Functionalist View On Education

  • Functionalist View of Society

    The functionalist view of the sociology of health and illness Talcott Parsons – functionalism provided a complete theory of society, all social actions can be understood in terms of how they help society to function effectively or not i.e when a person is sick they are unable to perform their social roles normally. Compared illness to crime, acts as a deviance disturbing the functioning of society, which needs to be controlled and the deviant helped or forced back into their social role once again

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  • Outline and Assess the View That the Role of the Education System Is to Reproduce and Transmit Culture

    Outline and assess the view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and transmit culture. This essay will outline and asses the view that the view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and transmit culture. According to Bourdieu, the major of the education system is cultural reproduction. This does involve society as a whole, as Durkheim argued, but, instead, the reproduction of the culture of the ‘dominant classes’. These groups have the power the power to

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  • Assess Functionalist Views on the Nature and Role of Religion

    Assess functionalist views on the nature and role of religion. (18m) Functionalism is a modern structualist theory based on consensus and shared norms + values, and they put forward the human body analogy to explain how society works as the human body analogy views institutions such as school and work as organs of the body and if one should fail the whole body representing society will be affected as a state of anomie would occur and so society would breakdown due to a state of normlessness but

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  • Theorist View on Education

    The Functionalist Theory of education. Functionalists believe everyone in society should follow the same norms and values (value consensus) and this makes society harmonious in that all parts of society work together and every part of society has a function. Functionalist theory on education follow the same principles and is concerned with the role of education in society as a whole, in particular it’s contributions to maintaining social stability. For functionalist’s education provides a positive

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  • Functionalist View on Education

    Functionalists emphasise positive aspects of schools, this is the idea of a ‘consensus’ perspective; where there is an agreement about what is valued within a society. These are like Emile Durkheim's social facts or moral regulation in that they govern behaviour, and while they are coercive, they are also generally agreed upon where ‘The function of education is to transmit society’s norms and values’ . According to functionalists education performs a wide range of roles for society; these roles

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  • Should We View Education as a Humanistic Experience or Yet Another Consumer Product

    sources). Write 1000- 1250 word argumentative essay using the secondary sources you found to aid your argument. Topics: 1) Is the college degree worth the money you pay for it and/or does it guarantee you a return in investment? Should we view education as a humanistic experience or yet another consumer product? 2) Does communication technology impact workers’ productivity? Given the access to instant messenger, Facebook, and other social media, how do workers actually work? Explore this

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  • Critically Examine Functionalist Views of the Role of the Family in Society

    Functionalists see the family as an immensely important sub-system of society. Murdock acclaimed that one of the four essential functions that the family performs in order to meet the needs of society and its members is to 'stabilise satisfaction of the sex drive with the same partner'. As this prevents the ‘social disruption’ caused by promiscuity. However, Marxists would argue that this role serves more as an economic function, as it allows property ownership and wealth to be directly passed onto

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  • Asses the View That the Education System Serves to Maintain a Capitalist Society.

    Asses the view that the education system serves to maintain a capitalist society. The education system can be seen to support the capitalist system. Education trains us for the workplace and it teaches us skills that make us employable which is part of the capitalist system. Also it teaches us to be punctual and to obey rules so we are compliant in the workforce. It teaches us to accept our status and authority figures in life and stick to the role we are in. The capitalist system shows that there

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  • Assess the View That Education Works in the Interests of the Ruling Class (20)

    any other source of income. Marxists believe that in education the ruling class has far more benefit than the working class. In 1944 we saw the educational act introduced in the tripartite system. This led to education being based upon meritocracy whereby individuals achieve their status by how hard they work in school no matter what background or ascribed status they were from. This meant that there was far more equal opportunities in education of those that wanted to achieve would have to work hard

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  • Functionalist Views on Society

    Functionalist views are based on that society is a system of interdependent parts held together by a shared culture or consensus. They believe that every part of society performs functions that help keep society running effectively. They use the example of a body to explain the way society runs as each part of our body has to work together in order for us to stay alive this is the same as society according to a functionalist.   Education according to Emilie Durkheim (1903) consists of two main

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  • Assess the View That the Education System Favours Middle Class Students.

    Assess the view that the education system favours middle class students. Over the past 50 years, sociological research and government statistics have shown time and time again that in general the higher a person’s social class of origin (the class they were born into) the higher their educational qualifications. There are many explanations behind why in general the education system tends to favour middle class students such as cultural capital, to succeed in the education system, students need

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  • Functionalist Education

    In this essay I will assess the functionalist views of the role on education. Functionalists agree that education in the form of institutions, such as schools, is the best way to pass on the skills required in society. They argue that school provides secondary socialisation which is when a child is influenced by the surroundings when they are not with their family. The term 'meritocracy' means that the highest social positions are given to the most able people. This provides equal opportunities and

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  • Outline and Assess the View That Vocational Education Prepares Workers for Exploitation

    Vocational education was priority of the conservative government and was continued under New Labour. It was created as it was felt that education was not providing enough skills for the workplace, the emphasis on academic education was crippling the economy. For more than 100 years the education system has been designed to meet the demands of the economy. By the late 1960s and 1970s it was argued that the education system was failing in this respect that much more was needed to be done to prepare

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  • Assess the View That Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support Functionalist Views of the Role and Functions of Religion in Contemporary Society.

    Assess the view that sociological arguments and evidence support functionalist views of the role and functions of religion in contemporary society. Functionalists see society as based upon consensus, where each institution functions to help society work together as a whole with shared ways of thinking and behaving. One example of this is the Ten Commandments which include a number of the principles highlighted in the U.K law system. As a result of this, functionalists such as Durkheim and Parsons

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  • Functionalists View on Crime

    Functionalists view on crime & deviance With the functionalist emphasis on the importance of shared norms and values as the basis of social order, it would appear that deviance is a threat to order and should therefore be seen as a threat to society. Yet a functionalist analysis of deviance begins with society as a whole. It looks for the source of deviance in the nature of society rather than in the individual. They argue that social control mechanisms such as the police and the courts are

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  • Evaluate the Functionalist View of the Family

    The functionalists have a very positive view of the family, as they see society as being based on a set of norms and values, a value consensus, into which society socialises its members. They see society as a system made up of different parts or sub-systems, and regard the family as a very important sub system, that works with other systems like education and the economy to meet the needs of society. The way in which all these systems collaborate is much similar to that of organs in an animal, as

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  • Examine the New Right View of the Role of Education

    Right view of the role of education. (20 marks) The New Right perspective have a more political view on education which could be named as old fashioned compared to functionalists. They believed that education is for socialising and preparing young children for the world of work however they say that the state cannot meet peoples needs. The New Right are similar in many ways to functionalists as they believe that some people are naturally more talented than others. They believe that education should

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  • Functionalist View of the Family

    usefulness of the functionalist view for an understanding of the family today? Functionalism is a structural theory. In functionalism, social institutes like families are the key parts of the structure/system. These institutions are seen as working in an integrated way that keeps society in a state of consensus. Functionalists stress the positive role of a family for society and its members. They argue that the families’ role is universal and functional. A famous functionalist, called Murdock believed

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  • Asses the Functionalist View That a Small Amount of Crime Is Useful to Society

    Assess the functionalist view that a small amount of crime is useful to society There is a long running argument between sociologists about the existence of crime and deviance and whether or not it can benefit societies in some ways. Many of them in the functionalist point of view argue that it can however, there are many, for example Marxists and feminists, which would argue that it doesn’t benefit anyone. Durkheim, the ‘founding father’ of functionalism believed that a small amount of crime

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  • Outline and Assess the Marxist View on Education

    Outline and assess the Marxist view of the role of education in society. Marxists view society as based on conflict. They believe that the role of all institutions in society can be understood in terms of how they relate to the economic system. They therefore see the education system as an institution which reproduces the class system and provides the economy with a suitable workforce. The labour force needs professional and managerial workers, as well as skilled and unskilled manual workers

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  • Marxist View on Education

    Outline and asses the Marxist view of the role of education in society. The Marxist view on the role of education in society is a critical one. Marxists see education as a system of reproducing inequalities between working and middle class. Society needs skilled and unskilled workers, so Marxists see education as responsible for providing these types of workers, in the interest of the economy. However, there are other sociologists like Paul and Wills, David Reynolds and Henry Giroux who had another

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  • Outline and Evaluate the Functionalist View of the Role of the Family in Society (33 Marks).

    Outline and evaluate the functionalist view of the role of the family in society (33 marks). Murdock, a functionalist, describes the family as a universal institution based on the nuclear family model. The functionalist view of the role of the family in society is that it maintains social order. The family is a tool for socialisation and a key social institution in sustaining the value that society works by consensus. Murdock identified four main functions of the family: sexual, reproductive

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  • Assess the Functionalist View of the Role of Education

    Introduction Assess the role of education form the functionalist perspective Functionalists believe that education performs very important roles for individuals, the economy and the wider social structure. It provides secondary socialisation, passing on shared culture enables individuals to develop their potential and regulates their behaviour. Functionalists argue that education has three broad; socialisation where education helps to maintain society by socialising young people in to key cultural

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  • Functionalist View of Society - Adv & Disadv

    Sociology Homework; Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view of society. Functionalism is seen as a macro scale approach to society as it doesn’t focus on individual aspects of it but looks at it as a whole. They associate society with a biological organism and Parsons identifies 3 similarities between these two. The first is the system organisms, both society and biological organisms are self-regulating but have parts which are all inter-related to help function as a whole

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  • Assess the Functionalist Views of the Roles of the Family (24 Marks)

    Assess the functionalist views of the roles of the family (24 marks) Functionalists believe that society is based on value consensus; a set of shared norms and values. The value consensus helps to socialise member of society to create social order, by allowing the members to work with each other and meet the needs of society. The functionalist definition of a family is a group consisting of two parents and their children living together as one unit; the roles of the family are simply what the

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  • Outline and Assess the View That the Role of Education Is to Meet the Needs of the Economy

    “Outline and assess the view that the role of education is to meet the needs of the economy” There are a few theories that agree with the idea that the purpose and role of education is to gain qualifications and the ideal job suited for the particular person, which aids the needs of the economy. Functionalists, new rights and social democrats support this idea of education and the economy, especially the positive side of the capitalist system. However social democrats are aware of the negative

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  • Outline the Key Contrasts Between the Marxist and Neo-Marxist View on Education (12)

    the key contrasts between the Marxist and Neo-Marxist view on education (12) As Marxists Bowles and Gintis (1976) believed that through the term ‘Correspondence Principle’ that education corresponds to employment so if you knuckle down and learn at school it will result in better jobs/careers in your lifetime, this gives the workforce structure and organisation. The values of education reflect on the workplace. They also believe that education prepares a workforce through the hidden curriculum. This

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  • Functionalist

    advantages and disadvantages of unstructured interviews as a research method, especially in relation to the concepts of validity, reliability, representativeness and generalisability, and relate this to the context of the question, that of evaluating the view that unstructured interviews are the best way to study class inequality and women’s aspirations of work. Candidates are likely to refer to methodological issues and concepts such as:         the influence of the researcher’s culture, values

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  • Discuss the View That Education Has Been Shaped by Interactionist Principles

    Discuss the view that education has been shaped by interactionist principles (20) When analysing education interactionalists focus on the day to day interactions that occur within school. Whereas Marxists and Functionalists tend to focus on the structural sides to society, they examine the relationships between the education system and the individual. Interactionists argue that all people are individuals, we are different in shape and size but also in the way that we think and interpret situations

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  • Outline the New Right View of the Role of Education

    The New Right perspective have a more political view on education which could be named as old fashioned compared to functionalists. They believed that education is for socialising and preparing young children for the world of work however they say that the state cannot meet peoples needs. The New Right are similar in many ways to functionalists as they believe that some people are naturally more talented than others. They believe that education should socialise pupils into shared values, such

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  • Postmodernist View on the Role of Education

    diversity approach when considering the role of education. They argue that the Marxist view is outdated and that society has entered a new postmodern phase. Marxists believe that capitalism cannot function without a workforce that is willing to accept exploitation. They also see education as reproducing and legitimating class inequality. Postmodernists reject this view of Marxism, that we still live in a two-class society and the claim that education reproduces class inequality. Postmodernist sociologists

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  • Assess the View That Educations Main Function Is to Maintain a Value Consensus.

    Assess the view that educations main function is to maintain a value consensus. Functionalists argue that the main aim of education is to maintain a value consensus in society. They highlight the positive features of education and they believe that educational organizations are a way of using different types of people’s skills and talents to help find a suitable place for them in society. This is known as the 'sifting and sorting' process. Which matches them to their future work roles that suits

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  • Assess the View That the Main Function of the Education System Is to Reproduce & Legitimise Social Inequalities.

    Sociology essay Assess the view that the main function of the education system is to reproduce & legitimise social inequalities. Functionalists believe that education serves a purpose and gives everyone an equal chance to achieve and succeed. They believe education has a function to create a fully operational society and allocate roles fitting the correct people. However, a conflict argument (Marxism), disagree. Marxism believe that not everyone at school gets an equal opportunity (The

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  • Assess the Functionalist View of Education

    Assess the functionalist view of education (20 marks) In this essay, one will be testing out the functionalist view of education. Functionalism is a macro, consensus theory that has the idea that society is functioning well and efficiently. Functionalists believe education provides universalistic norms i.e they see it promotes the norms and values of wider society. One would suggest that Functionalists are bit naive in their view of the education system, as it could be argued that education doesn't

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the View That the Main Function of the Education System Is to Reproduce and Legitimise Social Inequalities

    4) Education is an aspect of socialisation which involves the acquisition of knowledge and learning of skills. It shapes our beliefs and moral values through a systematic formal transmission. Education is said to be an integral function of society, as it provides a contributory characteristic which helps to maintain and adapt society and it’s values Before the 1960’s, education was taught through a system known as the ‘Tripartite’ system. This involved all children at the age of eleven undertaking

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  • The Functionalist View on the Role of Education

    * Assess functionalist views of the role of education (20 marks) There are multiple views in society of the education system. The first view is functionalist – they believe that the education system is positive. The second view is Marxism – they believe that education in negative. The final perspective is feminism and they believe that again education is a negative thing. Functionalists such as Durkheim believe that the education system is positive because it gives us a shared sense of belonging

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  • Assess the Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Society as a Whole and as Its Individual Members

    Assess the Functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individual members? (18) Functionalists see religion in a positive light and as it is a key institution of society. This differs from the Marxist and Feminist view that religion is there to simply reinforce the oppression. For functionalists, society’s key need is for social solidarity and order enabling members to cooperate. Religion ensures that this is maintained, and individuals do not pursue their own selfish

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  • Asses the View That the Main Function of the Education System Is to Reproduce and Legitimise Social Inequalities.

    Asses the view that the main function of the education system is to reproduce and legitimise social inequalities. Functionalist writers such as Parsons have suggested that social inequality in contemporary societies is based on the principal of meritocracy and equality of opportunity. In meritocracy, social inequality is based on the different abilities, talents and skills individuals have. For most people today, their abilities and talents are demonstrated by their educational qualifications

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  • Outline Functionalist View on Stratification

    The Functionalist View of Stratification: 1. Main principles of structural functionalism: a. Societies are complex systems of interrelated and interdependent parts, and each part of a society significantly influences the others. b. Each part of a society exists because it has a vital function to perform in maintaining the existence or stability of society as a whole; the existence of any part of a society is therefore explained when its function for the whole is

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  • Functionalist Views of Crime

    Assess functionalist theories of crime and deviance. Functionalism is a social structural and social control theory. It believes that it is society that causes the individual to commit crime. Social control theory looks at why people do not commit crime as it says that people are controlled by the primary and secondary agents of social control, such as the family or religion, and so should not commit crime. Functionalism is also a Right Wing theory, which believes that agents of social control like

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  • Functionalist

    of the functions the education system may perform Many people in today’s society define education as an essential certificate in life. In almost every job you apply the most typical thing they filter you by is your, qualifications. Every year the government spends £65 billions on education. An average UK citizen spends 15,000- 20,000 hours in education. In society the education system performs various functions, which all sociologist have different and conflicting views (depending the way they

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  • Marx View on Education

    Marxist View on Education Marxists view society as based on conflict. They believe that the role of all institutions in society can be understood in terms of how they relate to the economic system. They therefore see the education system as an institution that reproduces the class system and provides the economy with a suitable workforce. Example of this is Education picks the best students and teaches them much higher-level material such as Higher Tier. The labour force

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  • Assess the Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Both Society as a Whole and Its Individual Members (18 Marks)

    Functionalists believe that religion is beneficial for both society as a whole and its individual members, this is because it unifies society and creates consensus, which in turn gives each individual member a source of support when they need it. However some theorists disagree with the functionalist ideology. Firstly, functionalist claim religion benefits society in a number of ways, it creates a sense of social solidarity, meaning a shared sense of identity, history, norms and values (a collective

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  • Marxist vs Functionalist View of Ed

    COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE FUNCTIONALIST AND MARXIST VIEWS ON EDUCATION (20 marks) The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life, also to integrate individuals and teach them the norms, values and roles within society. Functionalism and Marxism are the two main perspectives which will be studied; Marxism is a structural conflict sociological theory whereas functionalism is a structural consensus sociological theory. Functionalism sees society

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  • «the Role of Education Is to Enable Children to Prepare for Their Place in Society» to What Extent Would Marxists and Functionalists Agree on This?

    «The role of education is to enable children to prepare for their place in society» To what extent would Marxists and Functionalists agree on this? In sociology there are two main structural approaches consensus theory (functionalism) and conflict theory (Marxism). They have different perspectives that see society differently. Education is the action or process of teaching someone especially in a school, college, or university; it is one of the institutions society consists of. Accordingly functionalists’

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the View That the Modern Education System Is Meritocratic.

    the basis of their own efforts and ability. This view sees education as a system where the most talented and hard working will succeed. According to Item A, structural theorists have competing views as to whether education is meritocratic. The view held by Functionalists is that the education system performs an essential role in the selection process of people into appropriate roles in the economy. Parsons and Davis and Moore all saw education as meritocratic. They argue that individuals are

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  • An Investigation on How Do the Public View Private Education.

    which financial background and current situation is controlled. In addition, it is important to note that difference in attitudes between private and public educational program participants can be mitigated through completing university level of education. The findings in British Social Attitude Journal are related to our main research in a way of predicting public opinions regarding independent schools to be negative, because the journal and its study clearly demonstrate the comparably lack of

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  • We Should Not View the Education as a Business.

    and service providers, and we should not view the education as a business. Firstly, education is totally different from business, so we could not use business principle and relationship to require or define education. Normally, in the business relationship, customers know what they want, and they will make their own decision of which product to buy. All the things the businessmen need to do is to provide the customers the product or service. But in education, the relationship is totally different

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Functionalist Views of the Role of Education in Modern Society (20 Marks)

    elsewhere, assess functionalist views of the role of education in modern society (20 marks) The consensus functionalist approach is just one of many that attempt to explain the role of education in modern society. Functionalism is based on the view that society is a system of interdependent parts held together by a shared culture or value consensus. Each part of society such as the family, economy and education system performs functions that help to maintain society. Functionalists such as Durkheim

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  • Assess the Marxist View of the Role of Education (20 Marks)

    Assess the Marxist view of the role of education (20 marks) Marxists view society as based on conflict. They believe that the role of all institutions in society can be understood in terms of how they relate to the economic system. They therefore see the education system as an institution which reproduces the class system and provides the economy with a suitable workforce. The labour force needs professional and managerial workers, as well as skilled and unskilled manual workers. According

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