas DC-3 aircraft containing 32 people went missing, no trace of the aircraft was ever found. Similarly, in 1955 a yacht was found that had survived three hurricanes but was missing all its

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  • Fraud

    Fraud atas Kajian Hukum Kecurangan atau fraud adalah suatu konsep hukum dengan terminology dimana harus ditentukan oleh seorang ahli hukum. Namun, fraud dikategorikan sebagai tindak kejahatan/kriminologi di Negara Indonesia. Hal tersebut banyak kita lihat dalam undang-undang tindak pidana korupsi yang dimana unsur-unsur tersebut tergolong dalam pasal 2,3 dan 13 UU 31 tahun 2009 yo UU No. 3/71 yo UU no 24/Prp/60. Unsur-unsur yang ada dalam pasal 2 adalah 1. perbuatan melawan hukum 2. memperkaya

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  • “the Triangle Fire”

    November 14, 2012 “The Triangle Fire” In many cases in the nineteen-hundreds women were the main caregivers for the families rather than the men. Women would also slave for hours upon hours at work for the littlest pay you can imagine. When they did bring home a check it would all go to maintain the household, get food and other things that men should have been responsible for. Women were getting tired of working hard for no pay. After the 1911 fire of the Triangle Waist Factory women felt it

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  • Fraud Triangle

    Fraud triangle model is considerably suitable in analyzing the behavior of the two main individuals-Stanley Goldblum and Fred Levin-in this case. The first condition is pressure, which is the incentive and motivation for fraud commitment (Marhsall, XXX). The temptation of high stock price in order to launch stock for stock basis acquisition and receive bonuses is the main financial pressure for Goldblum and Levin to create fake policies and manipulate their firms’ financial reports. In addition,

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  • Zara Triangle

    Angelica Acevedo Week 1 - Information Systems Strategy Triangle Step 1: Create lists of case details that fit each side of the triangle. Step 2: Then look at each item and think about how that item affects the other sides of the triangle. Step 3: Take a look at the industry. Make a list of triangle attributes you find. Compare the industry items with the case company items. Step 1: Create lists of case details that fit each side of the triangle. Step 2: Then look at each item and think about

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  • Audit Fraud

    Chapter seven: fraud risk assessment Definitions related to fraud * White collar crime: Misdeeds committed by business and government professionals, typically non violent * Fraud: in a financial statement audit team, an intentional act by one or more individual amount management, those charged with governance, employees or third parties, involving use of deception to obtain an unjust or illegal advantage is knowingly making material misrepresentations of fact, with the intent of inducing

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  • Persepsi Mahasiswa Akuntansi Terhadap Fraud Triangle Sebagai Penyebab Kecurangan Atas Laporan Keuangan

    1 PERSEPSI MAHASISWA AKUNTANSI TERHADAP FRAUD TRIANGLE SEBAGAI PENYEBAB KECURANGAN ATAS LAPORAN KEUANGAN KHALIDA UTAMI A1C 009 077 FAKULTAS EKONOMI UNIVERSITAS MATARAM ABSTRACT The objective of this study is to examine the accounting students' perceptions of fraud triangle as a factor contributing to financial statements fraud. Fraud triangle consists of opportunity, pressure and rationalization. This study uses primary data collected from questionnaires distributed to the respondents

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  • Fraud Triangle

    to the deficit. In this memorandum, I will discuss Violet Bay School District’s control systems. I will evaluate the control system using the framework in COSO framework and identify control mechanisms. I will also address the components of the fraud triangle that were present at VBSD. EVALUATION OF CONTROL SYSTEM   VBSD does not create a good control environment with commitment and ethical values well demonstrated. Otherwise, Spigot, the superintendent, acts as having a “dictatorial management

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  • Anatomy of a Fraud

    Anatomy of a Fraud Project Abraham Kennard: The False Profit Alisan James Forensic Accounting November 25, 2013 Dr. N. Sharma Abstract The goals and objectives of a fraud investigation are to think critically and creatively to be able to prepare and organize ideas to uncover a suspected fraud. Crook, hustler, swindler, fraudster and con artist are all used interchangeably to describe someone who will spare no expense to deliberately and intentionally achieve an advantage over another

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  • Ing Fraud

    Nathan Mueller ING Fraud Alec Doig Fraud Examination 3-26-2014 After going to the Duluth Prison Camp, one most interesting and informative field trips of my academic career, I was intrigued by two of the white-collar criminals who spoke to us. Nate Mueller and Brad Weaver not only caught my attention during our visit to the DPC, but also made me want to learn more about them, their crime, and why they got caught. After initial research and with the information I had gained from the prison

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  • Fraud

    Olympus Accounting Fraud ACTG 6100 Professor Mark Jobe Feb. 18, 2014 Inhwa Kim M01243678 The Olympus has a pretty strong position in the camera market. This company is popular because they made the world’s first DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex). Many camera users who are located in all around the world prefer the Olympus. Also, the Olympus is popular because the company made the medical devices, endoscope which is able to watch inside the organ of human body. The Olympus, which

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  • Fraud

    discoveries reveal their hunch was right, and they are able to stop the fraud. This case can be used in a classroom or seminar setting to: ● Discuss the Fraud Triangle and the importance of symptoms ● Discuss accounting symptoms of fraud ● Perform financial statement analyses to determine if fraud is suspected ● Identify and test a fraud hypothesis ● Analyze an interview ● Analyze an interrogation ● Draw conclusions and prepare fraud reports The case requirements include: 1. Perform horizontal and vertical

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  • Fraud Case

    CASE 4: ACCOUNTING FRAUD AT WORLDCOM Betty Vinson: victim or villain? Should criminal fraud charges have been brought to her? How should employees react when ordered by their employer to do something they do not believe in or feel uncomfortable doing? In discussing whether Vinson should been charged with criminal fraud, it can be analyzed from ethical perspective which can truly judge whether she was morally responsible for the wrong or not. In order to determine whether Vinson was morally responsible

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  • Bankruptcy Fraud

    Bankruptcy Fraud By Robyn Carter Forensic Accounting Data Analysis Bill Makkkawi October 13, 2009 Bankruptcy Fraud What is Bankruptcy? Bankruptcy is a way for individuals or businesses to satisfy debts. There are four types of bankruptcy. There is Chapter 7 which is a complete liquidation for individuals. Chapter 7 bankruptcy liquidates assets that are not exempt and uses the proceeds to pay creditors. In this bankruptcy creditors may be paid in

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  • Fraud

    FRAUD: FRAUDULENT ACTIVITIES A REVIEW OF THE CRIMES Introduction Investigations into fraudulent activities have brought much attention to Federal Government spending. The impact of fraud and the corruption caused by internal parties or external entities targeting government funds can be substantiated. For example, the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) in a 2012 Report to the Nations on Occupational Fraud and Abuse projected a global fraud loss of more than $3.5 trillion per

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  • Ethics- Fraud

    managers resigned unexpectedly. The fraudulent activity was difficult to figure out because it had many layers of fraudulent loan agreements. These loans created a false perception of a successful company. Characterized as a Ponzi scheme, the fraud was using newly invested money to pay off earlier debt obligations. Le-nature falsified invoices, checks, account statements, and other financial documents to verify business transactions and activity that never actually occurred. This falsely inflated

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  • Fraud Paper

    Kyle Welch 2/19/2015 Fraud Paper In the movie “Office Space”, three men at an Information Technology company begin to commit computer fraud. They embezzle (steal) a fraction of a penny from each of the company’s financial transactions to a separate account of their own. Because the amount of money seems so small, it seems unlikely that anybody would notice the missing money. The fraud they commit in the movie is referred to as misappropriation of assets, which is the embezzlement of company

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  • Corporate Fraud

    Corporate fraud is the activities that are not accepted ethically and legally, which are done in a dishonest manner to give the person/firm an advantage by manipulating the firm’s information for their own benefits. It is also related to adverse selection problem which is a situation in which insiders, with inside information, earn more profits at the expense of outside investors. Similarly, corporate fraud involves deception to make personal/firm profits at the cost of others. Corporate fraud can happen

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  • The Rhetorical Triangle

    The Rhetorical Triangle Unit 1 IP Romeo McIver AIU Online University Abstract This paper will discuss the effectiveness and the differences of the two videos I viewed; “The Heart Truth for Women” and “Create the Life You

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  • Triangle Fire

    | The Triangle Fire | | | ALEX I. EDWARDS | FIT | This paper speaks of the tragedy that took place in 1911, which in turn became a major clash between management and labor. However, end the end brought about new regulations and reforms that are still be used today. | If it weren't for the tragedy that took places many years ago, the lives sacrificed unknowing by the individuals who lost their lives in this tragedy, we today could be still working in hazardous, unfavorable

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  • Fraud Triangle

    Worldcom Fraud Investigation Use the Fraud Triangle and Fraud Scale to critically analyse the actions of Bernie Ebbers and Scott Sullivan during the WorldCom saga/ What does your analysis suggest? Dennis Greer’s fraud triangle is a key framework in analysing the ‘factors that cause someone to commit occupational fraud’ (ACFE-The Fraud Triangle, Association of Certified Fraud, Examiners Available from: [January 2014]). The three elements that

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  • Fraud Investigation

    Financial Statement Fraud | By “Fraud Master” Team, Introduction of Financial Statement Fraud Financial statement fraud is by definition, the deliberate misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures of financial statements to deceive financial statement users, particularly investors and creditors.  In other words, these fraudulent activities take place when a business entity engages in certain practices designed to hide or maneuver its accounts in order to remain attractive to investors

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  • Fraud Fraud

    The Anonymous Caller Recognizing It's a Fraud and Evaluating What to Do[1] Learning Objectives • After completing and discussing this case you should be able to • Appreciate real-world pressures for meeting financial expectations • Distinguish financial statement fraud from aggressive accounting • Identify alternative actions when confronted with suspected financial statement fraud • Develop arguments to resist or prevent inappropriate accounting techniques

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  • Triangle Fire

    through history we come to realize that we have a tendency to make changes after a disaster has already occurred. We often have many warning signs prior to an incident but we choose to ignore them and continue to take chances as was done at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory. On March 25, 1911 in New York City 146 people paid with their lives because of the unsafe working conditions that many workers endured during that time. Had just a few precautions been taken before that fateful night it is

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  • Fraud

    third, it is to recommend the possible actions and preventive measures to curb these scandals. 1. Introduction In the recent years, the public and business community have been surprised with the exposure of many corporate scandals and accounting fraud by the managers of the company. It disappoints many stakeholders as after the financial crisis in 1997, many efforts have been initiated and implemented to strengthen the business control and foundation of the company. One of the important lessons

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  • Fraud

    A special CBI court on Thursday sentenced B Ramalinga Raju, his two brothers and seven others to seven years in prison in the Satyam fraud case. The court also imposed a fine of Rs 5 crore on Ramalinga Raju, the Satyam Computer Services Ltd's founder and former chairman, and his brother B Rama Raju and Rs 20-25 lakh each on the remaining accused. HT presents a lowdown of the country's biggest-ever corporate accounting scandal . What is the Satyam scam about? It is about corporate governance

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  • The Fraud Triangle

    The Fraud Triangle Abstract In 2002 SAS No. 99, Consideration of Fraud in a Financial Statement Audit describes the difference between material misstatements due to errors and intentional fraud and defines two types of intentional fraud: fraudulent financial reporting and misappropriation of assets. SAS No. 99 also introduced D. R. Cressey’s theory of the fraud triangle which is so named because it consists of three conditions that are generally present when fraud occurs: incentive/pressure

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  • Fraud

    Fraud is a serious problem for most businesses today and often technology compounds the problem. In addition, the role of the independent auditor in the detection of fraud is often questioned. ( Fraud is dishonest activity causing actual or potential financial loss to any person or entity including theft of money or other property by employees or persons and where deception is used at the time, immediately before or immediately

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  • Rhetorical Triangle

    Individual Project Deliverable Length: 2-page paper Details: Choose and view videos of two good presentations on topics related to a career. For each, discuss in-depth the three parts of, and the relationship among the parts of, the Rhetorical Triangle as described in the Unit 1 online Course Materials: speaker, audience, and situation. Explain why each element was successful or not successful in the presentation. Then compare and contrast the two presentations: Tell which one is more effective

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  • Fraud

    Fraud is defined as the, “intentional perversion of truth in order to induce another to part with something of value or to surrender a legal right” (Fraud, n.d.). However, not all fraud is intentional. According to Kranacher, Riley & Wells (2011), there are four elements to fraud: a material false statement, knowledge that the statement was false when it was spoken, reliance on the false statement by the victim, and damages resulting from the victim’s reliance on the false statements (pp. 2-3)

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  • Discusses How an Organization Should Incorporate the Fraud Triangle to Reduce the Risk of Fraud/Misconduct Within Their Organization. Discuss Each Element of the Triangle and Identify Programs and Controls to Address

    Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, public and private organizations in the United States, on average, lose about seven percent of their annual revenues to fraud” (1). This numbers has continued to grow over the past fifteen years, and with the economic turmoil and increasing fraud, the need to reduce the risk of fraud is now more important than ever. Before we can review the ways to reduce fraud, we first need to define what it actually is. As defined in our textbook, “Fraud, sometimes referred

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  • Bermuda Triangle

    Bermuda Triangle Many people have wondered how the Bermuda Triangle works? Why do ships, aircraft, and people disappear in the Bermuda Triangle? People have many perceptions about the Bermuda Triangle. Stories have been told and passed over the years but there is still no reasonable explanation to the mysteries that surround the Bermuda Triangle. The Bermuda Triangle is one of the strangest and bizarre mysteries. The Bermuda Triangle also known as “The Devils Triangle” is an imaginary

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  • Fraud Triangle

    AC572 You Decide Jan. 24, 2011 When evaluating this case using the three elements of the fraud triangle I have concluded that the potential pressures for Chris to commit fraud are greater than for others. The pressure is from Chris himself because he wants what others have or what he doesn’t have. This is due to the fact that Chris is young and impressionable may feel as though he doesn’t make enough money to obtain the material possession he desires or see others with. He may also be of

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  • Fraud

    Donald R Cressey hypothesis became known as the “fraud triangle.” He studied the reasons behind the fraud. What led them to commit the fraud. His fraud triangle can explain of occupational offenders but not all. According to Cressey: “The first point represents a perceived non-sharable financial need which fell into six basic categories: violation of ascribed obligations, problems resulting from personal failure, business reversals, physical isolation, status gaining, and employer – employee

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  • The Rhetorical Triangle

    The Rhetorical Triangle Unit 1 IP Kevin Heer American InterContinental University The Rhetorical Triangle In getting to know the Rhetorical Triangle one must understand the three parts and how they are used in presentations. The following text uses two videos as examples of presentations and how the triangle fits within each one. For some time I have been searching for a new helmet that has many features for a great price. Motorcycle Superstore (MS) offer all lines of helmets at reasonable

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  • Fraud

    Veronica Cantu Accounting Information Systems Written Assignment –Week 2 Gary Foster, a former vice-president for Citigroup, pleaded guilty to one count of bank fraud in Brooklyn, New York. Foster embezzled 22.9 million from the bank in a period of eight years, between September, 2003 and June, 2011. The fraud was detected after an internal treasury department audit. Foster joined Citigroup in 1999 after graduating from Rutgers University with an accounting degree. He climbed the corporate

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  • Bermuda Triangle

    Bermuda Triangle Many people have wondered how the Bermuda Triangle works? Why do ships, aircraft, and people disappear in the Bermuda Triangle? People have many perceptions about the Bermuda Triangle. Stories have been told and passed over the years but there is still no reasonable explanation to the mysteries that surround the Bermuda Triangle. The Bermuda Triangle is one of the strangest and bizarre mysteries. The Bermuda Triangle also known as “The Devils Triangle” is an imaginary

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